Historical Events on 13th April

Events 1 - 200 of 203

  • 837 Best view of Halley's Comet in 2000 years
  • 989 Battle at Abydos: Byzantine emperor Basilius II beats Bardas Phocas
  • 1055 Bishop Gebhard van Eichstattt named Pope Victor II
  • 1111 Pope Paschalis II crowns Roman catholics-German king Hendrik II
  • 1180 Republic day of Gelnhausen
  • 1204 Crusaders occupy Constantinople
  • 1241 Battle of Theiss: Mongols beat Hungarian King Béla IV
  • 1250 The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France is captured.
  • 1256 The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.
  • 1346 Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy
  • 1367 Battle at Nájera Spain: Castile & England beat Aragon & France
  • 1517 Ottoman army occupies Cairo
  • 1556 Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope
  • 1598 Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots
  • 1640 English Short Parliament forms (- May 5)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1668 John Dryden (36) appointed first English poet laureate by Charles II

  • 1741 Dutch people protest bad quality of bread
  • 1741 Royal Military Academy forms at Woolwich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1742 George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" performed for the 1st time at New Music Hall in Dublin

  • 1759 French beat European Allies in Battle of Bergen
  • 1796 First elephant arrives in US from India

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1796 Battle at Millesimo Italy: Napoleon beats Austrians

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1808 William Henry Lane ("Juda") perfects tap dance
  • 1829 The Roman Catholic Relief Act passed by the British Parliament; it was the culmination of the process of Catholic Emancipation throughout the UK.
  • 1834 HMS Beagle anchors at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia
  • 1842 Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
  • 1849 Hungarian Republic proclaimed
  • 1860 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California
  • 1861 After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)
  • 1863 Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital
  • 1865 Battle of Raleigh, NC
  • 1868 Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor commits suicide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • 1870 Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC
  • 1873 Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)
  • 1882 Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia
  • 1883 US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism
  • 1895 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Solitary Cyclist" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres at the Tremont Theatre in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 J C Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1904 Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Hereros chase away German army
  • 1904 US Congress authorizes Lewis & Clark Expo $1 gold coin
  • 1904 A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men
  • 1906 Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama
  • 1908 Groundbreaking on Philadelphia's Shibe Park (home of A's & Phillies)
  • 1909 In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • 1911 Polo Grounds grandstand & left field bleachers go up in flames
  • 1911 The US House of Representatives votes to institute direct elections of senators to Congress, a step towards direct democracy
  • 1912 Royal Flying Corps forms (later Royal Air Force)
  • 1914 1st Federal League Game: Balt Terrapins beat Buffalo 3-2
  • 1918 Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital
  • 1919 The Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
  • 1920 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • 1921 Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
  • 1923 US Army wins 1st college three-weapon fencing championships
  • 1924 Greek plebiscite for a republic
  • 1925 Virginia Theater (ANTA, Guild) opens at 245 W 52nd St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 At 41, Walter Johnson pitches his 7th opening day shutout

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • 1926 Cyclists without bicycle-tax-stamp rounded up in Amsterdam
  • 1927 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Boston Bruins, in 2 games & 2 ties
  • 1928 1st trans atlantic flight Europe-US (Fitzmaurice-von Hunefeld-Köhl)
  • 1932 Kozakken Boys soccer team forms in Werkendam forms
  • 1933 1st flight over Mount Everest (Lord Clydesdale)
  • 1933 Stanley Cup: NY Rangers beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3 games to 1
  • 1934 4.7 million US families report receiving welfare payments
  • 1934 US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act
  • 1936 Metaxas proclaims himself dictator of Greece
  • 1938 Clifford Goldsmith' "What a Life" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 W Saroyan's "My Heart's in the Highlands" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 In India the Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.
  • 1940 2nd battle of Narvik; 8 German destroyers destroyed
  • 1940 Cornelious Warmerdam became 1st man to pole vault 15 ft
  • 1940 Stanley Cup: NY Rangers beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 2
  • 1941 Heavy German assault on Tobruk
  • 1941 Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • 1943 Catholic University Nijegen closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 Nazis discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn
  • 1944 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • 1944 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games
  • 1944 Transport nr 71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 Diplomatic relations are established between New Zealand and the Soviet Union.
  • 1945 Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen Neth from Nazis
  • 1945 Red Army occupies Vienna
  • 1945 US Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa
  • 1946 Belgian premier Acker proclaims wage & price freeze over
  • 1946 Eddie Klepp, a white pitcher signed by defending Negro League champ Cleveland Buckeyes, is barred from field in Birmingham Alabama
  • 1948 75 scientists ambushed on way to Mount Scopus
  • 1949 3rd NBA Championship: Minn Lakers beat Wash Capitols, 4 games to 2
  • 1953 1st game of Milwaukee Braves, they beat Cin Reds 2-0
  • 1954 Balt Orioles 1st game, loses to Tigers in Detroit 3-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Milwaukee Braves' Hank Aaron's 1st game

Baseball Player Hank Aaron
Baseball Player
Hank Aaron

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist

Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1955 20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)
  • 1956 KETA TV channel 13 in Oklahoma City, OK (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 "Shinbone Alley" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 49 performances
  • 1957 11th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, 4 games to 3
  • 1957 11th Tony Awards: Long Days Journey into the Night & My Fair Lady win
  • 1957 Due to lack of funds, Saturday postal delivery in US is temporarily halted
  • 1958 12th Tony Awards: Sunrise at Campobello & Music Man win
  • 1958 Van Cliburn is the first American to win the Chaikovsky Compettion in Moscow.
  • 1959 USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit
  • 1959 Vanguard SLV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • 1959 Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics from voting for communists
  • 1960 France becomes 4th nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara
  • 1960 Transit 1B, 1st navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit
  • 1961 "Carnival!" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 719 performances
  • 1961 UN General Assembly condemns South-Africa's apartheid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Stan Musial scores his 1,869th run, a new NL record

