What Happened in April 1955

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam
  • Apr 1 EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus
  • Apr 1 WTVT TV channel 13 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Apr 2 US female Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Apr 2 US male Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Apr 2 Pancho Gonzales retains tennis title by winning a tournament playing under table tennis rules
  • Apr 3 Balt Orioles pull their 1st triple play (3-6-2 vs KC Athletics)
  • Apr 3 Fire in cinema in Sclessin, Belgium, kills 39
  • Apr 3 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Oklahoma City Golf Open
  • Apr 3 Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • Apr 4 British government signs military treaty with Iraq

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5 Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as British PM

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Apr 6 "3 for Tonight" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 85 performances
  • Apr 6 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 6 Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
  • Apr 9 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 10 19th Masters Golf Tournament: Cary Middlecoff wins, shooting a 279
  • Apr 10 9th NBA Championship: Syrac Nats beat Ft Wayne Pistons, 4 games to 3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 10 Dr Jonas Salk successfully tests Polio vaccine

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • Apr 10 Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely
  • Apr 11 Sobers starts run of 85 Test Cricket appearances for WI uninterrupted

MurderAssassination Attempt

Apr 11 The Air India Kashmir Princess is bombed and crashes in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.

Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai
  • Apr 11 "Marty" directed by Delbert Mann and starring Ernest Borgnine and Betsy Blair premieres in New York (Best Picture 1956)
  • Apr 12 1st game in KC, KC A's beat Detroit Tigers, 6-2
  • Apr 12 Salk polio vaccine safe & effective; 4 billion dimes marched
  • Apr 13 20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)
  • Apr 14 Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform
  • Apr 14 Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3, 2nd year in a row
  • Apr 14 WBRZ TV channel 2 in Baton Rouge, LA (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 Ray Kroc opens first McDonald's Inc. fast food restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois

McDonald's Entrepreneur Ray Kroc
McDonald's Entrepreneur
Ray Kroc
  • Apr 15 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 17 Betty Jameson wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • Apr 18 "Ankles Aweigh" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 176 performances
  • Apr 18 1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed
  • Apr 18 1st Bandoeng Conference - Afro-Asian conference opens
  • Apr 19 59th Boston Marathon won by Hideo Hamamura of Japan in 2:18:22
  • Apr 19 The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.
  • Apr 20 "Saint of Bleecker St" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances
  • Apr 21 Brooklyn Dodgers win, then record 10th straight game to begin a season
  • Apr 21 J Lawrence & R E Lee's "Inherit the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 21 Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die
  • Apr 22 KC Athletic's 1st game, beat Tigers 6-2
  • Apr 23 "Kismet" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 583 performances
  • Apr 23 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Carrollton Golf Open
  • Apr 24 Conference of Bandung against colonialism/for self determination, ends
  • Apr 24 Gaullists lose elections in France
  • Apr 24 KFDM TV channel 6 in Beaumont, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 24 KMAU (now KGMV) TV channel 3 in Wailuku, HI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 28 WBIQ TV channel 10 in Birmingham, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 29 Giovanni Gronchi elected third president of Italy
  • Apr 30 Element atomic number 101, Mendelevium, announced
  • Apr 30 Imperial Bank of India nationalized
  • Apr 30 Perez Prado's "Cherry Pink & Apple Blossom White" goes #1 for 10 weeks
  • Apr 30 West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & higher wages

