This Day in History for 16th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 183

1178 BC - A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War.
73 - Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt.
556 - Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1071 - Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy.
1346 - The Serbian Empire is proclaimed in Skopje at an Easter assembly and Stephen Uroš IV Dušan crowned Emperor over much of the Balkans.
1395 - Azzo X d'Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops.
1509 - French army under Louis XII enters Alps
1521 - Martin Luther arrives at the Diet of Worms assembly
1582 - Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina.
1632 - Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed supreme military commander of the Holy Roman Empire
1705 - Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College, Cambridge
1746 - Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army.
Physicist & Mathematician Isaac NewtonPhysicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton 1780 - The University of Münster in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.
1787 - 1st American comedy, "The Contrast," made its debut in NYC
1789 - George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration
1799 - Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
1818 - Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
1849 - Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "Le prophète" premieres in Paris
1853 - The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.
1854 - Franz Liszt's "Mazeppa" premieres
1854 - San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
1854 - Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die
1858 - The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up.
Composer/Pianist Franz LisztComposer/Pianist Franz Liszt 1861 - US president Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states (US Civil War)
1862 - Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
1862 - American Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
1865 - Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)
1866 - Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
1866 - Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes
1868 - Louisiana voters approve new constitution
1869 - Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
1870 - Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
1871 - German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
1874 - Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton
1881 - In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.
Physician and Explorer David LivingstonePhysician and Explorer David Livingstone 1883 - Paul Kruger chosen as president of Transvaal
1888 - Drentse & Friese peat cutters go on strike
1900 - US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
1908 - Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell, Utah)
1912 - Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to fly across English Channel
1912 - Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)
1913 - The Bulgarians and the Turks agree to an armistice that will be accepted by the other nations involved
1917 - [OS Apr 3] Lenin arrives back from exile in Russia at Finland Station, Petrograd to join the Russian Revolution
1917 - [OS Apr 4] Lenin issues his radical April Theses calling for Soviets to take power during Russian Revolution
1918 - The British House of Commons passes a new Military Service Bill, taking men up to 55 years old and extending to Ireland
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir LeninMarxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin 1921 - Liberal Freedom League forms in The Hague
1922 - Annie Oakley sets women's record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row
1922 - German-Russian treaty signed in Italy, Soviet Union recognized
1924 - 1st radio-transmission of wireless: Mattheus Passion
1924 - Child labor laws strengthened in Holland
1925 - During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.
1926 - Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections "Lolly Willowes" & "Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner
1929 - Cleve Indian Earl Averill, becomes 1st AL to hit a HR on 1st at bat
1929 - NY Yankees become 1st team to wear uniform numbers
1935 - 1st radio broadcast of "Fibber McGee & Molly"
1935 - Babe Ruth's 1st NL game, for Boston Braves, included a HR
1938 - Great Britain recognizes Italian annexation of Abyssinia
1939 - Stalin requests British, French & Russian anti-nazi pact
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin 1939 - Stanley Cup: Boston Bruins beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 1
1940 - 1st televised baseball game, WGN-TV, (White Sox vs Cubs exhibition)
1940 - Cleve Indian Bob Feller hurls an opening day no-hitter vs Chic, 1-0
1940 - Heitor Villa-Lobos' opera "Izaht" premieres in Rio de Janeiro
1941 - Little Theater at Adelphi Strand closes
1942 - Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
1943 - 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem, Netherlands (85 killed)
1943 - Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.
1945 - German troops in Groningen surrender
Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in BerlinSoldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin

1945 - Red Army begins Battle of Berlin
1945 - US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
1945 - US troops land on He Shima, Okinawa
1945 - Colditz Castle, the high-security prisoner of war camp in Germany, is liberated by American troops.
