What Happened in 1945

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 660

  • Jan 1 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
  • Jan 1 31st Rose Bowl: #7 Southern California beats #12 Tennessee, 25-0
  • Jan 1 11th Sugar Bowl: #11 Duke beats Alabama, 29-26
  • Jan 1 11th Orange Bowl: Tulsa beats #13 Georgia Tech, 26-12
  • Jan 2 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • Jan 2 Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
  • Jan 2 Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
  • Jan 3 Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 British Premier Winston Churchill visits France

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jan 3 Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room
  • Jan 3 Greek General Plastiras forms government
  • Jan 3 John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 3 US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Jan 3 Admiral Chester W. Nimitz begins planning assaults on Okinawa and Iwo Jima in Japan

  • Jan 4 Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
  • Jan 4 US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack
  • Jan 5 Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty"
  • Jan 5 Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
  • Jan 7 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) reports total German victory in the Ardennes
  • Jan 7 The last surface engagement between Allies and Japanese in the Pacific campaign, World War II
  • Jan 8 "Youth for Christ" organizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Jan 10 LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
  • Jan 10 No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
  • Jan 12 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • Jan 12 US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea
  • Jan 12 The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
  • Jan 13 Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
  • Jan 14 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • Jan 15 "Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 429 performances
  • Jan 15 Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
  • Jan 15 Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
  • Jan 15 The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory
  • Jan 16 Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • Jan 16 US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 Adolf Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, his underground bunker

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 17 Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
  • Jan 17 Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
  • Jan 17 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears the German resistance
  • Jan 17 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by Soviet secret police in Hungary
  • Jan 18 Soviet troops capture Krakow, Poland
  • Jan 18 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow and push Germans out only to eventually occupy entire country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 20 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • Jan 21 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
  • Jan 22 Burma highway reopens
  • Jan 22 Heavy US air raid on Okinawa
  • Jan 23 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • Jan 24 Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
  • Jan 25 Dan Topping, Del Webb & Larry MacPhail purchase NY Yanks for $2.8 mil
  • Jan 25 Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
  • Jan 25 Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
  • Jan 25 NY Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to construction magnate Del Webb and partners Dan Topping and Larry MacPhail for $2.8 million
  • Jan 25 West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
  • Jan 26 Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Jan 27 Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
  • Jan 27 Russia liberates Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland
  • Jan 27 S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in NYC
  • Jan 27 Wally van Hall, Dutch banker and resistance leader, arrested
  • Jan 28 Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
  • Jan 28 Gen "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
  • Jan 28 Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
  • Jan 30 "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
  • Jan 30 American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied POWs from Japanese at Cabanatuan
  • Jan 31 US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
  • Jan 31 Russian troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin
  • Feb 1 US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
  • Feb 2 Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
  • Feb 3 Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
  • Feb 3 Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released

Conference meetingYalta Conference

Feb 4 Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of the war

  • Feb 5 Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69t.6 kph (440 yd/20.8 s)
  • Feb 5 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Yalta, the Crimea
  • Feb 5 US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla
  • Feb 6 US 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz
  • Feb 6 Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder
  • Feb 7 General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
  • Feb 7 Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court
  • Feb 7 US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
  • Feb 7 London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • Feb 8 Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Feb 8 Paul Brown agrees to coach the new American football expansion team in Cleveland, which would later be named the Cleveland Browns after their coach

American Football Coach Paul Brown
American Football Coach
Paul Brown
  • Feb 9 -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen
  • Feb 9 WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
  • Feb 9 The Battle of the Atlantic: HMS Venturer sinks U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway.
  • Feb 10 "Rum & Coca Cola" by Andrews Sisters hits #1
  • Feb 11 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA
  • Feb 11 Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin
  • Feb 12 SF selected for site of UN Conference
  • Feb 13 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die
  • Feb 13 Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
  • Feb 13 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
  • Feb 14 Second day of the bombing of Dresden by Allies air forces
  • Feb 14 Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
  • Feb 14 World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • Feb 14 World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
  • Feb 16 US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
  • Feb 16 Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
  • Feb 19 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 789

  • Jan 1 Jacques Ickx, Belgium, Le Mans auto race (6-time winner)
  • Jan 1 Peter Duncan, Australian politician
  • Jan 3 Stephen Stills, songwriter/guitarist (Cosby Stills & Nash), born in Dallas, Texas
  • Jan 4 Jay Dee Maness, Loma Linda Ca, singer (Desert Rose Band-Love Reunited)
  • Jan 4 Vesa-Matti Loiri, Finnish entertainer
  • Jan 4 Richard R. Schrock, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • Jan 5 Sam Wyche, NFL coach (Cincinnati Bengals)
  • Jan 5 Roger Spottiswoode, Canadian-born film director
  • Jan 6 Barry Holstein Lopez, US author (Of Wolves & Men)
  • Jan 6 Barry John, Welsh rugby player
  • Jan 6 Pepe Le Pew, cartoon skunk (Au Dorable Kitty)
  • Jan 6 Allen Appel, American novelist
  • Jan 7 Tony Conigliaro, Mass, baseball outfielder (Boston Red Sox)
  • Jan 7 Dick Marty, Swiss politician
  • Jan 7 Raila Odinga, Prime Minister of Kenya
  • Jan 8 John Peters, rock drummer (Harpers Bizarre)
  • Jan 8 Terry Sylvester, rocker (Hollies)
  • Jan 9 Frank J Biondi Jr, president (HBO)
  • Jan 9 Harun Farocki, actor/director (Nicht loeschbares Feur)
  • Jan 9 John Doman, American actor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 10 Rod Stewart, British singer (Maggie Mae, Do You Think I'm Sexy), born in London, England

Singer Rod Stewart
Singer
Rod Stewart
  • Jan 10 Edward Wiskoski, American professional wrestler
  • Jan 11 Christine Kaufmann, Austria, actress (Town Without Pity, Red Lips)
  • Jan 11 Samdech Preah Sanghareach Bour Kry, Supreme Patriarch of the Cambodian Dhammayutt Order
  • Jan 12 Maggie Bell, rocker, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Jan 13 [Eileen] Joy[ce] Chant [Rutter], UK, sci-fi author (High Kings)
  • Jan 14 Einar Hakonarson, Icelandic painter
  • Jan 14 Maina Gielgud, British ballet dancer and administrator
  • Jan 14 Vonetta McGee, American actress, born in San Francisco, California, (d. 2010)
  • Jan 15 Vince Foster, American lawyer (d. 1993), born in Hope, Arkansas
  • Jan 15 William R. Higgins, USMC colonel (d. 1990)
  • Jan 15 Princess Michael of Kent, British royal
  • Jan 16 Kabir Bedi, actor (Thief of Baghdad, Terminal Entry)
  • Jan 17 William Hart, US singer (4 Gents, Delfonics-I'm Sorry)
  • Jan 17 Javed Akhtar, Indian lyricist, poet and scriptwriter
  • Jan 19 Charles Amirkhanian, composer
  • Jan 19 Rod Evans, rocker (Deep Purple-Come Taste the Band)
  • Jan 19 Vadim Abdrashitov, director (Fox Hunt, Parade of Planets)
  • Jan 20 Eric Stewart, rock guitarist (10cc-I'm Not in Love)
  • Jan 20 Peter Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 20 Christopher Martin-Jenkins, cricket commentator and correspondent
  • Jan 21 Andrew Stein, President of NYC council (D)
  • Jan 21 Chris Britton, rocker (Troggs-Rock & Roll Goldmine)
  • Jan 22 Michael Cristofer, actor/writer (Little Drummer Girl)
  • Jan 23 Mike Harris, Canadian politician, Premier of Ontario
  • Jan 24 D. Todd Christofferson, LDS apostle
  • Jan 24 John Garamendi, American politician
  • Jan 25 Leigh Taylor-Young, actress (Peyton Place, Alice B Toklas), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 26 Mick Hill, cricketer (NSW all-rounder 1964-75)
  • Jan 26 Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist (d. 1987)
  • Jan 26 Barbara Kruger, American conceptual artist, born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Jan 27 Mairead Corrigan-Maguire, North Irish peace activist (Nobel 1976)
  • Jan 27 Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader (d. 2005)
  • Jan 28 Nick Raynsford, British MP
  • Jan 28 José Luis Perales, Spanish singer
  • Jan 28 Robert Wyatt, English musician
  • Jan 29 Donna Marie Caponi Young, LPGA golfer (US Open 1969, 70), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Jan 29 James Nicholson, British MEP

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 29 Tom Selleck, actor (Lance-Rockford Files, Magnum PI), born in Detroit, Michigan

  • Jan 29 Jim Nicholson, Irish politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 29 Donna Caponi, LPGA Golfer and four-time Major winner, born in Detroit, Michigan

LPGA Golfer Donna Caponi
LPGA Golfer
Donna Caponi
  • Jan 30 Michael Dorris, writer
  • Jan 30 Robert Wittinger, composer
  • Jan 31 Noah Creshevsky, composer
  • Feb 1 Ole Buck, Danish composer, born in Copenhagen
  • Feb 2 Ronnie Goodson, rocker
  • Feb 3 Bob Griese, NFL quarterback (Miami Dolphins, 1971 Player of Year)
  • Feb 3 Johnny Cymbal, rocker (Mr Bass Man)
  • Feb 3 Willeke Alberti, [Verbruggen], Dutch vocalist/actress (Small Truth)
  • Feb 4 David Brenner, comedian/TV talk show host (Nightlife), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 6 Bob [Robert Nesta] Marley, Nine Mile St Ann, Jamaican reggae musician and singer-songwriter (Wailers-No Woman)

Reggae Musician Bob Marley
Reggae Musician
Bob Marley
  • Feb 7 Gerald Davies, British rugby player
  • Feb 7 Pete Postlethwaite, actor (The Boxer)
  • Feb 7 Ian Jack, Scottish journalist
  • Feb 9 Bill Bergey, American NFL player, born in South Dayton, New York
  • Feb 9 Mia [Maria] Farrow, LA, actress (Rosemary's Baby, Purple Rose of Cairo)
  • Feb 10 John Hayes, secretary-general (British Law Society)
  • Feb 10 Klas Tuinstra, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Feb 12 Cliff De Young, actor (F/X, Hunger, Shock Treatment), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Feb 12 Joe Schermie, bassist (3 Dog Night-Joy to the World), born in Madison, Wisconsin
  • Feb 12 Maud Adams, Lulea Sweden, actress (Octopussy, Rollerball, Tattoo)
  • Feb 13 Keith Nichols, jazz pianist
  • Feb 13 King Floyd, American singer-songwriter (Groove Me), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2006)
  • Feb 13 Roy Dyke, rock drummer (Ashton, Gardner & Dyke), born in Liverpool, England
  • Feb 13 David Tremlett, English Artist
  • Feb 14 Gregory Hines, actor/dancer (White Nights, Taps), born in NYC, New York
  • Feb 14 Hans Adam, prince of Liechtenstein
  • Feb 14 K M Jenkins, British director of personnel (Royal Mail)
  • Feb 14 Vic Briggs, England, rocker (Animals)
  • Feb 14 William Hill Boner, (Rep-D-TN, 1979- )
  • Feb 14 Ladislao Mazurkiewicz, Piriápolis, Uruguay, football goalkeeper, (d. 2013)
  • Feb 15 John Helliwell, British musician (Supertramp)
  • Feb 15 Douglas Hofstadter, American academic and writer
  • Feb 17 Brenda Fricker, actress (My Left Foot), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Feb 17 Patricia Morrow, actress (Rita-Peyton Place)
  • Feb 17 Willie J L Swildens-Rozendal, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • Feb 18 Judy Rankin, LPGA golfer (Vare Trophy 1976-77), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Feb 18 Michael Nader, actor (Peter-Gidget, Dex Dexter-Dynasty), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Feb 19 Jon Whiteley, actor (Moonfleet)
  • Feb 19 Michael Nader, actor (Dynasty, All My Children)

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 6 Future US President George H. W. Bush marries Barbara Pierce at the First Presbyterian Church in Rye NY

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 6 US First Lady Barbara Bush (19) weds 41st president George H. W. Bush (20) at the First Presbyterian Church in Rye, New York

US First Lady Barbara Bush
US First Lady
Barbara Bush
41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 29 Actress Gloria Swanson (45) weds William N. Davey

  • Mar 21 Actor Humphrey Bogart (44) marries actress Lauren Bacall (20)

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 29 Adolf Hitler (56) marries Eva Braun (33) in the Führerbunker, Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 30 MLB catcher Roy Campanella (23) weds Ruthe Willis

MLB Catcher Roy Campanella
MLB Catcher
Roy Campanella

HeartWedding of Interest

May 21 Director Akira Kurosawa (35) weds actress Yoko Yaguchi (23)

Film director, screenwriter Akira Kurosawa
Film director, screenwriter
Akira Kurosawa

HeartWedding of Interest

May 22 Paranormal investigator Lorraine Warren (18) weds partner Ed Warren (18)

Paranormal Investigator Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator Ed Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Ed Warren

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 2 Athlete Jim Thorpe (57) weds Patricia Askew

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Jun 13 "Three Smart Girls" actress Deanna Durbin (23) weds film writer, producer and actor Felix Jackson at The Little Church Of The West in Las Vegas

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 21 Master of quick wit and widely considered one of the best comedians of the modern era Groucho Marx (54) weds Kay Marvis

Comedian Groucho Marx
Comedian
Groucho Marx

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 1 Author Kurt Vonnegut Jr. (23) weds childhood sweetheart Jane Marie Cox

  • Sep 7 "Star Trek" actor DeForest Kelley (25) weds Carolyn Dowling

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 19 Actress Shirley Temple (17) weds actor John Agar (24) in an Episcopal ceremony at Wilshire Methodist Church

Actress and Diplomat Shirley Temple
Actress and Diplomat
Shirley Temple

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 21 Publisher Malcolm Forbes (26) weds Roberta Remsen Laidlaw

Publisher Malcolm Forbes
Publisher
Malcolm Forbes

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 27 Actor Richard Cromwell (35) weds actress Angela Lansbury (19) in Independence, California

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 5 Actress Janet Leigh (18) weds Stanley Reames at Morris Chapel in Stockton, California

Actress Janet Leigh
Actress
Janet Leigh

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 17 Actress Ava Gardner (22) weds band leader Artie Shaw (35) in Hollywood

Actress Ava Gardner
Actress
Ava Gardner

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 22 Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón (50) weds actress Eva Perón (26) on a civil ceremony in Junin

First Lady of Argentina Eva Perón
First Lady of Argentina
Eva Perón

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 25 Painter Jackson Pollock (33) weds painter Lee Krasner (27)

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 30 Actress Bette Davis (37) weds artist William Grant Sherry

Actress Bette Davis
Actress
Bette Davis

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 5 Actor Eddie Albert (39) weds actress Margo (28)

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 24 Actress Mary Astor (39) weds Thomas Gordon Wheelock

Actress Mary Astor
Actress
Mary Astor

Famous Divorces


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Dec 21 American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway and journalist Martha Gellhorn divorce after 5 years of marriage.

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Dec 25 Actor John Wayne (38) divorces Josephine Saenz (37) after 12 years of marriage

Actor John Wayne
Actor
John Wayne

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 224

  • Jan 1 Vit Nejedly, Czech composer, dies at the front during WWII at 33
  • Jan 2 Betram Home Ramsay, Engl adm/Cmdr Naval Forces (Normandy), dies at 61
  • Jan 3 Fyodor Akimenko, composer, dies at 68
  • Jan 3 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
  • Jan 3 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (b. 1879)
  • Jan 6 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
  • Jan 8 Jac[obus] P Thijsse, Dutch biologist (Omgang met planten), dies at 79
  • Jan 8 Karl Krafft, Swiss astrologer who was manipulated by the Nazi regime (b. 1900)
  • Jan 9 Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1890)
  • Jan 10 Rudolf Borchardt, writer, dies at 67
  • Jan 14 Sandor Vandor, composer, dies at 43
  • Jan 16 Dennis Donnini, British rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19
  • Jan 19 Ernest B Allo, French theologist, dies at 71
  • Jan 22 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer, dies at 61
  • Jan 22 Carlo Felice Boghen, composer, dies a day before 76th birthday
  • Jan 22 Johan Eykman, theologist (World Church), dies at 52
  • Jan 22 Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
  • Jan 23 Helmuth J Moltke, German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37
  • Jan 28 Philip "Felix" Bekkers, actor (We Go on Trip), dies at 37
  • Jan 30 Gottlieb J Haberlandt, Hungarian/German botanist, dies at 90
  • Jan 30 William Busch, composer, dies at 43
  • Jan 31 Eddie Slovik, 1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25
  • Feb 1 Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), dies at 72
  • Feb 2 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July plot), hanged at 60
  • Feb 3 José Roló, Mexican composer, dies at 61
  • Feb 3 Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies
  • Feb 6 Jan Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 6 Paul Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 9 George J L Maduro, resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau
  • Feb 9 Jan Bakker, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 10 Juan de Hernandez, composer, dies at 63
  • Feb 10 Anacleto Diaz, Filipino jurist (b. 1878)
  • Feb 11 Al Dubin, Swiss songwriter (Tiptoe Thru The Tulips), dies at 53
  • Feb 11 J S H Lokerman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Neugengamme
  • Feb 12 Henrietta Szold, founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah), dies
  • Feb 12 Walraven [Wally] van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis, executed at 39
  • Feb 12 Antonio Villa-Real, Filipino jurist (b. 1880)
  • Feb 13 George Studd, cricketer (4 Tests with brother v Aus 1882-83), dies
  • Feb 16 Billy Frank, cricketer (Test South Africa v Eng 1896, 5 & 2, 1-52), dies
  • Feb 16 Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Upproret), dies at 45
  • Feb 19 Wim Speelman, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 21 Eric Liddell, Scottish runner (Olympic-gold 1924), dies at 43
  • Feb 22 Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
  • Feb 23 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • Feb 23 Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle
  • Feb 24 Ahmed Maher Pasha, Egypt's PM, assassinated in parliament
  • Feb 25 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, dies of a heart attack at 51
  • Feb 27 HJ Lochtman, Dutch chaplain/resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen
  • Mar 2 Emily Carr, Canadian artist (b. 1871)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish Internal minister (1940), dies at 61
  • Mar 3 Koos Speenhoff, Dutch singer, killed in bombing raid at 75
  • Mar 4 Lucille La Verne, American actress (b. 1872)
  • Mar 4 Mark Sandrich, American film director, writer and producer (b. 1900)
  • Mar 5 Lena Baker, American murderer (b. 1901)
  • Mar 6 Jan Thijssen, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Savage Farm
  • Mar 6 Rudolph Karel, composer, dies at 64
  • Mar 7 Adolf Bartels, German writer/racist, dies at 82
  • Mar 8 H J Jamin, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Buchenwald
  • Mar 8 Jan Beekes, resistance fighter, executed at 26

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 12 Anne Frank, diarist (Diary of Anne Frank), killed in Belsen Camp aged 15

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Mar 13 Herbert Bedford, composer, dies at 78
  • Mar 15 Herman B Wiardi Beckman, Dutch MP (SDAP), dies at 41
  • Mar 16 Pierre Drieu la Rochelle, French writer/poet, commits suicide at 52
  • Mar 16 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (b. 1874)
  • Mar 18 William Grover-Williams, British racing driver
  • Mar 19 Fritz Fromm, German supreme commander of Reserve army, executed
  • Mar 21 J Woortman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen at 39
  • Mar 21 Artur Nebe, German SS officer {b. 1894)
  • Mar 22 J Postuma, Dutch resistance fighter, dies
  • Mar 24 J S Nicklin, Lt-Col/Canada's 1st parachutist, dies
  • Mar 24 Thomas Rennie, Gen-Maj (Dutch command 51st Highland Division), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 26 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), dies of cancer at 82

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Mar 26 Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter, shot to death at 29
  • Mar 27 Jorgen Nielsen, Danish writer (romance), dies at 42
  • Mar 29 Karl T Sapper, German geographer/geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79
  • Mar 30 Karel Moor, Czech composer and conductor, dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 31 Hans Fischer, German physicist (Nobel 1930), dies at 63

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • Mar 31 Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45
  • Apr 3 Joseph Weinheber, Austria poet/writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • Apr 5 Huldreich Georg Fruh, composer, dies at 41
  • Apr 6 Benjamin M Telders, president (Dutch Liberal States Party), dies at 42
  • Apr 9 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
  • Apr 9 Hans Oster, German major-general/spy, "July 20th plot", hanged
  • Apr 9 Hans von Dohnanyi, "July 20th plotter", hanged
  • Apr 9 Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
  • Apr 9 Georg Elser, failed assassin of Hitler (b. 1903)
  • Apr 10 Hendrik N Werkman, resistance/painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63
  • Apr 10 Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
  • Apr 11 Kamiel van Baelen, Flemish resistance fighter (in Dachau), dies at 29

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 12 Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (D) (1933-1945), dies in office of a stroke at 63

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Apr 13 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher (b. 1874)
  • Apr 17 Hannie Schaft, "Girl with red hair," executed
  • Apr 17 Ion Pillat, Romania poet/senator (Umbra timpului), dies
  • Apr 17 Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54
  • Apr 18 Ernest T Pyle, British/US newscaster, killed in WW II at 44
  • Apr 18 John Ambrose Fleming, electrical engineer, dies
  • Apr 18 Ernie Pyle, American journalist (b. 1900)
  • Apr 19 J P Heyboer, resistance fighter, executed
  • Apr 21 John Poston, British major/Montgomery's ADC, dies in battle at 25
  • Apr 22 Kathe Kollwitz, German graphic artist, dies at 77