- Feb 8 Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name "Mountbatten-Windsor".
- Feb 29 Agadir earthquake in Morocco kills a third of the population (12,000-15,000)
- Mar 25 1st guided missile launched from nuclear powered sub (Halibut)
- May 9 US becomes the first country to legalize the birth control pill
- May 10 US atomic sub USS Triton completes 1st submerged circumnavigation of the globe
- May 11 1st contraceptive pill is made available for sale
- Aug 18 1st commercial oral contraceptive, Enovid 10 debuts in Skokie, Illinois
- Aug 18 The Beatles give their 1st public performance at the Kaiserkeller in Hamburg
- Sep 14 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia & Venezuela form Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
- Nov 2 Mary Leakey and her team discover 1st fossils of Homo habilis, an early human ancestor, at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Homo habilis one of the earliest species to make stone tools, lived between 1.4 and 2.3 million years ago.
1st Playboy Club, featuring bunnies, opens in Chicago
On February 29, 1960