This Day in History for 10th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 207

837 - Comet 1P/837 F1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0334 AUs of Earth
847 - St Leo IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
879 - Louis III becomes King of West Francia.
1407 - the lama Deshin Shekpa visits the Ming Dynasty capital at Nanjing. He is awarded with the title Great Treasure Prince of Dharma.
1500 - France captures duke Ludovico Sforza of Milan
1516 - 1st ghetto, Jews are compelled to live in specific area of Venice
1552 - Henri II of France occupies Metz
1589 - Spanish troops conquer Geertruidenberg
1656 - Dutch fleet occupiers Colombo Ceylon
1694 - Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoye attacks Casale
1710 - The first law regulating copyright is issued in Great Britain.
1741 - War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz.
1790 - US Patent system forms
1815 - Austria declares war on realm of Naples
1816 - 2nd Bank of US chartered
1821 - Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate and his body is thrown into the Bosphorus.
Duke of Milan Ludovico SforzaDuke of Milan Ludovico Sforza 1825 - 1st hotel in Hawaii opens
1825 - Nicaraguan constituent assembly meets at Leon
1826 - The 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town Messolonghi start leaving the town after a year's siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.
1835 - Charles Darwin returns to Santiago, Chile
1841 - New York Tribune begins publishing under editor Horace Greeley
1845 - More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pa
1849 - Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $400
1856 - The Theta Chi Fraternity is founded at Norwich University.
1858 - "Big Ben", a 13.76 tonne bell, is recast in the Tower of Westminster
1863 - Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn
1864 - Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico
1865 - At Appomattox, General Robert E. Lee issues Gen Order #9, his last
1866 - American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
Confederate General Robert E. LeeConfederate General Robert E. Lee 1868 - 1st performance of John Brahms' "A German Requiem"
1868 - British defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala
1869 - Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
1869 - José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
1871 - William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted
1872 - 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans
1872 - 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22
1874 - 14th British Golf Open: Mungo Park shoots a 159 at Musselburgh Links
1877 - 1st human cannonball act performed in London
1877 - Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, SC
1878 - California St Cable Car RR Co starts service
1882 - Captain William Matson founds his shipping company (San Francisco & Hawaii)
1884 - US Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln 1887 - President Abraham Lincoln's re-buried with his wife in Springfield, Ilinois
1887 - Soccer team Be Quick forms in Hairs Groningen
1896 - Spiridon Louis wins 1st Olympic marathon (2:58:50)
1912 - RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden (and final) voyage
1913 - President Woodrow Wilson throws out 1st ball, Senators beat Yankees 2-1
1913 - Walter Johnson begins string of 56 consecutive scoreless innings
1913 - During the Montenegrin siege of Scutari, the Montenegrin coastline is blockaded
1916 - 1st professional golf tournament held
1916 - The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City.
1917 - Munition factory explosion at Eddystone PA, kills 133 workers
1919 - Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1923 - Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin
1924 - Tubular steel golf club shafts approved for championship play
1925 - Tsaritsyn re-named Stalingrad (now Volgograd)
1925 - Scribners publishes "The Great Gatsby" by F Scott Fitzgerald
1930 - George Headley scores 223 v England at Kingston
1930 - Synthetic rubber 1st produced
1932 - Paul von Hindenburg elected 1st German president (Hitler is 2nd)
1934 - Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Detroit Red Wings, 3 games to 1
1935 - Vaughan Williams' 4th Symphony premieres in London
1936 - 200" mirror blank arrives in Pasadena
