- 1490 1st dated edition of Maimonides "Mishneh Torah", a code of Jewish religious law is published
- 1743 George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres in London
- 1775 Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death" in speech in favour of Virginian troops joining US Revolutionary war
- 1919 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. It's original members were Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky.
- 1933 Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers
- 1945 Largest operation in WWII's Pacific War, 1,500 US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa
Elisha Otis installs his 1st elevator at 488 Broadway in New York City
On March 23, 1857