What Happened on July 20, 1944

Day of the Week: Thursday

Historical Events

MurderAssassination Attempt

Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by German army officer Claus Von Stauffenberg

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • British and Canadian troops occupy Hill 67/Ifs/Bras/Frenouville, Normandy
  • Browns Nelson Potter is 1st pitcher suspended for throwing spitballs
  • Canadian Cameron Highlanders conquer St Andre
  • Death March of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani Moldavia begins
  • Fieldmarshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen
  • Fifty are hurt in rioting in front of the presidential palace in Mexico City.
  • Flying Fortresses of US 8th Air Force attack Leipzig/Dessau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

General Eisenhower visits Montgomery's headquarter in Normandy

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen
  • Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo sunk by US air attack
  • Liberators of US 8th Air Force attack Gotha Russelsheim/Eisenach
  • US 15th Air Force attacks Friedrichshaven Memmingen
  • US 9th Air Force bombs railroad at Chaulnes Sable-sur-Sarthe/Dreux
  • US invades Japanese-occupied Guam

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

US President FDR nominated for an unprecedented 4th term at Democratic convention

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Violent battles in Verrieres-hill (Normandy)

Famous Birthdays

  • Mel Daniels, professional basketball player (Hall of Fame 2012), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • Wim Van Drimmelen, Dutch sect Science Council of Government policy

Famous Deaths

  • Arthur J Treadwell, English mayor of Stoke Newington, dies at about 71
  • Brandt, col/German staff chief, dies in bombing
  • Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg, count/German antifascist colonel, dies
  • Friedrich Olbricht, German general (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Heinz Burns, German (Olympic-gold-1936), dies in bombing
  • Korten, chef gen of Germany Luftwaffe, dies in bomb explosion
  • Ludwig Beck, gen/chief Germany general staff (July 20th plot), dies
  • Mertz, German colonel (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Mildred Harris, American actress (b. 1901)
  • Rudolf Schmundt, gen/Hitler's Army adjunct, dies from wounds
  • Werner von Haeffen, German lieutenant (July 20th plotter), executed