This Day in History for 24th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 175

1260 - Saif ad-Din Qutuz, third Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, by a fellow Mamluk leader, who seizes power for himself.
1260 - The spectacular Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; the cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
1360 - The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years' War.
1492 - 24 Jews are burned at the stake in Mecklenburg, Germany
1531 - Bavaria joins Schmalkaldische Union
1593 - Alleged teleportation of Spanish soldier Gil Perez from the Philippines to Mexico
1596 - -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany
1648 - Treaty of Westphalia ends The Thirty Year's War in the Holy Roman Empire; Switzerland's independence recognized
1656 - Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
1681 - Earl of Shaftesbury accused of high treason in London
1795 - Third partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia & Russia
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1812 - Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.
1818 - Felix Mendelssohn, 9, performs his first public concert (Berlin)
1836 - A Phillips patents match
1851 - William Lassell discovers Ariel & Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
1856 - Constitution of South Australia adopted
1857 - World's first soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in Yorkshire, England
1861 - First US transcontinental telegram is sent (from San Francisco to Washington DC)
1861 - West Virginia seceded from Virginia
1871 - Mob in Los Angeles, California hang 18 Chinese
1881 - Levi P Morton, US ambasador to France drives first rivet in Statue of Liberty
1882 - Robert Koch discovers germ that causes tuberculosis
1885 - Johann Strauss' operetta "Zigeunerbaron (Gypsy Baron)" premieres in Vienna
Microbiologist Robert KochMicrobiologist Robert Koch 1889 - Softball rules adopted by Mid Winter Indoor Baseball League
1899 - Battle at Rietfontein, South Africa: Boers vs British army
1900 - General Redvers Buller returns to England
1901 - First woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
1903 - First trotter to run a mile under 2 minutes (Lou Dillon 1:58.1)
1903 - George Sutton becomes billards champion
1904 - First New York subway opens
1908 - Billy Murray hits the charts with "Take Me Outto the Ball Game"
1909 - Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans
1911 - Captain Robert Falcon Scott's expedition leaves Cape Evans for South Pole
1911 - Orville Wright remained in the air 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina setting a new world record that stood for 10 years.
Aviator Orville WrightAviator Orville Wright 1913 - Joe Tinker fired as Cin Reds manager
1916 - Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
1917 - Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
1922 - German parliament mandates Ebert president until July 1925
1922 - Irish Parliament adopts a constitution for an Irish Free State
1923 - Gen Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship
1924 - Christian Gen Feng Joe Siang occupies Beijing
1924 - Nobel prize for physiology/medicine awarded to W Einthoven
1926 - Harry Houdini's last performance, which was at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit, Michigan.
1929 - "Black Thursday", start of stock market crash, Dow Jones down 12.8%
1929 - Rudy Vallee's "The Fleishmann's Yeast Hour" begins broadcasting on NBC radio
Magician & Escape Artist Harry HoudiniMagician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini 1929 - Belgian princess Marie-Jose & Italian crown prince Umberto get engaged, assassination attempt on Umberto fails
1930 - A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas then installed as "provisional president."
1931 - George Washington Bridge linking New York City and New Jersey dedicated, opens the next day
1931 - Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion
1932 - British government signs trade treaty with USSR
1933 - Langston Hughes' "Mulatto" premieres in NYC
1935 - Italy invades Ethiopia [10/2]
1935 - Judge Landis fines ump George Moriarty, Cubs mgr Charlie Grimm & Chic players W English, B Jurges & B Herman for actions in World Series
1938 - US forbids child labor in factories
Poet and Playwright Langston HughesPoet and Playwright Langston Hughes 1939 - Benny Goodman records "Let's Dance"
1939 - Joe DiMaggio wins AL MVP, Jimmie Foxx is runner-up
1939 - Nazi require wearing of Star of David by Jews
1939 - Nylon stockings go on sale for first time (Wilmington, Delaware)
1940 - US Fair Labor Standards of 1938 comes into effect - minimum wage, 44 hr week
1940 - Hitler meets Marshal Pétain
1940 - Japan eliminates US terms (strike, play ball) from baseball
1940 - Protestant churches protest against dismissal of Jew civil servants
1942 - Second day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry
1943 - Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
1944 - Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
1944 - US air raid on Japanese battleships/cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1944 - US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
1944 - US capt David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Jap planes in Gulf of Leyte
Preamble to the Charter of the United NationsPreamble to the Charter of the United Nations 1945 - Charter of United Nations comes into effect
1945 - France (PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)
1946 - Netherlands & Indonesia sign cease fire
1946 - A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket takes the first photograph of earth from outer space.
