What Happened in August 1944

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 116

  • Aug 1 Adam Clayton Powell elected 1st black congressman from East

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Anne Frank's last diary entry; 3 days later she is arrested

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Aug 1 General Montgomery takes command of 12th & 21st army
  • Aug 1 US 90th division occupies St Hilaire-du-Harcourt
  • Aug 1 US troops enter Tessy-sur-Vir
  • Aug 1 Uprising in Warsaw by the Polish resistance Home Army begins
  • Aug 2 Amsterdam soccer team "The Volewijckers" plays in orange shirts
  • Aug 2 Jewish survivors of Kovono Ghetto emerge from their bunker
  • Aug 2 Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with nazi-Germany
  • Aug 3 Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp gases 4,000 gypsies
  • Aug 3 General Montgomery visits general Dempsey's headquarter
  • Aug 3 Allied troops under Lt-Gen Joseph Stilwell take Myitkyina, Burma
  • Aug 3 Tommy Brown, just 16 years & 8 months old, plays shortstop for Dodgers
  • Aug 4 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified
  • Aug 4 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy
  • Aug 5 US 79th/90th division occupy Laval/Mayenne
  • Aug 5 US troops occupy Vannes, Brittany
  • Aug 6 All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani Moldavia have died
  • Aug 6 Anti-German attack at Avranches fails
  • Aug 6 Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins
  • Aug 6 US 20th Army corp under general Walker occupies Nantes
  • Aug 7 Anton de Kom arrested by Surinam resistance fighter
  • Aug 7 Canada/Polish offensive direction Falaise: Total Cooperation
  • Aug 7 German counter attack at Avranches fails
  • Aug 7 July 20th Plot trial under Roland Freis in Berlin begins
  • Aug 7 US 3rd Army reaches suburbs of Brest, Brittany
  • Aug 7 IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).
  • Aug 8 Canada/Polish troops occupy Cramesnil/Secqueville/Cintheaux/St-Aignan
  • Aug 8 US 15th Army corps occupies Le Mans
  • Aug 9 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper "Trouw" executed at Camp Vught
  • Aug 9 Smokey Bear debuts as spokeman for fire prevention
  • Aug 9 US 79th/90th division enter Le Mans
  • Aug 10 Braves Red Barrett throws only 58 pitches to shut out Cincinnati Reds 2-0
  • Aug 10 Race riots in Athens, Alabama
  • Aug 10 Battle for Guam ends, US troops recapture Guam from the Japanese
  • Aug 10 US/French offensive at Alencon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 11 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Aug 11 French 5th Armour division recaptures Sées
  • Aug 11 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz
  • Aug 11 US air raid on Palembang
  • Aug 12 Churchill & Tito meet in Naples
  • Aug 12 Pipeline under ocean (Pluto) begins operating
  • Aug 12 Waffen SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema.
  • Aug 13 British 8th Army occupies Florence
  • Aug 13 Generals Montgomery/Dempsey/Bradley discuss a future breakthrough
  • Aug 13 Jackie Gleason-Les Tremayne show premieres on NBC radio
  • Aug 14 British premier Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
  • Aug 14 Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive
  • Aug 14 Russian offensive at Weichsel
  • Aug 15 Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed
  • Aug 15 German field marshal Günther von Kluge vanishes for one day; he killed himself on the 19th in the aftermath of the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 15 Operation Anvil: Allies land on French Mediterranean sea coast
  • Aug 15 Operation Dragoon: Allied troops land in Provence
  • Aug 15 US 12 Army corps enters Le Mans through Orleans
  • Aug 15 US 7th Armour division reaches Chartres
  • Aug 16 2nd Canadian Division occupies Falaise, Normandy
  • Aug 16 Dutch begin diplomatic contact with Vatican in London
  • Aug 16 US 15th Army corp reaches Eure, surrounds Dreux
  • Aug 16 First flight of the Junkers Ju 287.
  • Aug 17 4th Canadian Armoured division occupiers Trun, Normandy
  • Aug 17 Canadian 2nd division conquerors Falaise, Normandy
  • Aug 17 German field marshal Walter Model replaces Günther von Kluge in Normandy
  • Aug 17 Russian troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border
  • Aug 17 US 12 Army Corps occupies Orleans
  • Aug 17 US 320th regiment infantry occupies Châteaudun
  • Aug 17 Yanks Johnny Lindell ties record with 4 consecutive doubles in a game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 18 Chartres freed by US 3rd Army forces during WWII led by General George S. Patton

