- 539 BC King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost 70 years of exile and making the first Human Rights Declaration.
- 733 Battle at Tours (Poitiers): Charles Martel's Frankish and Burgundian forces beat those of al-Andalus under Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi halting influence of Islam
- 1907 Guglielmo Marconi's company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland.
- 1931 Al Capone convicted of tax evasion, sentenced to 11 years in prison
- 2012 The exoplanet Alpha Centauri Bb is discovered orbiting Alpha Centauri
The United States population reaches 300 million.
On October 17th, 2006