This Day in History for 9th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 195

474 - Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire together with his son Leo II.
1267 - Synod of Breslau orders Jews of Silesia to wear special caps
1499 - France & Venice sign treaty against Milan
1537 - Pope Paul III routes Cardinal Pole to England
1540 - The first recorded race meet in England (Roodee Fields, Chester)
1554 - Battle at London: Sir Thomas Wyatt defeated and his rebellion against Queen Mary crushed
1555 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake for heresy
1574 - Louis of Nassau ends siege of Maastricht
1621 - Alexander Ludovisi is elected Pope Gregory XV (-1623)
1667 - Treaty of Andrussovo: Russia/Poland signs peace treaty
1674 - English reconquer NY from Netherlands
1682 - Thomas Otway's "Venice Preserved" premieres in London
1742 - Sir Robert Walpole, often referred to as the first British Prime Minister, enobled as 1st Earl of Orford
1744 - Battle at Toulon (French/Spanish vs English fleet of Adm Matthews)
1775 - British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony is in rebellion
1788 - Austria declares war on Russia
1799 - USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgents off Nevis, W I
1801 - France & Austria sign Peace of Luneville
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1807 - French Sanhedrin convened by Napoleon
1822 - American Indian Society organizes
1822 - Haiti invades the newly founded Dominican Republic.
1825 - House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams 6th US president
1849 - Roman Republic declared in Rome replacing following flight of Pope Pius IX
1861 - Jefferson Davis & Alexander Stephens elected President & VP of the Confederate States of America (US Civil War)
1861 - Tennessee votes against secession (US Civil War)
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United StatesPage one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States 1861 - Confederate Provisional Congress declares all laws under the US Constitution were consistent with constitution of Confederate states (US Civil War)
1870 - US Army establishes US National Weather Service
1871 - Federal fish protection office authorized by Congress
1885 - 1st Japanese arrive in Hawaii
US President Grover ClevelandUS President Grover Cleveland 1886 - US President Grover Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese violence
1889 - The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.
1891 - 1st shipment of asparagus arrives in SF from Sacramento
1893 - Canal builder De Lesseps & others sentenced to prison for fraud
1893 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Falstaff" premieres in Milan
1895 - 1st intercollegiate basketball game (Minn Agricult beats Hamline, 9-3)
1895 - Volleyball invented by W G Morgan in Massachusetts
1900 - Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup
1904 - Japanese land troops at Chemulpo (Inchon), near Seoul, Korea; within the next three weeks they will have advanced to the Yalu River, border of Manchuria
1906 - Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu uprising
Composer Giuseppe VerdiComposer Giuseppe Verdi 1909 - 1st federal legislation prohibiting narcotics (opium)
1909 - 1st forestry school is incorporated at Kent, Ohio
1912 - US Tennis Association amends rule taking bye away from defending champion
1913 - -18] 10 Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die
1916 - Britain's military service act enforced (conscription)
1916 - NL votes down a proposal by Giants, Braves, & Cubs to increase club player limit from 21 to 22 (The Reds want to decrease to 20)
1918 - US Army chaplain school organizes at Ft Monroe, Va
1918 - Sacha Guitry's "Deburan" premieres in Paris
1920 - International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard
1920 - Joint Rules Com bans foreign substances & alterations to baseballs
1922 - Italian government of Bonomi falls
1922 - Snow on Mauna Loa, Hawaii
1922 - Brazil becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1922 - The World War Foreign Debt Commission is established by Congress to settle the problem of Allied war and postwar loands
1923 - Soviet Aeroflot airlines forms
1924 - Nakhichevan ASSR constituted within Azerbaijan SSR
1925 - German Minister Stresemann proposes security treaty with France
1925 - Haifa Technion (Israel) opens
1926 - Teaching theory of evolution forbidden in Atlanta, Georgia schools
1929 - USSR, Estonia, Latvia, Poland & Romania sign Litvinov's Pact, providing for renunciation of war among its signatories
1932 - USA enters Olympic 2-man bobsled competition for 1st time
1932 - US airship Columbia crashes during storm (Flushing, NY)
1933 - -63°F (-53°C), Moran, Wyoming (state record)
1934 - -14.3°F (-25.7°C), coldest day in New York City
1934 - -51°F (-46°C), Vanderbilt, Michigan (state record)
1934 - Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania)
1935 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
1935 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
1939 - Belgian Spaak government falls
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe LouisBoxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis 1940 - Joe Louis beats Arturo Godoy in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1941 - British troops conquer El Agheila
1941 - Nazi collaborators destroy pro-Jewish café Alcazar Amsterdam (Alcazar refused to hang "No Entry for Jews" signs in front of cafe)
1942 - Daylight Savings War Time goes into effect in US
1942 - Japanese troops land near Makassar, South Celebes
1942 - Philadelphia "Phillies" change nickname (temporarily) to "Phils"
1943 - FDR orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry
1943 - German riots at "plutocratenzoontjes", 1,200 in Vught Camp
1943 - Japanese troops evacuate Guadalcanal, ends epic WWII battle on the Solomon Islands in the Pacific
1943 - NL seeks buyer for Phillies as owner Gerry Nugent falls in arrears
1943 - Nazis arrest Dutch sons of rich parents
1944 - U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1945 - -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen
1945 - WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
1945 - The Battle of the Atlantic: HMS Venturer sinks U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway.
1946 - Dutch Labor Party (Dutch Social Democratic Party) forms
1947 - Bank robber Willie Sutton escapes jail in Philadelphia
1948 - WLWT TV channel 5 in Cincinnati, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
1950 - Sen Joseph McCarthy charges State Dept infested with 205 communists
1951 - St Louis Browns sign pitcher Satchel Paige, 45
1953 - "Adventures of Superman" TV series premieres in syndication
1953 - WNEP TV channel 16 in Scranton Wilkes-Barre, PA (ABC) 1st broadcast
1953 - General Walter Bedell Smith, USA, ends term as 4th director of CIA Allen W Dulles, becomes acting director of CIA
1954 - Mario Scelba forms new government in Italy
US Senator Joseph McCarthyUS Senator Joseph McCarthy 1955 - Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts crematory law
1955 - US federations of trade unions merge into AFL/CIO
1956 - -5°F (15°C) in Sicily
1956 - KHPL (now KWNB) TV channel 6 in Hayes Center, NB (ABC) 1st broadcast
1956 - R Lacoste follows Catroux as premier of Algeria
1959 - Coasters's "Charlie Brown" peaks at #2
1960 - AFL & NFL agree verbally to a no tampering pact
1961 - Joseph Ileo appointed premier of Congo