1938 - 2nd government of Blum replaced by Daladier government in France
1938 - Austria becomes a state of Germany
1938 - NY makes syphilis test mandatory in order to get a marriage license
1939 - Colijn's Dutch government opens camp Westerbork for German Jews
Author F. Scott FitzgeraldAuthor F. Scott Fitzgerald 1939 - Grens mobilization due to Italian invasion in Albania
1940 - Vidkun Quisling forms Norwegian "national government"
1941 - German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica
1942 - Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland
1943 - 12 Jewish patients of Herren Loo-Lozenoord escape nazis
1943 - General Montgomery occupies Sfax Tunisia
1944 - "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
1944 - Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
1945 - Allies liberate 1st Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald (Czech)
1945 - Canadian troops conquer Deventer
1945 - General Blaskowitz becomes nazi leader of "Fort Holland"
1945 - German troops attack Ijsselbrug
1945 - NFL's Boston Yanks & Brooklyn Tigers merge
1945 - US troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa
1945 - William Schuman & Antony Tudors ballet premieres in NYC
1946 - 1st election for Japanese Diet
1947 - King Frederik IX of Denmark crowned
1948 - Jewish Hagana repels an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek
Golfer Sam SneadGolfer Sam Snead 1949 - 13th Golf Masters Championship: Sam Snead wins, shooting a 282
1953 - "House of Wax", 1st 3-D movie, released (NYC)
1953 - 7th NBA Championship: Minneapolis Lakers beat NY Knicks, 4 games to 1
1954 - KRGV TV channel 5 in Weslaco, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - 108th Grand National: Bryan Marshall aboard Royal Tan wins
1955 - 19th Golf Masters Championship: Cary Middlecoff wins, shooting a 279
1955 - 9th NBA Championship: Syrac Nats beat Ft Wayne Pistons, 4 games to 3
1955 - Dr Jonas Salk successfully tests Polio vaccine
1955 - Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely
1956 - Philips broadcasts 1st Dutch color TV programs
1956 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 1
1957 - John Osborne's "Entertainer" premieres in London
1957 - Jordanian government of Naboelsi resigns
Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas SalkMedical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk 1957 - Suez canal reopens for all traffic
1957 - USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 229

401 - Theodosius II, the Younger, Eastern Roman emperor
1512 - James V, King of Scots (1513-42)
1569 - Emilia van Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange & Anna of Saxon
1583 - Hugo Grotius, Holland, jurist, father of international law
1633 - Werner Fabricius, composer
1651 - Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (d. 1708)
1656 - René Lepage de Ste-Claire, lord-founder of the town of Rimouski, in New France (d. 1718)
1695 - Balthazar Huydecoper, Dutch translator/historian
1704 - Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
1713 - John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist (d. 1788)
1737 - Francois Giroust, composer
1755 - Samuel Hahnemann, German physician/originator of homeopathy
1762 - Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (d. 1834)
1778 - William Hazlitt, Maidstone Kent England, essayist/critic
1783 - Hortense E de Beauharnais, French queen of Netherlands (1806-10)
1794 - Matthew Calbraith Perry, Commodore, opened Japan
1796 - James Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (d. 1836)
1797 - Claude Ambroise Seurat, Troyes France, (World's skinniest man)
1806 - Leonidas Polk, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
1808 - Auguste Franchomme, composer
1823 - Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1827 - Lewis Wallace, Major General (Union volunteers)/author (Ben Hur)
1829 - William Booth, founder (Salvation Army)
1833 - David McMurtrie Gregg, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1833 - James Edward Rains, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
1837 - Forceythe Willson, American poet (d. 1867)
1847 - Charles Swinnerton Heap, composer
1847 - Joseph Pulitzer, Hungary, publisher (St Louis Post-Dispatch, NY World)
1854 - Jozef M T Orelio, baritone
1857 - Henry Ernest Dudeney, mathematician/puzzle maker