1946 - 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, NM; 8 km alt
1946 - NSB mayor of Rotterdam, Netherlands, FE Muller sentence to 100 years in jail
1947 - -17] Explosions & fire on French ship Grandcamp
1947 - Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (NYC)
1947 - Massive explosion & fire kills 522 in Texas City, Tx
1948 - Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris
1949 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs sweep Detroit Red Wings in 4 games
1951 - British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75
1952 - "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 15 performances
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth IIQueen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II 1953 - British royal yacht Britannia launched by Queen Elizabeth II
1953 - Jackie Pung wins LPGA Palm Springs Golf Open
1953 - Phillie's Connie Ryan gets 6 hits in a game
1953 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
1953 - WAND TV channel 17 in Decatur, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - KVAL TV channel 13 in Eugene, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3
1956 - 1st solar powered radios go on sale
1957 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
1957 - USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
1958 - French government of Gaillard falls due to Tunisia crisis
1959 - "Party with Comden & Green" opens at John Golden NYC for 44 perfs
1959 - Datu Abdul Rozak inaugurated as premier of Malaysia federation
1959 - NY Yankees unveil their 1st message scoreboard
1959 - Phils' Dave Philley gets a major league record 9th straight pinch hit
1961 - 15th Tony Awards: Becket & Bye Bye Birdie win
1961 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1961 - Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 2
1962 - Brazil nationalizes US businesses
Broadcast Journalist Walter CronkiteBroadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite 1962 - Walter Cronkite begins anchoring CBS Evening News

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 260

778 - King Louis the Pious (d. 840)
1319 - King John II of France (d. 1364)
1495 - Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (d. 1557)
1628 - Cornelis Evertsen de Young, vice admiral of Zealand
1635 - Frans van Mieris, the Elder, Dutch painter
1646 - Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect (d. 1708)
1648 - John Luyken, poet/etcher (Duytse Lyre)
1652 - Clement XII, [Lorenzo Corsini], Italy, Pope (1730-40)
1660 - Hans Sloane, England, physician/naturalist/founder (British Museum)
1661 - Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, British poet and statesman (d. 1715)
1673 - Francesco Feroci, composer
1682 - John Hadley, mathematician/inventor (1st reflecting telescope)
1693 - Anne Sophie Reventlow, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1743)
1697 - Johann Gottlieb Gorner, composer
1703 - Caffarelli, [Gaetano Majorano], Italian castra singer/duke
1728 - Joseph Zwart, Scottish chemist/physicist
1738 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. 1795)
1755 - Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter (d. 1842)
1800 - Jozef Stefani, composer
1800 - William Chambers, author/publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding)
1800 - George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, British soldier (d. 1888)
1808 - Caleb Blood Smith, Secy Int (Union), (d. 1864)
1816 - Edward "Old Allegheny" Johnson, Major General (Confederate Army)
1820 - Georg Curtius, German classical linguist
1821 - Ford Maddox Brown, painter
1823 - Mother Joseph, [Esther Pariseau], religious leader (US capitol)
1823 - Orlando Bolivar Wilcox, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1907)
1823 - Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (d. 1852)
1827 - Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet (d. 1879)
1832 - John A Neuhuys, painter
1838 - Karel Bendl, composer
1844 - Anatole France, writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921)
