What Happened in October 1943

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • Oct 1 Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow
  • Oct 1 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • Oct 1 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • Oct 2 Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
  • Oct 2 Yankees sweep 14th doubleheader of year, beating Browns, 5-1 & 7-6
  • Oct 3 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • Oct 3 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
  • Oct 4 Corsica freed by Free French
  • Oct 4 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
  • Oct 5 US air raid on Wake, Japanese execute 98 US prisoners in retaliation
  • Oct 6 Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution"

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Oct 7 Weill, Perelman and Nash' musical "One Touch of Venus" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 8 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • Oct 10 US bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
  • Oct 11 NY Yankees beat Cards 4 games to 1, in 40th World Series, to become 1st team to win 10 World Series
  • Oct 12 US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
  • Oct 13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • Oct 14 600 Jews escape during an uprising at the Nazi concentration Camp in Sobibor, Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 Japan declares the Philippines independent under President José P. Laurel

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • Oct 14 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during assault on Schweinfurt
  • Oct 16 Anti Jewish riot in Rome
  • Oct 16 Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system
  • Oct 16 Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
  • Oct 16 US 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol
  • Oct 17 Liberators sink U-540 & U-631
  • Oct 17 Burma railway completed, built by Allied POWs and Asian laborers for use of the Japanese army
  • Oct 18 US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
  • Oct 19 Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
  • Oct 19 Theater Guild presentation of "Othello" opens at Shubert
  • Oct 19 Yankee 2nd baseman Joe Gordon announces his retirement
  • Oct 19 Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University
  • Oct 23 First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau
  • Oct 24 Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
  • Oct 25 Burma railroad completed & opens
  • Oct 26 World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
  • Oct 28 German submarine U-220 sunk by US aircraft in the Atlantic
  • Oct 29 Three allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • Oct 30 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukranian Front

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 31 Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Bkln (48-10)

American Football Player and Coach Sammy Baugh
American Football Player and Coach
Sammy Baugh
  • Oct 31 World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception.

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Jerry Maitini, US saxophonist (Sly & Family Stone-Sex Machine)
  • Oct 1 Jim Martini, rocker (Sly & Family Stone-Everyday People)
  • Oct 1 Naushad Ali, cricketer (Pakistani wicket-keeper in six Tests 1964-65)
  • Oct 1 Jean-Jacques Annaud, Draveil France, director (Bear, Black & White, Name of the Rose)
  • Oct 2 Anna Ford, British broadcaster/actress (Secret Policeman's Ball)
  • Oct 2 Henri SZEPS, Lausanne Switzerland, actor (Mother & Son)
  • Oct 2 Franklin Rosemont, American artist
  • Oct 3 Jeff Bingaman, (Sen-D-New Mexico, 1983- )
  • Oct 4 Bonnie Bryant, LPGA golfer
  • Oct 4 Buddy Roemer, (Gov/Rep-D-LA, 1981- )
  • Oct 4 Owen Keir Davidson, Australia, 4 time Wimbledon mix double champ
  • Oct 5 Benjamin L Cardin, (Rep-D-Maryland)
  • Oct 5 Inna Churikova, Russian actress (Theme)
  • Oct 5 Steve Miller, rocker (Abracadabra, Space Cowboy), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Oct 6 Cees Veerman, pop guitarist/singer (Cats-Sure He's a Cat)
  • Oct 6 Michael Durrell, American actor (Shannon, V, Alice, Chiefs), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 6 Udo Zimmermann, composer
  • Oct 6 Alexander Maxovich Shilov, Russian painter
  • Oct 7 Oliver North, US colonel (Irangate), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • Oct 7 Joy Behar, American television personality
  • Oct 7 José Cardenal, Cuban baseball player
  • Oct 8 Chevy Chase, American comedian/actor (SNL, Vacation, Fletch, Caddyshack), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 8 James Edward Sellars, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 8 R. L. Stine, children's book writer (Goosebumps), born in Columbus, Ohio