1864 - Eugene Francis Charles D'Albert, German pianist/composer (Golem)
1864 - Tully Marshall, Nevada City CA
1865 - Jack Miner, Canadian conservationist (d. 1944)
1867 - George William Russell, Irish nationalist (d. 1935)
1868 - George Arliss, actor (Devil, Green Goddess), born in London, England
1877 - Alfred Kubin, writer
1880 - Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor), (d. 1965)
1880 - Montague Summers, English writer (d. 1948)
1880 - Mohammed Nadir Shah, Afghan king (d. 1933)
1882 - Simon F H J Berkelbach Van der Sprenkel, theologist (Fear & Religion)
1886 - Val Paul, American actor and director, born in Denver, Colorado
1887 - Bernardo A Houssay, Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947)
1887 - Heinz Tiessen, Königsberg, German composer
1891 - Tim McCoy, Saginaw MI
1892 - Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (Rassenkunde)
1892 - Victor de Sabata, Trieste Italy, conductor/composer (Il Macigno)
1894 - Ben Nicholson, English painter/sculptor (Circle)
1894 - Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist (d. 1983)
1896 - Edith Day, Minneapolis MN
1897 - Ross Youngs, American baseball player (d. 1927)
1900 - Jean Duvieusart, premier (Belgium 1950)
1903 - Clare Boothe Luce, US ambassador (to Vatican)
1903 - Nick Stuart, Romania, bandleader
1905 - Jan H van Roijen, diplomat/Netherland foreign minister
1906 - Fud Livingston, composer
1906 - Kathleen Major, principal (St Hilda's College, England)
1906 - Lili Darvas, Budapest Hungary, actress (Szerelem, Cimmaron)
1907 - Pete Desjardins, US, platform/springboard diver (Olympic-gold-1928)
1908 - Aidan Crawley, CEO (London Weekend TV)
1910 - Abu-Bakr Khairat, composer
1910 - David Gilroy Bevan, politician
1910 - Paul Sweezy, American economist and editor (d. 2004)
1911 - Maurice Schumann, French statesman/writer (La Voix du couvre-feu)
1912 - Clarke Hinkle, NFL fullback (Green Bay Packers)
1912 - Martin Denny, rocker/actor (Forbidden Island)
1912 - Roy Hofheinz, engineer (Houston Astrodome)
1913 - Stefan Heym, German/US author (Crusaders, Family Benda)
1914 - E A V "Foffie" Williams, cricketer (WI all-rounder 1939-48)
1914 - Jack Badcock, cricketer (Tasmania Australian batsman of 30's)
Actor Harry MorganActor Harry Morgan (1915) 1915 - Harry Morgan, actor (December Bride, M*A*S*H, Dragnet), born in Detroit, Michigan
1915 - Leo Vroman, Dutch/US poet/biologist, (d. 2014)
1917 - Robert Burns Woodward, organic chemist (Nobel 1965)
1918 - Lee Bergere, American actor (d. 2007)
1921 - Chuck Connors, Brooklyn New York, American actor (Rifleman, Branded, Cowboy in Africa)
1921 - Peter Herbert Penwarden, priest
1921 - Sheb Wooley, Erick Oklahoma, vocalist (Purple People Eater, Hee Haw)
1923 - Floyd M Simmons, actor/decathlete (Olympic-bronze-1948, 52)
1923 - John Watkins, cricketer (South African all-rounder in 15 Tests 49-57)
1924 - Kenneth Noland, American painter
1926 - "Alvin" Junior Samples, Cummings Ga, country singer (Hee Haw)
1926 - Jacques Casterede, composer
1926 - Johnnie Tillmon, civil rights activist (Natl Welfare Rights Association)
1927 - Marshall Warren Nirenberg, American scientist, Nobel laureate
1929 - Dusan Radic, composer
Actor Max Von SydowActor Max Von Sydow (1929) 1929 - Max Von Sydow, Lund Sweden, actor (Hawaii, Exorcist, Dune, Dreamscape)
1930 - Lord Morton, of Shauna, senator (College of Justice, Scotland)
1930 - Shuja-ud-Din, cricketer (batted in 19 Tests for Pakistan 1954-62)
1930 - Norma Candal, Puerto Rican actor/comedian (d. 2006)
1930 - Spede Pasanen, Finnish comedian (d. 2001)
1931 - Marcel van Maele, Belgian poet
1932 - Adrian Henri, poet/president (Liverpool Academy of Arts)
1932 - Delphine Seyrig, Beirut Lebanon, actress (Freak Orlando, Reperages)
1932 - Hari Rhodes, Cincinnati Oh, actor (Mike-Daktari, Roots)
1932 - Mae Heriwentha Faggs Starr, NJ, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1952)
1932 - Nathaniel Nelson, rocker (Flamingos)
1932 - Omar Sharif, [Michael Shalhoub], Egyptian actor (Doctor Zhivago, Lawrence of Arabia), born in Alexandria (d. 2015)
1933 - Philip Corner, composer
1933 - Poncie Ponce, actor (Kazuo Kim-Hawaiian Eye), (d. 2013)
1933 - Robert Rhodes James, historian (Gallipoli)
1933 - Rokusuke Ei, Japanese lyricist and author

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

1848 - British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).
