This Day in History for 2nd October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 214

939 - Battle at Andernach: King Otto & Hermann of Zwaben beat Eberhard of France & Giselbert of Lutherans
976 - Hisham II appointed kalief of Cordoba
1134 - Storm flood ravages Zeeland county
1187 - Sultan Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders
1263 - The battle of Largs fought between Norwegians and Scots.
1492 - King Henry VII of England invades France
1518 - English cardinal Thomas Wolsey makes European plan
1535 - Jacques Cartier discovers Mount Royal (Montreal)
1540 - Venice/Turkey signs peace
1552 - Conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible.
1572 - Spanish army occupies/plunders/destroys Mechelen
1608 - Hans Lippershey applies for patent for first known early telescope in the Netherlands
1614 - French King Louis XIII declared an adult at 13
1656 - English North American colony of Connecticut passes law against Quakers
1700 - Spanish king Carlos II appoints Philip van Anjou, heir to throne
1760 - Russian/Austrian army evacuates Berlin [NS=10/13]
Russian Tsar Ivan the TerribleRussian Tsar Ivan the Terrible 1787 - Maagden House opens in Amsterdam
1789 - George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification.
1792 - Baptist Missionary Society forms in London
1795 - Tula (leader slave uprising) sentence to death in Curacao
1799 - Duke of York & Russians capture Alkmaar in Netherlands
1804 - Britain mobilizes to protect against French invasion
1833 - Charles Darwin rides through Corunda to Santa Fe Argentina
1833 - NY Anti-Slavery Society organized
1835 - Battle of Gonzales fought between Texan settlers and Mexican forces. First engagement of the Texas revolution
1836 - Darwin returns to England aboard HMS Beagle (after 5 years)
1851 - The pasilalinic-sympathetic compass is demonstrated but proves to be a fake.
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1853 - Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
1861 - Former US VP John C Breckinridge flees Kentucky
1864 - Battle of Saltville, VA
1866 - J Osterhoudt patents tin can with key opener
1870 - Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
1871 - Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrested for bigamy
1872 - Morgan State University founded
1876 - 16th British Golf Open: Bob Martin shoots a 176 at St Andrews
1879 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Musgrave Ritual" (BG)
1889 - 1st Pan American conference (Washington, D.C.)
1889 - In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.
1895 - 1st cartoon comic strip is printed in a newspaper
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham YoungFounder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young 1899 - Orange Free state mobilizes
1901 - First Royal Naval submarine launched at Barrow
1902 - Beatrix Potter's "The Tale of Peter Rabbit" is published by Frederick Warne & Co. in London.
1906 - Tommy Burns KOs Jim Burns in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1907 - Phillies Eddie Grant goes 7 for 7 in a doubleheader vs Giants
1908 - Addie Joss perfect game stops Ed Walsh 1-0 who won 40 in a row
1909 - 1st rugby match (Twickenham)
1910 - 1st 2 aircraft collision (Milan Italy)
1910 - Henry Wijnmalen flies to 2,800m altitude (world record)
1912 - Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm
1913 - Phillies beat NY Giants 2 games out of 3 in a tripleheader
1916 - Grover Cleveland Alexander records his 16th shutout of year
1916 - San Diego Zoo founded
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi 1919 - 1st edition "Volkskrant" (People's newspaper) published in Neth
1919 - US President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed
1920 - Only tripleheader of century (Reds win 13-4, 7-3 then Pirates win 6-0)
1920 - The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China
1921 - NY Yankee Babe Ruth hits then record 59th HR
1923 - British occuping army leaves Constantinople
1923 - Harry Heilmann goes 2-for-2, sit out rest of season, except for a pinch single on final day, hitting .403
1924 - League of Nations approves protocols of Geneva
1926 - Bert Gibb of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
1928 - The "Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God", commonly known as Opus Dei, was founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá.
