On This Day for 29th February

Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1504 Columbus uses a lunar eclipse to frighten hostile Jamaican Indians

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1692 First people are accused of witchcraft in Salem Massachusetts - Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba, a West Indian slave
  • 1696 English ex-premier Earl Danby accused of corruption
  • 1704 French & Indians attack Deerfield, Mass, kill 50, abduct 100
  • 1712 February 29 is followed by February 30 in Sweden, in a move to abolish the Swedish calendar for a return to the Old style.
  • 1720 Queen Ulrica Eleonora of Sweden resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1784 Marquis de Sade transferred from Vincennes fortress to the Bastille

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1796 Jay's Treaty proclaimed, settles some differences with England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 Charles Darwin visits jungle near Bahia Brazil

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1836 Giacomo Meyerbeers opera "Les Huguenots," premieres in Paris
  • 1848 The Principality of Neuchâtel declares itself independent of Prussia
  • 1856 Hostilities in Russo-Turkish War cease
  • 1868 1st British government of Disraeli forms
  • 1880 Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy completed
  • 1892 Britain & US sign treaty on seal hunting in Bering Sea
  • 1892 St. Petersburg, Florida is incorporated.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Theodore Roosevelt, appoints 7-man Panama Canal Commission to proceed with completing a canal at the Isthmus

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1908 Dutch scientists produce solid helium
  • 1920 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • 1932 Failed coup attempt by fascist Lapua Movement in Finland
  • 1932 TIME magazine features eccentric American politician William "Alfalfa" Murray on its cover after Murray stated his intention to run for President of the United States.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 US President Roosevelt signs 2nd Neutrality Actct

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1940 45 U boats sunk this month (170,000 ton)
  • 1940 Frederic from G & S "Pirates of Penzance" finally released by pirate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hattie McDaniel becomes 1st black woman to win an Oscar

  • 1940 12th Academy Awards - "Gone with the Wind" wins eight Oscars, Robert Donat & Vivien Leigh also win
  • 1940 Finland initiates Winter War peace negotiations
  • 1944 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
  • 1944 US troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II, is run down and injured by a Nazi truck in Krakow

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1948 Stern-group bomb Cairo-Haifa train, 27 British soldiers died
  • 1952 Ice Dance Championship at Paris France won by Westwood & Demmy GRB
  • 1952 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Ria Falk & Paul Falk of GER
  • 1952 Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Jacqueline du Bief of FRA
  • 1952 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button USA
  • 1952 The island of Heligoland is restored to German authority.
  • 1956 Islamic Republic forms in Pakistan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 President Eisenhower announces he would seek a 2nd term

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 1st playboy club, featuring bunnies, opens in Chicago

Playboy Founder & Businessman Hugh Hefner
Playboy Founder & Businessman
Hugh Hefner
  • 1960 Agadir earthquake in Morocco kills a third of the population (12,000-15,000)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 JFK makes "missile gap" the presidential campaign issue

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1960 KRET TV channel 23 in Richardson, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 "Rugantino" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 28 performances
  • 1964 Frank Rugani sets badminton shuttlecock distance record, 24.3 m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 LBJ reveals US secretly developed the A-11 jet fighter

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1964 NC high school basketball teams play to 56-54 score in 13 overtime
  • 1968 1st pulsar announced (CP 1919 by Jocelyn Burnell at Cambridge)
  • 1968 Beatles' "Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" wins Grammy

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1968 Howard Hanson's 6th Symphony, premieres

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • 1968 US end regular flights with nuclear bombs
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders (Kerner Comm) reports against racism & demands aid given to blacks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Hank Aaron becomes 1st baseball player to sign for $200,000 a year

Baseball Player Hank Aaron
Baseball Player
Hank Aaron
  • 1972 Jack Anderson discloses Dita Beard (ITT) memo indicating antitrust charges were dropped for $400,000 contribution to Republican Party
  • 1976 ABC-TV broadcast premiere of 1965's hit "The Sound of Music"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Gordie Howe becomes 1st NHL player to score 800 career goals

