What Happened in 1945 (Part 5)

Historical Events

Events 401 - 500 of 660

  • May 23 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Gestapo leader, commits suicide in prison at 44
  • May 23 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary
  • May 25 Arthur C Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
  • May 26 US drop fire bombs on Tokyo
  • May 29 US 1st Marine division conquerors Shuri Castle, Okinawa
  • Jun 1 WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minn changes call letters to KUOM
  • Jun 4 6th US Marine division occupies Orokoe Peninsula Okinawa
  • Jun 4 US, Russia, Britain & France agree to split occupied Germany
  • Jun 5 Benjamin Britten's opera "Peter Grimes" premieres in London
  • Jun 5 USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany
  • Jun 6 "Free People" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Jun 9 "Gruesome Twosome" premieres in USA
  • Jun 9 -10] Australian troops lands in Brunei Bay North-Borneo
  • Jun 9 71st Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hoop Jr wins in 2:07

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 9 Following an 8-7 win over the Phils, Brooklyn manager Leo Durocher is arrested on a complaint by a fan that Durocher slugged him

Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher
Baseball Player and Manager
Leo Durocher
  • Jun 10 US destroyer William D Porter ("Willie Dee") sunk by kamikaze
  • Jun 12 US 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa
  • Jun 13 Heerjansdam soccer team forms
  • Jun 13 Orokoe peninsula Okinawa captured, with 6,000 dead
  • Jun 15 Dutch political party ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam
  • Jun 16 70th Preakness: Wayne D Wright aboard Polynesian wins in 1:58.8
  • Jun 16 Boo Ferriss loses to Yanks 3-2 after starting his career with 8 wins
  • Jun 17 Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day)
  • Jun 18 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) charged with treason
  • Jun 21 US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa during WW II
  • Jun 23 77th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Pavot wins in 2:30.2
  • Jun 23 Last organized Japanese defiance broken (Tarakan)
  • Jun 24 Schermerhorn government forms
  • Jun 24 The Moscow Victory Parade takes place.
  • Jun 25 Allied landing at Ternate Molukkas
  • Jun 25 Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announce fall of Okinawa
  • Jun 26 England win the second Victory test cricket at Bramall Lane by 41 runs

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

Jun 26 United Nations Charter signed by 50 nations in San Francisco

  • Jun 27 Foundation 1940-45 established
  • Jun 28 Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets
  • Jun 29 20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record)
  • Jun 29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • Jun 30 17-day newspaper strike in NY begins

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jul 1 1st MLB superstar to return from WW II, Hank Greenberg hits a homer in his 1st game

Baseball Player Hank Greenberg
Baseball Player
Hank Greenberg
  • Jul 1 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
  • Jul 1 Allies troop land on Balikpapan

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 5 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Jul 5 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.
  • Jul 6 Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to ratify the Charter of the United Nations
  • Jul 6 US President Harry Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
  • Jul 6 Wash Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games

Film release premierFilm Release

Jul 6 Abbott and Costello's film "The Naughty Nineties" released featuring longest version of their "Who's on First" routine

Comedian and Actor Lou Costello
Comedian and Actor
Lou Costello
  • Jul 10 Adm Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
  • Jul 12 Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games
  • Jul 14 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan

Sport awardGolf Major

Jul 15 27th PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Morraine CC Dayton Ohio

Golfer Byron Nelson
Byron Nelson
  • Jul 16 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project
  • Jul 16 Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
  • Jul 16 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves SF with atom bomb
  • Jul 19 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
  • Jul 21 Detroit Tigers & Philadelphia A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie
  • Jul 23 Marshal Henri Pétain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial
  • Jul 24 US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
  • Jul 26 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister
  • Jul 26 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the Japanese surrender during WWII
  • Jul 26 Japanese government disregards US ultimatum
  • Jul 26 US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 26 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Jul 26 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled

  • Jul 27 Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from NY Yankees
  • Jul 27 US Communist Party forms
  • Jul 28 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender
  • Jul 28 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die
  • Jul 28 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

Physicist Raemer Schreiber
Raemer Schreiber
  • Jul 29 After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed & sunk by a Japanese submarine
  • Jul 30 Philippines Sea: US cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed/sinks, 880 die
  • Jul 31 Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
  • Aug 1 Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
  • Aug 1 Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th HR (joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx)
  • Aug 1 SVBO soccer team forms in Barger-Oosterveld

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Aug 2 Potsdam Conference between Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman and Winston Churchill ends

