This Day in History for 26th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 206

1027 - John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor, founder of the Salian dynasty
1147 - Jewish community in Cologne fasts to commemorate anti-Jewish violence
1484 - William Caxton printed his translation of Aesop's Fables.
1526 - King Francois I returns Spanish captivity to France
1534 - Lübeck accepts free Dutch ships into East Sea
1552 - Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh Guru.
1636 - University of Utrecht opening ceremony
1668 - England takes control of Bombay, India
1692 - King Maximilian installed as land guardian of South Netherlands
1780 - 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (British Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
1790 - US Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
1793 - Pro-royalist uprising in Vendée region of France
1799 - Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine
1804 - Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
1804 - Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1808 - Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favor of his son, Ferdinand VII.
1812 - Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela; about 20,000 die
1821 - Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna
1824 - 1st performance of Beethoven's "Missa Solemnis"
1830 - The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York.
1839 - 1st Henley Royal Regatta
1845 - Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
1845 - Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid
1852 - Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
1856 - New South Wales's first 1st-class game, v Victoria at Melbourne NSW won
1859 - 1st supposed sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury; it doesn't exist
1862 - Battle of La Glorieta Pass, NM Terr (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
1863 - Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves
1871 - Paris Commune founded
1872 - 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
1872 - Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
1874 - 35th Grand National: Mr. J. M. Richardson aboard Reugny FRA wins
1878 - Hastings College of Law founded in California
1878 - Sabi Game Reserve, world's 1st official designated game reserve, opens
1881 - Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again.
1885 - Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
Politician Louis RielPolitician Louis Riel 1885 - Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask
1886 - 1st cremation in England
1886 - 48th Grand National: Tommy Skelton aboard Old Joe wins
1889 - Bernard Tancred carries bat for 26* out of 47! South Africa v England
1889 - Johnny Briggs took 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) v South Africa at Newlands
1889 - South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 v England
1895 - King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
1897 - 59th Grand National: Terry Kavanagh aboard Manifesto wins
1900 - 1st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam)
1903 - American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
1909 - August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm
1909 - In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
1909 - 71st Grand National: Georges Parfrement aboard Lutteur III wins
1910 - US forbid immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers & the sick
1910 - William H Lewis appointed US Assistant Attorney General
1913 - Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
1913 - Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
1915 - Stanley Cup: Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) sweep Ottawa Senators
1915 - 77th Grand National: Mr Jack Anthony aboard Ally Sloper wins
1917 - Stanley Cup: Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 3 games to 1 - Seattle is 1st US team to win Stanley Cup
1917 - British win a battle against Turks at Gaza
1920 - 79th Grand National: Mr Jack Anthony aboard Troytown wins
1923 - Stanley Cup: Ott Senators beat Vanc Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 1
1924 - Premiere of Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan" in London
1926 - ACD de Graeff appointed governor general of Dutch East Indies
1926 - The 1st lip-reading tournament held in America
1926 - 85th Grand National: Billy Watkinson aboard Jack Horner wins
1927 - Alfred Hugenberg purchases German film company UFA
1927 - Gaumont-British Film Corporation forms
1930 - Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway
1931 - Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
1931 - Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
1931 - New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
1934 - Driving tests introduced in Britain
1935 - RJ Mitchell & Mjr Sorley discuss armament of Supermarine Spitfire
1936 - 1st parliamentary debate on NZ radio
1936 - 200" telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech
1936 - Mary Joyce ends a 1,000 mile trip by dog in Alaska
MLB Legend Ty CobbMLB Legend Ty Cobb 1937 - Joe DiMaggio takes Ty Cobb's advice & replace his 40 with 36 oz bat
1937 - Spinach growers of Crystal City, Tx, erect statue of Popeye
1937 - William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)
1938 - NBC radio performance of Howard Hanson's 3rd Symphony
1940 - Ernest Hemingway & Benjamin Glazer premiere in NYC
1942 - First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps
1942 - 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov-district reach concentration camp Belzec
1942 - Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pa, kills 21
1942 - German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel
1943 - Battle of Komandorski Islands, Pacific Ocean
1943 - Elsie S Ott becomes 1st woman awarded US Air Force Medal
1944 - 705 British bombers attack Essen
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillSoldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill 1945 - British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)
1945 - De Paul wins NIT basketball championship, George Mikan scores 34
1945 - Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine
1945 - Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto
1945 - US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms
1945 - Venray soccer team forms
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo JimaUnited States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima

1945 - Iwo Jima occupied, after 18,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed
1949 - 11th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Oklahoma State 46-36
1949 - 103rd Grand National: Leo McMorrow aboard Russian Hero wins
1951 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Sandhills Women's Golf Open
1951 - USAF flag approved
1952 - 14th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kansas beats St Johns 80-63
1952 - F Durrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premieres in Munich
Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas SalkMedical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk 1953 - Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 270

603 - Pacal II ruler of the Maya polity of Palenque
1479 - Vasili III, great prince of Moscow (1505-33)/son of Ivan III
1516 - Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist (d. 1565)
1554 - Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader (d. 1611)
1577 - Elisabeth of Nassau, daughter of Willem I & Charlotte of Bourbon
1659 - William Wollaston, Coton England, philosopher
1671 - Giacomo Cesare Predieri, composer
1684 - Johann Graf, composer
1698 - Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist (d. 1765)
1717 - Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila, composer
1749 - William Blount, American Statesman (d. 1800)
1753 - Benjamin Thompson, physicist (Royal Inst of Great Britain, Woburn MA)
1758 - Johann Daniel Ferstenberg, composer
1773 - Nathaniel Bowditch, mathematician/astronomer/author (Marine Sextant)
1783 - Johann Baptist Weigl, composer
1794 - Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter (d. 1872)
1806 - Josef Slavik, composer
1813 - Thomas West Sherman, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1879)
1817 - Herman Haupt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1905)
1819 - Francisco Eduardo da Costa, composer
1819 - Louise Otto, Germany, author/feminist
1821 - Earnest Angel, German statistician (Law of Angel)
1827 - Emanuel Kania, composer
1830 - Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar/poet/writer
1830 - John Rogers Thomas, composer
1833 - Betsy Perk, [Christina E], Dutch journalist/writer/feminist
1840 - Carli Zoeller, composer
1840 - George Smith, Archaeologist and assyriologist (cuneiform (script)), born in London, England
1850 - Edward Bellamy, author (Looking Backward)
1854 - Braulio Dueno Colon, composer
1856 - David Alfred Thomas, Glamorganshire UK, 1st Viscount Rhondda
1859 - A[lfred] E[dward] Housman, England, poet (Shropshire Lad)
1859 - Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov, composer
1859 - Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (d. 1919)
1862 - George William Louis Marshall-Hall, composer
1868 - Fuad I, king of Egypt (1922-36)
1871 - Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole of the Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1922)
1873 - [Louise] Sophie de Vries, actress (On Hope of Blessing)
1874 - Gerald du Maurier, actor (Power, Escape, Masks & Faces), born in London, England
1874 - Oskar Nedbal, composer
Poet Robert FrostPoet Robert Frost (1874) 1874 - Robert Frost, SF, poet (Mending Wall, Road Not Taken)
1875 - Syngman Rhee, P’yŏngsan Hwanghae Province, first President of South Korea (1948-60)
