What Happened in May 1944

Historical Events

  • May 1 Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • May 1 Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
  • May 2 WABD (WNEW, now WNYW) TV channel 5 in NYC (DUM/MET/FOX) 1st broadcast
  • May 3 "Meet Me in St Louis" opens on Broadway
  • May 3 Meat rationing ends in US

Film release premierFilm Premier

May 3 "Going My Way", directed by Leo McCary and starring Bing Crosby premieres in New York (Best Picture 1945)

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby

Film release premierFilm Release

May 4 "Gaslight", starring an 18-year-old Angela Lansbury in her film debut, is released

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 Gandhi freed from prison

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • May 5 Russian offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • May 6 70th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 2:04.2
  • May 6 KJR-AM in Seattle Wash swaps calls with KOMO
  • May 7 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia
  • May 8 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • May 9 1st eye bank opens in New York
  • May 9 Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes governor of Louisiana
  • May 9 Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
  • May 9 Joe McCarthy returns as Yankee manager after an illness
  • May 9 Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • May 10 Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • May 10 Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • May 11 Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • May 11 Slomp Resistance fighter (Frits de Zwerver) freed from Arnhem prison
  • May 12 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux
  • May 12 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • May 12 Secret Police arrest Gerrit Van de Peat
  • May 13 69th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 1:59.2
  • May 14 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • May 14 British troops occupy Kohima

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 14 Gen Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 15 14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz
  • May 15 Cincinnati Red Clyde Shoun no-hits Boston Braves, 1-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill & George VI discuss D-Day plan

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • May 15 Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of Patriarch Throne
  • May 16 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
  • May 17 -18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • May 17 Chinese/US arm forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma
  • May 17 General Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th
  • May 17 Operation Straightline: Allies land in Dutch New Guinea
  • May 18 Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino, Italy
  • May 18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
  • May 19 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands
  • May 19 German defense line in Italy collapsed
  • May 20 US Communist Party dissolves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 21 Hitler begins attack on British/US "terror pilots"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 23 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • May 23 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • May 23 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead
  • May 23 Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941
  • May 24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania anti fascists
  • May 24 Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
  • May 25 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
  • May 27 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
  • May 27 Japanese advance in Hangkhou China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Jean-Paul Sartres' "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris

  • May 29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy
  • May 30 Transport number 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • May 31 Allied breakthrough in Italy

Famous Birthdays

  • May 1 Rita Coolidge, Nashville Tn, singer (Higher & Higher, We're All Alone)
  • May 1 Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
  • May 2 Franz Innerhofer, Austrian writer (Beautiful Days), born in Krimml, Salzberg
  • May 2 John Verity, rocker (Argent)
  • May 3 Ian Peter Leslie Smith, journalist
  • May 3 Peter Staples, rocker (Troggs-Wild Thing)
  • May 4 Paul Gleason, actor (Breakfast CLub, Die Hard), born in Jersey City, New Jersey
  • May 4 Peggy Santiglia, Belleville, New Jersey, American singer-songwriter (Angels)
  • May 5 Jean-Pierre Leaud, actor (Detective), born in Paris, France
  • May 5 John Rhys-Davies, Salisbury England, actor (Sir Edward-Quest, Sliders)
  • May 5 Roger Raised, English actor (Nicholas Nickleby)
  • May 5 Bo Larsson, Swedish footballer
  • May 5 Roger Rees, Welsh Tony winning stage and screen actor (Cheers), born in Aberystwyth (d. 2015)
  • May 6 Anton Furst, American production designer (d. 1991)
  • May 6 Masanori Murakami, First Japanese baseball player in major leagues
  • May 7 Alison Margaret Bauld, composer
  • May 7 Sivi Aberg, actress (Batman TV show)
  • May 7 Eva Norvind, Mexican actress (d. 2006)
  • May 7 Richard O'Sullivan, British actor
  • May 8 Gary Glitter, [Paul Gadd], England, rocker (Rock & Roll Part II)
  • May 9 Don Dannemann, rocker (Cyrkle)
  • May 9 Richard Furay, Ohio, rock vocalist (Buffalo Springfield, Poco)
  • May 10 Abdul Kadir, cricketer (Pakistani batsman-keeper in 4 Tests 1964-65)
  • May 10 Jackie Lomax, English singer-songwriter (Is This What You Want), born in Liverpool, England (d. 2013)
  • May 10 Jim Abrahams, Shorewood WI, director (Hot Shots, Top Secret)
  • May 10 Kathy Farrer, LPGA golfer
  • May 10 Marie-France Pisier, Daclat, Vietnam, French actress and writer (Love on the Run, Cousin cousine)
  • May 11 John Benaud, cricketer (brother of Richie, Australian bat 1972-73)
  • May 12 Eva Demski, German writer, born in Regensburg
  • May 12 James Purify, US singer (I'm Your Puppet)
  • May 13 Betsy Finley Ashton, broadcast journalist/author/lecturer
  • May 13 Carolyn Franklin, US singer/songwriter (Baby Baby Baby, Angel)
  • May 13 Clive Radley, cricketer (England batsman in 8 Tests 1978)
  • May 13 Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw, British explorer/genealogist
  • May 13 Armistead Maupin, American author
  • May 14 Francesca Annis, actress (Madame Bovary, Dune), born in London, England
  • May 14 Gene Cornish, rock bassist/vocalist (Fotomaker, Rascals), born in Ottawa, Ontario