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth 1931 - Pope Pius XI encyclical On economic crisis
1932 - NY Yankees sweep Chicago Cubs in 29th World Series
1932 - Washington Redskins (as Boston Braves) play 1st NFL game, lose 14-0
1933 - Eugene O'Neill's comedy "Ah, Wilderness" premieres in NYC
1935 - Mussolini's Italian army attacks Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
1935 - NY Hayden Planetarium, 4th in US, opens
1936 - 1st alcohol power plant forms, Atchison, Kansas
1936 - Amsterdam's Calvinist Churches reject nazism
1936 - French franc devalued
1936 - NY Yankees score World Series record 18 runs, beating Giants 18-4
1936 - Tony Lazzeri becomes 1st Yank to hit a World Series grand slam
1937 - FDR visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State
1938 - Indian Bob Feller strikes out record 18 Tigers (Chester Laabs 5 times)
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1939 - Birdbaths installed in Union Square, SF
1940 - 17 German aircrafts shot down above England
1940 - British Council receives Royal Charter
1940 - British liner Empress loaded with refugees for Canada, sunk
1941 - 6 Paris synagogues are bombed by Gestapo
1941 - Germans launch attack on Moscow
1942 - "Queen Mary" slices cruiser "Curacao" in half, killing 338
1943 - Japanse troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
1943 - Yankees sweep 14th doubleheader of year, beating Browns, 5-1 & 7-6
1944 - Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people
1944 - US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
1946 - 1st network soap opera-Faraway Hill-Dumont
1947 - "Music in My Heart" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 124 performances
1947 - Revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
MLB Catcher and Manager Yogi BerraMLB Catcher and Manager Yogi Berra 1947 - Yankee Yogi Berra becomes 1st to pinch hit a World Series homer
1948 - "Finian's Rainbow" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 725 perfs
1949 - St Louis Browns use 9 pitchers, lose to Whites Sox 4-3
1949 - USSR recognizes People's Republic of China
1949 - Yanks & Red Sox, tied for 1st place, play final game of season. Yanks win 5-3 & clinch pennant #16
1950 - 1st strip of Charlie Brown, "Li'l Folks", later "Peanuts", by Charles M. Schulz published in 9 papers
1950 - Red Sox Dom DiMaggio leads AL with only 15 stolen bases
1950 - Bob Shaw of Chicago Cardinals sets NFL record with 5 TD receptions
1950 - Chic Cards Jim Hardy passes for 6 touchdowns vs Balt Colts (55-13)
1951 - 1st Netherland TV broadcast (Toverspiegel)
1951 - Dodgers beat Giants 10-0, in 2nd game of play-offs

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 250

1452 - King Richard III, of England (1483-85)
1470 - Isabella of Naples, Duchess of Milan (d. 1524)
1538 - Saint Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal (d. 1584)
1595 - Jacob Louys, Flemish engraver
1616 - A Gryphius, writer
1644 - François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (d. 1724)
1646 - Guillaume Poitevin, composer
1704 - Frantisek Ignac Antonin Tuma, composer
1722 - Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (d. 1776)
1737 - Franz Schneider, composer
1752 - Samuel Story, Dutch admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)
1756 - Jacob van Strij, Dutch cartoonist/graphic artist
1756 - Josef Jawurek, composer
1768 - William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician (d. 1854)
1792 - Philip Cipriani Hambley Potter, pianist/composer
Rebel Slave Nat TurnerRebel Slave Nat Turner (1800) 1800 - Nat Turner, Southhampton County Virginia, leader of major slave rebellion (1831)
1809 - Anton Emil Titl, composer
1817 - Gunnar Wennerberg, composer
1819 - George Washington Getty, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1901)
1821 - Alexander Peter "Old Straight" Stewart, Lt Gen (Confederate Army)
1822 - Joannes Kappeyne van de Coppello, Dutch Internal minister (1877-79)
1827 - Edmund Jackson Davis, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)
1828 - Charles Floquet, French statesman (d. 1896)
1832 - Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist
1832 - Julius von Sachs, botanist/naturalist
1833 - Rev. William Corby, American Catholic priest (d. 1897)
1835 - Louis A Ranvier, French anatomist/historian
1839 - Hans Thoma, painter