1876 - Prince William of Wied (d. 1945)
1879 - Othmar Ammann, Swiss bridge engineer (d. 1965)
1880 - Duncan Hines, US, restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens)
1882 - Hermann Obrecht, Swiss jurist (d. 1940)
1884 - Wilhelm Backhaus, Leipzig Germany, pianist (Rubinstein 1905)
1885 - Julius Harrison, composer
1885 - Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer
1886 - Hugh Mulzac, America military officer (d. 1971)
1888 - Elsa Brändström, Swedish nurse (d. 1948)
1889 - Vaclav Kapral, composer
First President of South Korea Syngman RheeFirst President of South Korea Syngman Rhee (1875) 1890 - Jozef Arras, Flemish writer
1893 - Palmiro Togliatti, founder (Communist Party of Italy)
1894 - Will Wright, SF CA, actor (Living Christ Story)
1894 - Viorica Ursuleac, Romanian soprano (d. 1985)
1896 - Richard Flury, composer
1896 - Rudolf Dassler, Founder of PUMA AG (d. 1974)
1898 - Renzo Massarani, composer
1898 - Charles Shadwell, English conductor and bandleader (d. 1979)
1899 - James B Connant, chemist/college president (Yale)
1899 - William Baines, composer
1900 - Isadore Freed, composer
1902 - Leslie Melville, economist
1904 - Emilio Fernandez, El Seco Mexico, director (La Choca, Flor Silvestre)
1904 - Hermann Schroeder, composer
1904 - Joseph Campbell, mythologist (Mythic Image)
1904 - Xenophon Zolotas, Greek economist, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2004)
1905 - Pablo Garrido, composer
1905 - Viktor Emil Frankl, pyschiatrist (Man's Search for Meaning)
1906 - Rafael Mendez, Mexican trumpetist (d. 1981)
1907 - Leigh Harline, composer
1907 - Louis Saguer, composer
1908 - Betty MacDonald, [Anne E Campbell Bard], US writer (Egg & I)
1908 - Hank Sylvern, Brooklyn New York, American orchestra leader (Jane Froman's USA Canteen)
1908 - Hilda Krahwinkel Sperling, Essen Germany, tennis star (French 1935)
1908 - Kenneth Mellanby, entomologist
1908 - Robert William Paine, architect
1909 - Chips Rafferty, Broken Hill Australia, actor (Desert Rats)
1909 - Chris[tiaan R] Reumer, Dutch opera singer
1911 - Bernard Katz, biophysicist
Playwright Tennessee WilliamsPlaywright Tennessee Williams (1911) 1911 - Tennessee Williams, Columbus Miss, playwright (Cat on a Hot Tin Roof)
1911 - T. Hee, American animator (d. 1988)
1913 - Paul Erdos, mathematician
1914 - Ian McGeoch, Vice-Admiral
1914 - William Westmoreland, Saxon SC, army general (Vietnam era)
1914 - Toru Kumon, Japanese educator (d. 1995)
1916 - Bill Edrich, cricketer (Middlesex & England bat, Compton's mate)
1916 - Christian B Anfinsen, US chemist (cell physiology, Nobel 1972)
1916 - Mort Abrahams, producer (Dr Doolittle, Planet Of Apes)
1916 - Sterling Hayden, NJ, actor (Dr Strangelove, Asphalt Jungle, Cobra)
1916 - Vic Schoen, Brooklyn New York, American orchestra leader (Patti Page Olds Show)
1917 - Jean Graham Hall, circuit court judge (England)
1917 - Rufus Thomas, Miss, singer (Walking the Dog)
Actor Strother MartinActor Strother Martin (1919) 1919 - Strother Martin, Kokomo Ind, actor (Cool Hand Luke, Slapshot)
1919 - Roger Leger, Quebec ice hockey player (d. 1965)
1920 - George E Brown Jr, (Rep-D-CA, 1963-71, 73- )
1920 - Sergio Livingstone, Santiago, Chile, football player and journalist (52 caps), (d. 2012)
1921 - George Jefferson, CEO (British Telecom)
1921 - Joe Loco, [Jose Esteves, Jr], musician