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Aug 4 Golfer Byron Nelson records most tournament wins (18) in a season
  • Aug 4 Red Sox Tom McBride is 3rd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (4th)

BattleAtomic Bombing of Hiroshima

Aug 6 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

  • Aug 6 Keith Miller scores 110 in the 4 Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
  • Aug 8 England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 President Harry Truman signs the United Nations Charter

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Aug 8 US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials
  • Aug 8 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • Aug 8 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea
  • Aug 9 US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki
  • Aug 10 Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged
  • Aug 11 Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito

Victory in battleVictory over Japan Day

Aug 14 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

  • Aug 15 A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
  • Aug 15 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • Aug 15 Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
  • Aug 15 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
  • Aug 15 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • Aug 16 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • Aug 17 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • Aug 18 Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 401 - 500 of 790

  • Jun 29 Johnnie Richardson, R&B musician (Johnnie & Joe)
  • Jun 29 Chandrika Kumaratunga, first female President of Sri Lanka (1994-2005)
  • Jul 1 Deborah Harry, singer (Blondie-Heart of Glass), born in Miami, Florida
  • Jul 1 Mike Burstyn, Israeli-American actor
  • Jul 2 James Orville Fulkerson, composer
  • Jul 3 Iain MacDonald-Smith, England, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1968)
  • Jul 3 Michael Cole, actor (Pete-Mod Squad), born in Madison, Wisconsin
  • Jul 3 Michael Martin, British politician, Speaker of the House of Commons (2000-09)
  • Jul 5 Dick Scoppettone, rocker
  • Jul 5 Jeffrey Kramer, actor (Ted Stein-Struck by Lightning), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 5 Humberto Benítez Treviño, Mexican Politician and Attorney General of México.
  • Jul 6 Burt Ward, [Gervis], actor (Robin-Batman), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 6 Rik Elswit, rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show-In the Right Place)
  • Jul 6 Rodney Matthews, English fantasy artist and illustrator
  • Jul 7 James Rodford, English rock vocalist/bassist (Kinks-Mr Pleasant)
  • Jul 7 Matti Salminen, Turku Finland, bass player (King Philipp-Don Carlos)
  • Jul 7 Michael Ancram, British politician
  • Jul 8 Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss politician
  • Jul 9 Dean R[ay] Koontz, US, sci-fi author (Star Quest, Beastchild)
  • Jul 9 Lewis F Payne Jr, American politician (Rep-D-Virginia)
  • Jul 9 Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (d. 1993)
  • Jul 10 Ron Glass, Evansville IN, actor (Harris-Barney Miller, Frank's Place)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 10 Virginia Wade, English tennis star (Wimbledon 1977), born in Bournemouth, England

Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion Virginia Wade
Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion
Virginia Wade
  • Jul 10 John Motson, British sports (football) commentator
  • Jul 10 Jean-Marie Poiré, French film director
  • Jul 10 Peter Michalica, Slovak violinist
  • Jul 11 Robin Muyser, Dutch bassist (Les Baroques)
  • Jul 11 Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
  • Jul 12 Dimitar Penev, Bulgaria soccer player/union coach (Lokomotiv/CSKA)
  • Jul 12 Leopoldo Mastelloni, Italian actor
  • Jul 13 Ashley "Rowdy" Mallett, Australian cricket off-spinner (1968-80)
  • Jul 13 Jean-Pierre E Plooij, Dutch writer (Duvelsmoer)
  • Jul 14 Peter James Leonard Klatzow, composer
  • Jul 15 Peter Lewis, rock guitarist/vocalist (Moby Grape), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 15 Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (d. 2003)
  • Jul 16 Barry Dudleston, cricket umpire
  • Jul 16 Diana Warwick, leader (Association of University Teachers)
  • Jul 16 Jos Stelling, director (Pointsman)
  • Jul 16 Kellie Everts, Kalv Germany, Miss nude Universe (1968)
  • Jul 17 Fenneken Fockema Andreae, Dutch actress (Sea Gull)
  • Jul 17 Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
  • Jul 18 Danny McCullock, rocker (Animals), born in London, England
  • Jul 19 George Dzunda, Rosenheim Germany, actor (The Deer Hunter, Law & Order)
  • Jul 19 Edwin Schlossberg, husband of Carolyn Kennedy
  • Jul 20 Betty Burfeindt, LPGA golfer
  • Jul 20 John Lodge, bassist (Moody Blues-Nights in White Satin), born in Birmingham, England
  • Jul 20 Larry E Craig, (Rep-R-Idaho, 1981- )
  • Jul 20 Viscount Petersham, English large landowner
  • Jul 20 Kim Carnes, rock vocalist (Bette Davis Eyes), born in Pasadena, California
  • Jul 20 Johnny Loughrey, Irish singer (d. 2005)
  • Jul 21 Alton Maddox, NY African American activist/attorney (Tawana Brawley case)
  • Jul 21 Barry Richards, extraordinary cricket batsman (4 Tests for South Africa)
  • Jul 21 Geoff Dymock, Australian cricket left-arm pace bowler (1974-80)
  • Jul 21 Leigh Lawson, Atherston England, actress (Fire & Sword, Charlie Boy)
  • Jul 21 John Lowe, English darts player
  • Jul 21 Lydia Shum, Hong Kong comedian and actress (d. 2008)
  • Jul 23 Harold W Hennep, Arubians/Dutch dancer/actor (Plus Echo)
  • Jul 24 Azim Premji, Indian businessman
  • Jul 25 Donna Theodore, Broadway singer (Hollywood Talent Scouts)
  • Jul 26 Linda Harrison, Berlin Md, actress (Bracken's World, Planet of Apes)
  • Jul 26 Helen Mirren [Ilyena Lydia Vasilievna Mironoff], English actress (The Queen, The Madness of King George), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 28 Jim Davis, American cartoonist and creator of the comic strips "Garfield" and "U.S. Acres", born in Marion, Indiana