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 262

1404 - Constantine XI Dragases, last Byzantine Emperor
1441 - Ali Sjir Neva'i [Fani], Turkish poet/author (Mahbub al-kulub)
1533 - Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai (d. 1611)
1578 - Giambattista Andreini, Italian playwright/actor (L'adamo)
1579 - John Meursius, [van Meurs], Dutch historian
1602 - Franciscus van de Enden, Flemish jesuit/free thinker/tutor of Spinoza
1607 - Abraham Megerle, composer
1645 - Johann Aegidius Bach, German violistian (d. 1716)
1666 - George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (d. 1737)
1735 - Adriaan Kluit, Dutch historian
1741 - Henri-Joseph Rigel, composer
1744 - Amos Bull, composer
1748 - Luther Martin, American patriot (d. 1826)
1756 - Karel Blazej Kopriva, composer
1763 - Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Baden (d. 1830)
1769 - Susette Gontard, the beloved of the poet Friedrich Hölderlin (d. 1802)
1771 - Daniel Belknap, composer
9th US President William Henry Harrison9th US President William Henry Harrison (1773) 1773 - William Henry Harrison, Charles City Virginia, 9th President of the United States (March 4-April 4, 1841)
1775 - Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungary, mathematician (parallel axiom)
1780 - Walenty Karol Kratzer, composer
1781 - Johann Baptist von Spix, German scientist (d. 1826)
1783 - Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (d. 1852)
1789 - Franz Xaver Gabelsberger, German inventor of the stenography (d. 1849)
1808 - Francesco Gomez da Rocha, composer
1814 - Samuel Jones Tilden, philanthropist for NY Public Library
1822 - Charles T Stork, Dutch industrialist
1826 - John Alexander Logan, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
1830 - Abd-ul-Aziz, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1876)
1834 - Felix Dahn, writer
1834 - Franz Xaver Witt, composer
1839 - Silas Adams, American lawyer and politician (d. 1896)
1846 - Wilhelm Maybach, German engineer, designer of 1st Mercedes
1846 - Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (d. 1904)
1853 - Leander Starr Jameson, PM of South African Cape colony
1854 - Aletta [Henriette] Jacobs, 1st Dutch female physician
1854 - Edward Carson, 1st Baron Carson, lawyer/leader (Irish Unionist Party)
1857 - Johannes T de Visser, theologist/Dutch 1st minister of Education
1863 - Anthony Hope [Hopkins], novelist, born in London, England
1865 - Erich von Drygalski, Germany, geographer/glaciologist/Antarctic expl
1865 - Mrs [Beatrice] Patrick Campbell, England, actress (Pygmalion)
1866 - George Ade, US, journalist/playwright/humorist (Fables in Slang)
1867 - Edward Naylor, composer
1871 - Franc S Finzgar, Slovenian clergyman/writer (Our Blood)
1871 - Howard T Ricketts, US pathologist (studied typhus fever)
1874 - Amy Lowell, US poet/critic (Patterns, Sword Blades & Poppy Seed)
1874 - Vsevolod Meyerhold, Russian theatrical director/actor (Houligan)
1875 - Sidney Hugo Nicholson, composer
1876 - Martin Stixrud, Norway, figure skater (Olympic-bronze-1920)
1879 - Carl Natanael Berg, composer
1879 - Jacques Bainville, French historian/essayist/journalist
