What Happened in January 1945

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
  • Jan 1 31st Rose Bowl: #7 Southern California beats #12 Tennessee, 25-0
  • Jan 1 11th Sugar Bowl: #11 Duke beats Alabama, 29-26
  • Jan 1 11th Orange Bowl: Tulsa beats #13 Georgia Tech, 26-12
  • Jan 2 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • Jan 2 Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
  • Jan 2 Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
  • Jan 3 Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 British Premier Winston Churchill visits France

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jan 3 Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room
  • Jan 3 Greek General Plastiras forms government
  • Jan 3 John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 3 US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Jan 3 Admiral Chester W. Nimitz begins planning assaults on Okinawa and Iwo Jima in Japan

  • Jan 4 Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
  • Jan 4 US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack
  • Jan 5 Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty"
  • Jan 5 Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
  • Jan 7 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) reports total German victory in the Ardennes
  • Jan 7 The last surface engagement between Allies and Japanese in the Pacific campaign, World War II
  • Jan 8 "Youth for Christ" organizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Jan 10 LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
  • Jan 10 No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
  • Jan 12 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • Jan 12 US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea
  • Jan 12 The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
  • Jan 13 Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
  • Jan 14 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • Jan 15 "Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 429 performances
  • Jan 15 Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
  • Jan 15 Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
  • Jan 15 The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory
  • Jan 16 Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • Jan 16 US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 Adolf Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, his underground bunker

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 17 Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
  • Jan 17 Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
  • Jan 17 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears the German resistance
  • Jan 17 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by Soviet secret police in Hungary
  • Jan 18 Soviet troops capture Krakow, Poland
  • Jan 18 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow and push Germans out only to eventually occupy entire country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 20 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • Jan 21 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
  • Jan 22 Burma highway reopens
  • Jan 22 Heavy US air raid on Okinawa
  • Jan 23 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • Jan 24 Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
  • Jan 25 Dan Topping, Del Webb & Larry MacPhail purchase NY Yanks for $2.8 mil
  • Jan 25 Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
  • Jan 25 Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
  • Jan 25 NY Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to construction magnate Del Webb and partners Dan Topping and Larry MacPhail for $2.8 million
  • Jan 25 West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
  • Jan 26 Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Jan 27 Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
  • Jan 27 Russia liberates Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland
  • Jan 27 S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in NYC
  • Jan 27 Wally van Hall, Dutch banker and resistance leader, arrested
  • Jan 28 Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
  • Jan 28 Gen "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
  • Jan 28 Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
  • Jan 30 "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
  • Jan 30 American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied POWs from Japanese at Cabanatuan
  • Jan 31 US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
  • Jan 31 Russian troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Jacques Ickx, Belgium, Le Mans auto race (6-time winner)
  • Jan 1 Peter Duncan, Australian politician
  • Jan 3 Stephen Stills, songwriter/guitarist (Cosby Stills & Nash), born in Dallas, Texas
  • Jan 4 Jay Dee Maness, Loma Linda Ca, singer (Desert Rose Band-Love Reunited)
  • Jan 4 Vesa-Matti Loiri, Finnish entertainer
  • Jan 4 Richard R. Schrock, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • Jan 5 Sam Wyche, NFL coach (Cincinnati Bengals)
  • Jan 5 Roger Spottiswoode, Canadian-born film director
  • Jan 6 Barry Holstein Lopez, US author (Of Wolves & Men)
  • Jan 6 Barry John, Welsh rugby player
  • Jan 6 Pepe Le Pew, cartoon skunk (Au Dorable Kitty)
  • Jan 6 Allen Appel, American novelist
  • Jan 7 Tony Conigliaro, Mass, baseball outfielder (Boston Red Sox)
  • Jan 7 Dick Marty, Swiss politician
  • Jan 7 Raila Odinga, Prime Minister of Kenya
  • Jan 8 John Peters, rock drummer (Harpers Bizarre)
  • Jan 8 Terry Sylvester, rocker (Hollies)
  • Jan 9 Frank J Biondi Jr, president (HBO)
  • Jan 9 Harun Farocki, actor/director (Nicht loeschbares Feur)
  • Jan 9 John Doman, American actor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 10 Rod Stewart, British singer (Maggie Mae, Do You Think I'm Sexy), born in London, England

