What Happened in 1945

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 660

  • Jan 1st German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
  • Jan 1st 31st Rose Bowl: #7 Southern California beats #12 Tennessee, 25-0
  • Jan 1st 11th Sugar Bowl: #11 Duke beats Alabama, 29-26
  • Jan 1st 11th Orange Bowl: Tulsa beats #13 Georgia Tech, 26-12
  • Jan 2nd Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • Jan 2nd Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
  • Jan 2nd Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
  • Jan 3rd Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3rd British Premier Winston Churchill visits France

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jan 3rd Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room
  • Jan 3rd Greek General Plastiras forms government
  • Jan 3rd John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 3rd US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Jan 3rd Admiral Chester W. Nimitz begins planning assaults on Okinawa and Iwo Jima in Japan

  • Jan 4th Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
  • Jan 4th US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack
  • Jan 5th Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty"
  • Jan 5th Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
  • Jan 7th Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) reports total German victory in the Ardennes
  • Jan 7th The last surface engagement between Allies and Japanese in the Pacific campaign, World War II
  • Jan 8th "Youth for Christ" organizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9th US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

WW2 General Douglas MacArthur
WW2 General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Jan 10th LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
  • Jan 10th No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
  • Jan 12th German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • Jan 12th US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea
  • Jan 12th The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
  • Jan 13th Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
  • Jan 14th In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • Jan 15th "Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 429 performances
  • Jan 15th Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
  • Jan 15th Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
  • Jan 15th The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory
  • Jan 16th Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • Jan 16th US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16th Adolf Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, his underground bunker

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 17th Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
  • Jan 17th Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
  • Jan 17th Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears the German resistance
  • Jan 17th Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by Soviet secret police in Hungary
  • Jan 18th Soviet troops capture Krakow, Poland
  • Jan 18th Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow and push Germans out only to eventually occupy entire country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20th Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 20th The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • Jan 21st British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
  • Jan 22nd Burma highway reopens
  • Jan 22nd Heavy US air raid on Okinawa
  • Jan 23rd Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23rd World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • Jan 24th Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
  • Jan 25th Dan Topping, Del Webb & Larry MacPhail purchase NY Yanks for $2.8 mil
  • Jan 25th Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
  • Jan 25th Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
  • Jan 25th NY Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to construction magnate Del Webb and partners Dan Topping and Larry MacPhail for $2.8 million
  • Jan 25th West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
  • Jan 26th Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Jan 27th Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
  • Jan 27th Russia liberates Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland
  • Jan 27th S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in NYC
  • Jan 27th Wally van Hall, Dutch banker and resistance leader, arrested
  • Jan 28th Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
  • Jan 28th Gen "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
  • Jan 28th Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
  • Jan 30th "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
  • Jan 30th American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied POWs from Japanese at Cabanatuan
  • Jan 31st US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
  • Jan 31st Russian troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin
  • Feb 1st US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
  • Feb 2nd Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
  • Feb 3rd Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
  • Feb 3rd Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released

Conference meetingYalta Conference

Feb 4th Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of the war

  • Feb 5th Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69t.6 kph (440 yd/20.8 s)
  • Feb 5th British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Yalta, the Crimea
  • Feb 5th US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla
  • Feb 6th US 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz
  • Feb 6th Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder
  • Feb 7th General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
  • Feb 7th Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court
  • Feb 7th US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
  • Feb 7th London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • Feb 8th Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Feb 8th Paul Brown agrees to coach the new American football expansion team in Cleveland, which would later be named the Cleveland Browns after their coach

American Football Coach Paul Brown
American Football Coach
Paul Brown
  • Feb 9th -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen
  • Feb 9th WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
  • Feb 9th The Battle of the Atlantic: HMS Venturer sinks U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway.
  • Feb 10th "Rum & Coca Cola" by Andrews Sisters hits #1
  • Feb 11th 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA
  • Feb 11th Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin
  • Feb 12th SF selected for site of UN Conference
  • Feb 13th Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die
  • Feb 13th Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
  • Feb 13th USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
  • Feb 14th Second day of the bombing of Dresden by Allies air forces
  • Feb 14th Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
  • Feb 14th World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • Feb 14th World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
  • Feb 16th US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
  • Feb 16th Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
  • Feb 19th 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 789