1847 - Hans Auer, Swiss architect, (d. 1906)
1848 - Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Social Reformer of Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1919)
1850 - Herbert Baxter Adams, US, historian (American Historical Association)
1851 - Ernst Josephson, Sweden, artist
1859 - Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (d. 1924)
1861 - Isaac Murphy, US jockey (won 628 races)
1865 - Henry George Chauvel, Australian general (d. 1945)
1867 - Jose de Diego, Puerto Rico, patriot/PR Secretary of Justice
Aviator Wilbur WrightAviator Wilbur Wright (1867) 1867 - Wilbur Wright, Millville Indiana, American aviator (Wright Brothers)
1868 - Joel Angel, Russian musicologist/composer
1868 - Spottiswoode Aitken, Edinburgh Scot, actor (Eagle, Home Sweet Home)
1871 - John Millington Synge, Ireland, dramatist/poet (Riders to the Sea)
1871 - Martin Lunssens, composer
1878 - R E "Tip" Foster, cricketer (287 on debut England v Aust SCG 1903)
1881 - Edward Frederick Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax/ambassador to US (1940-46)
1882 - Seth Bingham, composer
1885 - Leo Weiner, Hungary, composer (Fasching)
1886 - Ernst Thalmann, German communist presidential candidate
1886 - Jekabs Graubins, composer
1886 - Konstantin Mostras, composer
1889 - Charles 'Charlie' Chaplin, actor/comedian (City Lights, Gold Rush), born in London, England
1893 - Federico Mompou, composer
1893 - Joseph Yasser, composer
1895 - Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer (d. 1948)
1897 - Arthur Charles Ernest Hoeree, composer
1897 - Jaap Vranken, Dutch organist/composer (Stabat Mater)
1897 - John B Glubb, British commandant/writer (A soldier with the Arabs)
1899 - Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (d. 1988)
1900 - Polly Adler, Russia, bordello proprieter/author (House is not a Home)
1901 - Karel Albert, Flemish composer (Marieken van Nymeghen)
1901 - Leo Poos, nazi police officer (caught Dutch underground agents)
1904 - Clifford Case, (Sen-R-NJ)
1904 - Fifi D'Orsay, Montreal, actress (Life Jimmy Dolan, Girl from Calgary)
1905 - John Lee-Barber, admiral
1906 - Bep [Elisa H] Bakhuis, Dutch soccer star/writer
1906 - Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, Dutch peace activist
1906 - Marion Lloyd Vince, Brooklyn New York, American fencer (National champ 1928, 31)
1906 - Pigmeat Markham, Durham NC, comedian (Here Comes da Judge-Laugh In)
1907 - August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal (d. 1947)
1907 - Joseph-Armand Bombardier, French-Canadian inventor and businessman (Bombardier) (d. 1964)
1909 - Herman Uyttersprot, Flemish literature historian
1911 - Christine McIntyre, actress (3 Stooges movies)
1911 - William Stearn, botanist
1912 - David Langton, Scotland, actor (Quintet, St Joan, Abandon Ship)
1912 - John Halas, animator
1912 - Garth Williams, American illustrator (d. 1996)
1912 - Catherine Scorsese, Italian-American actress (d. 1997)
1913 - Constance Shacklock, opera singer
1913 - Les Tremayne, actor (Angry Red Planet, War of the Worlds), born in London, England
1913 - Lord Aberconway, CEO (John Brown & Co)
1914 - John Hodiak, actor (A Bell for Adamo, Lifeboat), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
1915 - Dany [Daniel S] Tuijnman, head of Dutch traffic & water
1915 - Gerard McLarnon, actor/writer
1917 - Barry Nelson, American actor (d. 2007)
1917 - Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist, born in Berlin, Germany
Comedian and author Spike MilliganComedian and author Spike Milligan (1918) 1918 - Spike Milligan, India, actor/comedian (Digby, 3 Musketeers)
1918 - Joan Alexander, American actress
1918 - Dick Gibson, British racing driver
1919 - Merce Cunningham, choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus)
1919 - Tom Willmore, English geometer (d. 2005)
1920 - Barry Nelson, actor (Airport, My Favorite Husband), born in Oakland, California
1920 - Dermot O'Callaghan Grubb, prison governor
1920 - John William Farr, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Detroit, Michigan