1947 - Series of forest fires $30 million of timber (New England States)
1948 - Bernard M Baruch introduces term "Cold War"
1948 - Francis Poulenc's "Sinfonietta" premieres
1948 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical In Multiplicibus Curis
1948 - WJBK TV channel 2 in Detroit, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 - Jan de Hartog's "Four Poster" premieres in NYC
1951 - United Nations publishes its first postage stamps
1952 - Arab Liberation Movement becomes only political party in Syria
1953 - KOOL (now KTSP) TV channel 10 in Phoenix, AZ (CBS) begins broadcasting
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower 1954 - Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges United States support to South Vietnam
1954 - 5th Formula One WDC: Juan Manuel Fangio wins by 16.86 points
1956 - Margaret Towner becomes first woman to be ordained into the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (PCUSA)
1956 - AP names Cin manager Birdie Tebbets as NL Manager of the Year
1956 - Soviet troops invade Hungary, Imre Nagy becomes PM of Hungary
1957 - Cin Redlegs decline to move to Roosevelt Stadium in Jersey City
1957 - The USAF starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program.
1958 - USSR lends Egypt 400 million rubles to build Aswan Dam
1959 - US premier of D Sjostakovitch's 1st Cello concert
1960 - Disaster on USSR (Baikonoer) launch pad, kills missile expert Nedelin & team (165 die-unconfirmed); USSR claims killed in plane crash
1961 - "Evening with Yves Montand" opens at John Golden NYC for 55 perfs
1962 - Cuban missile crisis: US blockade of Cuba begins
1963 - "110 in the Shade" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 330 perfs
1963 - KRO shows first episode of Bonanza
1963 - Sandy Koufax is unanimous winner of Cy Young Award
1964 - "Cambridge Circus" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 23 perfs
1964 - 18th Olympic games close at Tokyo, Japan
1964 - Belgian paratroops liberate 1,000 white hostages in Stanleyville
1964 - Dr Kenneth David Kaunda becomes president of Zambia

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 230

Roman Emperor DomitianRoman Emperor Domitian (51) 51 - Domitian, Roman Emperor (d. 96)
1378 - David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)
1607 - John Lievensz, painter/etcher/wood carver
1632 - Antony van Leeuwenhoek, Hol, naturalist (Philosophical Transactions)
1675 - Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (d. 1749)
1710 - Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer (d. 1773)
1763 - Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (d. 1839)
1788 - Sarah Josepha Hale, author (Mary Had a Little Lamb)
1789 - Jean C Baud, gov-gen of Dutch-Indies (1834-6)
1789 - Ramon Carnicer y Batlle, composer
1794 - Friedrich B Freiherr von Gagern, German/Dutch army commandant
1796 - August v Platen, writer
1804 - Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (d. 1891)
1808 - Ernst Friedrich Richter, composer
1808 - Carl Bernhard von Cotta, Meiningen, Germany, German geologist
1811 - Ferdinand Hiller, German pianist/composer/conductor
1815 - John Edwards, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1894)
1817 - Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, Draguignan, France, French chemist and inventor of margarine
1830 - Belva Bennett Lockwood, attorney (1st lady to argue in Supreme Court)
1842 - Josef Nesvera, composer
1844 - Karl Lueger, anti semitic mayor of Vienna
1854 - Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom, chemist (Heterogenen Gleichgewichte)
1855 - James S. Sherman, Vice President of the United States (d. 1912)
1857 - Ned Williamson, American baseball player (d. 1894)
1863 - Manuel Manrique de Lara y Berry, composer
1867 - Franco Leoni, composer
1868 - Alexandra David-Néel, French explorer and writer (d. 1969)
1872 - Peter O'Connor, Irish athlete (d. 1957)