1880 - Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1959)
1882 - Thomas Campbell, South African cricket wicketkeeper (5 Tests 1909-12)
1884 - Frederik Gerretson, [Geerten Gossaert], Dutch poet/politician)
1885 - Alban Maria Johannes Berg, a Lulu of a composer!, born in Vienna, Austria
1887 - Henry Zimmerman, baseball player (1912-batted .372 with 14 HRs)
1887 - Vital Celen, Flemish writer (Puppy Love)
1890 - Jacobus J P Oud, Dutch architect/co-founder (Stijl)
1891 - Pietro Nenni, Italy, socialist/minister of foreign affairs (1946-47)
1891 - Ronald Colman, England, 1947 Acad Award actor (Tale of 2 Cities)
1892 - Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer (Indonesian adat justice)
1892 - Peggy Wood, Brooklyn New York, American actress (One Life to Live, Mama)
1892 - Tommy Treichel, American professional wrestler (d. 1936)
1895 - Hermann Brill, German politician (d. 1959)
1897 - Charles Edward Kingsford-Smith, pioneer Australian aviator
1901 - Brian Donlevy, Ireland, actor (Barbary Coast, Glass Key, Wake Island)
1901 - James Murray, American actor (d. 1936)
1902 - Blanche Calloway, US vocalist/dancer (12 Clouds of Joy)
1902 - Chester H Lauck, Allene AR, actor (Dreaming Out Loud, 2 Weeks to Live)
1902 - Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, German women's leader (d. 1999)
1903 - Georg Trexler, composer
1906 - Gwen Catley, British(?) soprano
1906 - André Kostolany, stock market expert and speculator (d. 1999)
1907 - Aubrey "Dit" Clapper, NHL hall of famer (Boston Bruins)
1908 - Jackie Fields, US, featherweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1924)
1909 - Carmen Miranda, Brazil, vocalist/actress (Copacabana, Date With Judy)
1909 - Dean Rusk, US Secretary of State (1961-69)
1909 - Harald Genzmer, composer
1909 - Heather Angel, Oxford England, actress (Informer, Last of Mohicans)
1909 - John Eustace Theodore Brancker, lawyer/parliamentarian
1910 - Jacques Monod, French biochemist
1911 - Eustace Wenworth Roskill, law lord
1911 - William Darby, American WWII Army officer (d. 1945)
1912 - Hubert William Dean, air armaments specialist
1913 - Leo van der Kar, masseur/businessman/founder (Sports funds)
1914 - Bill "Rhymes with Wreck" Veeck, baseball club owner
1914 - Ernest Tubb, Tx, guitarist/singer (I'm Walking the Floor over You)
1914 - Max Manus, resistance fighter
1914 - Ralph Herman, Milwaukee Wisc, orchestra leader (Circus Time)
1915 - Lennard Pearce, English actor (d. 1984)
1916 - Tex Hughson, American baseball player (d. 1993)
1921 - B M Ducat-Amos, Air Commandant/director (RAF Nursing Service)
1921 - Charles Montgomery Monteith, publisher
1922 - James C "Jim" Laker, Bradford England, cricket off spinner
Irish Poet and Playwright Brendan BehanIrish Poet and Playwright Brendan Behan (1923) 1923 - Brendan Behan, author/poet (Hostage), born in Dublin, Ireland
1923 - Kathryn Grayson, NC, vocalist/actress (Anchors Aweigh, Kiss Me Kate)
1923 - Norman E Shumway, Mich, pioneer cardiac transplant surgeon
1924 - George Guest, British organist
1925 - Vic Wertz, baseball player
1925 - Burkhard Heim, German physicist (d. 2001)
1926 - Garret FitzGerald, Prime Minister of Ireland