  • Jan 1st Jacques Ickx, Belgium, Le Mans auto race (6-time winner)
  • Jan 1st Peter Duncan, Australian politician
  • Jan 3rd Stephen Stills, songwriter/guitarist (Cosby Stills & Nash), born in Dallas, Texas
  • Jan 4th Jay Dee Maness, Loma Linda Ca, singer (Desert Rose Band-Love Reunited)
  • Jan 4th Vesa-Matti Loiri, Finnish entertainer
  • Jan 4th Richard R. Schrock, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • Jan 5th Sam Wyche, NFL coach (Cincinnati Bengals)
  • Jan 5th Roger Spottiswoode, Canadian-born film director
  • Jan 6th Barry Holstein Lopez, US author (Of Wolves & Men)
  • Jan 6th Barry John, Welsh rugby player
  • Jan 6th Pepe Le Pew, cartoon skunk (Au Dorable Kitty)
  • Jan 6th Allen Appel, American novelist
  • Jan 7th Tony Conigliaro, Mass, baseball outfielder (Boston Red Sox)
  • Jan 7th Dick Marty, Swiss politician
  • Jan 7th Raila Odinga, Prime Minister of Kenya
  • Jan 8th John Peters, rock drummer (Harpers Bizarre)
  • Jan 8th Terry Sylvester, rocker (Hollies)
  • Jan 9th Frank J Biondi Jr, president (HBO)
  • Jan 9th Harun Farocki, actor/director (Nicht loeschbares Feur)
  • Jan 9th John Doman, American actor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 10th Rod Stewart, British singer (Maggie Mae, Do You Think I'm Sexy), born in London, England

Singer Rod Stewart
Singer
Rod Stewart
  • Jan 10th Edward Wiskoski, American professional wrestler
  • Jan 11th Christine Kaufmann, Austria, actress (Town Without Pity, Red Lips)
  • Jan 11th Samdech Preah Sanghareach Bour Kry, Supreme Patriarch of the Cambodian Dhammayutt Order
  • Jan 12th Maggie Bell, rocker, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Jan 13th [Eileen] Joy[ce] Chant [Rutter], UK, sci-fi author (High Kings)
  • Jan 14th Einar Hakonarson, Icelandic painter
  • Jan 14th Maina Gielgud, British ballet dancer and administrator
  • Jan 14th Vonetta McGee, American actress, born in San Francisco, California, (d. 2010)
  • Jan 15th Vince Foster, American lawyer (d. 1993), born in Hope, Arkansas
  • Jan 15th William R. Higgins, USMC colonel (d. 1990)
  • Jan 15th Princess Michael of Kent, British royal
  • Jan 16th Kabir Bedi, actor (Thief of Baghdad, Terminal Entry)
  • Jan 17th William Hart, US singer (4 Gents, Delfonics-I'm Sorry)
  • Jan 17th Javed Akhtar, Indian lyricist, poet and scriptwriter
  • Jan 19th Charles Amirkhanian, composer
  • Jan 19th Rod Evans, rocker (Deep Purple-Come Taste the Band)
  • Jan 19th Vadim Abdrashitov, director (Fox Hunt, Parade of Planets)
  • Jan 20th Eric Stewart, rock guitarist (10cc-I'm Not in Love)
  • Jan 20th Peter Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 20th Christopher Martin-Jenkins, cricket commentator and correspondent
  • Jan 21st Andrew Stein, President of NYC council (D)
  • Jan 21st Chris Britton, rocker (Troggs-Rock & Roll Goldmine)
  • Jan 22nd Michael Cristofer, actor/writer (Little Drummer Girl)
  • Jan 23rd Mike Harris, Canadian politician, Premier of Ontario
  • Jan 24th D. Todd Christofferson, LDS apostle
  • Jan 24th John Garamendi, American politician
  • Jan 25th Leigh Taylor-Young, actress (Peyton Place, Alice B Toklas), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 26th Mick Hill, cricketer (NSW all-rounder 1964-75)
  • Jan 26th Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist (d. 1987)
  • Jan 26th Barbara Kruger, American conceptual artist, born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Jan 27th Mairead Corrigan-Maguire, North Irish peace activist (Nobel 1976)
  • Jan 27th Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader (d. 2005)
  • Jan 28th Nick Raynsford, British MP
  • Jan 28th José Luis Perales, Spanish singer
  • Jan 28th Robert Wyatt, English musician
  • Jan 29th Donna Marie Caponi Young, LPGA golfer (US Open 1969, 70), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Jan 29th James Nicholson, British MEP

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 29th Tom Selleck, actor (Lance-Rockford Files, Magnum PI), born in Detroit, Michigan

  • Jan 29th Jim Nicholson, Irish politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 29th Donna Caponi, LPGA Golfer and four-time Major winner, born in Detroit, Michigan