Singer Rod Stewart
Rod Stewart
  • Jan 10 Edward Wiskoski, American professional wrestler
  • Jan 11 Christine Kaufmann, Austria, actress (Town Without Pity, Red Lips)
  • Jan 11 Samdech Preah Sanghareach Bour Kry, Supreme Patriarch of the Cambodian Dhammayutt Order
  • Jan 12 Maggie Bell, rocker, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Jan 13 [Eileen] Joy[ce] Chant [Rutter], UK, sci-fi author (High Kings)
  • Jan 14 Einar Hakonarson, Icelandic painter
  • Jan 14 Maina Gielgud, British ballet dancer and administrator
  • Jan 14 Vonetta McGee, American actress, born in San Francisco, California, (d. 2010)
  • Jan 15 Vince Foster, American lawyer (d. 1993), born in Hope, Arkansas
  • Jan 15 William R. Higgins, USMC colonel (d. 1990)
  • Jan 15 Princess Michael of Kent, British royal
  • Jan 16 Kabir Bedi, actor (Thief of Baghdad, Terminal Entry)
  • Jan 17 William Hart, US singer (4 Gents, Delfonics-I'm Sorry)
  • Jan 17 Javed Akhtar, Indian lyricist, poet and scriptwriter
  • Jan 19 Charles Amirkhanian, composer
  • Jan 19 Rod Evans, rocker (Deep Purple-Come Taste the Band)
  • Jan 19 Vadim Abdrashitov, director (Fox Hunt, Parade of Planets)
  • Jan 20 Eric Stewart, rock guitarist (10cc-I'm Not in Love)
  • Jan 20 Peter Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 20 Christopher Martin-Jenkins, cricket commentator and correspondent
  • Jan 21 Andrew Stein, President of NYC council (D)
  • Jan 21 Chris Britton, rocker (Troggs-Rock & Roll Goldmine)
  • Jan 22 Michael Cristofer, actor/writer (Little Drummer Girl)
  • Jan 23 Mike Harris, Canadian politician, Premier of Ontario
  • Jan 24 D. Todd Christofferson, LDS apostle
  • Jan 24 John Garamendi, American politician
  • Jan 25 Leigh Taylor-Young, actress (Peyton Place, Alice B Toklas), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 26 Mick Hill, cricketer (NSW all-rounder 1964-75)
  • Jan 26 Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist (d. 1987)
  • Jan 26 Barbara Kruger, American conceptual artist, born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Jan 27 Mairead Corrigan-Maguire, North Irish peace activist (Nobel 1976)
  • Jan 27 Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader (d. 2005)
  • Jan 28 Nick Raynsford, British MP
  • Jan 28 José Luis Perales, Spanish singer
  • Jan 28 Robert Wyatt, English musician
  • Jan 29 Donna Marie Caponi Young, LPGA golfer (US Open 1969, 70), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Jan 29 James Nicholson, British MEP

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 29 Tom Selleck, actor (Lance-Rockford Files, Magnum PI), born in Detroit, Michigan

  • Jan 29 Jim Nicholson, Irish politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 29 Donna Caponi, LPGA Golfer and four-time Major winner, born in Detroit, Michigan

LPGA Golfer Donna Caponi
LPGA Golfer
Donna Caponi
  • Jan 30 Michael Dorris, writer
  • Jan 30 Robert Wittinger, composer
  • Jan 31 Noah Creshevsky, composer

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 6 Future US President George H. W. Bush marries Barbara Pierce at the First Presbyterian Church in Rye NY

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 6 US First Lady Barbara Bush (19) weds 41st president George H. W. Bush (20) at the First Presbyterian Church in Rye, New York

US First Lady Barbara Bush
US First Lady
Barbara Bush
41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 29 Actress Gloria Swanson (45) weds William N. Davey

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Vit Nejedly, Czech composer, dies at the front during WWII at 33
  • Jan 2 Betram Home Ramsay, Engl adm/Cmdr Naval Forces (Normandy), dies at 61
  • Jan 3 Fyodor Akimenko, composer, dies at 68
  • Jan 3 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
  • Jan 3 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (b. 1879)
  • Jan 6 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
  • Jan 8 Jac[obus] P Thijsse, Dutch biologist (Omgang met planten), dies at 79
  • Jan 8 Karl Krafft, Swiss astrologer who was manipulated by the Nazi regime (b. 1900)
  • Jan 9 Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1890)
  • Jan 10 Rudolf Borchardt, writer, dies at 67
  • Jan 14 Sandor Vandor, composer, dies at 43
  • Jan 16 Dennis Donnini, British rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19
  • Jan 19 Ernest B Allo, French theologist, dies at 71
  • Jan 22 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer, dies at 61
  • Jan 22 Carlo Felice Boghen, composer, dies a day before 76th birthday
  • Jan 22 Johan Eykman, theologist (World Church), dies at 52
  • Jan 22 Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
  • Jan 23 Helmuth J Moltke, German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37
  • Jan 28 Philip "Felix" Bekkers, actor (We Go on Trip), dies at 37
  • Jan 30 Gottlieb J Haberlandt, Hungarian/German botanist, dies at 90
  • Jan 30 William Busch, composer, dies at 43
  • Jan 31 Eddie Slovik, 1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25