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

Union General George Armstrong CusterUnion General George Armstrong Custer (1864) 1864 - Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer marries Elizabeth Clift Bacon
1957 - Actor Richard Harris (26) weds socialite Elizabeth Rees (20)
1989 - NBA power forward Charles Barkley (26) weds legal aide Maureen Blumhardt in Elkton, Maryland
1991 - Composer Andrew Lloyd Webber (42) weds equestrian Madeleine Gurdon (28) in Westminster, London

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

2012 - Actress Parminder Nagra files for divorce from photographer James Stenson due to irreconcilable differences after 3 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 115

1011 - Bernard I, Duke of Saxony
1199 - Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1147)
1450 - Agnès Sorel, mistress of King Charles VII of France (b. 1421)
1555 - John Hooper, deprived Bishop of Gloucester, burnt for heresy
1555 - Rowland Taylor, English pastor (executed) (b. 1510)
1567 - Henry Stuart, earl of Darnley/Consort of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered
1583 - Jeseph Sanalbo, Jewish convert in Rome, burned at stake
1588 - Marquis of Santa Cruz, Spanish admiral, dies
1617 - Hans Christoph Haiden, composer, dies at 44
1619 - Lucilio Vanini, Italian philosopher (b. 1585)
1640 - Murad IV, sultan of Turkey (1623-40), dies in Baghdad at 27
1670 - Frederik III, King of Denmark/Norway (1648-70), dies at 60
1675 - Gerrit Dou / Gerard Douw, Dutch painter (b. 1613)
1709 - François Louis, Prince of Conti, French general (b. 1664)
1740 - Vincenz Lubeck, composer, dies at 85
1751 - Henri F D'Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (1717..50), dies at 82
1752 - Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (b. 1722)
1765 - Elisabetta de Gambarini, composer, dies at 33
1777 - Seth Pomeroy, American gunsmith and soldier (b. 1706)
1782 - Joseph Aloysius Assemani, Syrian orientalist (b. 1710)
1803 - Jean François de Saint-Lambert, French poet (b. 1716)
1811 - Nevil Maskelyne, 5th Astronomer Royal of England (1765-1811), dies
1812 - Franz Anton Hoffmeister, composer, dies at 57
1817 - Franz Wilhelm Tausch, composer, dies at 54
1824 - Anna K Emmerick/Emmerich, German poet, dies at 49
1846 - Henry Gally Knight, architect/writer, dies
1849 - Corneille Vander Planken, composer, dies at 76
1857 - Dionysios Solomos, Greek poet of the Greek national anthem (b. 1798)
1860 - Eduard W van Dam van Isselt, Dutch milt/liberal politician, dies at 63
1874 - Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France), dies at 75
Novelist Fyodor DostoyevskyNovelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1881) 1881 - Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime & Punishment), dies at 59
1891 - Johan B Jongkind, Dutch/French painter (Winter View), dies at 71
1906 - Paul Laurence Dunbar, African American dialect poet, dies at 33 in Dayton, Ohio
1916 - Hynek Ignac Frantisek Vojacek, composer, dies at 90
1916 - Jack Barrett, cricketer (2 Tests for Australia 1890), dies
1917 - Francis Allan, cricket bowler (lefty in 1879 Aust-Eng Test), dies
1918 - Emiel van der Straeten, [Delrue], Flemish playwright, dies at 30
1924 - Nils Kj'r, Norwegian playwright (Det Lykkelige Valg), dies at 53
1932 - Junnosuke Inouye, Japanese minister of Finance, murdered
1935 - Karl Nef, Swiss musicologist, dies at 61
1936 - Jacques Bainville, French historian/essayist/journalist, dies at 57
1938 - Truby King, pioneer of mothercraft, dies
1940 - Eugene Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (b. 1857)
Poet Paul Laurence DunbarPoet Paul Laurence Dunbar (1906) 1943 - ... Reydons, wife of General Reydons, shot to death by resistance
