Famous Deaths in 1881

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  • Jan 1st Louis Auguste Blanqui, French political activist (b. 1805)
  • Jan 21st Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1802)
  • Jan 25th Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (b. 1794)
  • Jan 30th Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens, Flemish composer, dies at 58
  • Feb 2nd Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper), dies at 59

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 5th Thomas Carlyle, historian/essayist, dies in London at 85

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • Feb 6th Pieter Mijer, Gov-Gen of Neth Indies (1866-72), dies at 68
  • Feb 7th Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic, dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 9th Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime & Punishment), dies at 59

  • Feb 14th Fernando Wood, New York City mayor (b. 1812)
  • Feb 27th George Colley, British governor of Natal/general, dies in battle at 46
  • Mar 6th Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (b. 1801)
  • Mar 13th Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62
  • Mar 15th Emory Upton, US Union gen-maj (Selma), commits suicide at 42
  • Mar 21st Samuel Courtauld, American-born textile magnate (b. 1793)
  • Mar 23rd Nikolay Rubinstein, composer, dies at 45
  • Mar 24th Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republic politician, dies at 69
  • Mar 24th Joseph Delesse, French geologist (b. 1817)
  • Mar 26th Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat (b. 1800)
  • Mar 28th Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Russian composer (Boris Godunov), dies at 42 [OS=Mar 16]
  • Mar 31st Gaetano Gaspari, composer, dies at 73
  • Apr 7th Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican MP, dies at 65
  • Apr 11th Kristian Mandrup Elster, Norwegian author (Torn Trondal), dies at 40
  • Apr 16th George William Martin, composer, dies at 56
  • Apr 19th Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl (Beaconsfield)/novelist, dies
  • Apr 19th Michel Abeloos, Flemish sculptor, dies at 53
  • Apr 26th Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (b. 1815)
  • Apr 27th Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general, dies at 76
  • Apr 28th Robert W Ollinger, US warden/last victim of Billy the Kid, dies
  • May 3rd Josip Jurcic, Slovic writer (Schone Vida), dies
  • May 11th Henri-Frederic Amiel, Swiss/French writer (Journal Intime), dies at 59
  • May 23rd Leopold von Ranke, historian, dies
  • May 24th Samuel Palmer, British landscape painter, dies at 76
  • May 26th Jakob Bernays, German philologist (b. 1824)
  • Jun 2nd Émile Littré, French lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • Jun 3rd Japanese giant salamander, dies in Dutch zoo at 55; oldest amphibian
  • Jun 6th Henry Vieuxtemps, Belgian composer, dies at 61
  • Jun 13th Josef Skoda, Czech physician (b. 1805)
  • Jun 16th Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner (b. 1801)
  • Jun 16th Sir Josiah Mason, English manufacturer (b. 1795)
  • Jun 28th Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (b. 1798)
  • Jul 4th Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish statesman (b. 1806)
  • Jul 10th Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (b. 1812)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 14th Billy the Kid, American outlaw (b. 1859?)

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • Jul 15th Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], shot by sheriff Pat Garrett at 21
  • Jul 17th Jim Bridger, American mountain man, Indian fighter, and explorer (b. 1804)
  • Jul 19th Isaac Baumann, a Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa, dies at 67
  • Jul 20th Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, English 1st baron of Hesketh, dies
  • Jul 26th George Borrow, writer, dies
  • Jul 27th Johann Christian Lobe, composer, dies at 84
  • Aug 2nd Marcus Andrews Hislop Clarke, author (His Natural Life) at 35
  • Aug 6th James White, co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b. 1821)
  • Aug 19th Joseph Labitzky, composer, dies at 79
  • Sep 7th Sidney Clopton Lanier, composer, dies at 39
  • Sep 8th W Frederik K, prince of Netherlands/general/admiral, dies at 84
  • Sep 13th Ambrose Everett Burnside, US Union general, dies at 57

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 19th James A. Garfield, 20th US President (Republican: 1881), dies of gunshot wound at 49

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Sep 22nd Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman from Illinois (b. 1831)
  • Sep 24th Luigi Ferdinando Casamorata, composer, dies at 74
  • Oct 1st Frantisek Matej Hilmar, composer, dies at 78
  • Oct 3rd Orson Pratt, American religious leader (b. 1811)
  • Oct 22nd Janis Cimze, Latvian composer, Father of Latvian choir music, dies at 67
  • Oct 26th Billy Clanton, brother of Ike, dies
  • Oct 31st George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, dies during his disastrous expedition to the North Pole at 37
  • Nov 1st Jacques F H Perk, Dutch poet (Iris), dies at 22
  • Nov 7th John MacHale, Irish Archbishop (Tuam) and writer (b. 1791)
  • Nov 9th Edwin Drake, Father of the oil industry, drilled the first oil well.
  • Nov 21st Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (b. 1794)
  • Nov 25th Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (b. 1794)
  • Dec 7th Julius FA Bahnsen, Ger philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51
  • Dec 13th August Senoa, Croatian writer (Kletva [The Curse]), dies at 43
  • Dec 17th Lewis H Morgan, US ethnologist (Iroquois-indians), dies at 62