On This Day for 12th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 201

  • 538 Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.
  • 1054 Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome
  • 1088 Odo of Lagery elected as Pope Urban II, succeeding Victor III
  • 1144 Gherardo Caccianemici elected Pope Lucius II, succeeding Callistus II
  • 1350 Orvieto city says it will behead & burn Jewish-Christian couples
  • 1365 University of Vienna founded
  • 1455 First record of Johann Gutenberg's Bible, letter dated this day by Enea Silvio Piccolomini refers to the bible printed a year before
  • 1496 Jews are expelled from Syria
  • 1572 Luis Vaz de Camoes publishes "Os Lusíados" in Portugal
  • 1594 Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies
  • 1597 England routes troops to Amiens
  • 1609 Bermuda becomes an English colony
  • 1619 Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia
  • 1622 Ignatius of Loyola declared a saint
  • 1642 Abel Tasman is 1st European in New Zealand
  • 1664 1st naturalization act in American colonies
  • 1664 New Jersey becomes an English colony
  • 1689 Former English King James II lands in Ireland

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1737 Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1755 1st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine
  • 1773 Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago
  • 1794 Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt
  • 1799 Austria declares war on France
  • 1832 The ballet La Sylphide first premieres at the Opéra de Paris.
  • 1848 2nd republic established in France
  • 1849 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to Calif
  • 1850 1st US $20 gold piece issued

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1857 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Composer
Giuseppe Verdi
  • 1860 Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists
  • 1862 24th Grand National: Harry Lamplugh aboard The Huntsman wins
  • 1867 Last French troops leave Mexico
  • 1868 Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho)
  • 1868 US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
  • 1868 Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.
  • 1877 Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.
  • 1881 Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain.
  • 1884 Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
  • 1888 2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in NE US (400 die)
  • 1889 Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated
  • 1889 Start of South Africa's 1st Test, v England, Port Elizabeth
  • 1894 Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday
  • 1894 Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • 1896 1st movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220)
  • 1897 Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal" premieres in Brussells
  • 1900 President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
  • 1901 Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
  • 1903 NY Highlanders (Yankees) approved as members of AL
  • 1904 1st main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1904 Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • 1905 The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906
  • 1906 Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast
  • 1908 Stanley Cup: Mont Wanderers sweep Win Maple Leafs in 2 games
  • 1908 The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.
  • 1909 Alarmed over increasing German naval strength, Parliament passes a new naval appropriations bill
  • 1910 Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers beat Berlin (Kitchener), 7-3

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1912 Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low

Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA
Juliette Gordon Low
  • 1912 Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC
  • 1912 Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Botev Plovdiv
  • 1913 Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
  • 1916 French airship sinks British submarine D3
  • 1917 [OS Feb 27] Russian Duma sets up the Provisional Committee; Soviets form Executive Committee
  • 1917 Stalin, Kamenev & Muranov arrives in Petrograd/St Petersburg
  • 1917 A German submarine sinks an unamred US merchant ship, the 'Algonquin' on the same day that US President Wilson gives executive order to arm US merchant ships
  • 1919 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1919 George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC

  • 1925 British government of Baldwin refuses to ratify Geneva agreement
  • 1926 Denmark begins unilateral disarmament
  • 1926 Pope Pius XI names J E van Roey archbishop of Malines Belgium
  • 1928 In California, the St. Francis Dam fails, killing over 600 people.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1930 Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1930 Stanislawa Walasiewicz [Stella Walsh] sets record for the 220-yard dash (0:26.1)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1933 FDR conducts his 1st "fireside chat"

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 Acting Pres Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn Estonia
  • 1934 Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail
  • 1934 Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin
  • 1935 England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages
  • 1938 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
  • 1939 Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies
  • 1940 Finland surrenders to Russia during WW II, gives Karelische Isthmus
  • 1941 German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
  • 1942 British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • 1943 Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
  • 1945 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • 1945 Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
  • 1945 NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment
  • 1945 USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
  • 1947 "Chocolate Soldier" opens at Century Theater NYC for 69 performances
  • 1947 Belgian government of Huysmans resigns

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1947 Pres Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1948 -5°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
  • 1950 Belgium votes (58%) for return of King Leopold III
  • 1950 Pope Pius XII encyclical "On combating atheistic propaganda"
  • 1951 Baseball Commish Happy Chandler loses fight (9-7) to stay in office
  • 1951 Communist troops driven out of Seoul

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1954 1st performance of Arnold Schoenberg's "Moses und Aaron"

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • 1956 Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24)
  • 1957 German DR accepts 22 Russian divisions
  • 1958 British Empire Day is renamed "Commonwealth Day"
  • 1958 3rd Eurovision Song Contest: Andre Claveau for France wins singing "Dors, mon amour" in Hilversum
  • 1959 Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 283

