- 1571 Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroys Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece
- 1737 40 foot waves sink 20,000 small craft & kill 300,000 (Bengal, India)
- 1763 George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north & west of Alleghenies to white settlement
- 1913 Henry Ford institutes moving assembly line
- 2001 The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan starts with an air assault and covert operations on the ground.
Far side of Moon seen for 1st time, compliments of USSR's Luna 3
On October 7, 1959