1847 - Paul Ludwig Hans von Beneckendorf und Hindenburg, German president
1851 - Ferdinand Foch, France, Allied military commander and hero during WW I
1852 - William Ramsay, chemist
1857 - Marthinus T Steyn, pres of Orange-Free state (1896-1902)
1866 - Charles de Souzy Ricketts, artist
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi (1869) 1869 - Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Porbandar Kathiawad India, pacifist and spiritual leader, (d. 1948)
1871 - Cordell Hull, US Secretary of State (1933-44), lowered tariffs (Nobel 1945)
1871 - Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscape architect (d. 1959)
1873 - Pelham Warner, cricketer (England 1898-1912, later notable official)
1873 - Stephen Warfield Gambrill, U.S. Congressman for Maryland's 5th District (d. 1924)
1875 - Henry Fevrier, composer
1878 - Francois C Schlumberger, French physicist
1879 - Wallace Stevens, Reading Pa, poet (Ideas of Order)
1880 - George Alexander Russell, composer
1881 - Fred Barlow, composer
1882 - Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander (d. 1945)
1885 - Ruth Bryan Rohde, US, (Rep), minister to Denmark
1886 - Pieter "Pierre" Balledux, stage manager/Dutch resistance fighter
Comedian Groucho MarxComedian Groucho Marx (1890) 1890 - Groucho Marx, [Julius], comedian (Marx Bros, You Bet Your Life), born in NYC, New York
1891 - H V Porter, basketball pioneer, created fan shape backboard
1893 - Leroy B Shield, US pianist/producer/composer (Laurel & Hardy)
1895 - Bud Abbott, Asbury Pk NJ, comedian (Abbott & Costello)
1895 - Louis Lebeer, Dutch art historian
1896 - Fjodor I Panfjorov, Russian author (Volga) [OS=Sep 20]
1896 - Fritz Eberhard, [Hellmut Rauschenplat], W-German lawyer/resistor (Law)
1896 - Liaqat Ali Khan, Pakistan's first Prime Minister (d. 1951)
1900 - Coco the Clown [Nicolai Poliakoff], Dvinsk, Famous Russian clown
1901 - Christopher Clarkson, test Pilot
1901 - [Ignatius] Roy [D] Campbell, South African poet (Flowering Rifle)
1901 - Charles Stark Draper, Windsor Missouri, American Scientist and Engineer who headed the team that invented the Apollo Guidance Computer and inertial navigation technology for aircraft, space vehicles, and submarines
Famous Clown Coco the ClownFamous Clown Coco the Clown (1900) 1902 - Dick Ket, Dutch painter/cartoonist
1902 - Leopold Figl, premier of Austria
1904 - Dermot Boyle, marshal (RAF)
1904 - Godfrey Baseley, radio executive
1904 - Shi Lal Bahadur Shastri, India premier (1964-66)
1904 - [Henry] Graham Greene, England, prolific novelist (Brighton Rock)
1906 - John Humphreys Whitfield, scholar of Italian language & literature
1907 - Alexander Robertus, organic chemist
1907 - Lord Todd, chemist
1907 - William Marshall, producer/director/actor/singer (Blackmail)
1911 - Stuart Rose, designer (British Post Office)
1911 - Jack Finney, American author (d. 1995)
1912 - Eric Wilson, VC/British Lt Col
1913 - Vivian Ridler, printer (Oxford University)
Writer Graham GreeneWriter Graham Greene (1904) 1913 - Karl Miller, German footballer (d. 1967)
1914 - Albe Vidakovic, composer
1914 - Bengt Viktor Johansson, composer
1914 - Charles Drake, Bayside actor (Air Force, Glenn Miller Story), born in NYC, New York
1914 - Jack Parsons, American rocket scientist, author, and occultist (d. 1952)
1914 - Bernarr Rainbow, historian of music education, organist, and choir master (d. 1998)
1915 - Robert Russell "Chubby" Wise, musician
1917 - Francis Jackson, organist & master of Music/York minister
1917 - William Marshall, band leader (Pennsylvanians), born in Chicago, Illinois
1917 - Charles Drake, American actor (d. 1994)
1917 - Christian de Duve, Thames Ditton, Surrey, cytologist and biochemist (Nobel, 1974), (d. 2013)
1919 - Geoffrey Luttrell, Lord-Lt of Somerset
1919 - Shirley Clarke, film director
1920 - William Cramond, psychiatrist/vice-chancellor (Stirling University)
1921 - A Scott Crossfield, US Test pilot (XS-1)
1921 - Robert Runcie, [Kennedy], Archbishop of Canterbury, born in Liverpool, England
1922 - Otmar Macha, composer
1922 - Thomas T Nkobi, S Afr ANC-leader (Alexandra-bus boycott 1957)
1922 - Wolfhart U Pannenberg, German theologist (Gingham Girl)
1923 - Jack Dellal, English immovables-goedbezitter/multi-millionaire, (d. 2012)
1924 - Sam Wainwright, deputy chairman (British Post Office)
1925 - Alois Pinos, composer