Ice Hockey Legend Gordie Howe
Ice Hockey Legend
Gordie Howe
  • 1980 Michael Bracey ends 59 h 55 m trapped in an elevator, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Pierre Trudeau announces he is stepping down after 15 years as Canadian Prime Minister

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 1988 KWK-FM in St Louis Missouri changes call letters to WKBG
  • 1988 Mark Greatbatch scores 107* v England on Test Cricket debut

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 NYC Mayor Koch calls Reagan a "WIMP" in the war on drugs

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1988 Nazi document implicates Waldheim in WW II deportations
  • 1992 Dawn Coe wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
  • 1992 Professional Spring Football League begins
  • 1996 Kenya defeat West Indies (all out 93) in Cricket World Cup
  • 1996 Soyuz TM-23, lands
  • 2004 Jean-Bertrand Aristide resigns as President of Haiti following popular rebel uprising.

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

2004 76th Academy Awards - "The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King," Sean Penn & Charlize Theron win

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 110

  • 1468 Paul III, last Renaissance Pope (1534-49)
  • 1692 Edward Cave, England, printer (Gentlemen's Magazine)
  • 1692 John Byrom, English poet (d. 1763)
  • 1696 Esprit Joseph Antoine Blanchard, composer
  • 1724 Eva Marie Veigel, ballet dancer and wife of actor David Garrick (d. 1822)
  • 1728 Robert Bage, English writer (Criticism by Peter Faulkner)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1736 Ann Lee, American founder of the Shakers, born in Manchester, England (d. 1784)

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee
  • 1784 Franz KL von Klenze, German architect (Hermitage, St-Petersburg)
  • 1792 Gioacchino Rossini, Pesaro Italy, composer (Barber of Seville)
  • 1792 Karl Ernst von Baler, Russia, naturalist (discovered human ovum)
  • 1796 [Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet, Belgian astronomer/meteorology
  • 1812 Hermann Hirschboch, German composer
  • 1812 Sir James Wilson, Premier of Tasmania (d. 1880, also on 29 February)
  • 1820 Adolf Schimon, composer
  • 1828 Antonio Guzman Blanco, president Venezuela

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1840 John Philip Holland, Liscannor Ireland, father of the modern submarine

  • 1852 Frank Gavan Duffy, Australian judge (d. 1936)
  • 1860 Herman Hollerith, inventor (1st electric tabulating machine)
  • 1884 Alfred Sendrey, composer
  • 1892 Augusta Savage (Fells), Green Cove Springs Florida, African-American sculptor and equal rights advocate
  • 1896 Omer C F L Tulippe, Belgian geographer
  • 1896 Ranchhodji Morarji Desai, premier of India (1977-79)
  • 1896 Stanley Swash, CEO (Woolworths)
  • 1896 William W Wellman, director (Star is Born), born in Brookline, Massachusetts
  • 1896 Wladimir Rudolfovich Vogel, composer
  • 1904 Alan Richardson, composer
  • 1904 Jimmy Dorsey, Shenandoah Pa, orchestra leader (Stage Show)
  • 1904 John "Pepper" Martin, baseballer (NL stolen base leader 1933,34,36)
  • 1904 Adolph Blaine Charles David Earl Frederick Gerald Hubert Irvin John Kenneth Lloyd Martin Nero Oliver Paul Quincy Randolph Sherman Thomas Uncas Victor William Xerxes Yancy Zeus Wolfeschlegelsteinhausen
  • 1904 Rukmini Devi Arundale, Indian dancer and founder of Kalakshetra (d. 1986)
  • 1908 Alf Gover, cricketer (bowled in 4 Tests for England/famous coach)
  • 1908 Balthus, painter (Valerie)
  • 1920 Arthur Franz, Perth Amboy NJ, actor (Invaders From Mars, Young Lions)
  • 1920 James Mitchell, actor (Palmer-All My Children), born in Sacramento, California
  • 1920 Louise Wood, director of Girl Scouts of USA (1961-72)
  • 1920 Michèle Morgan, French actress
  • 1920 Ivan Petrov, Russian operatic bass (d. 2003)
  • 1924 David Beattie, British governor-general of NZ
  • 1924 Otto Hutter, physiologist
  • 1924 Al Rosen, American baseball player (Cleveland Indians) and baseball executive, born in Spartanburg, South Carolina (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Alan Loveday, British(?) violinist
  • 1928 Joss Ackland, actor (Queenie, To Kill a Priest), born in London, England
  • 1928 McHenry Boatwright, signer
  • 1928 Terry Lewis, Australian police commissioner
  • 1928 Tempest Storm, American burlesque performer
  • 1932 Gavin Stevens, cricket (Australian bat on 59-60 India/Pakistan tour)
  • 1932 Jaguar, Brazilian cartoonist
  • 1932 Gene Golub, American mathematician (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Masten Gregory, American F1 Driver (d. 1985)
  • 1932 Reri Grist, African-American coloratura soprano
  • 1936 Alex Rocco, American actor (The Godfather, The Famous Teddy Z), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2015)
  • 1936 Alwin Schockemohle, Germany, equestrian jumper (Olympic-gold-1976)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1936 Henri "The Pocket-Rocket" Richard, NHL center (Montreal Canadiens), born in Montreal, Quebec

