- 1099 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
- 1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama departs on his first voyage - becomes first European to reach India by sea
- 1777 Vermont introduces new constitution making it 1st US state to abolish slavery
- 1800 Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination in the US to his son to prevent smallpox
- 1853 Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to Western influence and trade
- 1948 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin
On July 8, 1874