1873 - Edmund Taylor Whittaker, Southport, Lancashire, U.K., British mathematician (applied mathematics and the theory of special functions)
1875 - Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter (d. 1958)
1877 - Pavel Grigor'yevich, composer
1877 - Rika H E Hopper, Dutch actress (Anastasia)
1878 - Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram)
1881 - Paulus B Barth, Swiss painter/lithographer
1882 - Sybil Thorndike, England, actress (Saint Joan)
1882 - Emmerich Kálmán, Siófok, Austria-Hungary, Hungarian composer of operettas
1885 - Ernest Claes, Belgian author (Saints from Zichem)
1886 - Delmira Augustini, Uruguayan poet (El Libro Blanco)
1887 - Victoria von Battenberg, wife of Spanish king Alfonso
1887 - Octave Lapize, French cyclist (d. 1917)
1890 - Chicago Mainbocher, uniform designer (Red Cross, Girl Scouts, Waves)
1890 - Kathleen Lockhart Manning, composer
1891 - Geertruida M W "Truus" Bakker, Dutch actress (The Two Orphans)
1891 - Rafael L Trujillo Molina, president/dictator of Dom Rep (1930-61)
1892 - Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter
1894 - Bibhutibhushan Mukhopadhyay, Bengali author (d. 1987)
1896 - Jack Warner, [Waters], actor (Christmas Carol), born in London, England
1897 - Lazar Weiner, composer
1899 - Ferhat Abbas, Algerian pharmacist/MP chairman (1962-63)
1900 - Elizabeth Hill, teacher of Salvonic languages
1900 - Karl Otto Runolfsson, composer
1901 - Gilda Gray, Polish-born American actress and dancer (d. 1959)
FBI Agent Melvin PurvisFBI Agent Melvin Purvis (1903) 1903 - Melvin Purvis, Timmonsville South Carolina, American FBI agent
1904 - Moss Hart, Bronx NY, playwright (You Can't Take it With You, Act 1)
1905 - Elizabeth Poston, composer
1906 - Marie-Louise von Motesiczky, painter
1906 - Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (d. 1968)
1908 - John Alwyne Kitching, zoologist
1908 - John Tuzo Wilson, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Canadian geologist (contributions to plate tectonics)
1909 - Bill Carr, American athlete (d. 1966)
1911 - Clarence M Kelley, FBI head
1911 - Sonny Terry, rocker
1911 - Paul Grégoire, French Canadian archbishop of Montreal (d. 1993)
1911 - Nathaniel Wyeth, Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, USA, American chemist and inventor (created PET plastic beverage bottle)
Playwright Moss HartPlaywright Moss Hart (1904) 1913 - Molly Mary Hyde, cricketer
1913 - Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone (d. 1984)
1915 - Jean Vallerand, composer
1915 - Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone (Figaro-Barber of Seville)
1915 - Bob Kane, American cartoonist (d. 1998)
1915 - Roger Milliken, American millionaire
1915 - Marghanita Laski, British Journalist and Novelist(d. 1988)
1917 - Marshall Goldberg, NFL halfback (Chicago Cardinals)
1919 - Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer (d. 2008)
1920 - Louise H "Lous" Hensen, actress (Medea, Uncle Wanja)
1920 - Marcel-Paul Schützenberger, French mathematician (d. 1996)
1923 - Denise Levertov, American poet/essayist (Joy Beneath the Skin)
1923 - Reed van Delft, [Hendrika M Schwartz], actress (Golden draagkoets)
1924 - Jose Casanovas, composer
1924 - Piet Roozenburg, World champ checker player (1948 . . 55)
1925 - Jayaaram N Reddy, South African politician/banker
1925 - Ken "Slasher" Mackay, cricketer (exciting Aussie all-rounder)
1925 - Luciano Berio, Oneglia Italy, composer (Chemins)
1926 - Y A Tittle, AAFC/NFL QB (Baltimore, SF, NY Giants, MVP 1963)
1927 - Renato de Grandis, composer
1927 - Gilbert Bécaud, French composer and actor (d. 2001)
1928 - Gabriel Laub, Polish writer
1928 - Ken Hough, cricketer (NZ pace bowler in two Tests v England 1959)
1929 - George H Crumb, Charleston WV, composer (Pulitzer 1968-Echoes of Time)
1929 - James Brosnan, baseball player/writer (Long Season)
1929 - Yordan Radichkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 2004)
