- Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Conrad Aiken
Elvis Presley's "Don't Be Cruel/Hound Dog" single goes #1 & stays #1 for a record 11 weeks (for a single)
- Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
- Jim Elliot, American Christian missionary (b. 1928)