- 1689 Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
- 1858 The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.
- 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted
- 1867 The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister
- 1916 First day of the Battle of the Somme: the British Army suffers its worst day, losing 19,240 men (WWI)
- 1921 The Communist Party of China is founded and Chen Duxiu elected its leader
1st Tour de France bicycle race begins
On July 1, 1903