1929 - Hubert Aquin, French-Canadian novelist and activist (d. 1977)
1930 - Big Bopper, [JP Richardson], Sabine Pass Tx, vocalist (Chantiily Lace)
1930 - Johan Galtung, Norway, polemologist (Meaning of Nonviolence)
1930 - Raj Bagri, Indies/British merchant in metal
1930 - Sultan Ahmad Shah, King of Malaysia
1931 - Sofia Gubaidulina, Russian composer (Stimmen Verstummen)
1932 - Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)
Economist/Nobel Laureate Robert MundellEconomist/Nobel Laureate Robert Mundell (1932) 1932 - Robert Mundell, Kingston, Ontario, economist and Nobel laureate (1999)
1933 - Norman Rush, American writer
1934 - Arvind Apte, cricketer (brother of Madhav Scored 8 & 7 in one Test)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 3 of 3

Film Producer Robert EvansFilm Producer Robert Evans (1969) 1969 - "Love Story" actress Ali MacGraw (30) weds film producer Robert Evans (39)
1976 - Pediatrician Benjamin Spock (73) weds Mary Morgan
2013 - Country music singer-songwriter Ashley Monroe (27) weds MLB pitcher John Danks (28) at Blackberry Farm in Walland, Tennessee

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 120

996 - Hugo Capet, king of France (987-96), dies at 58
1375 - King Valdemar IV of Denmark (bc. 1320)
1521 - Robert Fayrfax, composer, dies at 57
1537 - Jane Seymour, 3rd wife of Henry VIII, dies
1572 - Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby, English politician (bc. 1508)
1579 - Albrecht V von Wittelsbach, duke of Bavaria, dies at 51
1601 - Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer, dies in Prague at 54
1649 - Ferdinand van Boisschot, South Neth diplomat, dies at about 89
1655 - Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, dies at 63
1667 - Gabriel Metsu, Dutch painter, buried
Astronomer Tycho BraheAstronomer Tycho Brahe (1601) 1667 - Godefroy Wendelin, Flemish astronomer, dies at 87
1669 - William Prynne, English Puritan leader (b. 1600)
1672 - John Webb, English architect (b. 1611)
1679 - Barent Avercamp, Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 66
1708 - Kowa Seki, Japanese mathematician
1785 - Jean-Jacques Robson, composer, dies at 64
1789 - Joaquin de Oxinaga, composer, dies at 69
1789 - Lucretia W van Winter-van Merken, Dutch poet, dies at 68
1799 - Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer, dies at 59
1821 - Elias Boudinot, American President of the Continental Congress (b. 1740)
1842 - Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64
1852 - Daniel Webster, lawyer/speaker/minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 70
1860 - Elie Decazes, French Bourbon Restoration politician, dies at 80
American Statesman Daniel WebsterAmerican Statesman Daniel Webster (1852) 1864 - James Jay Archer, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 46
1869 - Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83
1875 - Raffaello Carboni, Italian writer
1897 - Francis Turner Palgrave, poet/editor (Golden Treasury), dies at 73
1898 - Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (b. 1824)
1901 - Paul Henrion, composer, dies at 82
1902 - Vladislav Ivanovich Zaremba, composer, dies at 69
1912 - Louis van Haecke, Flemish chaplain/author (Zeesterre), dies at 83
1915 - Désiré Charnay, French archaeologist (b. 1828)
1918 - Alexander Charles Lecocq, composer, dies at 86
1922 - George Cadbury, British chocolate and cocoa manufacturer (b. 1839)
1925 - Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Lusy), dies at 56
1929 - Peter J Blok, Dutch historian, dies at 74
1930 - Renaat Verheijen, Flemish actor/director (Dr Faustus), dies at 26
1931 - Murray Bisset, cricketer (S Afr)/Chief Justice of Rhodesia, dies
1938 - Ernst Barlach, writer, dies at 68
1940 - Victor Hollaender, composer, dies at 74
1940 - Pierre Weiss, French physicist (theory of ferromagnetism) dies at 75
1942 - Arthur Dolphin, cricketer (1 Test England 1921, 1 run, 1 catch), dies
1943 - Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (b. 1912)