Ice Hockey Great Henri Richard
Ice Hockey Great
Henri Richard
  • 1936 Jack R Lousma, Col USMC/astronaut (Skylab 3, STS-3), born in Grand Rapids Michigan
  • 1940 Gretchen Christopher, British(?) pop singer
  • 1940 Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople
  • 1944 David Briggs, record producer
  • 1944 Phyllis Frelich, Devil's Lake ND, actor (Love is Never Silent)
  • 1944 Paolo Eleuteri Serpieri, Italian illustrator
  • 1944 Ene Ergma, Estonian politician
  • 1944 Dennis Farina, actor (Get Shorty, Law & Order, Crime Story), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2013)
  • 1948 Nikolai Pimenov, USSR, coxless pair rowers (Olympic-silver-1976)
  • 1948 Patricia [Anne] McKillip, US, sci-fi author (Fool's Run)
  • 1948 Yuri Pimenov, USSR, coxless pair rowers (Olympic-silver-1976)
  • 1948 Jirō Akagawa, Japanese novelist
  • 1952 Bart Stupak, (Rep-D-Michigan)
  • 1952 Raisa Smetanina, USSR, cross country skier (Olympic-gold-1976, 80, 92)
  • 1952 Raul Gonzalez, Mexican 50K speed walker (world record)
  • 1952 Tim[othy] Powers, American sci-fi author (Last Call, Declare), born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1952 Sharon Dahlonega Raiford Bush, American television personality
  • 1956 Randy Jackson, rocker (Zebra-I Don't Know, I Don't Care)
  • 1956 Jonathan Coleman, Anglo-Australian entertainer
  • 1956 Bob Speller, Canadian politician
  • 1956 Aileen Wuornos, American serial killer (d. 2002)
  • 1956 J. Randy Taraborrelli, American celebrity journalist
  • 1960 Ian McKenzie Anderson, British musician
  • 1960 Khaled, Algerian raï musician
  • 1960 Tony Robbins, American motivational speaker
  • 1960 Richard Ramirez, El Paso, Texas, serial killer (Night Stalker)
  • 1964 Henrik Sundstrom, Sweden, tennis star
  • 1964 James RB Ogilvy, son of English princess Alexandra
  • 1964 Jahred Shane, Afro-Brazilian rapper/singer of Hed PE
  • 1968 Bryce Paup, NFL linebacker (Green Bay Packers, Buffalo Bills)
  • 1968 Cary Conklin, NFL quarterback (SF 49ers)
  • 1968 Chucky Brown, NBA forward (Houston Rockets, Atlanta Hawks)
  • 1968 Gonzalo Lira, Chilean-American novelist
  • 1968 Pete Fenson, American curler
  • 1968 Naoko Iijima, Japanese actress
  • 1968 Eugene Volokh, American law professor
  • 1968 Frank Woodley, Australian comedian
  • 1972 Antonio Sabato Jr, actor (Jagger Cates-General Hospital)
  • 1972 Chris Devine, Allentown Pa, diver (Olympics-96)
  • 1972 Cyrus Beasley, Rowe NY, rower (Olympics-1996)
  • 1972 Fabien Bownes, NFL wide receiver (Chicago Bears)
  • 1972 Mark Farraway, CFL offensive linebacker (Edmonton Eskimos)
  • 1972 Dave Williams, American singer (Drowning Pool) (d. 2002)
  • 1976 Bryan Gillooly, Auburn NY, diver (Olympics-96)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1976 Ja Rule, American rapper and actor

