What Happened in 1954 (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 581

  • Mar 14th KDAL (now KDLH) TV channel 3 in Duluth-Superior, MN (CBS) begins

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 14th Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Mar 14th NBA Baltimore Bullets end a 32 game road losing streak

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 15th "CBS Morning Show" premieres with Walter Cronkite & Jack Paar

Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite
  • Mar 15th WSJV TV channel 28 in Elkhart-South Bend, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 19th 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • Mar 19th 1st rocket-driven sled on rails tested in Alamogordo, NM
  • Mar 19th US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Mar 19th US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Mar 19th Weekes, Worrell & Walcott complete centuries in innings v England
  • Mar 20th "King & I" closes at St James Theater NYC after 1246 performances
  • Mar 20th 16th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: La Salle beats Bradley 92-76
  • Mar 20th 1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania)
  • Mar 21st KFBB TV channel 5 in Great Falls, MT (ABC/CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 22nd 1st shopping mall opened in Southfield, Mich
  • Mar 22nd Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 25th 26th Academy Awards - "From Here to Eternity" best film, William Holden & Audrey Hepburn best actor/actress

  • Mar 25th Pope Pius XII encyclical "Sacra virginitas" (On consecrated virginity)
  • Mar 25th RCA manufactures 1st color TV set (12½" screen at $1,000)
  • Mar 26th US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Mar 28th 8th Tony Awards: Teahouse of the August Moon & Kismet win
  • Mar 28th Louise Suggs wins LPGA Betsy Rawls Golf Open
  • Mar 28th WKAQ TV channel 2 in San Juan, PR (TM) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 30th Test Cricket debut of Garry Sobers v England at Kingston
  • Mar 31st US Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs established
  • Mar 31st USSR offers to join NATO
  • Apr 1st 1st Dutch motorway, Amsterdam-Utrecht, opens
  • Apr 1st 1st US Army helicopter battalion forms, Fort Bragg, NC
  • Apr 1st Earthquake/tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed
  • Apr 1st US Air Force Academy forms
  • Apr 1st WQED TV channel 13 in Pittsburgh, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 2nd Plans to build Disneyland 1st announced [see Jan 26]
  • Apr 3rd "Me & Juliet" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 358 performances
  • Apr 3rd Don Perry climbs a 20' rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)
  • Apr 4th Louise Suggs wins LPGA Carrollton Georgia Golf Open

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 5th Elvis Presley records his debut single "That's All Right"

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • Apr 6th Mont Canadiens score 3 goals in 56 sec in playoff game against Det
  • Apr 6th TV Dinner was 1st put on sale by Swanson & Sons
  • Apr 6th US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Apr 7th German government refuses to recognize DDR

Conference-meetingConference of Interest

Apr 7th US President Eisenhower in news conference first to voice fear of a "domino-effect" of communism in Indo-China

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Apr 7th WALB TV channel 10 in Albany, GA (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 8th "By the Beautiful Sea" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 270 performances
  • Apr 9th WECT TV channel 6 in Wilmington, NC (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 9th 7th Cannes Film Festival: "Gate of Hell" directed by Teinosuke Kinugasa wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • Apr 10th KRGV TV channel 5 in Weslaco, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 10th 108th Grand National: Bryan Marshall aboard Royal Tan wins
  • Apr 11th Marlene Bauer wins LPGA New Orleans Golf Open

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 12th 18th Masters Golf Tournament: Sam Snead wins, shooting a 289

Golfer Sam Snead
Golfer
Sam Snead
  • Apr 12th 8th NBA Championship: Min Lakers beat Syracuse Nationals, 4 games to 3
  • Apr 12th Belgian Van Houtte government resigns
  • Apr 12th Bill Haley & Comets records "Rock Around Clock"
  • Apr 12th Joe Turner releases "Shake, Rattle & Roll"
  • Apr 13th Balt Orioles 1st game, loses to Tigers in Detroit 3-0

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 13th Milwaukee Braves' Hank Aaron's 1st game

Baseball Player Hank Aaron
Baseball Player
Hank Aaron

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 13th Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist

Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • Apr 14th Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov asks for politics asylum in Canberra
  • Apr 15th KARK TV channel 4 in Little Rock, AR (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 15th Orioles 1st game in Baltimore beat White Sox 3-1
  • Apr 15th WHO TV channel 13 in Des Moines, IA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 15th Yankees dedicate a plaque to Edward Barrow
  • Apr 16th KVAL TV channel 13 in Eugene, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 16th Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3
  • Apr 18th Colonel Nasser seizes power & becomes PM of Egypt
  • Apr 18th Louise Suggs wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • Apr 19th 58th Boston Marathon won by Veikko Karvonen of Finland in 2:20:39
  • Apr 19th 7-time winner of Boston Marathon, 65-year-old Clarence Demar, runs his last race at Boston finishing 78th
  • Apr 20th "Golden Apple" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 125 performances
  • Apr 21st Gregori Malenkov becomes premier of USSR
  • Apr 21st USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
  • Apr 22nd Achiel van Acker forms Belgian government
  • Apr 22nd NBA adopts 24-second shot clock & 6 team-foul rule
  • Apr 22nd US Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings begin
  • Apr 22nd USSR joins UNESCO
  • Apr 23rd Hammerin' Hank Aaron hits 1st of his 755 homers
  • Apr 24th 1st American, civilian pilot, P.R. Holden, wounded in Indochina
  • Apr 24th Australia & USSR break diplomatic relations
  • Apr 24th WSEE TV channel 35 in Erie, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 25th Bell labs announces 1st solar battery (NYC)
  • Apr 25th British raid Nairobi, Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)
  • Apr 25th US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island atmospher
  • Apr 25th WDEF TV channel 12 in Chattanooga, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 26th Far Eastern Affairs conference opens in Geneva

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 26th Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk

Film-release-premierFilm Release

Apr 26th The Japanese film "Seven Samurai", starring Toshiro Mifune, is released

Actor & Writer Toshiro Mifune
Actor & Writer
Toshiro Mifune
  • Apr 30th Darius Milhauds 4th Concert for piano/orch premieres in Haifa
  • May 1st 80th Kentucky Derby: Raymond York aboard Determine wins in 2:03
  • May 1st Bishops publish Mandement (member socialist org forbidden)
  • May 1st HSA-UWC Forms (Unification Church) (Moonies)
  • May 1st WAPA TV channel 4 in San Juan, PR (NBC/SFN) begins broadcasting

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 2nd Stan Musial hits 5 HRs in a doubleheader

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • May 3rd KTEN TV channel 10 in Ada-Ardmore, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 3rd Pulitzer prize awarded to Charles A Lindbergh & John Patrick

  • May 3rd WHA TV channel 21 in Madison, WI (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • May 4th US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • May 5th Military coup by general Alfredo Stroessner in Paraguay
  • May 6th Roger Bannister of Britain breaks 4 minute mile (3:59:4)
  • May 7th French surrender to Vietminh after 55-day siege at Dien Bien Phu
  • May 7th US, Great Britain & France reject Russian membership of NATO
  • May 8th 1st shot-put over 60' (18.29 m)-Parry O'Brien, Los Angeles, CA

