- 1653 New Amsterdam becomes a city (later renamed New York)
- 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico & Arizona for $15 million
- 1901 Queen Victoria's funeral takes place.
- 1922 James Joyce's "Ulysses" published in Paris (1,000 copies)
- 1943 German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad, turning point in Europe during WW II
- 1971 Idi Amin ousts Milton Obote to become dictator of Uganda
British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe"
On February 2, 1709