Famous Deaths in 1881

  • Jan 1 Louis Auguste Blanqui, French political activist (b. 1805)
  • Jan 21 Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1802)
  • Jan 25 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (b. 1794)
  • Jan 30 Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens, Flemish composer, dies at 58
  • Feb 2 Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper), dies at 59

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 5 Thomas Carlyle, historian/essayist, dies in London at 85

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • Feb 6 Pieter Mijer, Gov-Gen of Neth Indies (1866-72), dies at 68
  • Feb 7 Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic, dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 9 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime & Punishment), dies at 59

  • Feb 14 Fernando Wood, New York City mayor (b. 1812)
  • Feb 27 George Colley, British governor of Natal/general, dies in battle at 46
  • Mar 6 Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (b. 1801)
  • Mar 13 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62
  • Mar 15 Emory Upton, US Union gen-maj (Selma), commits suicide at 42
  • Mar 21 Samuel Courtauld, American-born textile magnate (b. 1793)
  • Mar 23 Nikolay Rubinstein, composer, dies at 45
  • Mar 24 Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republic politician, dies at 69
  • Mar 24 Joseph Delesse, French geologist (b. 1817)
  • Mar 26 Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat (b. 1800)
  • Mar 28 Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Russian composer (Boris Godunov), dies at 42 [OS=Mar 16]
  • Mar 31 Gaetano Gaspari, composer, dies at 73
  • Apr 7 Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican MP, dies at 65
  • Apr 11 Kristian Mandrup Elster, Norwegian author (Torn Trondal), dies at 40
  • Apr 16 George William Martin, composer, dies at 56

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 19 Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1868, 1874-80) and writer, dies of bronchitis at 76

British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli
  • Apr 19 Michel Abeloos, Flemish sculptor, dies at 53
  • Apr 26 Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (b. 1815)
  • Apr 27 Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general, dies at 76
  • Apr 28 Robert W Ollinger, US warden/last victim of Billy the Kid, dies
  • May 3 Josip Jurcic, Slovic writer (Schone Vida), dies
  • May 11 Henri-Frederic Amiel, Swiss/French writer (Journal Intime), dies at 59
  • May 23 Leopold von Ranke, historian, dies
  • May 24 Samuel Palmer, British landscape painter, dies at 76
  • May 26 Jakob Bernays, German philologist (b. 1824)
  • Jun 2 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • Jun 3 Japanese giant salamander, dies in Dutch zoo at 55; oldest amphibian
  • Jun 6 Henry Vieuxtemps, Belgian composer, dies at 61
  • Jun 13 Josef Skoda, Czech physician (b. 1805)
  • Jun 16 Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner (b. 1801)
  • Jun 16 Sir Josiah Mason, English manufacturer (b. 1795)
  • Jun 28 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (b. 1798)
  • Jul 4 Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish statesman (b. 1806)
  • Jul 10 Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (b. 1812)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 14 Billy the Kid, American outlaw (b. 1859?)

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • Jul 15 Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], shot by sheriff Pat Garrett at 21
  • Jul 17 Jim Bridger, American mountain man, Indian fighter, and explorer (b. 1804)
  • Jul 19 Isaac Baumann, a Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa, dies at 67
  • Jul 20 Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, English 1st baron of Hesketh, dies
  • Jul 26 George Borrow, writer, dies
  • Jul 27 Johann Christian Lobe, composer, dies at 84
  • Aug 2 Marcus Andrews Hislop Clarke, author (His Natural Life) at 35
  • Aug 6 James White, co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b. 1821)
  • Aug 19 Joseph Labitzky, composer, dies at 79
  • Sep 7 Sidney Clopton Lanier, composer, dies at 39
  • Sep 8 W Frederik K, prince of Netherlands/general/admiral, dies at 84
  • Sep 13 Ambrose Everett Burnside, US Union general, dies at 57

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 19 James A. Garfield, 20th US President (Republican: 1881), dies of gunshot wound at 49

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Sep 22 Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman from Illinois (b. 1831)
  • Sep 24 Luigi Ferdinando Casamorata, composer, dies at 74
  • Oct 1 Frantisek Matej Hilmar, composer, dies at 78
  • Oct 3 Orson Pratt, American religious leader (b. 1811)
  • Oct 22 Janis Cimze, Latvian composer, Father of Latvian choir music, dies at 67
  • Oct 26 Billy Clanton, brother of Ike, dies
  • Oct 31 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, dies during his disastrous expedition to the North Pole at 37
  • Nov 1 Jacques F H Perk, Dutch poet (Iris), dies at 22
  • Nov 7 John MacHale, Irish Archbishop (Tuam) and writer (b. 1791)
  • Nov 9 Edwin Drake, Father of the oil industry, drilled the first oil well.
  • Nov 21 Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (b. 1794)
  • Nov 25 Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (b. 1794)
  • Dec 7 Julius FA Bahnsen, Ger philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51
  • Dec 13 August Senoa, Croatian writer (Kletva [The Curse]), dies at 43
  • Dec 17 Lewis H Morgan, US ethnologist (Iroquois-indians), dies at 62