What Happened in July 1985

Historical Events

  • 2nd Andrei Gromyko appointed president of USSR
  • 2nd European Space Agency launches Giotto (Halley's Comet Flyby)
  • 3rd CBS announces a 21% stock buy-back to thwart Ted Turner's takeover
  • 3rd Tinker Bell's first nightly flight at Walt Disney World Resort, Florida

Film release premierFilm Release

3rd "Back to the Future" directed by Robert Zemeckis and starring Michael J. Fox and Christopher Lloyd is released

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

5th Robert Mugabe wins Zimbabwean elections

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 5th Nicholas Mark Sanders (England) begins circumnavigation of globe, covering 13,035 road miles in 78 days, 3 hr, 30 min

Sport awardTennis Open

7th 92nd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats Chris Evert (46 63 62)

Tennis Player Martina Navratilova
Tennis Player
Martina Navratilova
Tennis Legend Chris Evert
Tennis Legend
Chris Evert

Sport awardTennis Open

7th 99th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Boris Becker beats K Curren (63 67 76 64)

Tennis Legend Boris Becker
Tennis Legend
Boris Becker
  • 8th Marge Schott becomes CEO of Cincinnati Red
  • 9th South Africa police arrested Dutch ANC'er Klaas de Jong
  • 10th Coca-Cola Co announces it will resume selling old formula Coke

CommunicationThe Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior

10th French agents blow up Greenpeace boat Rainbow Warrior in Auckland harbour, New Zealand

Event of interestEvent of Interest

10th Playboy (and also Penthouse) publish nude pictures of Madonna

Pop Star Madonna
Pop Star

Event of interestEvent of Interest

11th Astros' Nolan Ryan, 1st to strike out 4000 (Mets' Danny Heep)

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan
  • 11th Refurbished space shuttle Columbia moves overland from Palmdale to Dryden
  • 11th USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 12th "Singin' in the Rain" opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 367 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

12th Doctors discover a cancerous growth in President Reagan's colon

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 12th STS 51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown
  • 13th "Live Aid" concert held both at Wembley Stadium (London) and John F. Kennedy Stadium (Philadelphia) raises over $70 million for African famine relief

Event of interestEvent of Interest

13th NY Yankees retire Roger Maris (9) & Elston Howard (32) uniforms

American Baseball Player Roger Maris
American Baseball Player
Roger Maris
  • 14th 40th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Kathy Baker
  • 14th Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Offutt AFB, Neb
  • 14th Last USFL game-Baltimore Stars defeats Oakland Invaders, 28-24
  • 15th Deborah Carthy-Deu, of Puerto Rico, crowned 34th Miss Universe
  • 16th 56th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-1 at Humphrey Metrodome, Minn
  • 16th All star MVP: LaMarr Hoyt (SD Padres)
  • 16th Bill to abolish Greater London Council receives royal assent
  • 18th USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 19th Christa McAuliffe chosen as 1st school teacher to fly aboard the space shuttle
  • 19th Dam in Fiemme Valley Italy bursts; 200-300 die
  • 19th The Val di Stava Dam collapse killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.
  • 20th Divers find wreck of Spanish galleon Atocha
  • 20th The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles.
  • 21st "Leader of the Pack" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 120 performances
  • 21st 114th British Golf Open: Sandy Lyle shoots a 282 at Royal St George
  • 21st Amina Fakir (Detroit), 23, crowned 18th Miss Black America
  • 21st Judy Clark wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic
  • 21st 72nd Tour de France won by Bernard Hinault of France
  • 24th Gandhi signs peace contract with Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowai
  • 24th French DGSE officers Dominique Prieur and Alain Mafart are arrested and charged with murder over the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior
  • 25th Spokeswoman for Rock Hudson confirmed he had AIDS
  • 25th Steve Cram runs world record mile (3:46.32)
  • 25th US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 25th USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 25th Uganda suspends constitution following coup

Sport awardGolf Major

28th 13th du Maurier Golf Classic: Pat Bradley

LPGA Golfer Pat Bradley
LPGA Golfer
Pat Bradley
  • 28th Alan Garcia sworn in as president of Peru
  • 28th L Brock, Slaughter, A Vaughan, & H Wilhelm inducted into Hall of Fame
  • 29th 19th Space Shuttle Mission (51-F)-Challenger 8-launched
  • 30th Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-I mission
  • 30th Valerie Lowrance, of Texas, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss

Famous Birthdays

  • 2nd Rhett Bomar, American football player
  • 2nd Chad Henne, American football player
  • 2nd Ashley Tisdale, American actress and singer
  • 3rd Minami Keisuke, Japanese singer and actor.
  • 5th Stephanie McIntosh, Australian pop singer and actress
  • 5th Nick O'Malley, British musician (Arctic Monkeys)
  • 8th Jamie Cook, British musician (Arctic Monkeys)
  • 9th Paweł Korzeniowski, Polish swimmer
  • 9th Ashley Young, English footballer
  • 10th Mario Gómez, German footballer
  • 11th Aki Maeda, Japanese actress
  • 12th Luiz Ejlli, Albanian singer
  • 12th Natasha Poly, Russian supermodel
  • 13th Guillermo Ochoa, Mexican footballer
  • 17th Neil McGregor, Scottish footballer
  • 17th Tom Fletcher, British singer (McFly)
  • 18th Chace Crawford, American actor
  • 20th John Francis Daley, American actor
  • 21st Von Wafer, American basketball player
  • 22nd Takudzwa Ngwenya, Zimbabwean/American rugby player
  • 22nd Akira Tozawa, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 23rd Luis Ángel Landín, Mexican footballer
  • 23rd Matthew Murphy, English musician (The Wombats)
  • 24th Patrice Bergeron, Canadian hockey player
  • 25th James Lafferty, American actor
  • 25th Jasmine Lennard, English model
  • 25th Nelson Piquet Jr., Brazilian race car driver
  • 26th Gaël Clichy, French footballer
  • 26th Audrey De Montigny, Quebec singer
  • 27th Benedita Pereira, Portuguese actress
  • 27th Lou Taylor Pucci, American actor
  • 28th Dustin Milligan, Canadian actor
  • 28th Tynisha Keli, American singer
  • 30th Daniel Fredheim Holm, Norwegian footballer

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

19th NBA player Isiah Thomas (24) weds Lynn Kendall in Chicago

NBA Point Guard and Head Coach Isiah Thomas
NBA Point Guard and Head Coach
Isiah Thomas

HeartWedding of Interest

31st Bee Gees member Robin Gibb (35) weds author and artist Dwina Murphy

Singer-songwriter Robin Gibb
Robin Gibb

Famous Deaths

  • 2nd David Purley, British Formula 1 driver (b. 1945)
  • 3rd Frank Selke, Canadian ice hockey manager (b. 1893)
  • 4th John de Quay, Dutch premier (1959-63), dies at 83
  • 5th Gerard Schmook, Flemish literature historian/custodian, dies at 86
  • 5th Jack Robertson, South African cricket spinner (3 Tests v Aust 1935-36), dies
  • 5th Marion Byron, actress (Steamboat Bill Jr), dies at 73
  • 7th Patti McCarty, actress (Gangster of the Frontier), dies at 64
  • 8th Gardner Cowles Jr, US publisher (Look Magazine), dies at 82
  • 8th Phil Foster, comedian (Frank De Fazio-Laverne & Shirley), dies at 72
  • 8th Simon Kuznets, US economist (Nobel 1971), dies at 84
  • 9th Rafael Campos, actor (Ramon-Rhoda, Sancho-V), dies of cancer at 49
  • 9th Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1896)
  • 9th Jimmy Kinnon, Scottish founder of Narcotics Anonymous (b. 1911)
  • 10th Fernando Pereira, military activist, murdered
  • 16th Wayne King, orchestra leader (Wayne King Show), dies at 84
  • 16th Heinrich Böll, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 17th Czeslaw Josef Marek, composer, dies at 93
  • 17th Margo, actress (Rumba, Viva Zapata), dies at 68 of a brain tumor
  • 18th Shahnawaz Bhutto, son of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
  • 19th Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish writer (b. 1938)
  • 21st Mickey Shaughnessy, actor (Chicago Teddy Bears), dies at 65
  • 21st Vicki Vola, actress (Miss Miller-Mr District Attorney)
  • 23rd Kay Kyser, bandleader (Kay Kyser's Kollege), dies at 79
  • 23rd Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (b. 1923)
  • 27th Joseph "Smoky Joe" Wood, pitcher (Boston Red Sox), dies at 95
  • 28th Grant Williams, actor (Shrinking Man), dies of toxic poisoning at 54
  • 29th James F Nolan, actor (Dante), dies of cancer at 69
  • 30th Julia Hall Bowman Robinson, American mathematician (b. 1919)
  • 31st Eugene Carson Blake, sec-gen World Council of Churches, dies at 78
  • 31st Murray Chapple, cricketer (14 Tests for NZ, 497 runs), dies