Famous Deaths in 1945

Deaths 1 - 200 of 228

  • Jan 1 Vit Nejedly, Czech composer, dies at the front during WWII at 33
  • Jan 2 Betram Home Ramsay, Engl adm/Cmdr Naval Forces (Normandy), dies at 61
  • Jan 3 Fyodor Akimenko, composer, dies at 68
  • Jan 3 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
  • Jan 3 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (b. 1879)
  • Jan 6 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
  • Jan 8 Jac[obus] P. Thijsse, Dutch biologist and educator (Omgang met planten), dies at 79
  • Jan 8 Karl Krafft, Swiss astrologer who was manipulated by the Nazi regime (b. 1900)
  • Jan 9 Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1890)
  • Jan 10 Rudolf Borchardt, writer, dies at 67
  • Jan 14 Sandor Vandor, composer, dies at 43
  • Jan 16 Dennis Donnini, British rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19
  • Jan 19 Ernest B Allo, French theologist, dies at 71
  • Jan 22 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer, dies at 61
  • Jan 22 Carlo Felice Boghen, composer, dies a day before 76th birthday
  • Jan 22 Johan Eykman, theologist (World Church), dies at 52
  • Jan 22 Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
  • Jan 23 Helmuth J Moltke, German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37
  • Jan 28 Philip "Felix" Bekkers, actor (We Go on Trip), dies at 37
  • Jan 30 Gottlieb J Haberlandt, Hungarian/German botanist, dies at 90
  • Jan 30 William Busch, composer, dies at 43
  • Jan 31 Eddie Slovik, 1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25
  • Feb 1 Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), dies at 72
  • Feb 2 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July plot), hanged at 60
  • Feb 3 José Roló, Mexican composer, dies at 61
  • Feb 3 Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies
  • Feb 5 Violette Szabo, French WWII secret agent, is executed by Nazis at 23
  • Feb 6 Jan Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 6 Paul Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 9 George Maduro, Dutch Antillian resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau at 28
  • Feb 9 Jan Bakker, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 10 Juan de Hernandez, composer, dies at 63
  • Feb 10 Anacleto Diaz, Filipino jurist (b. 1878)
  • Feb 11 Al Dubin, Swiss songwriter (Tiptoe Thru The Tulips), dies at 53
  • Feb 11 J S H Lokerman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Neugengamme
  • Feb 12 Henrietta Szold, founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah), dies
  • Feb 12 Walraven [Wally] van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis, executed at 39
  • Feb 12 Antonio Villa-Real, Filipino jurist (b. 1880)
  • Feb 13 George Studd, cricketer (4 Tests with brother v Aus 1882-83), dies
  • Feb 16 Billy Frank, cricketer (Test South Africa v Eng 1896, 5 & 2, 1-52), dies
  • Feb 16 Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Upproret), dies at 45
  • Feb 19 Wim Speelman, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 21 Eric Liddell, Scottish runner (Olympic-gold 1924), dies at 43
  • Feb 22 Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
  • Feb 23 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • Feb 23 Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle
  • Feb 24 Ahmed Maher Pasha, Egypt's PM, assassinated in parliament
  • Feb 25 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, dies of a heart attack at 51
  • Feb 27 HJ Lochtman, Dutch chaplain/resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen
  • Mar 2 Emily Carr, Canadian artist (b. 1871)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish Internal minister (1940), dies at 61

  • Mar 3 Koos Speenhoff, Dutch singer, killed in bombing raid at 75
  • Mar 4 Lucille La Verne, American actress (b. 1872)
  • Mar 4 Mark Sandrich, American film director, writer and producer (b. 1900)
  • Mar 5 Lena Baker, American murderer (b. 1901)
  • Mar 6 Jan Thijssen, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Savage Farm
  • Mar 6 Rudolph Karel, composer, dies at 64
  • Mar 7 Adolf Bartels, German writer/racist, dies at 82
  • Mar 8 H J Jamin, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Buchenwald
  • Mar 8 Jan Beekes, resistance fighter, executed at 26

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 12 Anne Frank, Dutch diarist and Jewish victim of the Nazi Holocaust (Diary of Anne Frank), dies of typhus in the Belsen concentration camp at 15

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Mar 13 Herbert Bedford, composer, dies at 78
  • Mar 15 Herman Bernard Wiardi Beckman, Dutch resistance fighter and politician (SDAP), dies at 41
  • Mar 16 Pierre Drieu la Rochelle, French writer/poet, commits suicide at 52
  • Mar 16 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (b. 1874)
  • Mar 18 William Grover-Williams, British racing driver
  • Mar 19 Fritz Fromm, German supreme commander of Reserve army, executed
  • Mar 21 J Woortman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen at 39
  • Mar 21 Artur Nebe, German SS officer {b. 1894)
  • Mar 22 J Postuma, Dutch resistance fighter, dies
  • Mar 24 J S Nicklin, Lt-Col/Canada's 1st parachutist, dies
  • Mar 24 Thomas Rennie, Gen-Maj (Dutch command 51st Highland Division), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 26 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), dies of cancer at 82

