Today in History for August 1945

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Months in 1945: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 48 of 48

1st - Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
1st - Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th HR (joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx)
1st - SVBO soccer team forms in Barger-Oosterveld
2nd - Potsdam Conference ended, with Stalin, Truman & Churchill
4th - Golfer Byron Nelson records most tournament wins (18) in a season
4th - Red Sox Tom McBride is 3rd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (4th)
6th - Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"
6th - Keith Miller scores 110 in the 4 Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
8th - England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test
8th - President Harry Truman signs the United Nations Charter
8th - US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials
8th - USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
8th - USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea
9th - US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki
Mushroom cloud over NagasakiMushroom cloud over Nagasaki 10th - Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged
11th - Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito
Kissing the War Goodbye on VJ DayKissing the War Goodbye on VJ Day

14th - V-J Day; Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)
15th - A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
15th - US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
15th - Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
15th - World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
15th - Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
16th - Puyi, the last Chinese emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, was captured by Soviet troops.
1st President of Indonesia Sukarno1st President of Indonesia Sukarno 17th - Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands
17th - Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
18th - Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
18th - Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)
19th - Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds & wins
20th - Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a HR
20th - Robert Hamilton wins PGA golf tournament
20th - Russian troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
20th - Tommy Brown, Bkln Dodger becomes youngest HR hitter (17)
21st - US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
22nd - Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford
22nd - England defeat Aust Services by 6 wkts in 5th Victory Test Cricket
22nd - Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi MinhVietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh 22nd - Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup
24th - Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12
25th - Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
26th - Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WW II
27th - US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
29th - British liberate Hong Kong from Japan
29th - Gen MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan
30th - 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)
30th - Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 9th Symphony
30th - Gen MacArthur lands in Japan
30th - Hong Kong liberated from Japanese
31st - The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 69 of 69

1st - Douglas D. Osheroff, American physicist, Nobel laureate
2nd - Joanna Cassidy [Joanna Virginia Caskey], Haddonfield, New Jersey, American actress (Blade Runner, Under Fire)
2nd - Jewell Jackson McCabe, pres (natl coaltion of 100 black women)
2nd - John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
2nd - Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer
3rd - Ron Hendren, Pinehurst NC, TV host (Entertainment Tonight)
3rd - Eamon Dunphy, former Irish footballer
4th - Fred Hansen, US, pole vaulter (Olympic-gold-1964)
4th - John Qace Hardbattle, political activist
5th - Ja'net Dubois, American actress (Good Times, Beverly Hill 90210), born in Brooklyn, New York
5th - Jacob Reitsma, economist/Dutch MP (CDA)
5th - Jo Collins, Oregon, Playboy playmate (Dec, 1964)
6th - Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
6th - Andy Messersmith, American baseball player
7th - Alan Page, NFL defensive tackle (Minnesota Vikings)
7th - Kerry Chater, rocker (Gary Puckett & Union Gap-Young Girl)
7th - Patrice Mestral, composer
9th - Ken Norton, heavyweight boxing champ/TV panelist (Gong Show)
9th - Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
10th - Harry Thomas, Dutch founder (Schlager Festival Gay Party)
10th - Larry Larden, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
10th - Harriet Miers, White House counsel
13th - Robin Jackman, cricketer (England medium-pacer early eighties)
13th - Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician
14th - Brenda Benet, Hollywood, actress (Lee-Days of Our Lives, Beach Ball)
14th - Cheryl Waltz, author/film producer
14th - Jennifer d'Abo, CEO (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)
Actor and Comedian Steve MartinActor and Comedian Steve Martin (14th) 14th - Steve Martin, American comedian and actor (Parenthood, Jerk, Roxanne), born in Waco, Texas
14th - Tony Scannel, actor (Bill, Blue Money) [or 1932]
14th - Wim Wenders, West German director (American Friend, Hammett)
15th - Charlemagne Palestine, composer
15th - Gene Upshaw, NFL guard (Oakland Radiers), NFLPA leader
15th - Thomas C Sawyer, (Rep-D-Ohio)
15th - Begum Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician
16th - Bob Balaban, actor/director (2010, Girlfriends), born in Chicago, Illinois
16th - Gary Loizzo, rock guitarist (American Breed), born in Chicago, Illinois
16th - Gordon "Snowy" Fleet, Merseyside, rock drummer (Easybeats)
16th - Kevin Ayers, England, progressive rocker (Joy of a Toy), (d. 2013)
16th - Robert Balaban, actor (Absence of Malice, Altered States), born in Chicago, Illinois
16th - Suzanne Farrell, Cincinnati, ballerina (Don Quioxote)
17th - Katri Helena, Finnish singer
18th - Sarah Dash, Trenton NJ, rock vocalist (Patti LaBelle & Bluebirds)
18th - Barbara Harris, US singer (Toys-A Lover's Concerto)
19th - Ian Gillian, heavy metal rocker (Deep Purple-Knocking at Backdoor)
19th - Jane Blalock, champion golfer
21st - Patty McCormack, American actress (Mama, Peck's Bad Girl, Ropers), born in Brooklyn, New York
21st - Jerry DaVanon, baseball player
21st - Basil Poledouris, American film score composer (d. 2006)
22nd - Derek Fatchett, MP (Labour)
22nd - James G Richardson, Gainesville Fla, actor (Tim Cassidy-Sierra)
22nd - Ron Dante, rock vocalist (Archies-Sugar, Sugar), born in Staten Island, New York
22nd - Steve Kroft, Kokomo Ind, co-editor (60 Minutes)
22nd - Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician
23rd - Rayfield Wright, American football player
24th - Ken Hensley, rock keyboardist (Blackfoot, Uriah Heep)
24th - Malcolm "Mollie" Duncan, Scotland, saxophonist (Average White Band)
24th - Vince McMahon, American professional wrestling promoter
26th - Melvin Watt, (Rep-D-North Carolina)
26th - Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security (Rep-R-Pennsylvania)
28th - Bruno Nuytten, director (Camille Claudel)
28th - Bob Segarini, Musician and radio personality
29th - Chris Copping, Essex England, rock bassist (Procol Harum)
29th - Wyomia Tyus, Griffin Ga, 100m runner (Olympic-gold-1964, 68)
30th - David Schiff, composer
31st - Bob Welch, rock vocalist/guitarist (Fleetwood Mac-Oh Well), (d. 2012)
31st - Itzhak Perlman, Tel Aviv Israel, violinist/polio victim (14 Grammys)
31st - Leonid Ivanovich Popov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 35/37, 40, T-7)
31st - [George I] Van Morrison, Belfast, singer (Here Comes the Night)
31st - Van Morrison, Northern Irish musician

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 16 of 16

2nd - Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, composer (Donna Diana), dies at 85
2nd - Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer (Cavalleria Rusticana), dies at 81
6th - Hiram Johnson, American politician (b. 1866)
6th - Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)
9th - Harry Hillman, American athlete (b. 1881)
Rocket Pioneer Robert H. GoddardRocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard (10th) 10th - Robert H. Goddard, American rocket pioneer, dies at 62
15th - Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
16th - Nico Richter, composer, dies at 29
16th - Takijiro Ohnishi, led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri), dies
17th - Gino Marinuzzi, composer, dies at 61
17th - Pater Bleijs, [Louis], resistance fighter, dies in car accident
19th - Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b.1875)
20th - A Roda Roda, writer, dies at 73
22nd - Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist, inventor of the micro-electrode, and pioneering female scientist dies at 87
25th - John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
26th - Franz Werfel, Czech/German/US poet/writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54

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