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 666

  • Feb 25th John Doe, American musician
  • Feb 26th John Bolger, actor (Capt Gabe McNamara-Another World)
  • Feb 26th Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey
  • Feb 27th Neal Schon, rock guitarist (Journey-Open Arms, Bad English)
  • Feb 28th Brian Billick, American football coach
  • Mar 1st Ron Howard, Oklahoma, American actor/director (American Graffiti, Happy Days)
  • Mar 1st Catherine Bach, Warren Oh, actress (Daisey Duke-The Dukes of Hazzard)
  • Mar 1st Janis Gill, Torrance Cal, singer (Sweethearts of Rodeo-Midnight Girl)
  • Mar 2nd Stone Phumelele Sizani, South African treasurer (UDF)
  • Mar 3rd Keith Carlton Fergus, Temple TX, PGA golfer (1995 Honda Classic-8th)
  • Mar 3rd Chris Hughes, English record producer and rock drummer (Adam & The Ants), born in London, England
  • Mar 4th Catherine O'Hara, comedienne (Beetlejuice, SCTV), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Mar 4th Peter Erling Jacobsen, Portland OR, PGA golfer (1990 Bob Hope)
  • Mar 4th Mark Chorvinsky, American author and editor (d. 2005)
  • Mar 4th François Fillon, French politician, Prime Minister of France
  • Mar 4th Willie Thorne, English snooker player
  • Mar 5th Marsha Warfield, comedian/actress (Roz-Night Court)
  • Mar 7th Matt Frenette, rock drummer (Loverboy)
  • Mar 8th Cheryl Baker, rock vocalist (Bucks Fizz-My Camera Never Lies)
  • Mar 8th David Wilkie, 200m backstroke swimmer (Olympic-gold-1976), is born in Colombo, Sri Lanka to Scottish parents
  • Mar 8th Karl Schnabl, 90m ski jumper (Olympic-gold-1976)
  • Mar 9th Charmain Elaine Sylvers, rocker
  • Mar 9th Keven Wade, Chappaqua NY, screen writer (Working Girls)
  • Mar 9th Bobby Sands, Irish IRA member and leader of the hunger strike at Maze Prison where he died in 1981
  • Mar 11th Gale Norton, 48th United States Secretary of the Interior
  • Mar 12th Anish Kapoor, Indian born British sculptor, born in Mumbai
  • Mar 13th Robin Duke, comedienne (SNL, SCTV, Club Paradise), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Mar 14th Adrian Zmed, actor (TJ Hooker, Dance Fever), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Mar 14th David La Croix, race horse trainer
  • Mar 14th Jann Browne, country singer (Mexican Wind)
  • Mar 15th Craig Wasson, Oregon, actor (Body Double, 4 Friends, Men's Club)
  • Mar 16th Dav Whatmore, cricketer (Colombo Aust bat 1979, Sri Lanka coach 1995-)
  • Mar 16th Hollis Stacy, Savannah Ga, LPGA golfer (US Open 1977, 78)
  • Mar 16th Jimmy Nail, singer/actor (Evita, Spender, Howling II)
  • Mar 16th Nancy Wilson, SF, rock guitarist (Heart-Never, What about Love)
  • Mar 16th Colin Ireland, Kent, England, serial killer ('Gay Slayer'/ Coleherne killer), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 17th Lesley-Anne Down, actress (A Little Night Music, Moonraker), born in London, England
  • Mar 17th Rena Jones, rock vocalist
  • Mar 17th Wally Stocker, rock vocalist/guitarist (Babys-Missing You), born in London, England
  • Mar 18th James F Reilly II, Mt Home AFB Idaho, PhD/astronaut (STS 89, sk:100)
  • Mar 19th Charles Pinnell, horse trainer
  • Mar 19th Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai
  • Mar 20th Charlie Simmer, Ontario, NHL left winger (LA Kings)
  • Mar 20th Jim Seales, Hamilton Ala, singer (Shenandoah-Sunday in the South)
  • Mar 20th Liana Kanelli, Greek journalist and politician
  • Mar 21st Mary Jane Smith, Van Nuys Ca, WPVA volleyballer (National-9th-1993)
  • Mar 23rd Moses Malone, NBA center (Atlanta Hawks, Milw Bucks, Phila '76ers), born in Petersburg, Virginia, (d. 2015)
  • Mar 23rd Geno Auriemma, American basketball coach
  • Mar 24th Donna Pescow, actress (Angie, Out of this World, Rainbow), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Mar 24th Irina Ratushinskaya, Odessa Ukraine, disident poet (Beyond the Limit)
  • Mar 24th Robert Carradine, actor (Slim-The Cowboys, Wavelength), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Mar 25th Elli Stai, Greek journalist and TV presenter
  • Mar 25th Thom Loverro, American sportswriter
  • Mar 26th Curtis Sliwa, founder (Guardian Angels)/radio personality (WABC)
  • Mar 26th Piers Gardner, director (Brit Institute of Intl & Comparative Law)
  • Mar 26th Kazuhiko Inoue, Japanese seiyu (voice actor)
  • Mar 28th Morris Mason, American convicted rapist and murderer (d. 1985)
  • Mar 29th Karen Anne Quinlan, NJ, famous comatose patient (right to die case)
  • Mar 31st Tony Brock, England, rock drummer (Isn't It Time, Every Time I Think of You)
  • Apr 1st Jeff Porcaro, drummer/percussionist (Toto-Roxanne, Africa), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Apr 2nd Ron Palillo, Ct, actor (Arnold Horshack-Welcome Back Kotter), (d. 2012)
  • Apr 2nd Susumu Hirasawa, Japanese electropop musician
  • Apr 3rd Elisabetta Brusa, Italian composer
  • Apr 4th Julie Carmen, Mount Vernon NY, actress (Gloria, Last Plane Out)
  • Apr 5th Christopher S Nelson, actor (Sons & Daughters), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Apr 5th Michael W Butler, computer programmer (created TODAY program)
  • Apr 5th Stan Ridgeway, rocker (Mosquito-Garage Sale)
  • Apr 6th Judi Bowker, Shawford England, actress (Clash of the Titans)
  • Apr 7th Donna White, LPGA golfer

