- 1517 Martin Luther posts 95 theses on Wittenberg church - precipitates the Protestant Reformation
- 1541 Michelangelo Buonarroti finishes painting The Last Judgement in the Sistine Chapel, Vatican
- 1876 Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 ravages British India (Modern-day Bangladesh), resulting in over 200,000 human deaths.
- 1917 World War I: Battle of Beersheba in southern Palestine- "last successful cavalry charge in history"
- 1918 Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week
- 2011 The world population reaches 7 billion inhabitants according to the United Nations
Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
On October 31, 1892