Children's Book Writer R. L. Stine
Children's Book Writer
R. L. Stine
  • Oct 9 Mike Peters, American cartoonist
  • Oct 10 Denis D'Ell, [Dennis Dalziel], rocker
  • Oct 10 Alexander MacMillan, Earl of Stockton, English publisher and politician
  • Oct 10 Frederick Barthelme, American author
  • Oct 11 Frank Muyser, Dutch guitarist/saxophonist (Les Baroques)
  • Oct 11 Gene Watson, Palestine Tx, country singer (Heartaches, Love & Stuff)
  • Oct 11 Keith Boyce, St Peter, Barbados, cricketer (big-hitting WI all-rounder of 70's)
  • Oct 11 Per-Gunnar Alldahl, composer
  • Oct 12 Jeffrey MacDonald, American medical doctor convicted of murdering his wife and two daughters, born in Queens, New York City
  • Oct 13 Mike Barnicle, American newspaper columnist
  • Oct 14 Anthony Iannaccone, composer
  • Oct 14 Lance Rentzel, NFL receiver (Minn, LA)/ex-husband of Joey Heatherton
  • Oct 14 Noreen Corcoran, actress (Kelly-Bachelor Father), born in Quincy Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • Oct 15 Penny Marshall, American actress (Odd Couple, Laverne & Shirley), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Oct 16 C Fred Turner, rock bassist/vocalist (Bachman-Turner Overdrive)
  • Oct 17 Susan Davenny Wyner, soprano (Walter Naumberg Prize), born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • Oct 18 Russ Giguere, rock guitarist/vocalist (Association), born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
  • Oct 18 Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
  • Oct 19 Michael Findlay, cricket wicket-keeper (WI early 70's)
  • Oct 19 Robert Morris, composer
  • Oct 19 Robin Greville Holloway, composer
  • Oct 19 Takis Ikonomopoulos, Greek footballer
  • Oct 20 Dunja Vejzovic, Croatian soprano
  • Oct 21 Paula Kelly, American dancer and actress (Liz-Night Court), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Oct 21 Ron Elliott, musician (The Beau Brummels), born in Healdsburg, California
  • Oct 21 Tariq Ali, Pakistani author and historian
  • Oct 22 Allen James Coage, American HW judo (Olympic bronze 1976), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 22 Catherine Deneuve, [Dorleac], actress (Repulsion, Hunger), born in Paris, France
  • Oct 22 Paul Zukofsky, violinist (Cappricio), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 22 Robert Long, [Leverman], Dutch singer/actor (Vroeger Kon je Lachen)
  • Oct 22 Jan de Bont, Dutch film director
  • Oct 24 Jose Serrano, (Rep-D-New York)
  • Oct 25 Roy Lynes, England, rock organist (Status Quo)
  • Oct 25 Selly Fernandes, Curacao poetess (Winking with Selly)
  • Oct 28 Conny Froboess, German singer
  • Oct 28 Charo López, Spanish actress
  • Oct 29 Donald Simpson, film producer
  • Oct 30 Joanna Shimkus, Halifax NS, actress (Marriage of a Young Stockbroker)

Famous Weddings

  • Oct 20 British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 23 55th UK Prime Minister David Lloyd George (80) weds second wife Frances Stevenson

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 30 Italian director Federico Fellini marries actress Giulietta Masina

Film director, Scriptwriter Federico Fellini
Film director, Scriptwriter
Federico Fellini

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 1 Antoine T Broekman, resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • Oct 1 Anton JT Koreman, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Antoon Pleyte, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Oct 1 Dionysius Remiens, resistance fighter, executed at 24
  • Oct 1 Earnest Klijzing, resistance fighter, executed
  • Oct 1 Gideon Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Oct 1 Hans Katan, resistance fighter, executed at 24
  • Oct 1 Henri H Geul, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Johan Kalshoven, resistance fighter, executed at 20
  • Oct 1 Johan Roemer, resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Oct 1 Johan van Mierlo, resistance fighter, executed at 35
  • Oct 1 John Charles Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • Oct 1 Leo Frijda, resistance fighter, executed at 20
  • Oct 1 Louis Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 21
  • Oct 1 Maarten van/of Gilse, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Olaf T Thomsen, resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • Oct 1 Peter "Pam" Pooters, resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • Oct 1 Sape Kuiper, resistance fighter, executed at 19
  • Oct 1 Victor van Swieten, resistance fighter, executed at 36
  • Oct 1 Walter Brandligt, literature/resistance fighter, executed at 42
  • Oct 2 Robert Nathaniel Dett, composer, dies at 60
  • Oct 4 Richard T Ely, US economist (Ground under our feet), dies
  • Oct 4 Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish agent of Intelligence, dies at 37
  • Oct 5 Leon Roppolo, American musician (b. 1902)
  • Oct 6 Robert Cooper, father of Card pitcher Mort & catcher Walker, dies
  • Oct 7 Eugeniusz Bodo, Polish actor (b. 1899)
  • Oct 7 Radclyffe Hall, British author (b. 1880)
  • Oct 9 Gerard W Kerncamp, historian/editor-in-chief (Green Amsterdam), dies
  • Oct 9 Jan Dieters, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN), executed
  • Oct 9 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN), executed
  • Oct 9 Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist (Nobel Prize 1902 for Zeeman effect), dies at 78
  • Oct 10 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist gassed at Auschwitz aged 26
  • Oct 14 Jackie Matthews, cricketer (8 Tests 1911-12, 16 wickets), dies
  • Oct 17 Stefan Starzyński, Polish politician (b. 1893)
  • Oct 18 Adrianus M de Young, writer (Merijntje Gijzen's Youth), dies at 55
  • Oct 18 Benedictus H Dancer, botanist, dies at 52
  • Oct 19 Adrianus M de Young, writer (Merijntje Gijzen's youth), murdered
  • Oct 21 Dudley Pound, British admiral of the fleet and 1st Sea Lord (Jutland, WW II), dies at 66
  • Oct 22 Josef Venantius von Woss, composer, dies at 80
  • Oct 24 Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (b. 1912)
  • Oct 25 H van Zanten, guerrilla leader on North Sumatra, executed
  • Oct 26 Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian-born archaeologist (b. 1862)
  • Oct 27 Bela Reinitz, composer, dies at 64
  • Oct 27 Isidor Traube, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids), dies at 83
  • Oct 29 Adrianus M de Young, writer (Merijntje Gijzen's youth), murdered at 55
  • Oct 31 Max Reinhardt, Austrian stage manager (Turandot), dies
  • Oct 31 Max Reinhardt, German film director (b. 1873)