What Happened in July 1945

Historical Events


Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jul 1 1st MLB superstar to return from WW II, Hank Greenberg hits a homer in his 1st game

Baseball Player Hank Greenberg
Baseball Player
Hank Greenberg
  • Jul 1 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
  • Jul 1 Allies troop land on Balikpapan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 3 James F. Byrnes becomes 49th US Secretary of State, succeeding Edward Stettinius

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • Jul 4 Field Marshal Henry Maitland Wilson gives Britain's agreement to use the atomic bomb against Japan at the Combined Policy Committee in Washington D. C.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 5 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Jul 5 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

Jul 6 Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to ratify the Charter of the United Nations

  • Jul 6 US President Harry Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
  • Jul 6 Washington Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games

Film release premierFilm Release

Jul 6 Abbott and Costello's film "The Naughty Nineties" released featuring longest version of their "Who's on First" routine

Comedian and Actor Lou Costello
Comedian and Actor
Lou Costello
  • Jul 10 Adm Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
  • Jul 12 Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games
  • Jul 14 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan

Sport awardGolf Major

Jul 15 27th PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Morraine CC Dayton Ohio

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson
  • Jul 16 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project
  • Jul 16 Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
  • Jul 16 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves SF with atom bomb
  • Jul 19 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
  • Jul 21 Detroit Tigers & Philadelphia A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie
  • Jul 23 Marshal Henri Pétain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial
  • Jul 24 US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
  • Jul 26 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister
  • Jul 26 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the Japanese surrender during WWII
  • Jul 26 Japanese government disregards US ultimatum
  • Jul 26 US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 26 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Jul 26 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled

  • Jul 27 Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from NY Yankees
  • Jul 27 US Communist Party forms
  • Jul 28 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender
  • Jul 28 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die
  • Jul 28 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

Physicist Raemer Schreiber
Physicist
Raemer Schreiber
  • Jul 29 After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed & sunk by a Japanese submarine
  • Jul 30 Philippines Sea: US cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed/sinks, 880 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Deborah Harry, singer (Blondie-Heart of Glass), born in Miami, Florida
  • Jul 1 Mike Burstyn, Israeli-American actor
  • Jul 2 James Orville Fulkerson, composer
  • Jul 3 Iain MacDonald-Smith, English yachtsman (Olympic gold 1968)
  • Jul 3 Michael Cole, actor (Pete-Mod Squad), born in Madison, Wisconsin
  • Jul 3 Michael Martin, British politician, Speaker of the House of Commons (2000-09)
  • Jul 5 Dick Scoppettone, rocker
  • Jul 5 Jeffrey Kramer, American actor (Ted Stein-Struck by Lightning), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 5 Humberto Benítez Treviño, Mexican Politician and Attorney General of México.
  • Jul 6 Burt Ward, [Gervis], actor (Robin-Batman), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 6 Rik Elswit, rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show-In the Right Place)
  • Jul 6 Rodney Matthews, English fantasy artist and illustrator
  • Jul 7 James Rodford, English rock vocalist/bassist (Kinks-Mr Pleasant)
  • Jul 7 Matti Salminen, Turku Finland, bass player (King Philipp-Don Carlos)
  • Jul 7 Michael Ancram, British politician
  • Jul 8 Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss politician
  • Jul 9 Dean R[ay] Koontz, American sci-fi author (Star Quest, Beastchild)
  • Jul 9 Lewis F Payne Jr, American politician (Rep-D-Virginia)
  • Jul 9 Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (d. 1993)
  • Jul 10 Ron Glass, actor (Barney Miller, Frank's Place), born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 2016)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 10 Virginia Wade, English tennis star (Wimbledon 1977), born in Bournemouth, England

Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion Virginia Wade
Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion
Virginia Wade
  • Jul 10 John Motson, British sports (football) commentator
  • Jul 10 Jean-Marie Poiré, French film director
  • Jul 10 Peter Michalica, Slovak violinist
  • Jul 11 Robin Muyser, Dutch bassist (Les Baroques)
  • Jul 11 Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
  • Jul 12 Dimitar Penev, Bulgaria soccer player/union coach (Lokomotiv/CSKA)
  • Jul 12 Leopoldo Mastelloni, Italian actor
  • Jul 13 Ashley "Rowdy" Mallett, Australian cricket off-spinner (1968-80)
  • Jul 13 Jean-Pierre E Plooij, Dutch writer (Duvelsmoer)
  • Jul 14 Peter James Leonard Klatzow, composer
  • Jul 15 Peter Lewis, rock guitarist/vocalist (Moby Grape), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 15 Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (d. 2003)
  • Jul 16 Barry Dudleston, cricket umpire
  • Jul 16 Diana Warwick, leader (Association of University Teachers)
  • Jul 16 Jos Stelling, director (Pointsman)
  • Jul 17 Fenneken Fockema Andreae, Dutch actress (Sea Gull)
  • Jul 17 Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
  • Jul 18 Danny McCullock, rocker (Animals), born in London, England
  • Jul 19 George Dzunda, Rosenheim Germany, actor (The Deer Hunter, Law & Order)
  • Jul 19 Edwin Schlossberg, husband of Carolyn Kennedy
  • Jul 20 Betty Burfeindt, LPGA golfer
  • Jul 20 John Lodge, English bassist (Moody Blues-Nights in White Satin), born in Birmingham
  • Jul 20 Larry E Craig, (Rep-R-Idaho, 1981- )
  • Jul 20 Viscount Petersham, English large landowner
  • Jul 20 Kim Carnes, rock vocalist (Bette Davis Eyes), born in Pasadena, California
  • Jul 20 Johnny Loughrey, Irish singer (d. 2005)
  • Jul 20 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), born in Sète, Hérault (d. 1945)
  • Jul 21 Alton Maddox, NY African American activist/attorney (Tawana Brawley case)
  • Jul 21 Barry Richards, extraordinary cricket batsman (4 Tests for South Africa)
  • Jul 21 Geoff Dymock, Australian cricket left-arm pace bowler (1974-80)
  • Jul 21 Leigh Lawson, Atherston England, actress (Fire & Sword, Charlie Boy)
  • Jul 21 John Lowe, English darts player
  • Jul 21 Lydia Shum, Hong Kong comedian and actress (d. 2008)
  • Jul 23 Harold W Hennep, Arubians Dutch dancer and actor (Plus Echo)
  • Jul 24 Azim Premji, Indian businessman
  • Jul 25 Donna Theodore, Broadway singer (Hollywood Talent Scouts)
  • Jul 26 Linda Harrison, American actress (Bracken's World, Planet of Apes), born in Berlin, Maryland

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 26 Helen Mirren [Ilyena Lydia Vasilievna Mironoff], English actress (The Queen, The Madness of King George), born in London, England

Actress Helen Mirren
Actress
Helen Mirren

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 28 Jim Davis, American cartoonist and creator of the comic strips "Garfield" and "U.S. Acres", born in Marion, Indiana

Garfield Cartoonist Jim Davis
Garfield Cartoonist
Jim Davis
  • Jul 29 Michelle Angelo, Kingsville Tx, actress (Funny Girl)
  • Jul 30 David Sanborn, jazz saxophonist (David Letterman Show)
  • Jul 30 Patrick Modiano, French novelist
  • Jul 31 Tomas Vackar, composer
  • Jul 31 William Floyd Weld, (Gov-R-Mass)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 21 Master of quick wit and widely considered one of the best comedians of the modern era Groucho Marx (54) weds Kay Marvis

Comedian Groucho Marx
Comedian
Groucho Marx

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 5 John Curtin, Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), dies of heart disease at 60
  • Jul 7 Salomeja Neris, [S Bacinskaite-Buciene], Latvian poet, dies at 40
  • Jul 12 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • Jul 19 George Barbier, American actor (Tarzan's Revenge, Wife vs Secretary), dies at 80
  • Jul 20 Arthur Seccull, South African cricketer (Test v England 1896), dies
  • Jul 20 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), dies at 73