What Happened in October 1945

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Heavyweight champ Joe Louis is discharged from army

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Oct 1 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS), precursor to the CIA, disbands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 Elvis Presley's 1st public appearance at the age of 10

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • Oct 3 Tigers & Cubs meet in World Series for 4th time
  • Oct 3 World Federation of Trade Unions forms; CIO a member
  • Oct 5 "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
  • Oct 5 Indonesian army forms
  • Oct 5 Queen Wilhelmina visits Rotterdam
  • Oct 5 Hollywood Black Friday: A six month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers' studios.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Gen Eisenhower welcomed in Hague (on Hitler's train)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Oct 6 Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge
  • Oct 6 Tavern owner "Billy Goat" Sianis buys seat for his goat for Game 4 of World Series & is escorted out, he casts goat curse on Cubs
  • Oct 7 Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Oct 8 Microwave oven patented
  • Oct 9 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • Oct 10 Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 3 in 42nd World Series

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong's Communist Party

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Oct 11 JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
  • Oct 14 Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears
  • Oct 15 Baseball Attendance hits record 10.28 million (Tigers 1.28 is highest)
  • Oct 16 UN's Food & Agriculture Organization comes into existence
  • Oct 17 Loyalty Day in Argentina, mass demonstrations held to release Juan Perón
  • Oct 18 Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing & acting achievements
  • Oct 20 US Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens the Nuremberg Nazi war crime trials
  • Oct 21 Women in France allowed to vote for 1st time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 23 Jackie Robinson signs Montreal Royal contract

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

Oct 24 Charter of United Nations comes into effect

  • Oct 24 France (PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Japanese surrender Taiwan to Gen Chiang Kai-shek

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Oct 27 "Carib Song" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 36 performances
  • Oct 27 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
  • Oct 29 First ballpoint pen goes on sale, manufactured by Biro
  • Oct 29 Happy Chandler resigns as US Senator, remains as baseball commish

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil, resigns.