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Mar 26 Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter, shot to death at 29
  • Mar 27 Jorgen Nielsen, Danish writer (romance), dies at 42
  • Mar 29 Karl T Sapper, German geographer/geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79
  • Mar 30 Karel Moor, Czech composer and conductor, dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 31 Hans Fischer, German physicist (Nobel 1930), dies at 63

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • Mar 31 Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45
  • Apr 3 Joseph Weinheber, Austria poet/writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • Apr 5 Huldreich Georg Fruh, composer, dies at 41
  • Apr 6 Benjamin M Telders, president (Dutch Liberal States Party), dies at 42
  • Apr 9 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
  • Apr 9 Hans Oster, German major-general/spy, "July 20th plot", hanged
  • Apr 9 Hans von Dohnanyi, "July 20th plotter", hanged
  • Apr 9 Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
  • Apr 9 Georg Elser, failed assassin of Hitler (b. 1903)
  • Apr 10 Hendrik N Werkman, resistance/painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63
  • Apr 10 Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
  • Apr 11 Kamiel van Baelen, Flemish author and resistance fighter (Mensch op Weg), dies at 29

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 12 Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (D) (1933-1945), dies in office of a stroke at 63

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Apr 13 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher and educator (Essay on Man), dies at 70
  • Apr 17 Hannie Schaft, "Girl with red hair," executed
  • Apr 17 Ion Pillat, Romania poet/senator (Umbra timpului), dies
  • Apr 17 Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54
  • Apr 18 Ernest T Pyle, British/US newscaster, killed in WW II at 44
  • Apr 18 John Ambrose Fleming, electrical engineer, dies
  • Apr 18 Ernie Pyle, American journalist (b. 1900)
  • Apr 19 J P Heyboer, resistance fighter, executed
  • Apr 21 John Poston, British major/Montgomery's ADC, dies in battle at 25
  • Apr 22 Kathe Kollwitz, German graphic artist, dies at 77
  • Apr 23 Albrecht Haushofer, writer, dies at 42
  • Apr 24 Anton de Kom, Suriname resistance fighter, dies at 47
  • Apr 24 Hubert Bath, composer, dies at 61
  • Apr 26 Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian politician and general (b. 1871)
  • Apr 26 Sigmund Rascher, Nazi doctor (b. 1909)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 28 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), shot by communist partisans at 61

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Apr 28 Claretta Petacci, mistress of Mussolini, executed
  • Apr 28 Hans Bloesch, writer, dies
  • Apr 28 Roberto Farinacci, Italian fascist (b. 1892)
  • Apr 29 Matthias Kleinheisterkamp, German SS officer (b. 1893)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 30 Adolf Hitler, German Dictator (1936-45), commits suicide at 56

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 30 Eva Braun, German mistress/wife of Hitler, commits suicide at 33
  • May 1 Desider Antalffy-Zsiross, Hungarian organist/composer, dies at 59

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 1 Paul Joseph Goebbels, German Nazi Minister of Propaganda, commits suicide aged 47 with his wife and arranges the death of his 6 children aged

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 2 Martin Bormann, German Nazi leader (Hitler's secretary, chief of the Party Chancellery), most likely commits suicide age 44 [remains identified in 1972]

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
  • May 2 Ludwig Stumpfegger, German SS doctor and Hitler's personal surgeon commits suicide at 34
  • May 2 Joe Corbett, baseball player (b. 1875)
  • May 5 Peter Van Pels, Jewish Refugee (b. 1926)
  • May 5 Elsie Mitchell and five Sunday school students become the only people to die during World War II on US soil when they are killed by a Japanese fire balloon that lands in the forest of Gearhart Mountain, near Bly, Southern Oregon
  • May 8 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (b. 1883)
  • May 9 Clem Hill, cricketer (49 Tests for Australia 1896-1912), dies
  • May 10 Richard Glücks, German SS officer (b. 1889)
  • May 13 Tubby Hall, American musician (b. 1895)
  • May 14 Heber J. Grant, seventh president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1856)
  • May 15 Major Courtney, US medal of honor marine, dies in battle of Sugar Loaf
  • May 15 Charles Williams, UK writer (b. 1886)
  • May 17 Jan van Geenen, resistance fighter, dies
  • May 17 Sasaki Shigetsu Sokei-an, founder 1st Zen Institute of America, dies
  • May 19 Philipp Bouhler, German nazi leader (b. 1889)
  • May 22 Carel A Lion Cachet, lithographer/wood carver, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 23 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader (head of the SS), commits suicide while in Allied custody at 44

