- Fieldmarshal Albert Kesselring succeeds Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West
- Germany blows up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
- Japan grants occupied Vietnam independence
Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombings, more than 100,000 people die, mostly civilians.
- US troops land in western Mindanao, Philippines in Operation VICTOR IV
- Birgitta Sellén, Swedish politician
- Elizabeth Brumfiel, [Elizabeth Stern], American feminist archaeologist, former president of the American Anthropological Association
- Katharine Houghton, actress (Guess Who's Coming to Dinner), born in Hartford, Connecticut