What Happened in August 1945

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
  • Aug 1 Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th HR (joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx)
  • Aug 1 SVBO soccer team forms in Barger-Oosterveld

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Golfer Byron Nelson records most tournament wins (18) in a season

Golfer Byron Nelson
Byron Nelson
  • Aug 4 Red Sox Tom McBride is 3rd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (4th)

BattleAtomic Bombing of Hiroshima

Aug 6 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

  • Aug 6 Keith Miller scores 110 in the 4 Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
  • Aug 8 England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

Aug 8 President Harry Truman signs the United Nations Charter

  • Aug 8 US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials
  • Aug 8 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • Aug 8 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Aug 9 US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki

  • Aug 10 Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged
  • Aug 11 Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito

Victory in battleVictory over Japan Day

Aug 14 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

  • Aug 15 A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
  • Aug 15 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • Aug 15 Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
  • Aug 15 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
  • Aug 15 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • Aug 16 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • Aug 17 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • Aug 18 Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
  • Aug 18 Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)
  • Aug 19 Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds & wins
  • Aug 20 Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a HR
  • Aug 20 Robert Hamilton wins PGA golf tournament
  • Aug 20 Russian troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
  • Aug 21 US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
  • Aug 22 Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford
  • Aug 22 Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London

BattleCoup d'├ętat

Aug 22 Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • Aug 24 Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12
  • Aug 25 Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • Aug 26 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII
  • Aug 27 US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • Aug 29 British liberate Hong Kong from Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 29 Gen MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Aug 30 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)
  • Aug 30 Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 9th Symphony
  • Aug 30 General Douglas MacArthur lands in Japan
  • Aug 30 Hong Kong liberated from Japanese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Douglas D. Osheroff, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • Aug 2 Joanna Cassidy [Joanna Virginia Caskey], Haddonfield, New Jersey, American actress (Blade Runner, Under Fire)
  • Aug 2 Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 2 John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
  • Aug 2 Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer
  • Aug 3 Ron Hendren, Pinehurst NC, TV host (Entertainment Tonight)
  • Aug 3 Eamon Dunphy, former Irish footballer
  • Aug 4 Fred Hansen, US, pole vaulter (Olympic-gold-1964)
  • Aug 4 John Qace Hardbattle, political activist
  • Aug 5 Ja'net Dubois, American actress (Good Times, Beverly Hill 90210), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 5 Jacob Reitsma, economist/Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Aug 5 Jo Collins, Oregon, Playboy playmate (Dec, 1964)
  • Aug 6 Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
  • Aug 6 Andy Messersmith, American baseball player
  • Aug 7 Alan Page, NFL defensive tackle (Minnesota Vikings)
  • Aug 7 Kerry Chater, rocker (Gary Puckett & Union Gap-Young Girl)
  • Aug 7 Patrice Mestral, composer
  • Aug 9 Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
  • Aug 10 Harry Thomas, Dutch founder (Schlager Festival Gay Party)
  • Aug 10 Larry Larden, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
  • Aug 10 Harriet Miers, White House counsel
  • Aug 13 Robin Jackman, cricketer (England medium-pacer early eighties)
  • Aug 13 Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician
  • Aug 13 Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), born in Kenfig Hill, Wales (d. 2016)
  • Aug 14 Brenda Benet, actress (Lee-Days of Our Lives, Beach Ball), born in Hollywood, California
  • Aug 14 Cheryl Waltz, author/film producer
  • Aug 14 Jennifer d'Abo, CEO (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 14 Steve Martin, American comedian and actor (Parenthood, Jerk, Roxanne), born in Waco, Texas