  • 1270 Charles of Valois, son of Philip III of France (d. 1325)
  • 1336 Eduard, Duke of Gelre (1361-71) husband of Catharina of Bayern
  • 1479 Giuliano de' Medici, monarch of Florence
  • 1515 Caspar Othmayr, composer
  • 1607 Paul Gerhardt, German hymnist (d. 1676)
  • 1613 André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (d. 1700)
  • 1620 Johann Heinrich Hottinger, Swiss philologist and theologian (d. 1667)
  • 1626 John Aubrey, English antiquary and writer (d. 1697)
  • 1637 Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (d. 1671)
  • 1647 Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (d. 1727)
  • 1672 Richard Steele, Irish writer and politician (d. 1729)
  • 1685 George Berkeley, Ireland, philosopher/bishop of Cloyne
  • 1710 Thomas Augustine Arne, English composer (Alfred, Rule Britannia)
  • 1718 Joseph Damer, English politician (d. 1798)
  • 1755 Georges Couthon, French politician
  • 1758 Leopold earl of Limburg Stirum, Dutch general/politician [or March 22]
  • 1768 Carolus Antonius Fodor, composer
  • 1781 Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1826)
  • 1788 Pierre J David, [David d'Angers], French sculptor
  • 1793 Augustin-Philippe Peellaert, composer
  • 1800 Louis-Prosper Gachard, Belgian historian
  • 1806 Jane Means Appleton Pierce, 1st lady (1853-57)
  • 1808 Gerrit van der Linde Jz, "Schoolmaster", Dutch poet
  • 1816 David Stuart, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1868)
  • 1818 John Lorimar Worden, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1897)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1821 John Abbott, Saint-Andre Quebec, (C) 3rd Canadian PM (1891-92)

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott
  • 1821 Luitpold von Bayern, Prince-regent of Bayern
  • 1823 William Flank Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1824 Gustav R Kirchoff, Prussia, physicist (spectral analysis)
  • 1826 Robert Lowry, composer
  • 1827 John Robert Jones, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1827 William Richard Terry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1830 William Felix Brantley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1870)
  • 1831 Clement Studebaker, automobile pioneer (Studebaker)
  • 1832 Charles Boycott, Ireland, estate manager/caused boycotts
  • 1835 Simon Newcomb, US, scientist/mathematician/astronomer
  • 1837 Felix Alexandre Guilmant, composer
  • 1838 William Perkin, inventor (1st artificial dye)
  • 1848 Cyrill Kistler, composer
  • 1855 John White, American composer (d. 1902)
  • 1859 Josef Cyril Sychra, composer
  • 1859 Abraham H. Cannon, Mormon apostle (d. 1896)
  • 1860 Salvatore Di Giacomo, composer
  • 1862 Jane Delano, US, nurse/teacher/founder (Red Cross)
  • 1863 Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
  • 1863 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italy, writer/military hero (Intruder)
  • 1863 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • 1864 W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • 1874 Edmund Eysler, Austrian composer
  • 1875 Julio Garreta, composer
  • 1877 Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
  • 1878 Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
  • 1878 Joseph Gustav Mraczek, composer
  • 1880 House Peters, England, silent film actor (Kansas Territory)
  • 1880 Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (d. 1958)
  • 1880 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • 1881 Daniel Webster Hoan, Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
  • 1881 Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)
  • 1883 Judge Jackson, composer
  • 1883 Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
  • 1885 Raphael HLAJM Verwilghen, Flemish architect/urban developer
  • 1888 Hall Johnson, composer
  • 1889 Philip Guedalla, historian
  • 1889 Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
  • 1890 A Evert Taube, Swedish writer/troubadour
  • 1890 Vaslav Nijinsky, Ukrainian/US ballet dancer (Petroesjka) [OS=Feb 28]
  • 1890 William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)
  • 1891 Michael Polany, Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist
  • 1891 George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)
  • 1895 William C. Lee, U.S. Army general (d. 1948)
  • 1896 Jesse "Lone Cat" Fuller, San Francisco Blues Great
  • 1898 Fredrik J "Frits" Bakker Jr, Dutch actor (Sold Grandpa)
  • 1900 David Croll, QC senator
  • 1900 Zoltan Vasarhelyi, composer
  • 1904 Ken James, cricket wicketkeeper (NZ's 1st Test, later Northants)
  • 1907 (Margaret Peggy McCrorie) Herbison, politician
  • 1907 Arthur Hewlett, British actor (d. 1997)
  • 1907 Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)
  • 1908 David Saul Marshall, diplomat lawyer/politician
  • 1908 Inez Courtney, actress (13th Man, Crime Ring, Raven), born in NYC, New York
  • 1908 Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)
  • 1910 Roger L Stevens, producer (Giant)
  • 1910 Tony "Two-Ton" Galento, Orange NJ, boxer/actor (On the Waterfront)
  • 1910 Wilhelmus L Reijers, sculptor
  • 1910 Masayoshi Ohira, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1980)
  • 1911 Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, president of Mexico
  • 1912 James McKay, lord provost of Edinburgh
  • 1912 Kylie Tennant, novelist (Battlers, Lost Haven)
  • 1912 Paul Weston, orchestra leader (Jim Nabors Hour), born in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1912 Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
  • 1913 Harold Butler, cricketer (England pace bowler late 40's)
  • 1914 Jan Kapr, composer
  • 1915 Alberto Burri, Italian physician/sculptor/abstract painter
  • 1917 Googie Withers, Karachi India, actress (1 of Our Aircraft is Missing)
  • 1917 Tom Normanton, British MP
  • 1918 James Bracken, race horse trainer
  • 1918 Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
  • 1921 Giovanni Agnelli, CEO (Fiat Automakers)
  • 1921 Gordon MacRae, East Orange NJ, singer/actor (Oklahoma, Carousel)
  • 1921 Max de Metz, Dutch publisher/translator