Rapper Ja Rule
Ja Rule
  • 1976 Emma Barton, English actress
  • 1976 Terrence Long, American baseball player

Famous Weddings

  • 1816 Dutch (King) Willem II marries Russian grand-duchess Anna Paulowna
  • 1996 Fashion designer Nicole Miller (44) weds Kim Taipale (42) in the office of New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani
  • 2012 "Diagnosis Murder" actor Dick Van Dyke (86) weds make-up artist Arlene Silver (40) in Malibu

Famous Deaths

  • 468 Pope St. Hilarius (461-468), calendar reformer, dies (birth date unknown)
  • 1528 Patrick Hamilton, Scottish protestant martyr, burned at stake
  • 1592 Alessandro Striggio, Italian composer (b. 1540)
  • 1604 John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury (1583-1604), dies at about 74
  • 1740 Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal (b. 1667)
  • 1744 John Theophilus Desaguliers, French philosopher (b. 1683)
  • 1820 Johann Joachim Eschenburg, German literary critic (b. 1743)
  • 1844 Thaddaus Weigl, composer, dies at 67
  • 1852 John Landseer, printer/engraver (Royal Academy), dies
  • 1868 Ludwig/Louis I, King of Bavaria, dies at 81
  • 1880 Sir James Wilson, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1812, also on 29 February)
  • 1908 Pat Garrett, U.S. gunslinger
  • 1908 John Hope, 1st Marquess of Linlithgow, first Governor-General of Australia (as Lord Hopetoun)
  • 1916 Edward H J Keurvels, Flemish conductor/composer (Parisina), dies at 62
  • 1928 Adolphe Appia, Swiss set designer/theorist, dies at 65
  • 1928 Armando V Diaz, Italian marshal/minister of War (1922-24), dies at 66
  • 1928 Ina Coolbrith, first poet laureate of California (b. 1841)
  • 1932 "Big Ed" Morris, pitcher (Boston Red Sox), dies
  • 1940 Edward Frederic Benson, novelist, dies
  • 1944 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, President of Finland (b. 1861)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956 Elpidio Quirino, 6th President of Philippines (1949-53), dies at 65

6th President of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino
6th President of the Philippines
Elpidio Quirino

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1960 Melvin Purvis, American FBI Agent, dies of a self-inflicted gunshot wound at 56

FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis
  • 1964 Frank Albertson, actor (Room Service), dies at 55
  • 1964 Victor van Straelen, Flemish biologist/paleontologist, dies at 74
  • 1968 Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (b. 1886)
  • 1980 Yigol Alton, Israeli Foreign Minister, dies at 61
  • 1980 Gil Elvgren, American artist (b. 1914)
  • 1984 Roland Culver, actor (Thunderball), dies of heart problems at 83
  • 1992 Earl Scheib, CEO (Earl Scheib Auto Paint), dies at 85
  • 1992 Johnny Mack, British actor (Time Lord-Dr Who), dies at 70
  • 1992 Ruth Pitter, English poet (b. 1897)
  • 1996 Duncan Stuart Wilson Fighter pilot-MacDonald, dies at 83
  • 1996 Joe Minogue, journalist, dies at 72
  • 1996 John Grant, rear-admiral, dies at 87
  • 1996 Wes Farrell, songwriter, dies at 56
  • 2000 Dennis Danell, American artist (b. 1961)
  • 2004 Jerome Lawrence, American playwright (b. 1915)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2012 Davy Jones, English musician, dies from heart attack at 66

Singer Davy Jones
Davy Jones