- 527 Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire
- 1086 Results of the Domesday inquiry presented to William the Conqueror in Salisbury (the date of compilation and the Great Domesday are historically contestable)
- 1774 Joseph Priestley, English theologian, chemist and author discovers oxygen
- 1834 Slavery abolished throughout the British Empire - Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into effect
- 1936 Adolf Hitler opens 11th Olympic Games in Berlin
- 1958 US atomic submarine USS Nautilus begins 1st transit of North Pole "operation Sunshine"
First Scout camp opens on Brownsea Island, in Poole Harbour, Dorset
On August 1, 1907