Famous Deaths on February 23

  • 155 Polycarp, disciple of Apostle John, arrested & burned at stake
  • 943 Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, (b. 884)
  • 1011 Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz
  • 1100 Emperor Zhezong of China (b. 1076)
  • 1447 Eugene IV, [Gabriele Condulmer], Italian Pope (1431-47), dies
  • 1447 Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1390)
  • 1464 Zhengtong, Emperor of China (b. 1427)
  • 1468 John Gutenberg, German inventor (boekdrukkunst), dies
  • 1507 Gentile Bellini, Venetian painter (Sultan Mohammed II), dies at about 78 (burial date)
  • 1526 Diego Colón, Spanish Viceroy of the Indies
  • 1554 Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, Lady Jane Grey's father, executed
  • 1572 Pierre Certon, French composer
  • 1603 Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (b. 1519)
  • 1607 Herman Herbertsz, vicar, dies at about 60
  • 1669 Lieuwe van Aitzema, Frisian historian, dies at 68
  • 1682 Abraham de Wicquefort, Dutch diplomat/historian, dies at 75
  • 1704 Georg Muffat, French/German organist/composer, dies at 50
  • 1718 Francois Fagel, Dutch field marshal/mayor of Nimegen, dies at 63
  • 1766 Stanislaw Leszcynski, duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies
  • 1781 George Taylor, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (bc. 1716)
  • 1792 Joshua Reynolds, English portrait painter (Simplicity), dies at 68
  • 1800 Joseph Warton, English literary critic (b. 1722)
  • 1806 John Alcock, English composer and organist, dies at 90
  • 1807 Francois Guichard, composer, dies at 61

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821 John Keats, English Romantic poet (Ode to a Grecian Urn), dies of tuberculosis at 25 in Rome

Romantic Poet John Keats
Romantic Poet
John Keats
  • 1821 Marie-Anne Collot, French sculptor, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1848 John Quincy Adams, 6th US President (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1855 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), dies at 77

Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1859 Zygmunt Krasiński, Polish Romantic poet (b. 1812)
  • 1867 George Thomas Smart, composer, dies at 90
  • 1879 Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia (b. 1803)
  • 1884 Tambo Tambo, Australian aboriginal/US circus attaction, dies at 23
  • 1897 Woldemar Bargiel, composer, dies at 68
  • 1900 William Butterfield, architect of the Gothic revival, dies
  • 1902 Samuel R Gardiner, British historian (Oliver Cromwell), dies at 72
  • 1903 Albert Cahen, composer, dies at 57
  • 1903 Friedrich Grutzmacher, composer, dies at 70
  • 1906 Johann Hoch, US murderer, executed
  • 1908 Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
  • 1913 Jimmy Sinclair, cricketer (3 centuries in 25 Test South African career), dies
  • 1915 Robert Smalls, Reconstruction congressman, dies at 75 in SC
  • 1916 George Martin, English composer and organist, dies at 71
  • 1920 Alexander Alexandrovich Il'yinsky, composer, dies at 61
  • 1922 Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist (b. 1845)
  • 1927 Sveinbjorn Sveinbjornsson, composer, dies at 79
  • 1930 Horst Wessel, German nazi lyricist (Fahne Hoch), dies at 22
  • 1930 Mabel Normand, actress/director (Extra Girl), dies at 35
  • 1931 Nellie Melba, [Helen Mitchell], Australian soprano, dies
  • 1934 Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan patriot, assassinated by National Guard
  • 1934 Edward William Elgar, English composer (Coronation Ode), dies at 76
  • 1935 Jan Duiker, Dutch architect (Hotel Gooiland), dies at 44
  • 1937 Claude Buckenham, cricketer (21 wkts in 4 Tests for Eng 1909-10), dies
  • 1942 Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (Die Welt von Gestern), dies at 60
  • 1944 Leo Hendrick Baekeland, inventor (Bakelite), dies
  • 1945 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • 1945 Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle
  • 1946 Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (hanged) (b. 1885)
  • 1948 John Robert Gregg, Irish-born publisher and inventor (b. 1866)
  • 1955 Paul Claudel, French poet/playwright (L'otage), dies at 86
  • 1957 Marika Ninou, Greek singer (b. 1918)
  • 1957 John Friend Mahoney, American physician who pioneered the treatment of syphilis with penicillin, dies at 67
  • 1960 Arthur Legat, Belgian racing driver (b. 1898)
  • 1961 Wilf Ferguson, cricket leg spinner (34 wickets for West Indies), dies
  • 1965 Stan Laurel, comedian (Laurel & Hardy), dies of heart attack at 74
  • 1968 Fannie Hurst, US author (Anatomy of Me), dies at 78
  • 1969 Joseph Messner, composer, dies at 75
  • 1970 Hirsch Jacobs, American thoroughbred horse trainer and owner (b. 1904)
  • 1971 King Lockwood, dies of stroke at 73
  • 1972 Michael Taube, composer, dies at 81
  • 1973 Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1895)
  • 1974 Florence Rice, actress (Girl in 1313, Carnival), dies at 63
  • 1974 Harry Ruby, American composer and writer (b. 1895)
  • 1976 Fuzzy Knight, actor (Gun Town, Ragtime Cowboy Joe), dies at 74
  • 1976 L. S. Lowry, British painter of industrial scenes, dies at 88
  • 1979 W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (b. 1900)
  • 1980 Robert Vandekerckhove, Belgian politician, dies at 62
  • 1983 Adrian Boult, conductor, dies
  • 1985 Alexander Scourby, actor (Jesus, Shaggy Dog, Giant), dies at 71
  • 1987 Esmond Knight, actor (Black Narcissus, Henry V), dies at 80
  • 1990 Annelien Kappeyne van de Coppello, Dutch MP (Liberal), dies at 53
  • 1990 James Gavin, commandant US 82nd Airborn Div (Normandy), dies at 82
  • 1990 Jose Napoleon Duarte, president of Salvador (1984-89), dies at 62
  • 1992 Jacquelyn Hyde, actress (Dark, House of Terror), dies at 61
  • 1992 Markos Vafiades, leader (ELAS, 1943-49), dies
  • 1993 Edwin Louis Battle, actor (Almost Blue, Chase), dies of stroke at 33
  • 1994 Stuart Berger, doctor (Immune Power Diet), dies from obesity at 40
  • 1995 Art Kane, photographer, dies at 69
  • 1995 David Melvin English Franklin, singer, dies at 52