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Aug 18 Paris rail workers strike against Nazi occupiers
  • Aug 18 US 15th Army Corps reaches Mantes-Gassicourt near Paris
  • Aug 19 Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed
  • Aug 19 Gen Bradley visits Montgomery
  • Aug 19 Last Japanese troops driven out of India
  • Aug 19 Nazis give parts of Paris to Resistance
  • Aug 19 Paris police strike against nazi occupiers
  • Aug 19 Polish 1st Division occupies Hill 262 (Mont Ormel), Normandy
  • Aug 19 US 15th Army Corps occupies Mantes-Gassicourt at Paris
  • Aug 19 US 90th/Polish 1st Division occupy Chambois, Normandy
  • Aug 20 "Anna Lucasta" opens on Broadway
  • Aug 20 26th PGA Championship: Bob Hamilton at Manito G & CC Spokane Wash
  • Aug 20 Gen de Gaulle returns to France
  • Aug 20 Russian offensive at Jassy & Kisjinev
  • Aug 20 US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
  • Aug 21 Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy
  • Aug 21 Grieg/Work/Forest's musical "Song of Norway" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 21 Raid on Jewish childrens house in Secrétan/St-Mandé
  • Aug 21 US 12nd Army Corps occupies Sens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 Adolf Hitler orders Paris to be destroyed [or 23rd]

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 22 Last transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 23 94.5°F (34.7°C) in De Bilt Netherlands & 101.5°F (38.6°C) in Warnsvelt
  • Aug 23 Allied troops capture Marseille, France
  • Aug 23 General George Leclerc's troops advance towards Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 23 General Montgomery consults with Generals Bradley and Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Aug 23 Romanian Royal coup: King Michael orders forces to cease fire against Allies and dismisses pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu
  • Aug 23 Sammellager Drancy freed
  • Aug 23 US 20th Army corp enter Fontainebleau/Melun de Seine
  • Aug 23 US B-24 crashes into school in Freckelton England, 76 killed
  • Aug 24 General LeClerc's troops open assault on Paris
  • Aug 25 France 2nd Tank division under General Leclerc reaches Notre Dame
  • Aug 25 General De Gaulle walks the Champs Elysees in Paris after the liberation of the city from Nazi occupation
  • Aug 25 Paris liberated from Nazi occupation (Freedom Tuesday)