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Danny Joe Pohl, Mt Pleasant MI, PGA golfer (1986 Colonial)
  • Apr 1 Stan Ridway, rocker (Wall Of Voodoo)
  • Apr 1 Gregg Jarrett, American television anchor
  • Apr 2 Michael Stone, British terrorist
  • Apr 3 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Yablontsev, Russian lt-colonel/cosmonaut
  • Apr 5 Janice Long, British radio host (Crash FM)
  • Apr 5 Renate Bruemmer, astronaut/cosmonaut
  • Apr 5 Akira Toriyama, Japanese manga artist
  • Apr 5 Charlotte de Turckheim, French actress
  • Apr 6 Keith Hunter Jesperson, Canadian-born serial killer
  • Apr 6 Michael Rooker, American actor
  • Apr 7 Andrea Fisher, American artist, born in New York (d. 1997)
  • Apr 8 John Campbell, harness racer (3-time winner of Hambletonian)
  • Apr 8 Kane Hodder, American actor and stuntman
  • Apr 8 Barbara Kingsolver, American novelist
  • Apr 8 David Wu, Taiwanese-born American politician
  • Apr 9 Joolz Denby, English poet and novelist
  • Apr 9 Kate Heyhoe, American food writer
  • Apr 10 Cary Middlecoff, golfer (Masters)
  • Apr 10 Lesley Garrett, British soprano
  • Apr 11 Michele Scarabelli, actress (Jo Santini-Airwolf, Alienation, Dallas)
  • Apr 11 Piers J Sellers, Sussex England, PhD/astronaut
  • Apr 11 Kevin Brady, American politician
  • Apr 13 Buganda Agreement between Andrew Cohen, the governor of the Uganda Protectorate, and Mutesa II, Buganda Agreement between Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda Protectorate, and Mutesa II, Kabaka of Buganda
  • Apr 13 Louis Johnson, rock bassist/vocalist (Brothers Johnson), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Apr 13 Ole von Beust, Mayor of Hamburg
  • Apr 13 Lupe Pintor, Mexican boxer
  • Apr 14 Simone Griffeth, Savannah Georgia, actress (Death Race 2000, Amanda's)
  • Apr 15 Barbara Barrow, LPGA golfer
  • Apr 15 Enith Salle Brigitha, Neth, 100m/200m swimmer (Olympic-bronze-1976)
  • Apr 15 Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d. 1997)
  • Apr 16 Charlotte Morrison, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • Apr 16 Henri, Heir Apparent Prince of Luxembourg
  • Apr 16 Bruce Bochy, American baseball player and manager
  • Apr 17 Pete Shelley, vocal/guitar (Buzzcocks-Going Steady, Love Bites)
  • Apr 17 Peter Michalke, journalist
  • Apr 17 Rob Bolland, Dutch singer/guitarist (Bolland & Bolland)
  • Apr 18 Amschel Rothschild, banker
  • Apr 18 Anne-Marie Palli, Ciboure France, LPGA golfer (1992 ShopRite)
  • Apr 20 Donald R Pettit, Silverton Oregon, PhD/astronaut
  • Apr 22 Arthur Baker, rock producer (Afrika Banbaataa-Planet Rock)
  • Apr 23 Captain Sensible, [Ray Burns], UK, rock bassist (Women & Capts 1st)
  • Apr 23 Judy Davis, Perth Australia, actress (Husbands & Wives)
  • Apr 23 Mike Smith, British DJ
  • Apr 23 Su Ingle, British TV hostess
  • Apr 23 Tony Miles, chess player
  • Apr 24 Jack Kingston, (Rep-R-Georgia)
  • Apr 24 Michael O'Keefe, NJ, actor (Caddyshack, Ironweed, Slugger's Wife)
  • Apr 24 John de Mol, Dutch media businessman
  • Apr 25 Buster Mottram, English tennis player, born in Kingston upon Thames
  • Apr 25 Joanne Abbott, sailor (Olympics-96), born in Sarnia, Ontario
  • Apr 25 John Nunn, British chess player
  • Apr 25 Américo Gallego, Argentine footballer
  • Apr 25 Parviz Parastui, Iranian actor
  • Apr 26 Mike Scott, American baseball player
  • Apr 27 Cora Ann Mahalick, NJ, news anchor (WNYW-TV)
  • Apr 28 Eddie Jobson, rock violinist (Zappa, UK, Roxy Music-For Your Pleasure)
  • Apr 28 Paul Guilfoyle, American actor
  • Apr 28 Nicky Gumbel, British author and priest
  • Apr 29 Kate Mulgrew, Dubuque Iowa, actress (Capt Janeway-Star Trek Voyager)
  • Apr 29 Wendee Lee, American voice actress
  • Apr 29 Gino Quilico, Canadian baritone
  • Apr 30 Dimitra Papandreau, Greece, wife of Greek PM Andreas Papandreau
  • Apr 30 Nicolas Hulot, French journalist

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 5 Musician Ray Charles (24) weds Della Beatrice Howard

Musician Ray Charles
Ray Charles

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 1 Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Il Teatro Italian), dies at 68
  • Apr 7 Theda Bara, actress (Camille, Cleopatra, 2 Orphans), dies at 62
  • Apr 10 Oskar Frederik Lindberg, composer, dies at 68
  • Apr 10 Teilhard de Chardin, French paleontologist and theologian (b. 1881)
  • Apr 16 Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded
  • Apr 18 Don Blackie, cricketer (3 Tests for Australia 1928-29), dies at 46
  • Apr 18 Eugen Herrigel, Zen philosopher/scholar, dies in Germany at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 18 Albert Einstein, Nobel laureate (b. 1879)

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Apr 23 Robert H Woltjer, classical/AR-First-Member of parliament, dies at 76
  • Apr 24 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer/theater critic, dies at 79
  • Apr 25 Constance Collier, actress (Perils of Pauline), dies at 77
  • Apr 25 Paulus B Barth, Swiss painter/lithographer, dies at 73
  • Apr 28 Lode Cantens, Flemish playwrite (Gnomes of the City), dies at 43