LPGA Golfer Donna Caponi
LPGA Golfer
Donna Caponi
  • Jan 30th Michael Dorris, writer
  • Jan 30th Robert Wittinger, composer
  • Jan 31st Noah Creshevsky, composer
  • Feb 1st Ole Buck, Danish composer, born in Copenhagen
  • Feb 2nd Ronnie Goodson, rocker
  • Feb 3rd Bob Griese, NFL quarterback (Miami Dolphins, 1971 Player of Year)
  • Feb 3rd Johnny Cymbal, rocker (Mr Bass Man)
  • Feb 3rd Willeke Alberti, [Verbruggen], Dutch vocalist/actress (Small Truth)
  • Feb 4th David Brenner, comedian/TV talk show host (Nightlife), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 6th Bob [Robert Nesta] Marley, Nine Mile St Ann, Jamaican reggae musician and singer-songwriter (Wailers-No Woman)

Reggae Musician Bob Marley
Reggae Musician
Bob Marley
  • Feb 7th Gerald Davies, British rugby player
  • Feb 7th Pete Postlethwaite, actor (The Boxer)
  • Feb 7th Ian Jack, Scottish journalist
  • Feb 9th Bill Bergey, American NFL player, born in South Dayton, New York
  • Feb 9th Mia [Maria] Farrow, LA, actress (Rosemary's Baby, Purple Rose of Cairo)
  • Feb 10th John Hayes, secretary-general (British Law Society)
  • Feb 10th Klas Tuinstra, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Feb 12th Cliff De Young, actor (F/X, Hunger, Shock Treatment), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Feb 12th Joe Schermie, bassist (3 Dog Night-Joy to the World), born in Madison, Wisconsin
  • Feb 12th Maud Adams, Lulea Sweden, actress (Octopussy, Rollerball, Tattoo)
  • Feb 13th Keith Nichols, jazz pianist
  • Feb 13th King Floyd, American singer-songwriter (Groove Me), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2006)
  • Feb 13th Roy Dyke, rock drummer (Ashton, Gardner & Dyke), born in Liverpool, England
  • Feb 13th David Tremlett, English Artist
  • Feb 14th Gregory Hines, actor/dancer (White Nights, Taps), born in NYC, New York
  • Feb 14th Hans Adam, prince of Liechtenstein
  • Feb 14th K M Jenkins, British director of personnel (Royal Mail)
  • Feb 14th Vic Briggs, England, rocker (Animals)
  • Feb 14th William Hill Boner, (Rep-D-TN, 1979- )
  • Feb 14th Ladislao Mazurkiewicz, Piriápolis, Uruguay, football goalkeeper, (d. 2013)
  • Feb 15th John Helliwell, British musician (Supertramp)
  • Feb 15th Douglas Hofstadter, American academic and writer
  • Feb 17th Brenda Fricker, actress (My Left Foot), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Feb 17th Patricia Morrow, actress (Rita-Peyton Place)
  • Feb 17th Willie J L Swildens-Rozendal, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • Feb 18th Judy Rankin, LPGA golfer (Vare Trophy 1976-77), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Feb 18th Michael Nader, actor (Peter-Gidget, Dex Dexter-Dynasty), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Feb 19th Jon Whiteley, actor (Moonfleet)
  • Feb 19th Michael Nader, actor (Dynasty, All My Children)

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 6th Future US President George H. W. Bush marries Barbara Pierce at the First Presbyterian Church in Rye NY

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 6th US First Lady Barbara Bush (19) weds 41st president George H. W. Bush (20) at the First Presbyterian Church in Rye, New York

US First Lady Barbara Bush
US First Lady
Barbara Bush
41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 29th Actress Gloria Swanson (45) weds William N. Davey

  • Mar 21st Actor Humphrey Bogart (44) marries actress Lauren Bacall (20)

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 29th Adolf Hitler (56) marries Eva Braun (33) in the Führerbunker, Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 30th MLB catcher Roy Campanella (23) weds Ruthe Willis

MLB Catcher Roy Campanella
MLB Catcher
Roy Campanella

HeartWedding of Interest

May 21st Director Akira Kurosawa (35) weds actress Yoko Yaguchi (23)

Film director, screenwriter Akira Kurosawa
Film director, screenwriter
Akira Kurosawa

HeartWedding of Interest

May 22nd Paranormal investigator Lorraine Warren (18) weds partner Ed Warren (18)

Paranormal Investigator Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator Ed Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Ed Warren

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 2nd Athlete Jim Thorpe (57) weds Patricia Askew

