Famous Deaths in 1881

  • Jan 1 Louis Auguste Blanqui, French political activist (b. 1805)
  • Jan 21 Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1802)
  • Jan 25 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (b. 1794)
  • Jan 30 Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens, Flemish composer, dies at 58
  • Feb 2 Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper), dies at 59

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 5 Thomas Carlyle, historian/essayist, dies in London at 85

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • Feb 6 Pieter Mijer, Gov-Gen of Neth Indies (1866-72), dies at 68
  • Feb 7 Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic, dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 9 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime & Punishment), dies at 59

  • Feb 14 Fernando Wood, New York City mayor (b. 1812)
  • Feb 27 George Colley, British governor of Natal/general, dies in battle at 46
  • Mar 6 Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (b. 1801)
  • Mar 13 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62
  • Mar 15 Emory Upton, US Union gen-maj (Selma), commits suicide at 42
  • Mar 21 Samuel Courtauld, American-born textile magnate (b. 1793)
  • Mar 23 Nikolay Rubinstein, composer, dies at 45
  • Mar 24 Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republic politician, dies at 69
  • Mar 24 Joseph Delesse, French geologist (b. 1817)
  • Mar 26 Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat (b. 1800)
  • Mar 28 Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Russian composer (Boris Godunov), dies at 42 [OS=Mar 16]
  • Mar 31 Gaetano Gaspari, composer, dies at 73
  • Apr 7 Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican MP, dies at 65
  • Apr 11 Kristian Mandrup Elster, Norwegian author (Torn Trondal), dies at 40
  • Apr 16 George William Martin, composer, dies at 56

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 19 Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1868, 1874-80) and writer, dies of bronchitis at 76

British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli
  • Apr 19 Michel Abeloos, Flemish sculptor, dies at 53
  • Apr 26 Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (b. 1815)
  • Apr 27 Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general, dies at 76
  • Apr 28 Robert W Ollinger, US warden/last victim of Billy the Kid, dies
  • May 3 Josip Jurcic, Slovic writer (Schone Vida), dies
  • May 11 Henri-Frederic Amiel, Swiss/French writer (Journal Intime), dies at 59
  • May 23 Leopold von Ranke, historian, dies
  • May 24 Samuel Palmer, British landscape painter, dies at 76
  • May 26 Jakob Bernays, German philologist (b. 1824)
  • Jun 2 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • Jun 3 Japanese giant salamander, dies in Dutch zoo at 55; oldest amphibian
  • Jun 6 Henry Vieuxtemps, Belgian composer, dies at 61
  • Jun 13 Josef Skoda, Czech physician (b. 1805)
  • Jun 16 Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner (b. 1801)
  • Jun 16 Sir Josiah Mason, English manufacturer (b. 1795)
  • Jun 28 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (b. 1798)
  • Jul 4 Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish statesman (b. 1806)
  • Jul 10 Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (b. 1812)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 14 Billy the Kid, [William H Bonney], American frontier outlaw, dies of gunshot wounds at 21

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • Jul 15 Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], shot by sheriff Pat Garrett at 21
  • Jul 17 Jim Bridger, American mountain man, Indian fighter, and explorer (b. 1804)
  • Jul 19 Isaac Baumann, a Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa, dies at 67
  • Jul 20 Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, English 1st baron of Hesketh, dies
  • Jul 26 George Borrow, writer, dies
  • Jul 27 Johann Christian Lobe, composer, dies at 84
  • Aug 2 Marcus Andrews Hislop Clarke, author (His Natural Life) at 35
  • Aug 6 James White, co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b. 1821)
  • Aug 19 Joseph Labitzky, composer, dies at 79
  • Sep 7 Sidney Clopton Lanier, composer, dies at 39
  • Sep 8 W Frederik K, prince of Netherlands/general/admiral, dies at 84
  • Sep 13 Ambrose Everett Burnside, US Union general, dies at 57

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 19 James A. Garfield, 20th US President (Republican: 1881), dies of gunshot wound at 49

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Sep 22 Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman from Illinois (b. 1831)
  • Sep 24 Luigi Ferdinando Casamorata, composer, dies at 74
  • Oct 1 Frantisek Matej Hilmar, composer, dies at 78
  • Oct 3 Orson Pratt, American religious leader (b. 1811)
  • Oct 22 Janis Cimze, Latvian composer, Father of Latvian choir music, dies at 67
  • Oct 26 Billy Clanton, brother of Ike, dies
  • Oct 31 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, dies during his disastrous expedition to the North Pole at 37
  • Nov 1 Jacques F H Perk, Dutch poet (Iris), dies at 22
  • Nov 7 John MacHale, Irish Archbishop (Tuam) and writer (b. 1791)
  • Nov 9 Edwin Drake, Father of the oil industry, drilled the first oil well.
  • Nov 21 Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (b. 1794)
  • Nov 25 Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (b. 1794)
  • Dec 7 Julius FA Bahnsen, Ger philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51
  • Dec 13 August Senoa, Croatian writer (Kletva [The Curse]), dies at 43
  • Dec 17 Lewis H Morgan, US ethnologist (Iroquois-indians), dies at 62