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 14 George Lucas, American director (Star Wars, Indiana Jones), born in Modesto, California

Film Director George Lucas
Film Director
George Lucas
  • May 14 Troy Shondell, rocker (Many Sides of Troy Shondell)
  • May 15 Gunilla Hutton, Goteborg Sweden, actress (Petticoat Junction)
  • May 15 Miruts Yifter, Ethiopia, 5K/10K runner (Olympic-gold-1980)
  • May 15 Ian "Tich" Amey, British rock musician (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich), born in Salisbury Wiltshire
  • May 15 Bill Alter, Missouri State Senator
  • May 16 Billy Cobham, Panama, jazz artist (Same Ole Love)
  • May 16 Danny Trejo, American actor
  • May 17 Arif Butt, cricketer (pace bowler for Pakistan in three Tests 1964-65)
  • May 17 Canon P B Price, general secretary, USPG
  • May 17 Jesse Winchester, singer/songwriter (Learn to Love it), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2014)
  • May 17 Paul Crossley, concert pianist
  • May 18 Albert Hammond, rocker (It Never Rains In Southern California ), born in London
  • May 18 Peter Ryan, British national director (Police Training)
  • May 18 W. G. Sebald, German-born writer (d. 2001)
  • May 19 Peter Mayhew, British-American actor
  • May 20 Boudouin de Groot, Dutch singer (Good night mister president)
  • May 20 Cipa Dichter, Rio de Janeiro Brazil, pianist/wife of Misha Dichter
  • May 20 David M Walker, Capt USN/astron (STS 51-A 30, 53, 69), born in Columbus, Georgia

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 20 Joe Cocker, English rock vocalist (With a Little Help from My Friends), born in Sheffield England, (d. 2014)

Rocker Joe Cocker
Joe Cocker
  • May 20 Keith Fletcher, cricket captain (Essex & England)
  • May 20 Dietrich Mateschitz, Austrian businessman
  • May 21 Janet Dailey, US, author
  • May 21 Manual Pina, fashion designer
  • May 21 Marcie Blane, American singer, born in New York City
  • May 21 Mary Robinson, President of Republic of Ireland (Labour, 1990- )
  • May 21 Mike Degett, horse trainer
  • May 23 Giles Smith, TV journalist
  • May 23 Ramon "Tiki" Fulwood, US drummer (Funkadelic, Knee Deep)
  • May 24 Patti LaBelle, [Holt], singer (LaBelle-Lady Marmalade), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • May 25 Frank Oz, Hereford England, American muppetteer (Grover-Sesame Street, Muppet Show)
  • May 25 Robert Michael Payton, pizza magnate
  • May 25 John Bunnell, former Sheriff of Multnomah County, Oregon and TV personality
  • May 25 Robert MacPherson, American mathematician
  • May 26 Verden "Phally" Allen, keyboardist (Mott the Hoople)
  • May 26 Sam Posey, American race car driver, TV commentator and author
  • May 27 Christopher J Dodd, (Gov/Sen-D-CT, 1981- )
  • May 28 Adriaan T "Ad" Zuiderent, poet/critic (On the Droge)
  • May 28 Billy Vera, musician (& Beaters-At This Moment, Into the Night)
  • May 28 Gladys Knight, singer, leader of Pips (Last Train), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • May 28 Rudy Giuliani, (Mayor-R/L- 1994- ), born in NYC, New York
  • May 28 Faith Brown, British actress and impressionist
  • May 29 Helmut Berger, actor (Ash Wednesday, Damned, Picture of Dorian Gray)
  • May 29 Quentin Davies, MP (C)
  • May 30 Lenny Davidson, rocker (Dave Clark 5-Glad All Over), born in London, England

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

May 4 Baseball player Ted Williams marries Doris Soule (divorced 1954)

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams

HeartWedding of Interest

May 21 Actor Burgess Meredith (36) weds actress Paulette Goddard (33) at David O Selznick's Beverly Hills home

HeartWedding of Interest

May 29 Boxing champion Sugar Ray Robinson (23) weds Edna Mae Holly

Middle/welterweight championship boxer Sugar Ray Robinson
Middle/welterweight championship boxer
Sugar Ray Robinson

Famous Deaths

  • May 9 Ethel Mary Smyth, composer, dies at 86
  • May 11 Henk Hos, resistance fighter, executed at 37
  • May 12 Arthur T Quiller-Couch [Q], British author/critic, dies at 80
  • May 16 George Ade, US novelist/playwright (Counsel Widow), dies at 78
  • May 16 Leone Sinigaglia, composer, dies at 75
  • May 16 Max Brand, [Frederick Schiller Faust], western author, dies
  • May 16 George Ade, American author (b. 1866)
  • May 19 Godfrey Wilson, British Anthropologist of social change and colonial problems in Africa, commits suicide as a conscientious objector in WW II
  • May 26 C M Francois, cricketer (WWII, 252 runs in 5 Tests for South Africa), dies
  • May 28 Katri Vala, Finnish poet, dies at 42
  • May 30 Jessie Ralph, actress (Good Earth, San Francisco), dies at 79