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Jun 13th "Three Smart Girls" actress Deanna Durbin (23) weds film writer, producer and actor Felix Jackson at The Little Church Of The West in Las Vegas

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 21st Master of quick wit and widely considered one of the best comedians of the modern era Groucho Marx (54) weds Kay Marvis

Comedian Groucho Marx
Comedian
Groucho Marx

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 1st Author Kurt Vonnegut Jr. (23) weds childhood sweetheart Jane Marie Cox

  • Sep 7th "Star Trek" actor DeForest Kelley (25) weds Carolyn Dowling

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 19th Actress Shirley Temple (17) weds actor John Agar (24) in an Episcopal ceremony at Wilshire Methodist Church

Actress and Diplomat Shirley Temple
Actress and Diplomat
Shirley Temple

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 21st Publisher Malcolm Forbes (26) weds Roberta Remsen Laidlaw

Publisher Malcolm Forbes
Publisher
Malcolm Forbes

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 27th Actor Richard Cromwell (35) weds actress Angela Lansbury (19) in Independence, California

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 5th Actress Janet Leigh (18) weds Stanley Reames at Morris Chapel in Stockton, California

Actress Janet Leigh
Actress
Janet Leigh

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 17th Actress Ava Gardner (22) weds band leader Artie Shaw (35) in Hollywood

Actress Ava Gardner
Actress
Ava Gardner

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 22nd Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón (50) weds actress Eva Perón (26) on a civil ceremony in Junin

First Lady of Argentina Eva Perón
First Lady of Argentina
Eva Perón

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 25th Painter Jackson Pollock (33) weds painter Lee Krasner (27)

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 30th Actress Bette Davis (37) weds artist William Grant Sherry

Actress Bette Davis
Actress
Bette Davis

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 5th Actor Eddie Albert (39) weds actress Margo (28)

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 24th Actress Mary Astor (39) weds Thomas Gordon Wheelock

Actress Mary Astor
Actress
Mary Astor

Famous Divorces


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Dec 21st American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway and journalist Martha Gellhorn divorce after 5 years of marriage.

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Dec 25th Actor John Wayne (38) divorces Josephine Saenz (37) after 12 years of marriage

Actor John Wayne
Actor
John Wayne

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 225

  • Jan 1st Vit Nejedly, Czech composer, dies at the front during WWII at 33
  • Jan 2nd Betram Home Ramsay, Engl adm/Cmdr Naval Forces (Normandy), dies at 61
  • Jan 3rd Fyodor Akimenko, composer, dies at 68
  • Jan 3rd Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
  • Jan 3rd Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (b. 1879)
  • Jan 6th Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
  • Jan 8th Jac[obus] P Thijsse, Dutch biologist (Omgang met planten), dies at 79
  • Jan 8th Karl Krafft, Swiss astrologer who was manipulated by the Nazi regime (b. 1900)
  • Jan 9th Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1890)
  • Jan 10th Rudolf Borchardt, writer, dies at 67
  • Jan 14th Sandor Vandor, composer, dies at 43
  • Jan 16th Dennis Donnini, British rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19
  • Jan 19th Ernest B Allo, French theologist, dies at 71
  • Jan 22nd Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer, dies at 61
  • Jan 22nd Carlo Felice Boghen, composer, dies a day before 76th birthday
  • Jan 22nd Johan Eykman, theologist (World Church), dies at 52
  • Jan 22nd Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
  • Jan 23rd Helmuth J Moltke, German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37
  • Jan 28th Philip "Felix" Bekkers, actor (We Go on Trip), dies at 37
  • Jan 30th Gottlieb J Haberlandt, Hungarian/German botanist, dies at 90
  • Jan 30th William Busch, composer, dies at 43
  • Jan 31st Eddie Slovik, 1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25
  • Feb 1st Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), dies at 72
  • Feb 2nd Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July plot), hanged at 60
  • Feb 3rd José Roló, Mexican composer, dies at 61
  • Feb 3rd Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies
  • Feb 6th Jan Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 6th Paul Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 9th George J L Maduro, resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau
  • Feb 9th Jan Bakker, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 10th Juan de Hernandez, composer, dies at 63
  • Feb 10th Anacleto Diaz, Filipino jurist (b. 1878)
  • Feb 11th Al Dubin, Swiss songwriter (Tiptoe Thru The Tulips), dies at 53
  • Feb 11th J S H Lokerman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Neugengamme
  • Feb 12th Henrietta Szold, founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah), dies
  • Feb 12th Walraven [Wally] van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis, executed at 39
  • Feb 12th Antonio Villa-Real, Filipino jurist (b. 1880)
  • Feb 13th George Studd, cricketer (4 Tests with brother v Aus 1882-83), dies
  • Feb 16th Billy Frank, cricketer (Test South Africa v Eng 1896, 5 & 2, 1-52), dies
  • Feb 16th Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Upproret), dies at 45
  • Feb 19th Wim Speelman, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 21st Eric Liddell, Scottish runner (Olympic-gold 1924), dies at 43
  • Feb 22nd Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
  • Feb 23rd Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • Feb 23rd Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle
  • Feb 24th Ahmed Maher Pasha, Egypt's PM, assassinated in parliament
  • Feb 25th Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, dies of a heart attack at 51
  • Feb 27th HJ Lochtman, Dutch chaplain/resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen
  • Mar 2nd Emily Carr, Canadian artist (b. 1871)
  • Mar 3rd Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish Internal minister (1940), dies at 61
  • Mar 3rd Koos Speenhoff, Dutch singer, killed in bombing raid at 75
  • Mar 4th Lucille La Verne, American actress (b. 1872)
  • Mar 4th Mark Sandrich, American film director, writer and producer (b. 1900)
  • Mar 5th Lena Baker, American murderer (b. 1901)
  • Mar 6th Jan Thijssen, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Savage Farm
  • Mar 6th Rudolph Karel, composer, dies at 64
  • Mar 7th Adolf Bartels, German writer/racist, dies at 82
  • Mar 8th H J Jamin, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Buchenwald
  • Mar 8th Jan Beekes, resistance fighter, executed at 26

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 12th Anne Frank, diarist (Diary of Anne Frank), killed in Belsen Camp aged 15

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Mar 13th Herbert Bedford, composer, dies at 78
  • Mar 15th Herman B Wiardi Beckman, Dutch MP (SDAP), dies at 41
  • Mar 16th Pierre Drieu la Rochelle, French writer/poet, commits suicide at 52
  • Mar 16th Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (b. 1874)
  • Mar 18th William Grover-Williams, British racing driver
  • Mar 19th Fritz Fromm, German supreme commander of Reserve army, executed
  • Mar 21st J Woortman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen at 39
  • Mar 21st Artur Nebe, German SS officer {b. 1894)
  • Mar 22nd J Postuma, Dutch resistance fighter, dies
  • Mar 24th J S Nicklin, Lt-Col/Canada's 1st parachutist, dies
  • Mar 24th Thomas Rennie, Gen-Maj (Dutch command 51st Highland Division), dies
  • Mar 26th David Lloyd George, British (L) premier (1916-22), dies at 82
  • Mar 26th Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter, shot to death at 29
  • Mar 27th Jorgen Nielsen, Danish writer (romance), dies at 42
  • Mar 29th Karl T Sapper, German geographer/geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79
  • Mar 30th Karel Moor, Czech composer and conductor, dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 31st Hans Fischer, German physicist (Nobel 1930), dies at 63

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • Mar 31st Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45
  • Apr 3rd Joseph Weinheber, Austria poet/writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • Apr 5th Huldreich Georg Fruh, composer, dies at 41
  • Apr 6th Benjamin M Telders, president (Dutch Liberal States Party), dies at 42
  • Apr 9th Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
  • Apr 9th Hans Oster, German major-general/spy, "July 20th plot", hanged
  • Apr 9th Hans von Dohnanyi, "July 20th plotter", hanged
  • Apr 9th Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
  • Apr 9th Georg Elser, failed assassin of Hitler (b. 1903)
  • Apr 10th Hendrik N Werkman, resistance/painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63
  • Apr 10th Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
  • Apr 11th Kamiel van Baelen, Flemish resistance fighter (in Dachau), dies at 29

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 12th Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (D) (1933-1945), dies in office of a stroke at 63

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Apr 13th Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher (b. 1874)
  • Apr 17th Hannie Schaft, "Girl with red hair," executed
  • Apr 17th Ion Pillat, Romania poet/senator (Umbra timpului), dies
  • Apr 17th Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54
  • Apr 18th Ernest T Pyle, British/US newscaster, killed in WW II at 44
  • Apr 18th John Ambrose Fleming, electrical engineer, dies
  • Apr 18th Ernie Pyle, American journalist (b. 1900)
  • Apr 19th J P Heyboer, resistance fighter, executed
  • Apr 21st John Poston, British major/Montgomery's ADC, dies in battle at 25
  • Apr 22nd Kathe Kollwitz, German graphic artist, dies at 77