Garfield Cartoonist Jim Davis
Garfield Cartoonist
Jim Davis
  • Jul 29 Michelle Angelo, Kingsville Tx, actress (Funny Girl)
  • Jul 30 David Sanborn, jazz saxophonist (David Letterman Show)
  • Jul 30 Patrick Modiano, French novelist
  • Jul 31 Tomas Vackar, composer
  • Jul 31 William Floyd Weld, (Gov-R-Mass)
  • Aug 1 Douglas D. Osheroff, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • Aug 2 Joanna Cassidy [Joanna Virginia Caskey], Haddonfield, New Jersey, American actress (Blade Runner, Under Fire)
  • Aug 2 Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 2 John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
  • Aug 2 Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer
  • Aug 3 Ron Hendren, Pinehurst NC, TV host (Entertainment Tonight)
  • Aug 3 Eamon Dunphy, former Irish footballer
  • Aug 4 Fred Hansen, US, pole vaulter (Olympic-gold-1964)
  • Aug 4 John Qace Hardbattle, political activist
  • Aug 5 Ja'net Dubois, American actress (Good Times, Beverly Hill 90210), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 5 Jacob Reitsma, economist/Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Aug 5 Jo Collins, Oregon, Playboy playmate (Dec, 1964)
  • Aug 6 Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
  • Aug 6 Andy Messersmith, American baseball player
  • Aug 7 Alan Page, NFL defensive tackle (Minnesota Vikings)
  • Aug 7 Kerry Chater, rocker (Gary Puckett & Union Gap-Young Girl)
  • Aug 7 Patrice Mestral, composer
  • Aug 9 Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
  • Aug 10 Harry Thomas, Dutch founder (Schlager Festival Gay Party)
  • Aug 10 Larry Larden, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
  • Aug 10 Harriet Miers, White House counsel
  • Aug 13 Robin Jackman, cricketer (England medium-pacer early eighties)
  • Aug 13 Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician
  • Aug 13 Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), born in Kenfig Hill, Wales (d. 2016)
  • Aug 14 Brenda Benet, actress (Lee-Days of Our Lives, Beach Ball), born in Hollywood, California
  • Aug 14 Cheryl Waltz, author/film producer
  • Aug 14 Jennifer d'Abo, CEO (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 14 Steve Martin, American comedian and actor (Parenthood, Jerk, Roxanne), born in Waco, Texas

Actor and Comedian Steve Martin
Actor and Comedian
Steve Martin
  • Aug 14 Tony Scannel, actor (Bill, Blue Money) [or 1932]
  • Aug 14 Wim Wenders, West German director (American Friend, Hammett)
  • Aug 15 Charlemagne Palestine, composer
  • Aug 15 Gene Upshaw, NFL guard (Oakland Radiers), NFLPA leader
  • Aug 15 Thomas C Sawyer, (Rep-D-Ohio)

Famous Weddings

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Famous Divorces

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Famous Deaths

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