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Donny Hathaway, singer/songwriter (Where is the Love), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 1 Rod Carew, baseball slugger (AL Rookie of Year 1967)
  • Oct 1 Spider Sabich, American skier (d. 1976)
  • Oct 2 Don McLean, New Rochelle NY, singer/songwriter (American Pie, Vincent)
  • Oct 2 Frank Tejeda, (Rep-D-Texas)
  • Oct 2 Vladimir Ivanovich Kozlov, cosmonaut
  • Oct 3 Kay Baxter, Woodsfield Ohio, Best Bodybuilder in World (1983-85)
  • Oct 3 Rik Kenton, rocker (Roxy Music), born in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
  • Oct 3 Viktor Saneyev, USSR, triple jumper (Olympic-3 gold/1 silv-1968-80)
  • Oct 4 Clifton Davis, actor/singer (That's My Mama, Amen), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 4 Richard Bickell, race horse trainer
  • Oct 5 Brian Connolly, Scottish singer (Sweet), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Oct 5 Geoff Leigh, English musician (Henry Cow)
  • Oct 6 Domonic Barber, attorney (Howard Stern, Jessica Hahn, Joe Buttafucco)
  • Oct 7 Kevin Godley, rock vocalist (10cc), born in Manchester, England
  • Oct 8 Roy Royer, rock guitarist (Procol Harum)
  • Oct 8 Vanburn Holder, cricketer (West Indian pace bowler of 70's)
  • Oct 9 Jeannie C Riley, Texas, singer (Harper Valley PTA, Hee Haw)
  • Oct 9 Naftali Bon, Kapsabet Kenya, 4x400m runner (Olympic-silver-1968)
  • Oct 9 Taiguara, Brazilian musician (d. 1996)
  • Oct 10 Alan Cartwright, rocker (Procul Harum)
  • Oct 12 Aurore Clément, French actress (Paris, Texas), born in Soissons, Aisne
  • Oct 12 Dusty Rhodes [Virgil Riley Runnels Jr.], American professional wrestler (WWE), born in Austin, Texas (d. 2015)
  • Oct 13 Karen Akers, American singer (On Stage at Wolf Trap), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 13 Christophe, French singer
  • Oct 13 Dési Bouterse, Surinam politician
  • Oct 14 Colin Hodgkinson, English musician (Whitesnake)
  • Oct 15 Jim Palmer, American baseball player (Baltimore Orioles 1965-1984), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 15 Steven Camacho, cricketer (WI batsman early seventies)
  • Oct 15 Jere Burns, American actor
  • Oct 16 Paul Monette, American writer and LBT activist, born in Lawrence, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • Oct 17 Dave Cutler, CFL place kicker (Edmonton Eskimos)
  • Oct 18 Christopher Shays, (Rep-R-Connecticut)
  • Oct 18 Huell Howser, American TV host
  • Oct 18 Yıldo, Turkish famous showman and football player
  • Oct 19 Ahmed Abel-Wadoud Karadawi, academic/activist
  • Oct 19 Divine, [Harris Glenn Milstead], Balt MD, actress (Pink Flamingo)
  • Oct 19 Harris Glenn Divine, Baltimore MD
  • Oct 19 John Lithgow, actor (Harry & Hendersons, Pelican Brief), born in Rochester, New York
  • Oct 19 Keith Reid, rocker (Procol Harum) [or 10/10/46]
  • Oct 19 Patricia Ireland, feminist/president (National Organization of Women)
  • Oct 19 Divine, American actor (d. 1988)
  • Oct 20 Ric Lee, rock drummer (Ten Years After-Cannock, Staffs)
  • Oct 20 Thomas Pasatieri, composer
  • Oct 21 Everett McGill, actor (Jezebel's Kiss, Silver Bullet), born in Miami, Florida
  • Oct 21 Kathy Young, rocker (Thousand Stars in the Sky)
  • Oct 21 Nikita Mikhalkov, director (Dark Eyes, Slave of Love)
  • Oct 22 Leslie West, [Weinstein] rocker (Mountain-Mississippi Queen)
  • Oct 22 Yvan Ponton, Canadian actor and television host
  • Oct 23 Kim Larsen, Danish singer
  • Oct 24 Anthony Christian, English artist
  • Oct 24 Gérald Larose, Quebec labour union executive
  • Oct 25 David Norman Schramm, physicist
  • Oct 26 Pat Conroy, American writer (The Great Santini, Prince of Tides), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2016)
  • Oct 26 Jaclyn Smith, American actress (Charlie's Angels, The Bourne Identity), born in Houston, Texas
  • Oct 26 Demetris Th. Gotsis, Greek poet and author
  • Oct 27 Carrie Snodgress, Park Ridge Ill, actress (Diary of Mad Housewife)
  • Oct 27 Peter Martins, Copenhagen, dancer-choreographer
  • Oct 27 Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil
  • Oct 27 John Kane, actor/writer
  • Oct 28 Dennis Lillie [sic], cricketer (Queensland leg-spinner 1965-66/80-82)
  • Oct 28 Wayne Fontana, rocker (Groovy Kind of Love), born in Manchester, England
  • Oct 29 Melba Moore, [Beatrice], American singer/actress (Ellis Island), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 30 Glenn Poshard, (Rep-D-Illinois)
  • Oct 30 Henry Winkler, American actor (Fonz-Happy Days, Night Shift), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 31 Brian Doyle-Murray, American comedian and actor

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 5 Actress Janet Leigh (18) weds Stanley Reames at Morris Chapel in Stockton, California

Actress Janet Leigh
Actress
Janet Leigh

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 17 Actress Ava Gardner (22) weds band leader Artie Shaw (35) in Hollywood

Actress Ava Gardner
Actress
Ava Gardner

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 22 Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón (50) weds actress Eva Perón (26) on a civil ceremony in Junin

First Lady of Argentina Eva Perón
First Lady of Argentina
Eva Perón

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 25 Painter Jackson Pollock (33) weds painter Lee Krasner (27)


Famous Deaths

  • Oct 1 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Traumatic Shock), dies at 73
  • Oct 6 Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician (b. 1900)
  • Oct 8 Herman T Colenbrander, historian, dies at 73
  • Oct 8 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), dies at 78
  • Oct 12 Jesse James Payne, a sharecropper, lynched in Madison County, Florida

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 13 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company), dies at 86

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 15 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), executed by firing squad for high treason at 62

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Oct 24 Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide
  • Oct 24 Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Min of Defense/PM (1942-45), executed at 58
  • Oct 26 Paul Pelliot, French explorer (b. 1878)
  • Oct 26 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician (b. 1863)
  • Oct 29 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), dies at 72
  • Oct 31 Henry Ainley, actor (As You Like It), dies at 66