What Happened in August 1945

Historical Events

  • 1st Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
  • 1st Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th HR (joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx)
  • 1st SVBO soccer team forms in Barger-Oosterveld

Event of interestEvent of Interest

4th Golfer Byron Nelson records most tournament wins (18) in a season

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson
  • 4th Red Sox Tom McBride is 3rd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (4th)

BattleAtomic Bombing of Hiroshima

6th Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

  • 6th Keith Miller scores 110 in the 4 Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
  • 8th England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

8th President Harry Truman signs the United Nations Charter

  • 8th US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials
  • 8th USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • 8th USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

9th US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki

  • 10th Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged
  • 11th Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito

Victory in battleVictory over Japan Day

14th V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

  • 15th A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
  • 15th US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • 15th Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
  • 15th World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
  • 15th Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • 16th Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

17th Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • 17th Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • 18th Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
  • 18th Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)
  • 19th Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds & wins
  • 20th Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a HR
  • 20th Robert Hamilton wins PGA golf tournament
  • 20th Russian troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
  • 21st US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
  • 22nd Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford
  • 22nd Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London

BattleCoup d'├ętat

22nd Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 24th Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12
  • 25th Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • 26th Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII
  • 27th US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • 29th British liberate Hong Kong from Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

29th Gen MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan

WW2 General Douglas MacArthur
WW2 General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 30th 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)
  • 30th Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 9th Symphony
  • 30th General Douglas MacArthur lands in Japan
  • 30th Hong Kong liberated from Japanese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

31st The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies

Famous Birthdays

  • 1st Douglas D. Osheroff, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 2nd Joanna Cassidy [Joanna Virginia Caskey], Haddonfield, New Jersey, American actress (Blade Runner, Under Fire)
  • 2nd Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 2nd John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
  • 2nd Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer
  • 3rd Ron Hendren, Pinehurst NC, TV host (Entertainment Tonight)
  • 3rd Eamon Dunphy, former Irish footballer
  • 4th Fred Hansen, US, pole vaulter (Olympic-gold-1964)
  • 4th John Qace Hardbattle, political activist
  • 5th Ja'net Dubois, American actress (Good Times, Beverly Hill 90210), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 5th Jacob Reitsma, economist/Dutch MP (CDA)
  • 5th Jo Collins, Oregon, Playboy playmate (Dec, 1964)
  • 6th Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
  • 6th Andy Messersmith, American baseball player
  • 7th Alan Page, NFL defensive tackle (Minnesota Vikings)
  • 7th Kerry Chater, rocker (Gary Puckett & Union Gap-Young Girl)
  • 7th Patrice Mestral, composer
  • 9th Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
  • 10th Harry Thomas, Dutch founder (Schlager Festival Gay Party)
  • 10th Larry Larden, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
  • 10th Harriet Miers, White House counsel
  • 13th Robin Jackman, cricketer (England medium-pacer early eighties)
  • 13th Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician
  • 13th Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), born in Kenfig Hill, Wales (d. 2016)
  • 14th Brenda Benet, actress (Lee-Days of Our Lives, Beach Ball), born in Hollywood, California
  • 14th Cheryl Waltz, author/film producer
  • 14th Jennifer d'Abo, CEO (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

14th Steve Martin, American comedian and actor (Parenthood, Jerk, Roxanne), born in Waco, Texas

Actor and Comedian Steve Martin
Actor and Comedian
Steve Martin
  • 14th Tony Scannel, actor (Bill, Blue Money) [or 1932]
  • 14th Wim Wenders, West German director (American Friend, Hammett)
  • 15th Charlemagne Palestine, composer
  • 15th Gene Upshaw, NFL guard (Oakland Radiers), NFLPA leader
  • 15th Thomas C Sawyer, (Rep-D-Ohio)
  • 15th Begum Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician
  • 16th Bob Balaban, American actor and director (2010, Girlfriends, Gosford Park), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 16th Gary Loizzo, rock guitarist (American Breed), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 16th Gordon "Snowy" Fleet, Merseyside, rock drummer (Easybeats)
  • 16th Kevin Ayers, England, progressive rocker (Joy of a Toy), (d. 2013)
  • 16th Suzanne Farrell, ballerina (Don Quioxote), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 17th Katri Helena, Finnish singer
  • 18th Sarah Dash, rock vocalist (Patti LaBelle & Bluebirds), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • 18th Barbara Harris, US singer (Toys-A Lover's Concerto)
  • 19th Ian Gillian, heavy metal rocker (Deep Purple-Knocking at Backdoor)
  • 19th Jane Blalock, champion golfer
  • 21st Patty McCormack, American actress (Mama, Peck's Bad Girl, Ropers), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 21st Jerry DaVanon, baseball player
  • 21st Basil Poledouris, American film score composer (d. 2006)
  • 22nd Derek Fatchett, MP (Labour)
  • 22nd James G Richardson, actor (Tim Cassidy-Sierra), born in Gainesville, Florida
  • 22nd Ron Dante, rock vocalist (Archies-Sugar, Sugar), born in Staten Island, New York
  • 22nd Steve Kroft, American journalist and longtime correspondent for 60 Minutes, born in Kokomo Indiana
  • 22nd Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician
  • 23rd Rayfield Wright, American football player
  • 24th Ken Hensley, rock keyboardist (Blackfoot, Uriah Heep)
  • 24th Malcolm "Mollie" Duncan, Scotland, saxophonist (Average White Band)
  • 24th Vince McMahon, American professional wrestling promoter
  • 26th Melvin Watt, (Rep-D-North Carolina)
  • 26th Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security (Rep-R-Pennsylvania)
  • 28th Bruno Nuytten, director (Camille Claudel)
  • 28th Bob Segarini, Musician and radio personality
  • 29th Chris Copping, Essex England, rock bassist (Procol Harum)
  • 29th Wyomia Tyus, Griffin Ga, 100m runner (Olympic-gold-1964, 68)
  • 30th David Schiff, composer
  • 31st Bob Welch, rock vocalist/guitarist (Fleetwood Mac-Oh Well), (d. 2012)
  • 31st Itzhak Perlman, Tel Aviv Israel, violinist/polio victim (14 Grammys)
  • 31st Leonid Ivanovich Popov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 35/37, 40, T-7)
  • 31st [George I] Van Morrison, Belfast, singer (Here Comes the Night)
  • 31st Van Morrison, Northern Irish musician

Famous Deaths

  • 2nd Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, composer (Donna Diana), dies at 85
  • 2nd Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer (Cavalleria Rusticana), dies at 81
  • 6th Hiram Johnson, American politician (b. 1866)
  • 6th Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)
  • 9th Harry Hillman, American athlete (b. 1881)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

10th Robert H. Goddard, American rocket pioneer, dies at 62

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 15th Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
  • 16th Nico Richter, composer, dies at 29
  • 16th Takijiro Ohnishi, led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri), dies
  • 17th Gino Marinuzzi, composer, dies at 61
  • 17th Pater Bleijs, [Louis], resistance fighter, dies in car accident
  • 19th Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b.1875)
  • 20th Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • 22nd Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist, inventor of the micro-electrode, and pioneering female scientist dies at 87
  • 25th John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • 26th Franz Werfel, Czech/German/US poet/writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54