- 1248 Conquest of Seville by Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile after the city capitulates
- 1644 Areopagitica, a pamphlet by John Milton, decrying censorship, is published.
- 1869 In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving
- 1964 Vatican abolishes Latin as official language of Roman Catholic liturgy
- 2005 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, elected president of Liberia, is the first woman to lead an African country.
Patent granted for a process of making color photographs
On November 23, 1863