1925 - Brian Dilton, British lord justice of appeal
1926 - Jan Morris, travel writer (Among the Cities, Hong Kong, Journeys)
1928 - Anthony Tippett, British chief of Fleet Support
1928 - Clay Felker, St Louis, journalist (NY Herald Tribune, Esquire)
1928 - George Emmett McFarland, Dallas, act (Spanky-Our Gang/Little Rascals)
1928 - James Porter, CEO (Commonwealth Institute)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 11 of 11

1900 - Belgium crown prince Albert von Saksen-Coburg weds Elisabeth of Bayern
1909 - American Playwright Eugene O'Neill (20) marries 1st wife Kathleen Jenkins
1955 - Actress Joyce Randolph marries publisher Richard Charles
1970 - Scottish singer Donovan (24) weds Linda Lawrence at Windsor Registry Office
Actor Christopher PlummerActor Christopher Plummer (1970) 1970 - Actor Christopher Plummer (40) weds actress Elaine Taylor (26) in Montreal, Quebec
1993 - Spike Lee weds Tonya Lewis
1999 - "Matchbox Twenty" lead singer Rob Thomas (27) weds model Marisol Maldonado in Santa Ynez, California
2004 - "Piano Man" singer-songwriter Billy Joel (55) weds television food critic and chef Katie Lee (23) at 15-acre waterfront estate in Centre Island, New York
2004 - "Married ... With Children" actress Katey Sagal (50) weds "The Shield" writer Kurt Sutter (42) in Los Feliz, California
2005 - Former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko's daughter Evhenya Tymoshenko weds "Death Valley Screamers" musician Sean Carr at 11th century Vydubychi Monastery in Kiev, Ukraine
2011 - Canadian stand-up comedian and actor Seth Rogen (30) weds screenwriter Lauren Miller at Kunde Family Estate in Sonoma, California

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Jazz Musician Louis ArmstrongJazz Musician Louis Armstrong (1942) 1942 - Jazz musician Louis Armstrong (41) divorces Alpha Smith after 4 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 113

472 - Olybrius, emperor of Westromeinse republic (472), dies
939 - Gilbert (Giselbert), Duke of Lorraine drowns trying to cross the Rhine at about 49
1113 - Mawdoed, Selchuk emir/governor of Mosul, dies
1264 - Urbanus IV, [Jacques Pantaleon], French Pope (1261-64), dies
1517 - John Murmelius, humanist/theory/school book writer, dies at about 37
1559 - Jacquet of Mantua, French composer (b. 1483)
1564 - Andreas Vesalius, [Andries of Wesel], Flemish anatomist, dies at 49
1588 - Bernardino Telesio, Italian philosopher (Rerum in Child), dies
1617 - Isaac Oliver, miniature painter, dies
1626 - Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, conde de Gondomar, Spanish diplomat (b. 1567)
1629 - Pierre the Barulle, French cardinal/founder (French Oratorio), dies
1629 - Antonio Cifra, Italian composer (b. 1584)
1656 - Stephan Otto, German composer, dies at 53
1678 - Wu San-kuei, gen, invited Manchus to China, dies trying to expel them
1707 - Anne Jules duke the Noailles, marshal of France (huguenot), dies at 57
1721 - Benott Audran, artist/engraver, dies
1724 - François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (b. 1644)
1729 - Arnold Boonen, portrait painter, dies at 60
1746 - Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty
1764 - William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1775 - Chiyo-ni, Japanese poet (b. 1703)
1780 - John Andre, British major, hanged by Americans (spied with B Arnold)
1782 - Charles Lee, British and U.S. general (b. 1732)
1786 - August Keppel, 1st viscount/naval commander/politican, dies
US Revolutionary Samuel AdamsUS Revolutionary Samuel Adams (1803) 1803 - Samuel Adams, US revolutionary (Boston Massacre-Tea Party) and politican, dies at 81
1804 - Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French steam vehicle pioneer (b. 1725)
1809 - Wybo Fijnje, politician/patriot/journalist, dies at 59
1817 - Fyodor Fyodorovich Ushakov, Russian naval commander and admiral (b. 1744)
1823 - Daniel Steibelt, composer, dies at 57 [OS=Sept 20]
1842 - Jose Mariano Elizaga, composer, dies at 56
1842 - William Ellery Channing, cleric/writer, dies
1850 - Sarah Biffin/Beffin, limbless miniature painter, dies
1853 - D Francois J Arago, French astronomer/physicist (chromosome), dies
1860 - Louis Hersent, painter, dies
1863 - Justinus van de Brugghen, lawyer/minister of Justice, dies
1872 - Eberhard F Walcker, organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt A/M), dies
