What Happened in April 1944

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
  • Apr 2 CPI-leader Palmiro Togliatti returns to Italy
  • Apr 2 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 8th Symphony premieres in NY
  • Apr 2 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • Apr 3 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • Apr 3 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • Apr 4 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • Apr 4 De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
  • Apr 4 Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • Apr 5 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • Apr 5 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
  • Apr 6 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis
  • Apr 7 General Montgomery speaks to generals about invastion plan
  • Apr 9 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
  • Apr 10 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • Apr 10 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
  • Apr 11 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague
  • Apr 12 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 13 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • Apr 13 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games
  • Apr 13 Transport #71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Apr 13 Diplomatic relations are established between New Zealand and the Soviet Union.
  • Apr 14 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • Apr 14 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 Gen Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Apr 14 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • Apr 18 48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4
  • Apr 18 Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC
  • Apr 19 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • Apr 19 1944 NFL Draft: Angelo Bertelli from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • Apr 20 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • Apr 20 NFL legalizes coaching from bench
  • Apr 21 NFL Chic Cardinals & Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3)
  • Apr 22 Allies land near Hollandia, New-Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 24 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"

Film release premierFilm Release

Apr 24 "Double Indemnity" directed by Billy Wilder and starring Fred MacMurray and Barbara Stanwyck is released

Filmmaker Billy Wilder
Filmmaker
Billy Wilder
  • Apr 25 United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • Apr 26 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • Apr 26 Papandreou government in Greece forms
  • Apr 27 Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 28 Stalin meets Polish/US priest S Orlemanski

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Apr 28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • Apr 29 Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • Apr 30 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • Apr 30 NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Carol White, England, actress (Daddy's Gone a Hunting)
  • Apr 1 Rusty Staub, American baseball player
  • Apr 3 Barry Pritchard, rock guitarist (Fortunes)
  • Apr 3 Tony Orlando, American singer (& Dawn-Tie a Yellow Ribbon), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 4 David Melville, professor/director (Middlesex Polytechnic)
  • Apr 4 Lawrence A Hough, US, rower (Pairs w/o cox-1968 olympic silver)
  • Apr 4 Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician
  • Apr 4 Craig T. Nelson, actor (Poltergeist, Hayden Fox-Coach), born in Spokane, Washington
  • Apr 5 Ann [Elizabeth] Maxwell, US, sci-fi author (Jaws of Menx)
  • Apr 5 Dave Holland, heavy metal rocker (Judas Priest-Breakin' the Law)
  • Apr 5 James Buckley, CEO (Baltic Exchange)
  • Apr 5 Nicholas Caldwell, Rhythm and Blues singer (Whispers), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
  • Apr 5 Peter T King, (Rep-R-New York)
  • Apr 5 Willeke van Ammelrooy, Amsterdam, actress (Cidke de Rat, Antonia)
  • Apr 5 Pedro Rossello, Puerto Rican politician
  • Apr 6 Felicity Palmer, British mezzo-soprano
  • Apr 6 John Stax, rocker (Pretty Things-Don't Bring Me Down)
  • Apr 7 Gerhard Schröder, Chancellor of Germany
  • Apr 7 Bill Stoneman, American baseball player and manager
  • Apr 8 Anthony Farrar Hockley, military historian
  • Apr 8 Christoph Hein, writer
  • Apr 8 Hywel Bennett, South Wales, actor (Family Way, Shelley)
  • Apr 8 Santiago Jimenez Jr, US accordionist (El Mero Mero, Viva Seguin)
  • Apr 8 Odd Nerdrum, Norwegian painter
  • Apr 10 Danny Woods, US musician (CEO of the Board)
  • Apr 11 John Milius, writer (Red Dawn, 1941, Big Wednesday)
  • Apr 11 R J B Knight, deputy director (National Maritime Museum)
  • Apr 12 John Kay [Joachim Krauledat], Tilsit, East Prussia, rock vocalist (Steppenwolf)
  • Apr 12 Karel Kryl, folk singer
  • Apr 12 Lisa Jardine, British historian and writer, born in Oxford, England (d. 2015)
  • Apr 13 Brian Pendleton, rocker (Pretty Things)
  • Apr 13 Charles Burnett, director (When it Rains, Glass Shield)
  • Apr 13 Jack Casady, rock bassist (Hot Tuna, Jefferson Airplane), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 13 Michael Saunders, barrister
  • Apr 13 Susan Davis, American politician
  • Apr 15 Dave Edmunds, Wales, singer/guitarist (Rockpile-Baby I Love You)
  • Apr 15 Dzhokhar Dudayev, separatist leader and President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991), (d. 1996)
  • Apr 15 Gerard Schoenaker, Dutch singer (Les Baroques)
  • Apr 16 Dennis Russell Davies, composer
  • Apr 16 Bob Montgomery, last Major League Baseball player to bat without a helmet (1979), born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Apr 17 John Lill, professor/pianist
  • Apr 18 Irvine Shillingford, cricketer (cousin of Grayson, 4 Tests for WI)
  • Apr 18 Rudy Shackelford, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 18 Robert Hanssen, FBI agent and Soviet spy, born in Chicago Illinois