1920 - Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo)
1921 - Peter Ustinov, actor (Death on Nile, Logan's Run, Billy Budd), born in London, England
1922 - Christopher Samuel Youd, UK, sci-fi author (Tripods Trilogy), (d. 2012)
1922 - Kingsley Amis, novelist (Lucky Jim, James Bond Dossier), born in London, England
1922 - Leo Tindemans, Belgian statesman, Prime Minister of Belgium (1974-78), born in Zwijndrecht,

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Comedian and Actor Michael PalinComedian and Actor Michael Palin (1966) 1966 - Actor and comedian Michael Palin (22) weds Helen Gibbins
1994 - Singer Harry Connick Jr (26) weds model Jill Goodare (30) at St. Louis Cathedral in New Orleans, Louisiana
1996 - Singer Judy Collins (57) weds industrial designer Louis Nelson (59) at Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City
2005 - One Tree Hill actress Sophia Bush (23) weds actor Chad Michael Murray (24) at Hotel Casa Del Mar in Santa Monica, California
2005 - "Survivor: All-Stars" winner Amber Mariano (26) weds The Amazing Race star Rob Mariano (29) at the Atlantis Resort on Paradise Island in the Bahamas

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1816 - Leading Romantic Age poet Lord Byron signs Deed of Separation dissolving his marriage with Lady Byron at her request after 1 year of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 113

69 - Marcus Salvius Otho, Roman Emperor (b. 32)
744 - al-Walid II, Umayyad caliph
924 - Berengar of Friuli, King of Italy
1113 - Sviatopolk II of Kiev, Russian prince (b. 1050)
1118 - Adelaide del Vasto, wife of Roger II of Sicily
1198 - Duke Frederick I of Austria
1446 - Filippo Brunelleschi, architect, dies
1496 - David van Bourgondie, Bishop of Utrecht (1456-96), dies at about 69
1529 - Louis de Berquin, French humanist/reformer/heretic, burned at stake
1619 - Denijs Calvaert/Caluwaert, [Dionisio Fiamingo], Flemish painter, dies
1645 - Tobias Hume, English composer
1687 - George Villiers 2nd duke of Buckingham, dies at 59
1689 - Aphra Behn, English dramatist (b. 1640)
1743 - Cornelis van Bijnkershoek, Dutch lawyer (Roman law), dies at 69
1756 - Jacques Cassini, Fr astronomer (Discover rings of Saturn), dies at 79
1760 - Laurence, 4th Earl Ferrers, executed for murder of his steward
1783 - Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (b. 1719)
1788 - Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French naturalist (b. 1707)
1825 - John Henry Fuseli, painter/art writer (Tracks in the Snow), dies at 84
1828 - Francisco Goya y Lucientes, Spanish painter/cartoonist, dies at 82
1846 - Domenico Dragonetti, composer, dies at 83
Wax Museum Creator Madame TussaudWax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud (1850) 1850 - Marie [Gresholtz] Tussaud, maker of wax figures, dies at 88
1858 - Johann Baptist Cramer, Ger/Brit pianist/composer/publisher, dies at 87
1859 - Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian (b. 1805)
1860 - Carolina, duchess of Berry/daughter of crown prince of Naples, dies
1865 - Robert C Tyler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
1870 - Anatoli O Demidov, Russian ruler of Donato/traveller, dies
1876 - Augustin-Philippe Peellaert, composer, dies at 83
1879 - Bernadette, st/(saw Virgin Mary at Lourdes), dies in Nevers France
1881 - George William Martin, composer, dies at 56
1888 - Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (b. 1845)
1899 - Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary (b 1875)
1904 - Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (b. 1888)
1904 - Samuel Smiles, Scottish writer and reformer (b. 1812)
1914 - George W Hill, US astronomer (moon orbit), dies at 76
1915 - Nelson W. Aldrich, American politician (b. 1841)
1916 - Tom Horan, cricketer (15 Tests for Aust, 471 runs, 11 wickets), dies
1920 - John Conrad Nordqvist, composer, dies at 80
1924 - Jack Board, cricket wicket-keeper (Eng in 6 Tests 1898-1906), dies
