- Mar 15 Five research groups announce the discovery of anti-matter
- May 9 The Beatles sign their 1st contract with EMI Parlophone
- Oct 5 The Beatles release their 1st record "Love Me Do"
- Oct 5 "Dr. No", 1st James Bond film based on the novel by Ian Fleming and starring Sean Connery and Ursula Andress, premieres in London
- Oct 11 Second Vatican Council (21st ecumenical) convened by Pope John XXIII
- Oct 18 James Watson (US), Francis Crick (UK) and Maurice Wilkins (UK) win the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work in determining the structure of DNA
- Oct 22 US President John F. Kennedy imposes naval blockade on Cuba, beginning the missile crisis
- Oct 24 Cuban missile crisis: US blockade of Cuba begins
- Oct 25 US Ambassador to the UN Adlai Stevenson demands USSR UN rep Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile bases saying "I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over"
- Oct 27 Black Saturday - Russian nuclear missile crisis in Cuba
UN announces Earth's population has hit 3 billion
On September 1, 1962