- 43 BC Octavian, later known as Augustus, compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul.
- 1839 Details of Louis Daguerre's 1st practical photographic process are released in Paris
- 1942 World War II: Over 4,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed, wounded or captured raiding Dieppe, France
- 1988 Iran-Iraq begin a cease-fire in their 8-year-old war (11 PM EDT)
- 1991 Conservative members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union attempt to depose Mikhail Gorbachev in a coup d'état
- 2010 Operation Iraqi Freedom ends, with the last of the United States brigade combat teams crossing the border to Kuwait
The Chinese Community in South Africa is granted 'White' status
On August 19, 1970