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas PaineVoice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine (1771) 1771 - Political activist Thomas Paine (34) weds second wife Elizabeth Ollive
1938 - Writer Walter Lippmann (48) weds second wife Helen Byrne Armstrong
1942 - Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi (25) weds politician and journalist Feroze Gandhi (29) at Anand Bhavan
1965 - Playwright Tom Stoppard (28) weds nurse Josie Ingle
1967 - NBA forward Elvin Hayes (21) weds college sweetheart Erna Livingston
1979 - Comedic actor Bob Denver (44) weds fourth wife Dreama Peery
1994 - Talk show hostess Ricki Lake weds Rob Sussman
1994 - Half-brother of former President Bill Clinton and rodeo clown Roger Clinton (37) weds Molly Martin (25) in Dallas
2011 - Oscar winning actress Reese Witherspoon (36) weds talent agent Jim Toth (34) at Libbey Ranch in Ojai, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 129

304 - Saint Emmanuel, Christian martyr killed under Diocletian
752 - Stephen II, Catholic Pope (3/22-26/752), dies
809 - Liudger, missionary/1st bishop of Munster/saint, dies at about 66
1130 - King Sigurd I of Norway (b. ca. 1090)
1212 - Sancho I, King of Portugal (1185-1212), dies at 58
1258 - Floris, the Guardian, count-regent of Holland, dies
1350 - Alfonso XI, King of Castile & Leon, dies
1517 - Heinrich Isaac, Flemish composer
1535 - Georg Tannstetter, Austrian scientist (b. 1482)
1546 - Thomas Elyot, English diplomat, dies at about 56
1566 - Antonio de Cabezon, composer, dies
1638 - Palamedes "Stevens" Palamedesz, painter, dies at about 30
Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony John WinthropFounder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop (1649) 1649 - John Winthrop, Puritan & 1st Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, dies at 61
1657 - Jacob van Eyck, Dutch blind flautist/carillonneur, dies at 69
1679 - Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (b. 1621)
1697 - Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)
1713 - Pal Esterhazy, composer, dies at 77
1726 - John Vanbrugh, Dutch/English playwright (Provoked Wife), dies at 62
1736 - Georg Balthasar Schott, composer, dies at 49
1772 - Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (b. 1704)
1776 - Samuel Ward, American politician (b. 1725)
1780 - Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1713)
1793 - John Mudge, English physician (b. 1721)
1797 - James Hutton, geologist, dies
1809 - Gabriele Mario Piozzi, composer, dies at 68
1814 - Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, namesake of the guillotine (b. 1738)
Geologist James HuttonGeologist James Hutton (1797) 1820 - Jean-Etienne Despreaux, composer, dies at 71
1827 - Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (Appassionata), dies at 56
1831 - Richard Allen, AME Church Bishop, dies at 71
1837 - Joseph Lincke, composer, dies at 53
1858 - John Addison Thomas, American soldier (b. 1811)
1865 - Thomas Hancock, pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington), dies
1880 - Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras, composer, dies at 62
1881 - Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat (b. 1800)
1888 - Barghash bin Said, second Sultan of Zanzibar (b. 1837)
1892 - Anton Wallerstein, composer, dies at 78
1892 - Walt Whitman, American poet, dies in Camden, NJ at 72
1896 - Nanny v Hof, writer, dies
1900 - Isaac Mayer Wise, rabbi/found American Hebrew Congregations, dies at 80
1902 - Cecil Rhodes, Prime Minister of Cape Colony (1890-96) dies at 48
Poet Walt WhitmanPoet Walt Whitman (1892) 1905 - Maurice Barrymore, actor; patriarch of the Barrymore family (b. 1849)
1909 - Nikolai Arkas, composer, dies at 56
1910 - Auguste Charlois, French astronomer (b. 1864)
1910 - An Jung-geun, Korean assassin of Ito Hirobumi (executed) (b. 1879)