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1969 Paul McCartney marries Linda Louise Eastman in London

Musician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartney
Musician & member of the Beatles
Paul McCartney

HeartWedding of Interest

1970 Actor Phil Hartman (21) weds first wife Gretchen Lewis

HeartWedding of Interest

1992 Actress Annette Bening (33) weds actor Warren Beatty (54)


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 122

  • 417 Innocent I, Italian Pope (401-417), dies
  • 604 Gregory I the Great, Pope (590-604), dies at 64
  • 1209 Djamal al-din Abu Mohammed Iljas Nizami, Persian poet, dies
  • 1289 King Demetre II of Georgia (b. 1259)
  • 1374 Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan (b. 1336)
  • 1447 Shah Rukh, ruler of Persia and Transoxonia (b. 1377)
  • 1471 Dionysius the Carthusian/van Rijkel, Dutch scholastic theologist, dies
  • 1496 Johannes de Lapide, [Johan Heynlin], German philosopher, dies
  • 1507 Cesare Borgia, cardinal/soldier/politician, killed in battle at 31
  • 1563 John Bull, English composer of national anthem (God Save The King), dies
  • 1570 Jacob van den Eynden, Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies
  • 1608 Koriki Kiyonaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1530)
  • 1628 John Bull, English organist/composer, dies
  • 1648 Tirso de Molina, Spanish author, dies at about 63
  • 1681 French van Mieris, the Elder, Dutch genre painter, dies at 45
  • 1699 Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman (b. 1635)
  • 1734 Antonius Schultingh, [Schultingius], Dutch lawyer, dies at 74
  • 1753 George Berkeley, philosopher/bishop (Cloyne), dies on 68th birthday
  • 1790 Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1710)
  • 1824 Heinrich Carl Ebell, composer, dies at 48
  • 1831 Johann Franz Volkert, composer, dies at 64
  • 1832 Daniel Friedrich Kuhlau, German/Danish opera composer, dies at 45
  • 1834 Karl W Feuerbach, mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33
  • 1840 Friedrich Westenholz, composer, dies at 61
  • 1852 Juan Bros y Bertomel, composer, dies at 75
  • 1872 Zeng Guofan, Chinese politician and general (b. 1811)
  • 1877 Crystobal Oudrid y Segura, composer, dies at 52
  • 1883 Murrumgunarriman, [Twopenny], cricketer (Aboriginal team 1868), dies
  • 1888 Henry Bergh, founder (ASPCA), dies at 76
  • 1889 Yohannes IV, [Kasa], Emperor of Ethiopia (1872-89), dies in battle
  • 1894 Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (b. 1840)
  • 1898 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish-Swedish writer (b. 1818)
  • 1902 John Peter Altgeld, German/US governor of Illinois, dies at 54
  • 1905 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, dies at 92
  • 1908 Edmondo de Amicis, Italian writer (L'idioma Gentile), dies at 61
  • 1909 Johanna "Lena" Bakker, Dutch actress/wife of Bruno Gerlach, dies at 34
  • 1909 Joe Petrosino, NYPD lieutenant (b. 1860)
  • 1913 Joseph Bayer, composer, dies at 61

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1914 George Westinghouse, US engineer (Westinghouse Electric), dies at 67