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Elske Terveld, Dutch undersecretary Social Affairs (PvdA)
  • Aug 1 Yuri Viktorovich Romanenko, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 26, 38, TM-2)
  • Aug 2 Jim Capaldi, English singer/songwriter (Traffic-Something So Strong)
  • Aug 4 Richard Belzer, KOed by Hulk Hogan/comedian (How to be a Stand Up)
  • Aug 7 David Rasche, actor (Sledge Hammer), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 7 John Glover, actor (52 Pick-Up, Something Special), born in Kingston, New York
  • Aug 7 Robert Mueller, Director of the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation)
  • Aug 8 Hans van Eijk, Dutch rock guitarist (Jumping Jewels)
  • Aug 8 Michael Johnson, rocker
  • Aug 8 Brooke Bundy, American actress
  • Aug 8 John Renbourn, English folk musician (Pentangle), born in London
  • Aug 9 Smokey the Bear, named after NYC fireman Smokey Joe Martin
  • Aug 9 Gerrit Jan Wolffensperger, Dutch MP (D66)
  • Aug 9 Sam Elliott, actor (Big Chill, Fatal Beauty), born in Sacramento, California
  • Aug 9 Terry Jenner, cricketer (Australian leg-spinner 1971-75)
  • Aug 9 Viv Prince, rocker (Pretty Things)
  • Aug 11 David Pearl, British judge
  • Aug 11 Ian McDiarmid, Scottish actor
  • Aug 12 Donna Michele, playmate (Dec, 1963)/actress (Beach Blanket Bingo)
  • Aug 12 Peter Hofmann, German tenor
  • Aug 13 David Mahler, composer
  • Aug 13 Kevin Tighe, actor (Newsie, Another 48 Hours, K-9), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Aug 13 Divina Galica, British athlete and racing driver
  • Aug 14 Robyn Smith Astaire, jockey/wife of Fred Astaire
  • Aug 14 Tim Bogert, Richfiled NJ, rock bassist (Vanilla Fudge) [or 8/27]
  • Aug 15 Frederick Knight, US singer (I've been lonely so long)
  • Aug 15 Linda Ellerbee, Bryan Texas, newscaster (Weekend, NBC Overnight)
  • Aug 15 Tom Murphy, American politician
  • Aug 15 Sylvie Vartan, Bulgarian pop singer
  • Aug 16 Dick Zimmer, (Rep-R-New Jersey)
  • Aug 16 Mufasir-ul-Haq, cricketer (Pakistan left-arm quick, 1 Test)
  • Aug 17 Lawrence Joseph Ellison, CEO of Oracle Corporation, Billionaire
  • Aug 18 Carl Wayne, rocker (Move)
  • Aug 19 Eddy Raven, Lafayette La, country singer (Right Hand Man)
  • Aug 19 Samuel J de Beer, South Africa vicar/underminister of Education
  • Aug 19 Buzz Kilman, Chicago radio personality
  • Aug 19 Bodil Malmsten, Swedish writer
  • Aug 19 Charles Wang, Chinese-born philanthropist
  • Aug 20 Graig Nettles, 3rd baseman (NY Yankees, SD Padres, Cleve Indians)
  • Aug 20 John Povey, English musician, born in London
  • Aug 20 Rajiv Gandhi, PM of India (1984-89)
  • Aug 21 Jackie DeShannon, Hazel Kentucky, singer (What the World Needs Now)
  • Aug 21 Peter Weir, Australian director/writer (Witness, Dead Poets Society), born in Sydney, New South Wales
  • Aug 21 Perry Christie, former prime minister of the Bahamas
  • Aug 22 Henk Veldhoen, biochemist/Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • Aug 23 Antonia Novello, 14th US Surgeon General (1990-92)
  • Aug 23 Lena Tabori, model/daughter of Viveca Lindfors, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Aug 24 Gregory Bruce Jarvis, astronaut (STS 25), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Aug 24 Bill Goldsworthy, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1996)
  • Aug 24 Rocky Johnson, Canadian professional wrestler
  • Aug 24 Peter Hutton, American filmmaker, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2016)
  • Aug 25 Anthony Heald, New Rochelle NY, actor (Orphans, Silence of Lambs)
  • Aug 25 Sherley Anne Williams, US literary (Dessa Rose)
  • Aug 25 Conrad Black, newspaper magnate
  • Aug 26 Cornelia J "Corry" Arends, Dutch actress (Fool's Hat)
  • Aug 26 Richard A W G, English prince/duke of Gloucester
  • Aug 26 Stephen Greif, English actor
  • Aug 27 Barry Conyngham, composer
  • Aug 27 Tim Bogert, American rocker (Vanilla Fudge), born in New York City
  • Aug 27 Wim Jurg, corrector/chairman (Werelddambond FMJD)
  • Aug 27 G W Bailey, Port Arthur, Texas, American actor (Police Academy, The Closer)
  • Aug 28 Marianne Heemskerk, Dutch swimmer
  • Aug 28 Melvin Dummar, American claimant to the Howard Hughes estate
  • Aug 30 Charles Colbert, rocker (American Breed), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 30 Freek de Jonge, Dutch comedian (Neerlands Hoop)
  • Aug 30 John Surman, jazz musician
  • Aug 30 Molly Ivins, American political humorist (d. 2007)
  • Aug 30 Tug McGraw, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • Aug 31 Clive Hubert Lloyd, cricketer ("Supercat", 110 Tests 1966-85)
  • Aug 31 Jos LeDuc, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 1999)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 22 Writer Jack Kerouac (22) weds author Edie Kerouac Parker

Writer Jack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac

Famous Deaths

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 1 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of Philippines (1935-42), dies of tuberculosis at 65

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon
  • Aug 3 Felix Nussbaum, German painter (Widerstandskunst), dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 3 Felka Platek, wife of painter Felix Nussbaum, dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 5 Maurice Turnbull, cricketer (England)/rugby (Wales), dies
  • Aug 8 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal, hanged at 62
  • Aug 10 Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, attempt Hitler assassination, dies
  • Aug 12 Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., brother of President John F. Kennedy (b. 1915)
  • Aug 16 Roman Padlewski, composer, dies at 28
  • Aug 17 John Trumble, cricketer (brother of Hugh 7 Tests 1885-86), dies
  • Aug 18 Ernst "Teddy" Thalmann, leader of German KPD, dies
  • Aug 19 Gunther von Kluge, German field marshal, commits suicide, dies at 62
  • Aug 19 Henry J Wood, English conductor (My Life of Music, Proms), dies at 75
  • Aug 22 Raymond Aimos, actor (Golem, Mayerling, La Bandera), dies at 55
  • Aug 23 Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets, composer, dies at 63
  • Aug 25 Krijn van den Helm, resistance fighter (KP Leeuwarden), shot to death
  • Aug 25 Mussa Dshalil, writer, dies
  • Aug 26 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German diplomat (b. 1909)
  • Aug 27 Georg von Boeselager, German nobleman (b. 1915)
  • Aug 28 Ernst Thalmann, German communist, dies in Buchenwald
  • Aug 30 Morten Nielsen, Danish resistance fighter, dies