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 7th Jackie Chan, martial art actor (Rumble in the Bronx)

  • Apr 7th Tony Dorsett, NFL running back (Dallas Cowboys, Heisman Trophy)
  • Apr 8th Gary Carter, catcher (Mont Expos, NY Mets)
  • Apr 8th John Schneider, Mt Kisco NY, actor (Bo-Dukes of Hazzard)
  • Apr 8th G.V. Loganathan, American professor (d. 2007)
  • Apr 9th Dennis Quaid, actor (Big Easy, Dreamscape, Right Stuff), born in Houston, Texas
  • Apr 9th Iain Duncan Smith, British politician
  • Apr 10th Peter MacNicol, actor (Chicago Hope, Sophie's Choice), born in Dallas, Texas
  • Apr 12th Marvin Johnson, US, middleweight boxer (Olympic-bronze-1972)
  • Apr 12th Pat Travers, Canadian rock guitarist (Puttin' it Straight), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Apr 13th Barbara Roche, MP
  • Apr 13th Jimmy Destri, rock keyboardist (Blondie-Heart of Glass, Rapture)
  • Apr 13th Niels Olsen, Danish singer
  • Apr 14th Bruce Sterling, US, sci-fi author (Involution Ocean, Schismatrix)
  • Apr 15th Emmanuel, Mexico City Mexico, spanish singer
  • Apr 16th Ellen Barkin, actress (Big Easy, Sea of Love), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Apr 16th John Bowe, Australian racing driver
  • Apr 17th Kim Tyler, Hollywood California, actress (Kyle-Please Don't Eat Daisies)
  • Apr 17th Riccardo Patrese, driver (Grand Prix)
  • Apr 17th Rowdy Roddy Piper, Canadian professional wrestler
  • Apr 17th Michael Sembello, American musician
  • Apr 18th Kim Stone, bassist (Spyro Gyra-Morning Dance)
  • Apr 19th Trevor Francis, British soccer manager
  • Apr 20th Peter Toohey, cricketer (NSW & Australian batsman 1977-80)
  • Apr 20th Gilles Lupien, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • Apr 21st Dale Eggeling, Statesboro GA, LPGA golfer (1995 Oldsmobile Classic)
  • Apr 21st James Morrison, American actor
  • Apr 21st Ebiet G. Ade, Indonesian singer
  • Apr 22nd Joseph Bottoms, Santa Barbara Cal, actor (Surfacing, Blind Date)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 23rd Michael Moore, Flint, Michigan, American filmmaker (Fahrenheit 9/11, Bowling for Columbine, Sicko)

Documentary Filmmaker Michael Moore
Documentary Filmmaker
Michael Moore
  • Apr 24th Jack Blades, rock bassist (Damn Yankees-Coming of Age, Night Ranger)

Famous Weddings


  • Please go to a prior page.

Famous Divorces


  • Please go to a prior page.

Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 162 of 162

  • Aug 6th Theo[by] Van Reijn, sculptor/drawer/lithograph, dies at 70 [or 8/10]
  • Aug 8th Gino Tagliapietra, composer, dies at 67
  • Aug 11th Santo Trafficante, Sr., Sicilian-born American mobster (b. 1886)
  • Aug 13th Hermann W S Waltershausen, German musicologist/composer, dies at 71
  • Aug 17th Billy Murray, singer (Denver Nightengale), dies at 77
  • Aug 19th Alcide de Gasperi, Italian premier (1945..53), dies at 73

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Aug 24th Getulio D Vargas, President and dictator of Brazil: 1930-45, 51-54, suicide at 71