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1995 James Herriot [Alfred Wight], Scottish author (All Creatures Great & Small), dies at 78

Novelist James Herriot
Novelist
James Herriot
  • 1995 Norman Hunter, English children's writer (Professor Branestawm), dies at 95
  • 1995 Peter Guy Wykeham Fighter Pilot-Barnes, dies at 79
  • 1996 Freddie Stocks, cricket (cent on debut & wkt on 1st ball, Notts), dies
  • 1996 George Alan Dawson, jazz drummer/teacher, dies at 66
  • 1996 Joseph Walker Barr, banker/politician, dies at 78
  • 1997 Oscar Lewenstein, impressario, dies at 80
  • 1997 Tony Williams, jazz musician, dies at 51
  • 1998 Philip Abbott, actor (Arthur Ward-FBI), dies at 74
  • 1999 Carlos Hathcock, USMC Sniper, 93 Confirmed Kills (b. 1942)
  • 2000 Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (b. 1957)
  • 2000 Stanley Matthews, English footballer (b. 1915)
  • 2000 Albrecht Goes, German writer and theologian, dies at 91
  • 2001 Robert Enrico, French film director and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2003 Robert K. Merton, American sociologist (b. 1910)
  • 2003 Howie Epstein, American bass guitarist (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers) (b. 1955)
  • 2004 Vijay Anand, Indian film director (b. 1934)
  • 2004 Carl Anderson, American singer (b. 1945)
  • 2004 Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (b. 1918)
  • 2004 Don Cornell, American singer (b. 1919)
  • 2004 Carl Liscombe, Canadian hockey player (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Benno Besson, Swiss actor and film director (b. 1922)
  • 2006 Telmo Zarraonaindía, Spanish footballer (b. 1921)
  • 2007 Donnie Brooks, American singer (b. 1936)
  • 2007 John Ritchie, British footballer (b. 1941)
  • 2008 Janez Drnovšek, Slovenian prime minister and president (b. 1950)
  • 2008 Paul Frère, Belgian race car driver and motorsport journalist (b. 1917)
  • 2008 Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot, first to land at Newfoundland Airport on January 11, 1938 (b. 1916)
  • 2012 Bruce Surtees, American cinematographer, dies at 74
  • 2017 Lord David Waddington, British politician (Home Secretary 1989-90), dies at 87