What Happened in March 1944

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • Mar 1 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • Mar 2 16th Academy Awards: "Casablanca", Jennifer Jones & Paul Lukas win
  • Mar 2 Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony

Composer Samuel Barber
Composer
Samuel Barber
  • Mar 4 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 4 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • Mar 5 1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony
  • Mar 6 USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 7 Japans begins offensive in Burma
  • Mar 8 US resumes bombing Berlin
  • Mar 10 U-575 sinks HMS Asphodel
  • Mar 11 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • Mar 13 USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio government
  • Mar 15 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • Mar 16 Vichy Internal minister Pucheu sentenced to death
  • Mar 18 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • Mar 18 2,500 women trample guards & floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois dept store
  • Mar 19 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • Mar 20 Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16
  • Mar 20 Mount Vesuvius, Italy, explodes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 21 Gen Eisenhower postpones invasion of the soth of France until after Normandy

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Mar 22 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 22 American movie star Jimmy Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin

  • Mar 23 Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
  • Mar 23 Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives
  • Mar 24 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • Mar 24 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 24 In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians
  • Mar 25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • Mar 25 RAF Flight Sgt Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall was broken by pine trees and soft snow, and he suffered only a sprained leg.
  • Mar 26 705 British bombers attack Essen
  • Mar 27 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Mar 27 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • Mar 27 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • Mar 27 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • Mar 28 6th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Utah defeats Dartmouth 42-40
  • Mar 28 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing Pippi Longstocking
  • Mar 30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • Mar 31 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Dirk Benedict, Helena Mont, actor (A-Team, Battlestar Galactica)
  • Mar 1 John B Breaux, (Rep-D-LA, 1972-88)
  • Mar 1 John Napier, set designer (Royal Shakesphere Company), born in London, England
  • Mar 1 Mike D'Abo, rock vocalist (Manfred Mann-Mighty Quinn)
  • Mar 1 Roger Daltrey, English rocker/actor/producer (The Who-Tommy)
  • Mar 2 Katherine Crawford, actress (Captains & Kings, Gemini Man)
  • Mar 2 Leif Segerstam, composer
  • Mar 2 Pam Barnett, LPGA golfer
  • Mar 2 Uschi Glas, German actress
  • Mar 3 Janice Garfat, rocker (Dr Hook)
  • Mar 4 Bobby Womack, American R&B singer/guitarist (Woman's Got to Have It), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2014)
  • Mar 5 Paul Sands, comedian/actor (SCTV, Story Theater, St Elsewhere), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Mar 5 Lucio Battisti, Italian singer (d. 1998)
  • Mar 5 Roy Gutman, American journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner
  • Mar 6 Kiri Te Kanawa, Gisborne NZ, operatic soprano (Don Giovanni)
  • Mar 6 Mary Wilson, vocalist (Supremes-Where Did Our Love Go), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Mar 7 Elton Gallegly, (Rep-R-California)
  • Mar 7 Jorgen Theobaldy, writer
  • Mar 7 Townes Van Zandt, Texas, singer/songwriter (Kathleen, Loretta), (d. 1997)
  • Mar 7 Stanley Schmidt, American editor
  • Mar 8 Carole Bayer Sager, NY, aka Mrs Burt Bachrach, singer (Arthur)
  • Mar 8 Buzz Hargrove, Canadian labour leader
  • Mar 8 Sergey Nikitin, Russian composer
  • Mar 8 Palito Ortega, Argentine singer and actor
  • Mar 9 Geoff Arnold, cricketer (England medium-pacer in 34 Tests 1967-75)
  • Mar 9 Lee Irvine, cricketer (South African batsman, only Tests in 1970)
  • Mar 9 Trevor Burton, rocker (Move)
  • Mar 11 Ric Rothwell, drummer (Mindbenders-Games of Love)
  • Mar 14 Clyde Lee, American NBA player, born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Mar 14 Peter Paul Zahl, writer
  • Mar 15 Gordon "Jazz" Summers, British music manager (Wham, Snow Patrol), born in Winchester, Hampshire (d. 2015)
  • Mar 15 Chi Cheng, Taiwan, sprinter/80m hurdler (Oly-Bronze-68)
  • Mar 15 David Costell, Pitts, rocker (Gary Lewis & the Playboys-Diamond Ring)
  • Mar 15 Jacques Doillon director/writer (La Fille de Quinze Ans)
  • Mar 15 Ralph MacDonald, rock percussionist (Graceland)
  • Mar 15 Sly Stone, Dallas, rocker (Sly & the Family Stone-Everyday People)
  • Mar 17 Cito Gaston, MLB manager (Toronto Blue Jays)
  • Mar 17 John Sebastian, American singer (Loving Spoonful, Welcome Back Kotter), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 17 Pat McCauley, N Ireland, rock drummer (Them)
  • Mar 17 Pattie Boyd, English photographer and author (Mrs George Harrison/Mrs Eric Clapton)
  • Mar 18 Dick Smith, Australian Adventurer and Businessman
  • Mar 18 Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli military leader and politician, (d. 2012)
  • Mar 19 Joseph Celli, composer
  • Mar 19 Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, LBJ's daughter
  • Mar 19 Myung-Wha Chung, Seoul Korea, cellist (Chung Trio)
  • Mar 19 Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize
  • Mar 19 Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin
  • Mar 21 Charles Edward Greene, Pine Bluff Ark, 4x100m runner (Oly-gold-1968)
  • Mar 21 Henrik Colding-Jorgensen, composer
  • Mar 21 Jamary Oliveira, composer
  • Mar 21 Marie-Christine Barrault, actress (Stardust Memories), born in Paris, France
  • Mar 22 Jeremy Clyde, English musician (Chad and Jeremy) and actor, born in Dorney, Buckinghamshire
  • Mar 22 R P Mardling, headmaster (Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Wakefield)
  • Mar 22 T S "Tony" McPhee, rocker (Sad Go Round)
  • Mar 23 Michael Nyman, composer (Mesmer, Carrington)
  • Mar 23 Salim Altaf, cricketer (Pakistan medium-pacer in 21 Tests 1967-78)
  • Mar 23 George Scott, Greenville, MS, MLB player (Boston Red Sox), (d. 2013)
  • Mar 24 Denny McLain, baseball pitcher (Detroit Tigers, 31 wins in 1968)
  • Mar 24 R. Lee Ermey, American actor
  • Mar 24 Vojislav KoŇ°tunica, Serbian Prime Minister
  • Mar 25 Ross Duncan, cricketer (one Test Australia v England 1971, 0-30)
  • Mar 25 Terry L Bruce, (Rep-D-IL, 1985- )
  • Mar 26 Diana Ross, [Earle], (Supremes, Lady Sings Blues, Mahogany), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Mar 27 Khosrow Shakibai, Iranian actor (d. 2008)
  • Mar 28 Ken Howard, American actor (Ken - The White Shadow), born in El Centro California (d. 2016)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 28 Rick Barry, Basketball forward (NY Nets, Golden State Warriors), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey

NBA Small Forward Rick Barry
NBA Small Forward
Rick Barry
  • Mar 29 James Diggle, FBA, classicist
  • Mar 29 John Suchet, British TV journalist (Independent TV News)
  • Mar 30 Gerrit Komrij, Dutch poet/essayist (Happy Schizo)
  • Mar 31 Rod Allen, [B Rodney Bainbridge] rock bassist/vocalist (Fortunes)
  • Mar 31 Mick Ralphs, English guitarist (Mott the Hoople, Bad Company)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 17 Actor Charlton Heston weds Lydia Clarke


Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 ... Formans, director Milos Formans mother, dies in Auschwitz
  • Mar 4 Louis Capone, New York organized crime figure (b. 1896) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Emanuel Weiss, American hitman (b. 1906) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and political activist (b. 1855)

BattleExecution

Mar 4 Louis Buchalter, American mobster (Murder, Inc.), executed at 47

  • Mar 5 Max Jacob, French writer, dies in nazi concentration camp at 67
  • Mar 10 David Vogel, Ukrainian author, dies in Auschwitz at 52
  • Mar 11 Hendrik W van Loon, Neth/US radio commentator/writer, dies at 62
  • Mar 12 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (b. 1861)
  • Mar 14 Pavel Grigor'yevich, composer, dies at 66
  • Mar 15 Otto von Below, German commandant (WW I), dies at 86
  • Mar 18 Benjamin Delmonte, theater director/actor, dies at 79
  • Mar 19 William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • Mar 20 Felix Woyrsch, composer, dies at 83
  • Mar 22 ... Pucheu, French Internal minister to Vichy, executed
  • Mar 23 O C Wingate, British general-major (Burma), dies in air crash
  • Mar 28 Chayyim Most, Rabbi/Maggid of Kovono, killed by nazis
  • Mar 28 Stephen Butler Leacock, writer/economist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75
  • Mar 31 Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies