What Happened in August 1945

Historical Events

  • 1st Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
  • 1st Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th HR (joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx)
  • 1st SVBO soccer team forms in Barger-Oosterveld

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

4th Golfer Byron Nelson records most tournament wins (18) in a season

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson
  • 4th Red Sox Tom McBride is 3rd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (4th)

Person-of-interestAtomic Bombing of Hiroshima

6th Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

  • 6th Keith Miller scores 110 in the 4 Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
  • 8th England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test

Person-of-interestUnited Nations Charter

8th President Harry Truman signs the United Nations Charter

  • 8th US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials
  • 8th USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • 8th USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea

Person-of-interestNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

9th US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki

  • 10th Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged
  • 11th Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito

Person-of-interestVictory over Japan Day

14th V-J Day; Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

  • 15th A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
  • 15th US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • 15th Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
  • 15th World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
  • 15th Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • 16th Puyi, the last Chinese emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, was captured by Soviet troops.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

17th Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • 17th Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • 18th Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
  • 18th Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)
  • 19th Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds & wins
  • 20th Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a HR
  • 20th Robert Hamilton wins PGA golf tournament
  • 20th Russian troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
  • 21st US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
  • 22nd Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford
  • 22nd England defeat Aust Services by 6 wkts in 5th Victory Test Cricket
  • 22nd Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

22nd Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 24th Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12
  • 25th Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • 26th Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WW II
  • 27th US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • 29th British liberate Hong Kong from Japan

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

29th Gen MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan

WW2 General Douglas MacArthur
WW2 General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 30th 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)
  • 30th Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 9th Symphony
  • 30th Gen MacArthur lands in Japan
  • 30th Hong Kong liberated from Japanese

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

31st The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies

Famous Birthdays

  • 1st Douglas D. Osheroff, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 2nd Joanna Cassidy [Joanna Virginia Caskey], Haddonfield, New Jersey, American actress (Blade Runner, Under Fire)
  • 2nd Jewell Jackson McCabe, pres (natl coaltion of 100 black women)
  • 2nd John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
  • 2nd Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer
  • 3rd Ron Hendren, Pinehurst NC, TV host (Entertainment Tonight)
  • 3rd Eamon Dunphy, former Irish footballer
  • 4th Fred Hansen, US, pole vaulter (Olympic-gold-1964)
  • 4th John Qace Hardbattle, political activist
  • 5th Ja'net Dubois, American actress (Good Times, Beverly Hill 90210), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 5th Jacob Reitsma, economist/Dutch MP (CDA)
  • 5th Jo Collins, Oregon, Playboy playmate (Dec, 1964)
  • 6th Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
  • 6th Andy Messersmith, American baseball player
  • 7th Alan Page, NFL defensive tackle (Minnesota Vikings)
  • 7th Kerry Chater, rocker (Gary Puckett & Union Gap-Young Girl)
  • 7th Patrice Mestral, composer
  • 9th Ken Norton, heavyweight boxing champ/TV panelist (Gong Show)
  • 9th Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
  • 10th Harry Thomas, Dutch founder (Schlager Festival Gay Party)
  • 10th Larry Larden, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
  • 10th Harriet Miers, White House counsel
  • 13th Robin Jackman, cricketer (England medium-pacer early eighties)
  • 13th Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician
  • 14th Brenda Benet, Hollywood, actress (Lee-Days of Our Lives, Beach Ball)
  • 14th Cheryl Waltz, author/film producer
  • 14th Jennifer d'Abo, CEO (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

14th Steve Martin, American comedian and actor (Parenthood, Jerk, Roxanne), born in Waco, Texas

Actor and Comedian Steve Martin
Actor and Comedian
Steve Martin
  • 14th Tony Scannel, actor (Bill, Blue Money) [or 1932]
  • 14th Wim Wenders, West German director (American Friend, Hammett)
  • 15th Charlemagne Palestine, composer
  • 15th Gene Upshaw, NFL guard (Oakland Radiers), NFLPA leader
  • 15th Thomas C Sawyer, (Rep-D-Ohio)
  • 15th Begum Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician
  • 16th Bob Balaban, actor/director (2010, Girlfriends), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 16th Gary Loizzo, rock guitarist (American Breed), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 16th Gordon "Snowy" Fleet, Merseyside, rock drummer (Easybeats)
  • 16th Kevin Ayers, England, progressive rocker (Joy of a Toy), (d. 2013)
  • 16th Robert Balaban, actor (Absence of Malice, Altered States), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 16th Suzanne Farrell, Cincinnati, ballerina (Don Quioxote)
  • 17th Katri Helena, Finnish singer
  • 18th Sarah Dash, Trenton NJ, rock vocalist (Patti LaBelle & Bluebirds)
  • 18th Barbara Harris, US singer (Toys-A Lover's Concerto)
  • 19th Ian Gillian, heavy metal rocker (Deep Purple-Knocking at Backdoor)
  • 19th Jane Blalock, champion golfer
  • 21st Patty McCormack, American actress (Mama, Peck's Bad Girl, Ropers), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 21st Jerry DaVanon, baseball player
  • 21st Basil Poledouris, American film score composer (d. 2006)
  • 22nd Derek Fatchett, MP (Labour)
  • 22nd James G Richardson, Gainesville Fla, actor (Tim Cassidy-Sierra)
  • 22nd Ron Dante, rock vocalist (Archies-Sugar, Sugar), born in Staten Island, New York
  • 22nd Steve Kroft, Kokomo Ind, co-editor (60 Minutes)
  • 22nd Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician
  • 23rd Rayfield Wright, American football player
  • 24th Ken Hensley, rock keyboardist (Blackfoot, Uriah Heep)
  • 24th Malcolm "Mollie" Duncan, Scotland, saxophonist (Average White Band)
  • 24th Vince McMahon, American professional wrestling promoter
  • 26th Melvin Watt, (Rep-D-North Carolina)
  • 26th Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security (Rep-R-Pennsylvania)
  • 28th Bruno Nuytten, director (Camille Claudel)
  • 28th Bob Segarini, Musician and radio personality
  • 29th Chris Copping, Essex England, rock bassist (Procol Harum)
  • 29th Wyomia Tyus, Griffin Ga, 100m runner (Olympic-gold-1964, 68)
  • 30th David Schiff, composer
  • 31st Bob Welch, rock vocalist/guitarist (Fleetwood Mac-Oh Well), (d. 2012)
  • 31st Itzhak Perlman, Tel Aviv Israel, violinist/polio victim (14 Grammys)
  • 31st Leonid Ivanovich Popov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 35/37, 40, T-7)
  • 31st [George I] Van Morrison, Belfast, singer (Here Comes the Night)
  • 31st Van Morrison, Northern Irish musician

Famous Deaths

  • 2nd Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, composer (Donna Diana), dies at 85
  • 2nd Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer (Cavalleria Rusticana), dies at 81
  • 6th Hiram Johnson, American politician (b. 1866)
  • 6th Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)
  • 9th Harry Hillman, American athlete (b. 1881)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

10th Robert H. Goddard, American rocket pioneer, dies at 62

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 15th Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
  • 16th Nico Richter, composer, dies at 29
  • 16th Takijiro Ohnishi, led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri), dies
  • 17th Gino Marinuzzi, composer, dies at 61
  • 17th Pater Bleijs, [Louis], resistance fighter, dies in car accident
  • 19th Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b.1875)
  • 20th A Roda Roda, writer, dies at 73
  • 22nd Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist, inventor of the micro-electrode, and pioneering female scientist dies at 87
  • 25th John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • 26th Franz Werfel, Czech/German/US poet/writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54