1928 - Henry Birks, Canadian businessman, founder of Henri Birks and Sons (b. 1840)
1929 - Abraham van Stolk Jzn, art collector, dies at 57
1930 - José Carlos Mariátegui, Peruvian journalist, political philosopher and activist (b. 1894)
1938 - Bertram Wagstaff Mills, circus proprietor, dies
1938 - Steve Bloomer, English footballer (b. 1874)
1941 - Josiah Charles Stamp, 1st baron/statisician, dies
1946 - Arthur Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver and automobile designer (b. 1884)
1947 - Rudolf Höß, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1900)
1949 - Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka, Indon communist, executed at 54
1951 - Emile Erens, Dutch hagiographer (Pastor of Ars), dies at 85
1955 - Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded
Chemist and Molecular Biologist Rosalind FranklinChemist and Molecular Biologist Rosalind Franklin (1958) 1958 - Rosalind Franklin, British chemist (b. 1920)
1959 - Charles Halton, dies at 83
1968 - Edna Ferber, American author (American Beauty), dies at 82
1968 - Fay Bainter, actress (Jezebel, Our Town, State Fair), dies at 76
1970 - Richard Neutra, American architect (b. 1892)
1972 - Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese author (Nobel 1968), dies at 72
1978 - Lucius D Clay, gen/gov US zone W-Germany (airlift), dies at 80
1981 - Eric Hollies, cricketer (13 Tests for England, 44 wickets), dies
1985 - Scott Brady, [Gerald Tierney], actor (Shotgun Slade), dies at 60
1988 - Abu Jihad, [Khalil al-Wazzir], PLO-leader, murdered
1988 - Clifford Roach, cricketer (16 Tests early in WI cricket history), dies
1988 - Jacques de Kadt, Dutch 2nd chamber member (soc-dem), dies at 90
1988 - Khalil al-Wazir, PLO milt commander, assassinated by Israeli commandos
1988 - Warde Donovan, dies at 72
1989 - Tawfieq Yusuf Awwaad, Lebanese writer, dies
1991 - David Lean, film director (Doctor Zhivago, Lawrence of Arabia), dies of pneumonia at 83
1992 - Andy Russell, drummer/vocalist (Your Hit Parade), dies of stroke at 72
1992 - Frank Killmond, dies at 58
1992 - Neville Brand, American actor (Stalag 17), dies of emphysema at 71
1993 - John P W Meefout, sculptor (Laying wife), dies at 77
1994 - John McLiam, dies of Parkinson's disease at 75
1994 - Ralph Waldo Ellison, US writer (Invisible Man), dies at 80
1994 - Ron Vawter, US actor (Roy Cohn, The Silence of the Lambs), dies at 45
1994 - Samuel Selvon, author, dies at 70
1995 - Arthur English, comedian, dies at 75
1995 - Cheyenne Brando, daughter of Marlon, commits suicide
1995 - Cyril Enfield, film Director, dies at 80
1995 - Stewart Myles MacPherson, broadcaster, dies at 86
1995 - Iqbal Masih, Pakistani child slave labourer, activist (b. 1982)
1996 - Lucille Bremer, dancer/actress (Ziegfeld Follies), dies at 73
1996 - Madeleine Bourdouxhe, writer, dies at 89
1996 - Raymond Earl Hill, saxophonist, dies at 62
1996 - Stavros Spyros Niarchos, Greek shipowner, dies at 86
1997 - Emilio Azcarraga Milmo, media tycoon, dies at 66
1997 - Mae Boren Axton, song writer (Heartbreak Hotel), dies at 82
1997 - Michael Stroka, actor (Aristede-Dark Shadows), dies of cancer at 57
1997 - Roland Topor, French illustrator (b. 1938)
1998 - Fred Davis, English snooker player (b. 1913)
1998 - Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (b. 1920)
1999 - Skip Spence, Canadian-born guitarist, singer and songwriter (Jefferson Airplane) (b. 1946)
2001 - Alec Stock, English football manager (b. 1917)
2002 - Ruth Fertel, American restaurateur (b. 1927)
2002 - Robert Urich, American actor (b. 1946)
2003 - Graham Jarvis, Canadian actor, dies of multiple myeloma at 72
2003 - Graham Stuart Thomas, English author and garden designer (b. 1909)
2005 - Kay Walsh, British actress (b. 1911)
2005 - Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (b. 1943)
2005 - Marla Ruzicka, American humanitarian worker and peace activist (b. 1976)
2006 - Francisco Adam, Portuguese actor and model (b. 1983)
2007 - Gaetan Duchesne, Canadian hockey player (b. 1962)

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