FBI Agent and Soviet Spy Robert Hanssen
FBI Agent and Soviet Spy
Robert Hanssen
  • Apr 19 Bernie Worrell, US keyboardist (Funkadelic-Cosmic Slop), born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 2016)
  • Apr 19 Margo MacDonald, Scottish national broadcaster
  • Apr 19 Mark "Flo" Volman, rocker (Flo & Eddie, Turtles-Eleanor)/DJ (WKRK)
  • Apr 19 James Heckman, American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize
  • Apr 21 Adrian Hurley, Australian basketball coach
  • Apr 22 Joshua Rifkin, composer
  • Apr 22 Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)
  • Apr 23 Niklaus Schilling, Basel Germany, director (Dormire, Atem, Rheingold)
  • Apr 24 [Bernard] St Clair Lee [Calhoun], US singer (Rock the Boat)
  • Apr 25 John Bryant, editor (Europeans)
  • Apr 26 David O'B Martin, (Rep-R-NY, 1981- )
  • Apr 26 Martha Rockwell, Providence RI, skier (Mount Washington)
  • Apr 26 Amien Rais, Indonesian politician
  • Apr 27 Cuba Gooding, US singer (Everybody Plays the Fool)
  • Apr 27 Herb Pedersen, Berkley Ca, singer (Desert Rose Band-Love Reunited)
  • Apr 27 Michael Fish, British TV weatherman
  • Apr 28 Elizabeth LeCompte, American theater director
  • Apr 28 Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician
  • Apr 28 Alice Waters, American chef
  • Apr 29 Benedikte, Danish princess/daughter of Frederik IX
  • Apr 29 Jim Hart, Evanston, Ill, NFL quarterback (St Louis Cardinals)
  • Apr 29 Richard Kline, American actor and director
  • Apr 30 Jill Clayburgh, American actress (Unmarried Woman, Semi-Tough), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 30 Richard Shoff, rocker (Sandpipers)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 2 Mikulas Moyzes, composer, dies at 71
  • Apr 4 John Peale Bishop, US poet (Undertaker's Garland), dies at 51
  • Apr 4 Karel Weis, Czech composer and folk song collector, dies at 82
  • Apr 5 Isolde Kurz, German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • Apr 5 Willy Derby, [Dieben], singer (Hello Bandoeng), dies
  • Apr 9 Boleslaw Wallek-Walewski, composer, dies at 59
  • Apr 9 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • Apr 13 Cecile Chaminade, composer, dies at 86
  • Apr 13 Paul Hazard, French literature historian, dies at 65
  • Apr 17 J T Hearne, cricketer (took 49 wkts in 12 Tests for England), dies
  • Apr 18 Cécile Chamindale, composer, dies
  • Apr 19 Tommy Hitchcock, polo player (Westchester Cup 1924, 27), dies at 44
  • Apr 22 Mezio Agostini, composer, dies at 68
  • Apr 24 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (b. 1859)
  • Apr 25 Tony Mullane, Irish-born American baseball player (b. 1859)
  • Apr 26 Violette Morris, French athlete (b. 1893)
  • Apr 28 Frank Knox, U.S. Vice-Presidential candidate (b. 1874)
  • Apr 29 Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (b. 1851)