- 1687 Isaac Newton's great work PRINCIPIA published by Royal Society in England. Outlines his laws of motion and universal gravitation.
- 1811 Venezuela, 1st South American country to gain independence from Spain
- 1852 Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester in which he condemns the celebration as a hypocritical sham in a land where slavery still exists
- 1865 US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department
- 2004 First Indonesian presidential election by the nation.
Louis Reard's bikini swimsuit design debuts at Paris fashion show
On July 5th, 1946