1873 - Cornelius Varley, water-color painter, dies
1905 - Jose Maria de Heredia, Cuban/French sonnet poet, dies at 62
1915 - Russell Alexander, composer, dies at 38
1916 - Benjamin Kidel, English sociologist (Social Evolution), dies at 58
1919 - Ernest Halliwell, cricketer (South African wicketkeeper 1892-1904), dies
1920 - Max Bruch, composer, dies at 82
1927 - Svante August Arrhenius, chemist, dies
1931 - Thomas Johnstone Lipton, sportsman/merchant, dies
1936 - G H Simpson-Hayward, cricketer (Eng 1910, great lob bowlers), dies
1938 - Alexandru Averescu, Romanian soldier and politician (b. 1859)
1943 - Robert Nathaniel Dett, composer, dies at 60
1944 - Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
1947 - Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
1955 - O B Clarence, actor (Penn of Pensnsylvania), dies
1956 - George Bancroft, actor (Texas, Stagecoach, Little Men), dies at 74
1956 - Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist, dies at 73
1958 - Marie Stopes, birth control pioneer, dies
1960 - Jaroslav Doubrava, composer, dies at 51
1961 - Reggie Spooner, cricketer (England centurion v South Africa 1912), dies
1962 - Frank Lovejoy, actor (Man Against Crime, Meet McGraw), dies at 48
1962 - Boris Y. Bukreev, Russian mathematician (b. 1859)
1965 - [John] Selwyn (Brooke) Lloyd, British statesman, dies
1967 - Albertina Rasch, ballerina/choreographer, dies at 76
Painter and Sculptor Marcel DuchampPainter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp (1968) 1968 - Marcel Duchamp, French painter and sculptor (Nude Descending a Staircase), dies at 81
1969 - Katharine Susannah Prichard, novelist (Black Opal), dies at 85
1970 - Alfred Julius Swan, composer, dies at 79
1970 - Anders Bo Leif Linde, composer, dies at 37
1971 - Bola de Nieve, Cuban singer, pianist, and songwriter (b. 1911)
1973 - Paavo "Flying Finn" Nurmi, who won 6 Olympic gold medals, dies at 76
1973 - Paul Hartman, actor (Bert-Petticoat Junction), dies at 84
1974 - Ina Seidel, writer, dies at 89
1975 - Wade Crosby, actor (Sign of Wolf, Tales of Robin Hood), dies at 70
1975 - Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian political leader, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (b. 1903)
1980 - Valentin Stepanovich Varlamov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 46
1981 - Hazel Scott, Trinidadian singer/pianist, dies at 63
Runner nicknamed the Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn" Paavo Nurmi (1973) 1981 - Harry Golden, American journalist (b. 1902)
1982 - William Bernbach, advertising magnate, dies at 71
1983 - Gerald Strang, Canadian composer, dies at 75
1985 - George Savalas, actor (Kojak), dies at 58
1985 - Rock Hudson, actor (MacMillian & Wife), dies of AIDS at 59
1985 - Sidney Clute, actor (Lou Grant, Cagney & Lacey), dies at 69
1987 - Madeleine Carroll, actress (39 Steps, Secret Agent), dies at 81
1987 - Peter Brian Medawar, medical scientist, dies
1988 - Alec Issigonis, Greek-British car designer, developer of the Mini (b. 1906)
1989 - Liesbeth Ribbius Peletier, Neth's 1st female advisor of State, dies
1991 - Dimitrios I, patriarch/primus interparis orthodox Christians, dies
1991 - Jan H Christianse, political chairman (CDA), dies
1993 - Henry Ringling North, circus owner (Ringling Bros Circus), dies at 83
1994 - Faith Davis, oldest triplets (Charity & Hope survive), dies at 95
1994 - Harriet Nelson, American actress, dies of congestive heart failure at 80
1994 - Ronald James Herron, architect, dies at 64
1995 - Elizabeth Jane Lloyd, artist/teacher, dies at 67
1995 - Norman Ewart Thurston, musician, dies at 74
1996 - Andrey Lukanov, PM of Bulgaria (1990), assassinated at 58
1996 - Frideswide Frances Emma Knight, musician/socialist, dies at 85
1996 - Ivan Mark Waller, mountaineer, dies at 89
1996 - Robert Bourassa, PM of province of Quebec (1970-76, 85-93), dies at 63
1996 - Ronald John Bilsland Colville, businessman, dies at 79
1996 - Sybil Marion Rosenfeld, theatre historian, dies at 93
1998 - Gene Autry, American singer, actor, and entrepreneur (b. 1907)
1998 - Olivier Gendebien, Belgian racing driver (b. 1924)
1999 - Heinz G. Konsalik, German novelist (b. 1921)
2001 - Franz Biebl, German composer (b. 1906)
2002 - Heinz von Foerster, Austrian-born physicist and philosopher (b. 1911)

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