Physicist Robert A. MillikanPhysicist Robert A. Millikan (1902) 1902 - Physicist Robert A. Millikan (34) weds Greta Blanchard
1935 - Nazi politician Hermann Goering (42) weds Emmy Sonnemann (42) in Berlin
1938 - NFL quarterback Sammy Baugh (24) weds his college sweetheart Edmonia Smith in Sweetwater, Texas
1943 - Actor Peter Cushing (29) weds actress Violet Helene Beck in London, England
1951 - Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser (68) weds nurse Alyce Chester
1959 - Japan's Crown Prince Akihito marries commoner Michiko Shoda
1960 - NBA guard Jerry West (21) weds his college sweetheart Martha Kane in Morgantown, West Virginia

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 116

879 - Louis II the Stammerer, King of the West Franks (877-79)
947 - Hugo van Arles, count of Arles/king of Italy, dies
1008 - Notger, bishop of Luik (972-1008), dies
1362 - Machteld, countess of Holland, dies
1533 - Frederik I, King of Denmark/Norway (1523-33), dies at 61
1545 - Costanzo Festa, Italian composer
1585 - Gregory XIII, [Ugo Buoncampagni], Italian Pope (1572-85), dies at 83
1599 - Gabrielle d'Estrée, mistress of King Henry IV of France (b. 1571)
1601 - Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (b. 1562)
1619 - Thomas Jones, Archbishop of Dublin (b. c1550)
1640 - Agostino Agazzari, Italian composer, dies at 61
1640 - Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau, daughter of Willem I, dies at 60
1646 - Santino Solari, Swiss architect and sculptor (b. 1576)
1704 - William Egon of Fürstenberg, Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1629)
1706 - Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1666)
1712 - Yusuf Nabi, Turkish poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77
1723 - Claude F Tserclaes, South Neth earl of Tilly, dies at 74
1731 - Maximilian Dietrich Freisslich, composer, dies at 58
1756 - Giacomo Antonio Perti, Italian composer, dies at 94
1760 - Gerard George Clifford, head of East-Indian Company, dies at 75
1760 - Jean Lebeuf, French historian (b. 1687)
1784 - Simon Fokke, book illustrator, dies at 71
1786 - John Byron, British naval officer (b. 1723)
1810 - Konrad Back, composer, dies at 60
1813 - Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician and astronomer (b. 1736)
1823 - Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (b. 1757)
1825 - Paul-Louis Courier, (Mere), French writer/interpreter, dies at 53
1848 - Godert AGP baron van Capellen, gove-gen of Dutch-Indies, dies at 69
1862 - William Harvey Lamb Wallace, US lawyer/brig-general, dies at 40
1863 - Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
1885 - John H Scholten, theologist (Free Want), dies at 73
1909 - Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet, dies at 72
1911 - Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis, composer, dies at 35
1919 - Emiliano Zapata, Mexican leader, murdered at 39
1920 - Moritz B Cantor, German mathematician, dies at 90
1920 - Tryggve Andersen, Norwegian writer (Mod Kvaeld), dies at 53
1927 - Ivo Bligh, cricketer (8th Earl of Darnley, 4 Tests 1882-83), dies
1929 - Edmond Thieffry, Belgium, WW I pilot, dies at 36
1931 - Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
1932 - Andre Baillon, Belgian/French author (& sabots), dies at 56
1937 - Algernon Ashton, composer, dies at 77
1938 - Nana Annor Adjaye, Pan-Africanist, dies in W Nzima Ghana
1938 - Joe "King" Oliver, American musician (b. 1885)
1939 - Alfredo Panzini, Ital author (Il Bacio de Lesba), dies at 75
