- 626 Incident at Xuanwu Gate: in fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng
- 1776 Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States"
- 1823 Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
- 1940 Hitler orders invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion)
- 1964 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act into law
- 1990 Panic in tunnel of Mecca: 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death
Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana
On July 2, 1901