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • 1916 M v Ebner-Eschenbach, writer, dies at 39
  • 1924 Hilaire Comte de Chardonnet, inventor (rayon), dies
  • 1925 Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary leader, dies at 58
  • 1929 Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman (b. 1851)
  • 1930 Alois Jirásek, Czech writer (b. 1851)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1930 William George Barker, Canadian fighter ace (Victoria Cross recipient), dies in a training accident at 35

First World War Flying Ace William George Barker
First World War Flying Ace
William George Barker
  • 1932 Ivar Kreuger, "Swedish Match King" industrialist, commits suicide

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1936 David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet dies of heart failure at 65 in London, England

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1937 Charles-Marie-Jean-Albert Widor, French organist/composer, dies at 93
  • 1937 Jeno Hubay, composer, dies at 78
  • 1941 Charles Sanford Skilton, composer, dies at 72
  • 1942 Enrique Morera, composer, dies at 76
  • 1942 Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)
  • 1943 Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (b. 1869)
  • 1944 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (b. 1861)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1945 Anne Frank, diarist (Diary of Anne Frank), killed in Belsen Camp aged 15

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1946 Philip Merivale, dies at 59
  • 1947 "Winston Churchill the American", American novelist (b. 1871)
  • 1949 Maria "Beppie" Bakker, Dutch actress/wife of Piet Vink Sr, dies at 95
  • 1950 L Heinrich Mann, German/US writer (Between the Races), dies at 78
  • 1955 Charlie "Bird" Parker, US jazz saxophonist, dies at 34 in NYC
  • 1955 Theodor Plievier, writer, dies
  • 1957 Harry Dean, cricketer (England left-arm bowler in 3 Tests, 1912), dies
  • 1957 Josephine Hull, actress (Harvey), dies at 71
  • 1958 Ingeborg, Princess of Sweden, dies at 79
  • 1961 Belinda Lee, actress (Joseph & his Brethren), dies in car crash at 25
  • 1966 Estelita Rodriguez, Cuban actress (Golden Stallion, Susanna Pass), dies at 37
  • 1973 Esther Williamson Ballou, composer, dies at 57
  • 1973 Frankie "Fordham Flash" Frisch, baseball player, dies at 74
  • 1973 Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chilean writer (Hijo de Ladron), dies at 77
  • 1974 Billy Fox, Protestant Dublin MP, assassinated
  • 1974 George D. Sax, Drive-in bank and instant loan innovator. Owner of the Saxony Hotel. (b. 1904)
  • 1978 John Cazale, actor (Dog Day Afternoon, The Deer Hunter), dies at 41
  • 1978 Tolchard Evans, composer/conductor, dies
  • 1978 Theresa Weld Blanchard, American figure skating champion (1914, 1920-24), dies at 84
  • 1980 Arthur Charles Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1914)
  • 1982 Elisabeth Zernike, Dutch writer (Course of Events), dies at 90
  • 1983 Jevsei G Liberman, Ukraine economist (Plan, profit, bonus), dies at 85
  • 1984 Arnold Ridley, playwright/actor, dies at 88
  • 1985 Eugene Ormandy [Blau], Hungarian/US conductor, dies at 85
  • 1988 Billie Rhodes, dies
  • 1988 William Camp, dies at 74
  • 1989 Maurice Evans, actor (Bewitched, MacBeth), dies at 87
  • 1990 Wallace Breem, British author (b. 1926)
  • 1991 Etienne Decroux, French mime (Voyage, Surprise), dies at 92
  • 1991 Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1992 Barbara Morrison, actress (Proj Moonbase), dies of heart failure at 84
  • 1992 Hans G Kresse, Dutch cartoonist (Eric the Viking), dies at 70
  • 1992 Ida Oosterbaan, Dutch founder (Women Action Committee), dies
  • 1992 Karel Poons, father of Paul Deen, dies
  • 1992 Philippe Soupault, writer, dies
  • 1992 Salvo Lima, mayor (Palermo)/MP (chr-dem), murdered
  • 1993 Andreas J A I Bruggeman, Dutch mayor (Leiderdorp), dies at 62
  • 1993 June Valli, singer (Crying in the Chapel), dies of cancer at 62
  • 1993 Michael Kanin, screenwriter (Woman of the Year), dies at 83
  • 1993 Wang Zhen, marxist/vice-premier of China (1988), dies
  • 1994 Sandra Paretti, German/Swiss author (Drums of Winter), dies at 59
  • 1995 Juanin Clay, American actress (b. 1949)
  • 1996 Charles Bruce Perry, professor of medicine, dies at 92
  • 1996 Gyula Kallai, PM of Hungry (1965-67), dies at 85
  • 1996 John Anthony Bowden Cuddon, writer/teacher, dies at 67