- 1656 Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands)
- 1790 1st US President George Washington delivers 1st state of the union address
- 1835 The United States national debt is 0 for the first and only time.
- 1916 WWI: ANZAC forces withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula after Ottoman forces successfully defend access to Constantinople
- 1926 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud becomes King of Nejd and Hejaz; forerunner of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- 1956 Elvis Presley's "Don't Be Cruel/Hound Dog" single goes #1 & stays #1 for a record 11 weeks (for a single)
Chiefs, representatives of people's and church organisations, and other prominent individuals form the African National Congress and declare its aim to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms
On January 8, 1912