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • May 25 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, dies at 62
  • May 30 Irma Laplasse, Flemish farmer/nazi collaborator, executed
  • Jun 4 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), dies at 66
  • Jun 6 Meinoud M Rost van Tonningen, anti semite/NSB (1937-41), suicide
  • Jun 7 Nishida Kitaro, scholar/philosopher/Zen practitioner, dies at 74
  • Jun 7 Ruben Marcos Campos, composer, dies at 69
  • Jun 8 Karl Hanke, Official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany, dies at 41
  • Jun 16 Aris Velouchiotis, Greek guerrilla resistance leader (b. 1905)
  • Jun 18 Colonel Roberts, commandant 22nd regiment marines, dies in battle
  • Jun 18 Simon B Buckner, US lt-gen/commandant of 10th Army, dies in action
  • Jun 18 Florence Bascom, American geologist and 1st woman hired by the US Geological Survey, dies at 82
  • Jun 20 Bruno Frank, German-born American writer, dies at 58
  • Jun 21 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Sinking Shadows), dies at 53
  • Jun 22 Isamu Tsjo, Japanese chief-staff 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • Jun 22 Mitsuri Ushijima, Jap lt-gen/commandant 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • Jun 23 Lt Gen Ushijima, Japanese commander, commits suicide at Okinawa
  • Jun 26 Erno Rapee, American conductor and composer (Radio City Music Hall), dies at 54
  • Jun 26 Nikolay Nikolayevich Tcherepnin, composer, dies at 72
  • Jul 5 John Curtin, Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), dies of heart disease at 60
  • Jul 7 Salomeja Neris, [S Bacinskaite-Buciene], Latvian poet, dies at 40
  • Jul 12 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • Jul 19 George Barbier, American actor (Tarzan's Revenge, Wife vs Secretary), dies at 80
  • Jul 20 Arthur Seccull, South African cricketer (Test v England 1896), dies
  • Jul 20 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), dies at 73
  • Aug 2 Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, composer (Donna Diana), dies at 85
  • Aug 2 Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer (Cavalleria Rusticana), dies at 81
  • Aug 6 Hiram Johnson, American progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), dies at 78
  • Aug 6 Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)
  • Aug 9 Harry Hillman, American athlete (b. 1881)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 10 Robert H. Goddard, rocket pioneer (invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket), dies of throat cancer at 62

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Aug 15 Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
  • Aug 16 Nico Richter, composer, dies at 29
  • Aug 16 Takijiro Ohnishi, led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri), dies
  • Aug 17 Gino Marinuzzi, composer, dies at 61
  • Aug 17 Pater Bleijs, [Louis], resistance fighter, dies in car accident
  • Aug 19 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b.1875)
  • Aug 20 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • Aug 22 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist, inventor of the micro-electrode, and pioneering female scientist dies at 87
  • Aug 25 John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • Aug 26 Franz Werfel, Czech/German/US poet/writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54
  • Sep 1 Jacobus W G Balfoort, Dutch actor (Heimwee, Head On), dies at 57
  • Sep 6 John S. Mccain Snr., US admiral, (WW II-Pacific Ocean), dies of a heart attack at 61
  • Sep 10 Vaino Raitio, composer, dies at 54
  • Sep 15 Anton Friedrich Wilhelm von Webern, Austrian composer, dies at 61
  • Sep 15 André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (b. 1876)
  • Sep 16 John "Pa" van de Steur, philanthropist (Java), dies at 80
  • Sep 16 John McCormack, Irish singer (Irish national anthem/folk songs), dies
  • Sep 18 "Blind" Willie Johnson American blues/spiritual singer and guitarist (b. 1897)
  • Sep 20 William Buehler Seabrook, Writer, journalist, occultist and explorer (b. 1884)
  • Sep 20 Augusto Tasso Fragoso, Brazilian president (b. 1869)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 20 Eduard Wirths, Nazi physician at Auschwitz, commits suicide at 36

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • Sep 24 Hans Geiger, German physicist (co-inventor of the Geiger counter), dies at 62
  • Sep 25 Charles A Ellwood, US sociologist/psychologist, dies at 72
  • Sep 26 Béla Bartok, Hungarian pianist and composer (Concerto for Orchestra), dies at 64
  • Sep 26 R Beer-Hofmann, writer, dies at 78
  • Oct 1 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Traumatic Shock), dies at 73
  • Oct 6 Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician, dies by hanging himself while awaiting trial for war crimes at Nuremberg at 45
  • Oct 8 Herman T Colenbrander, historian, dies at 73
  • Oct 8 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), dies at 78
  • Oct 12 Jesse James Payne, a sharecropper, lynched in Madison County, Florida

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 13 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company), dies at 86

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 15 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), executed by firing squad for high treason at 62

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Oct 24 Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide
  • Oct 24 Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Min of Defense/PM (1942-45), executed at 58
  • Oct 26 Paul Pelliot, French explorer (b. 1878)
  • Oct 26 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, dies at 82
  • Oct 29 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), dies at 72
  • Oct 31 Henry Ainley, English actor (As You Like It), dies at 66