1944 - Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
1944 - Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer (b. 1877)
1945 - Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide
1945 - Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Min of Defense/PM (1942-45), executed at 58
1948 - Franz Lehar, Austrian/Hungarian composer (Wiener Frauen), dies at 78
1949 - Joaquin Nin y Castellanos, composer, dies at 70
1952 - Frederick Jacobi, composer, dies at 61
1953 - Ernest Irving, composer, dies at 74
1955 - Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, British Anthropologist (Structural Functionalism and studies of Andaman Islanders and Australian Aborigines), dies at 74
1956 - Henry Nicholas Ridley, British botanist (Malay Peninsula rubber industry), dies at 100
1958 - Esther Delterne, Flemish actress/revue-artists, dies at 81
1958 - Martin Fallas Shaw, composer, dies at 83
1963 - Beverly Wills, actress (Beverly-I Married Joan), dies at 29
1966 - Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1896)
1967 - Lyle Latell, actor (Not of the Earth, Sky Dragon), dies at 63
1969 - Otto Jochum, composer, dies at 71
1970 - Richard Hofstadter, US historian, dies at 54
1971 - Carl Ruggles, US composer (Evocations), dies at 95
1971 - Chuck Hughes, Detroit Lion collapses during game & later, dies
1971 - Fernand Quinet, Belgian composer/conductor (Guerre), dies at 73
Baseball Player Jackie RobinsonBaseball Player Jackie Robinson (1972) 1972 - Jackie Robinson, 1st African American baseball player (Bkln Dodgers), dies at 53
1973 - Jack Iverson, cricketer (5 Tests 21 wickets S1024 15 23), dies
1974 - David Oistrach, Russian violinist, dies at 65
1975 - Ismail Erez, Turkish ambassador, killed by car bomb in Paris
1975 - Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian (b. 1888)
1976 - Richard Sturzenegger, composer, dies at 70
1980 - Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov, Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33), dies at 30
1981 - Deborah Baltzell, actress (Karen-I'm a Big Girl Now), dies at 25
1982 - James Philbrook, actor (Islanders, Investigators), dies at 58
1983 - Jessica Savitch, news anchor (NBC-TV), dies at 35
1984 - Edith Massey, actress (Polyester, Pink Flamingos), dies at 66
1984 - Walter Woolf King, actor/TV host (Lights Cameras Action), dies at 85
1985 - Richie Evans, American NASCAR driver (b. 1941)
1985 - Maurice Roy, Archbishop of Quebec, (b. 1905)
1987 - Constantin Alajalov, Russian artist, dies at 86
1991 - Gene Roddenberry, creator (Star Trek), dies of cardiac arrest at 70
1991 - Leon Clements, journalist (Interlijnen), dies at 43
1992 - Alexander V Van de Wall Bake, staff leader/gov KMA Breda, dies
1992 - Laurie Colwin, novelist (Happy All the Time), dies at 48
1993 - Ben Scholtens, historian (Gaama Duumi), murdered at 39
1993 - Desmond Nuttall, English theorist, dies at 49
1993 - Tonino Nardi, Italian cinematographer (Porte Manifest), dies at 54
1994 - Alexandr Nikolaievich Shelepin, dir of KGB (1958-61), dies
1994 - Gamini Dissanayake, Sri Lankain presidential candidate, murdered
1994 - Raul Julia, actor (Addams Family), dies of stroke at 54
1995 - Emile Jonassaint, president of Haiti (1994), dies at 82
1995 - Ronald Selby Wright, minister, dies at 87
1996 - Arthur Axmann, head of Hitler Youths in (1940-45), dies at 83
1996 - Bruce Matthews, newspaper executive, dies at 71
1996 - Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, diplomat, dies at 96
1996 - Roderick Barclay, diplomat, dies at 87
1996 - Sid Pye, drummer, dies at 55
1997 - Don Messick, cartoon voice (Astro-Jetsons, Bamm Bamm), dies at 62
2001 - Wolf Rüdiger Hess, German neo-Nazi (b. 1937)
2002 - Herman Gaviria, Colombian football player (b. 1969)
2002 - Winton M. Blount, United States Postmaster General (b. 1921)
2002 - Harry Hay, American activist (b. 1912)

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