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Sep 3rd Eugene Pallette, actor (It's a Date, My Man Godfrey), dies at 65
  • Sep 5th Eugen Schiffer, German politician (b. 1860)
  • Sep 7th Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (b. 1885)
  • Sep 9th Alfred Gradstein, composer, dies at 49
  • Sep 10th Peter Anders, German opera singer, dies
  • Sep 11th Licinio Refice, composer, dies at 69
  • Sep 19th Tibor Harsanyi, composer, dies at 56
  • Sep 21st Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese inventor (b. 1858)
  • Sep 24th Edward Pilgrim, British suicide hastened by bureaucracy (b. 1904)
  • Sep 25th Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, Spanish essayist/philosopher, dies at 71
  • Sep 26th Ellen Roosevelt, American tennis player (b. 1868)
  • Sep 28th Bert Lytell, actor (Henry-One Man's Family), dies at 69
  • Sep 28th Morten Korch, dies
  • Sep 30th Percie Charlton, cricketer (2 Tests for Australia 1890), dies
  • Oct 3rd Herbert Prior, actor (Pollyanna), dies at 87
  • Oct 5th Flor Alpaerts, Flem composer (Tyl Uilenspiegel/Pallieter), dies at 78
  • Oct 6th Hakon Borresen, composer, dies at 78
  • Oct 12th George Welch, American pilot (b. 1918)
  • Oct 20th Willie Shaw, race car driver (Indy 500-1937, 39, 40), dies at 51
  • Oct 22nd Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer/pilot, dies at 54
  • Oct 22nd Jibanananda Das, Bengali poet (b. 1899)
  • Oct 23rd Henri Zagwijn, composer, dies at 76
  • Oct 26th Floris HL Prims, Flemish priest/historian/archivist of Antwerp, dies
  • Oct 27th Franco Alfano, Ital (opera)composer (Puccini's Turandot), dies at 78
  • Oct 27th Frank Druce, cricketer (252 runs in 5 Tests for England), dies

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 3rd Henri E B Matisse, French painter/sculptor (Dance II), dies at 84

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • Nov 4th Stig H Dagerman, Swedish author (Burned Child), dies at 31
  • Nov 10th Hussein Fatemi, Iran Foreign minister, executed
  • Nov 11th John Rosamund Johnson, composer, dies at 81
  • Nov 13th Fay Baker, actress (Sorority Girl), dies at 60
  • Nov 15th Lionel Barrymore, [Blythe], actor (Dr Kildare, Key Largo), dies at 76
  • Nov 16th Albert Francis Blakeslee, American Botanist, dies at 80
  • Nov 19th Walter Bartley Wilson, founding member of Cardiff City F.C. (b. 1870)
  • Nov 21st Karol Rathaus, composer, dies at 59
  • Nov 21st Werner Elert, German Lutheran theologian, dies at 69
  • Nov 22nd Andrej J Vysjinski, Russian UN ambassador, dies at 70
  • Nov 22nd Moroni Olsen, actor (Possessed), dies at 65
  • Nov 22nd Roderick McMahon, Professional Wrestling/Boxing Booker (b. 1882)
  • Nov 26th Bill Doak, former Major League Baseball pitcher (b. 1891)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 28th Enrico Fermi, Italian/US nuclear physicist (Nobel 1938), dies of stomach cancer at 53

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • Nov 29th George Edward Robey, English comic/actor (Henry IV), dies at 85
  • Nov 29th Dink Johnson, American musician (b. 1892)
  • Nov 30th Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (b. 1886)
  • Dec 1st Fred Rose, American songwriter and music publishing executive (b. 1897)
  • Dec 3rd Enrique Soro Barriga, composer, dies at 70
  • Dec 4th Nina Vasar, wife of Russian composer Dmitri Sjostakovitsj, dies
  • Dec 8th Gladys George, actress (Roaring Twenties), dies at 50
  • Dec 13th John Raymond Hubbell, American writer (b. 1879)
  • Dec 20th Emilis Melngailis, composer, dies at 80
  • Dec 20th James Hilton, English author (Lost Horizon), dies at 54
  • Dec 23rd René Iché, French sculptor (b. 1897)
  • Dec 25th Johnny Ace, American rhythm and blues singer, accidentally shoots himself in the head at 25
  • Dec 25th Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding), dies at 96
  • Dec 25th Rosario Scalero, composer, dies at 84
  • Dec 31st Peter Van Anrooy, conductor/composer (Piet Hein Rhapsodie), dies at 75