1945 - Hendrik N Werkman, resistance/painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63
1945 - Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
1954 - Auguste Lumière, French photograph/movie pioneer, dies at 81
1954 - Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), dies at 79
1954 - Oscar Mathisen, Norwegian speed skater (b. 1888)
1955 - Oskar Frederik Lindberg, composer, dies at 68
1955 - Teilhard de Chardin, French paleontologist and theologian (b. 1881)
1956 - Bozidar Sirola, composer, dies at 66
1956 - Clarence Beaumont, 1st batter in 1st World Series, dies at 75
1956 - Jozef Szulc, composer, dies at 81
1958 - Chuck Willis, rocker, dies at 30
1960 - Arthur Benjamin, Austral composer/pianist (Devil Take Her), dies at 66
1961 - Irene Warfield, silent screen actress (Satan Sanderson), dies at 65
1962 - Stuart Sutcliffe, bassist (Beatles), dies of brain hemorrhage at 21
1962 - Michael Curtiz, Hungarian-born director (b. 1886)
1965 - Linda Darnell, American actress (Unfaithfully Yours), dies from burns received in a house fire at 41
1965 - Lloyd Casner, American race car driver and owner (b. 1928)
1966 - Christian J Modeste, Dutch king of gypsies, dies at 71
1966 - Evelyn Waugh, British writer (Black Mischief), dies at 62
1968 - Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (b. 1899)
1969 - Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (b. 1893)
1970 - Charles Paton, dies at 96
1974 - Patricia Collinge, dies at 81
1974 - Roger Bastide, French sociologist, dies at 76
1975 - Marjorie Main, actress (Ma & Pa Kettle), dies at 85
1975 - Sophia JW "Sophie" Hermse, actress (But a Dream), dies at 86
1975 - Walker Evans, US photographer (Fortune Magazine), dies at 71
1979 - Henriette P "Hetty" Beck, actress (Dodendans), dies at 91
1979 - Nino Rota, Italian composer (Torquemada), dies at 67
1980 - Kay Medford, actress (Dean Martin Show, To Rome With Love), dies at 65
1983 - Issam Sartawi, PLO ambassador to Portugal, murdered
1983 - Ulf S von Euler-Chelpin, Swedish physiologist, dies at 78
1984 - Nate Nelson, R&B-singer (Flamingos-I'll Be Home), dies on 52 birthday
1984 - Ray Middleton, dies at 75
1986 - Joseph P Addabbo, US defence specialist/(Sen-D), dies at 61
1986 - Linda Creed, American songwriter (b. 1948)
1988 - Cliff Gladwin, cricketer (8 Tests for England 1947-49), dies
1989 - Joan Barry, dies at 85
1991 - Kevin Peter Hall, actor (Harry & Hendersons), dies of AIDS at 35
1991 - Natalie Schafer, actress (Gilligan's Island), dies at 90 from cancer
1992 - Ken Ward, dies at 37
Comedian Sam KinisonComedian Sam Kinison (1992) 1992 - Sam Kinison, loud mouth comedian, dies in a car crash at 38
1993 - Chris Hani, sec-gen South Africian Communist Party, assassinated at 50
1994 - James L Lyons, jazz promoter, dies at 77
1994 - Victor Afanasiev, Rus editor-in-chief of Pravda (1976-89), dies at 71
1994 - Sam B. Hall, American politician (b. 1924)
1995 - Chen Yun, VPM of China (1949-75, 79-80), dies
1995 - Glyn Jones, writer, dies at 90
1995 - Gunter Guillaume, German politican, dies
1995 - Joseph Anthony "Joe" Richards, singer/actor (Colo Ranger), dies at 44
1995 - Morarji Desai, PM of India (1977-79), dies
1996 - Jessica Dubroff, attempting to be youngest pilot, dies in crash at 7
1999 - Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, German-born biochemist (b. 1910)
1999 - Jean Vander Pyl, American voice actress (b. 1919)
2000 - Peter Jones, English actor (b. 1920)
2000 - Larry Linville, American actor (b. 1939)

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