Actor and Comedian Steve Martin
Actor and Comedian
Steve Martin
  • Aug 14 Tony Scannel, actor (Bill, Blue Money) [or 1932]
  • Aug 14 Wim Wenders, West German director (American Friend, Hammett)
  • Aug 15 Charlemagne Palestine, composer
  • Aug 15 Gene Upshaw, NFL guard (Oakland Radiers), NFLPA leader
  • Aug 15 Thomas C Sawyer, (Rep-D-Ohio)
  • Aug 15 Begum Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician
  • Aug 16 Bob Balaban, American actor and director (2010, Girlfriends, Gosford Park), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 16 Gary Loizzo, rock guitarist (American Breed), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 16 Gordon "Snowy" Fleet, Merseyside, rock drummer (Easybeats)
  • Aug 16 Kevin Ayers, England, progressive rocker (Joy of a Toy), (d. 2013)
  • Aug 16 Suzanne Farrell, ballerina (Don Quioxote), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Aug 17 Katri Helena, Finnish singer
  • Aug 18 Sarah Dash, rock vocalist (Patti LaBelle & Bluebirds), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • Aug 18 Barbara Harris, US singer (Toys-A Lover's Concerto)
  • Aug 19 Ian Gillian, heavy metal rocker (Deep Purple-Knocking at Backdoor)
  • Aug 19 Jane Blalock, champion golfer
  • Aug 21 Patty McCormack, American actress (Mama, Peck's Bad Girl, Ropers), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 21 Jerry DaVanon, baseball player
  • Aug 21 Basil Poledouris, American film score composer (d. 2006)
  • Aug 22 Derek Fatchett, MP (Labour)
  • Aug 22 James G Richardson, actor (Tim Cassidy-Sierra), born in Gainesville, Florida
  • Aug 22 Ron Dante, rock vocalist (Archies-Sugar, Sugar), born in Staten Island, New York
  • Aug 22 Steve Kroft, American journalist and longtime correspondent for 60 Minutes, born in Kokomo Indiana
  • Aug 22 Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician
  • Aug 23 Rayfield Wright, American football player
  • Aug 24 Ken Hensley, rock keyboardist (Blackfoot, Uriah Heep)
  • Aug 24 Malcolm "Mollie" Duncan, Scotland, saxophonist (Average White Band)
  • Aug 24 Vince McMahon, American professional wrestling promoter
  • Aug 26 Melvin Watt, (Rep-D-North Carolina)
  • Aug 26 Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security (Rep-R-Pennsylvania)
  • Aug 28 Bruno Nuytten, director (Camille Claudel)
  • Aug 28 Bob Segarini, Musician and radio personality
  • Aug 29 Chris Copping, Essex England, rock bassist (Procol Harum)
  • Aug 29 Wyomia Tyus, Griffin Ga, 100m runner (Olympic-gold-1964, 68)
  • Aug 30 David Schiff, composer
  • Aug 31 Bob Welch, rock vocalist/guitarist (Fleetwood Mac-Oh Well), (d. 2012)
  • Aug 31 Itzhak Perlman, Tel Aviv Israel, violinist/polio victim (14 Grammys)
  • Aug 31 Leonid Ivanovich Popov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 35/37, 40, T-7)
  • Aug 31 [George I] Van Morrison, Belfast, singer (Here Comes the Night)
  • Aug 31 Van Morrison, Northern Irish musician

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 2 Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, composer (Donna Diana), dies at 85
  • Aug 2 Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer (Cavalleria Rusticana), dies at 81
  • Aug 6 Hiram Johnson, American politician (b. 1866)
  • Aug 6 Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)
  • Aug 9 Harry Hillman, American athlete (b. 1881)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 10 Robert H. Goddard, American rocket pioneer, dies at 62

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Aug 15 Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
  • Aug 16 Nico Richter, composer, dies at 29
  • Aug 16 Takijiro Ohnishi, led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri), dies
  • Aug 17 Gino Marinuzzi, composer, dies at 61
  • Aug 17 Pater Bleijs, [Louis], resistance fighter, dies in car accident
  • Aug 19 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b.1875)
  • Aug 20 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • Aug 22 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist, inventor of the micro-electrode, and pioneering female scientist dies at 87
  • Aug 25 John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • Aug 26 Franz Werfel, Czech/German/US poet/writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54