1945 - George J L Maduro, resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau
1945 - Jan Bakker, resistance fighter, executed at 26
1948 - Karl Valentin, German comic/writer, dies at 65
1949 - Poul Julius Ouscher Schierbeck, composer, dies at 60
1951 - Eddy Duchin, American musician (b. 1910)
1952 - Norman Douglas, essayist/novelist, dies
1957 - Miklos Horthy von Nagybanya, Hung admiral/regent (1920-44), dies at 88
1960 - Ernst von Dohnanyi, US composer, dies at 82
1960 - Alexandre Benois, Russian artist (b. 1870)
1961 - Grigory Levenfish, Intl chess grandmaster from Russia, dies at 70
1964 - Willie Bryant, singer (Sugar Hill Times), dies at 55
1966 - Sophie Tucker, Russ/US singer/actress (My Yiddish Mama), dies at 79
1968 - Barbara Everest, actress (Inquest, Madeleine), dies at 77
1968 - Frederik M baron van Asbeck, lawyer (League of Nations), dies at 78
1969 - Manuel Plaza Reyes, Chilean marathoner (Oly-gold 1928), dies at 68
1969 - [George] Gabby Hayes, actor (Albuquerque, Colorado), dies at 83
1973 - Max Yasgur, owner Woodstock-festival farmland, dies at 53
1973 - Vasiliki Maliaros, Greek actress (b. 1883)
1974 - Cees de Lange, Dutch conferencier, dies at 60
1975 - Constant Burniaux, Belgian art historian (L'amour Vivre), dies at 82
1976 - Percy Faith, Canadian musician (b. 1908)
1977 - Denys Amiel, French dramatist/playwright (Le mouton noir), dies at 92
1977 - Gaus, an orangautan who lived to be 59
1977 - Sergei Ilyushin, Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin), dies at 82
1978 - Kimberly Leach, killed by Ted Bundy in Lake City Fla at 12
1978 - Costante Girardengo, Italian cyclist (b. 1893)
1978 - Julio Jaramillo, Ecuadorian singer (b. 1935)
1979 - C I J Smith, cricket all-rounder (5 Tests for England 1935-37), dies
1979 - Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
1980 - Antoine Pompe, Belgian architect, dies at 106
1980 - Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and novelist (b. 1900)
1981 - Bill Haley, vocalist (Rock Around Clock), dies of heart attack at 55
1984 - Balasaraswathi, Indian classical dancer, dies in Madras
1984 - Yuri Andropov, Gen Sec of Soviet Communist Party (1982-84), dies at 69
1989 - Osamu Tezuka, Japanese manga artist (b. 1928)
1991 - James Cleveland, American gospel singer, dies at 59
1993 - David Willis, British journalist (BBC World Service), dies at 54
1993 - Kate Wilkinson, actress (Clara-Another World), dies of cancer at 76
1993 - Nasrullah Mansoor, Afghan guerilla leader/governor of Paktia, dies
1994 - Arnold Smith, Brit 1st sec-gen of Commonwealth (1965-75), dies at 79
1994 - Jarmila Novotna, Czech/US soprano (Madame Butterfly), dies at 86
1994 - Louis Kaufman, US violinist/conductor (Gone with the Wind), dies at 88
1994 - Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1934)
1995 - David Wayne, [Wayne Mcmeekan], US actor (Dallas), dies at 81
1995 - J William Fulbright, (Sen-D-Ark)/anti-Vietnam War, dies at 89
1996 - Adolf Galland, general (Luftwaffe), dies at 83
1996 - Alistair Cameron Crombie, historian of science, dies at 80
1996 - Barry Troyna, teacher/educational sociologist, dies at 44
1996 - Charles Henry "Harry" Urwin, trade unionist, dies at 80
1996 - Gerald Savory, actor playwright/TV producer (3 Weeks), dies at 86
1996 - Neil Franklin, soccer star, dies at 74
1997 - Barry Evans, actor (Dr Upton-Dr in the House), dies at 53
1997 - Brian Connolly, lead singer (Sweet), dies of heart failure at 52
1998 - Laxness, Iceland's Nobel Literature laureate, dies at 95
1999 - Bryan Mosley, British actor (b. 1931)
2001 - Herbert Simon, American economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1916)

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