1918 - Caesar A Cui, Lithuanian fort builder/composer, dies at 83
1920 - William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834)
1923 - Sarah Bernhardt, [Henriette], actress (Queen Elizabeth), dies at 77
1924 - Augusto de Oliviera Machado, composer, dies at 78
1926 - Georges Vezina, NHL Hall of Fame goalie (Canadiens), dies from TB at 39
1926 - Konstantin Fehrenbach, German reichs chancellor (1920-21), dies at 74
1929 - Katharine Lee Bates, American poet (b. 1859)
1932 - Jean Cartan, composer, dies at 25
NHL Goalie Georges VezinaNHL Goalie Georges Vezina (1926) 1933 - Eddie Lang, American musician (b. 1902)
1934 - Grete Gulbransson, writer, dies at 51
1937 - Albert Relf, cricketer (13 Tests for England 1903-14), commits suicide
1940 - Spiridon Louis, Greek runner, winner of the first modern Olympics marathon (b. 1873)
1942 - Jimmy Burke, American baseball player (b. 1874)
1945 - David Lloyd George, British (L) premier (1916-22), dies at 82
1945 - Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter, shot to death at 29
1948 - Helen Ernst, German poster artist/resistance fighter, dies at about 43
1951 - James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico (d. 1864)
1953 - Albert Spalding, composer, dies at 64
1956 - Thomas Alexandrovich de Hartmann, composer, dies at 70
1957 - Édouard Herriot, French politician (b. 1872)
1958 - Phil Mead, cricketer (55061 1st-class runs 1905-36), dies
1959 - Raymond T Chandler, US detective writer (Long Goodbye), dies at 71
1960 - Ian Keith, actor (Identity Unknown, Queen Christina), dies at 61
1962 - Marjorie Colton, inventor of wax paper, dies at 64
1962 - Augusta Savage, African-American sculptor and equal rights advocate dies at 72
1969 - B[runo] Traven, writer (Sierra Madre), dies at 87
1969 - Gunther Weisenborn, German/Argentine writer (Illegals), dies at 66
1970 - Fritz Ascher, German Expressionist artist
1973 - George Sisler, hall of famer 1st baseman (257 hits-1920), dies at 80
1973 - Noel Coward, English playwright (Private Letters), dies at 73
1973 - Safford Cape, US/Belgian conductor/composer/musicologist, dies at 67
1973 - Johnny Drake, American football player (b. 1916)
1973 - Don Messer, Canadian fiddler (b. 1909)
1976 - Richard Arlen, actor (Apache Uprising, Wings), dies at 75
1976 - Josef Albers, German artist (b. 1888)
1976 - Lin Yutang, Chinese writer (b. 1895)
1979 - Jean Stafford, US author (Boston Adventure), dies at 63
1980 - Jon-Jon Poulos, rocker (Buckinghams), dies from drugs at 32
1981 - Cyril Dean Darlington, biologist (hereditary mechanisms), dies at 77
1981 - Tim Wall, cricketer (SA v NSW 1933 is Sheffield Shield record), dies
1982 - Agathe "Henriette" de Beaufort, writer (Dolly of Arnhem), dies at 91
1983 - Anthony F Blunt, British art historian/spy for USSR, dies at 75
1984 - Ahmed Sékou Touré, President of Guinea (b. 1922)
1986 - Bartlett Robinson, actor (Wendy & Me, Mona McCluskey), dies at 73
1987 - Walter Abel, actor (Suspicion), dies at 88
1987 - Eugen Jochum, German conductor (b. 1902)
1990 - International Chrysis, Transvestite actor (Q&A), dies of cancer at 38
1990 - Roy "Halston" Frowick, fashion designer, dies of AIDs at 68
1991 - Frans Dohmen, union leader (Neth Catholic Mine Workers), dies at 81
1992 - Barbara Frum, Canadian journalist (b. 1937)
1993 - Luis Falco, US choreographer (Fame, Angel Heart), dies at 50
1993 - Roy Riegels, University of California football player who ran wrong way, dies at 84
1994 - Constantine Koukouchkine, Russ diplomat. murdered in Algeria at 41
1994 - Jan Bor, Dutch violinist/painter, dies at 83
1995 - Rapper-E (Eazy Eric Wright), dies at 31
1996 - (Elizabeth Cissie) Charlton, football matriarch, dies at 83

<< 25th March

— On this Day in History —

27th March >>


Search On this Day in History

Day  Month  Year  Type

Keyword(s)