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • 1962 US steel industry forced to give up price increases

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Pete Rose triples for his 1st major league base hit

MLB Player and Manager Pete Rose
MLB Player and Manager
Pete Rose
  • 1963 Pirate's Bob Friend balks 4 times in a game
  • 1964 36th Academy Awards - "Tom Jones", Best Film, Sidney Poitier & Patricia Neal win Best Actor/Actress
  • 1964 Ian Smith becomes Prime Minister of Rhodesia
  • 1964 New Zealander Colin Bosher shears a record 565 sheep in 1 work day
  • 1965 Beatles record "Help"
  • 1965 1st US Senate black page, Lawrence W Bradford Jr, 16, appointed by NY Sen Jacob Javits
  • 1965 7th Grammy Awards: The Girl From Ipanema, The Beatles wins
  • 1966 Pan Am places $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s
  • 1969 33rd Masters Golf Tournament: George Archer wins, shooting a 281
  • 1969 Closure of the Brisbane tramway network.
  • 1970 34th Masters Golf Tournament: Billy Casper wins, shooting a 279
  • 1970 Greek composer Mikis Theordorakis freed
  • 1970 Apollo 13 announces "Houston, we've got a problem!" as Beech-built oxygen tank explodes en route to Moon
  • 1970 Oakland uses gold-colored bases during the club's home opener: Rules Committee subsequently bans this innovation

Music awardsMusic Awards

1970 5th Academy of Country Music Awards: Merle Haggard and Tammy Wynette win

Country Music Singer and Songwriter Merle Haggard
Country Music Singer and Songwriter
Merle Haggard
Country singer Tammy Wynette
Country singer
Tammy Wynette
  • 1972 1st baseball players' strike ends after 13 days
  • 1975 39th Masters Golf Tournament: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 276
  • 1975 Chad military coup by General Odingar
  • 1975 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
  • 1976 $2 bill re-introduced as US currency
  • 1976 1st NBA playoff game for Cleve Cavliers, they lose 100-95 to Wash
  • 1976 US Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes
  • 1978 Jackson slugs a 3-run HR in the 1st inning, & the field is showered
  • 1978 NY Yanks defeat White Sox 4-2 in home opener on Reggie Candy Bar Day
  • 1979 Christian Turks occupy St Jansbasiliek
  • 1979 Longest doubles ping-pong match ends after 101 hours
  • 1979 Yusuf Lule becomes premier of Uganda
  • 1980 Musical "Grease" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 3,388 performances
  • 1980 "Reggae" closes at Biltmore Theater NYC after 21 performances

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1980 44th Masters Golf Tournament: Seve Ballesteros wins, shooting a 275

Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner Seve Ballesteros
Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner
Seve Ballesteros
  • 1980 Amy Alcott wins LPGA American Defender/WRAL Golf Classic
  • 1980 US boycotts Summer Olympics in Moscow
  • 1981 Pulitzer prize awarded to Beth Henley for "Crimes of the Heart"
  • 1981 Wash Post Janet Cooke wins Pulitzer Prize (later admits story a hoax)
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 Undefeated middleweight boxer Tony Ayala gets 35 years on sex assault
  • 1984 11th Space Shuttle Mission (41C)-Challenger 5-returns to Earth
  • 1984 India beat Pak by 58 runs to win 1st Asia Cricket Cup in Sharjah
  • 1984 Pete Rose becomes 1st NL to get get 4,000 hits in a career
  • 1985 "TASS" denounced US boycott of Moscow Olympics
  • 1985 Space Shuttle Atlantis ferried to Kennedy Space Center via Ellington AFB, Texas
  • 1985 Katrin Dörre wins 1st female World Cup marathon (2:33:30)
  • 1985 Ramiz Alia succeeds Enver Hoxha as party leader of Albania
  • 1986 50th Masters Golf Tournament: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 279
  • 1986 Boston Celtics end season with a 40-1 home win record

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1986 Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Kyocera Inamori Golf Classic

LPGA Golfer Patty Sheehan
LPGA Golfer
Patty Sheehan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Pope John Paul II met Rome's Chief Rabbi Elio Toaff at Rome synagogue

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1986 Spanish Grand Prix decided by 0.014 of a second
  • 1987 1st 3 SD Padres hit HRs off SF starter Roger Mason
  • 1987 Portugal signs agreement to return Macau to China (in 1999)
  • 1988 Italian government of De Mita forms
  • 1989 "Welcome to the Club" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • 1990 4th largest NBA crowd (45,458) see Orlando play at Minneapolis
  • 1990 Final episode of Pat Sajak's late night TV show on CBS
  • 1990 NY Rangers beat NY Islanders 6-5, Rangers win preliminary, 4-1
  • 1991 BPAA US Open by Pete Weber
  • 1992 "2 Trains Running" opens at Walter Kerr Theater NYC for 160 performances
  • 1992 Magnitude 5.5 earthquake hits Netherlands
  • 1992 American Airlines reduce its 1st-class fares 20%-50%
  • 1992 Crystal Pepsi begins test marketing in Providence, Denver & Dallas
  • 1992 Great Chicago Flood - Chicago's underground tunnels flood
  • 1992 Lou Carnesecca retires as coach of St John's basketball team
  • 1992 Longest 2 undefeated baseball teams to meet (NY Yanks 5-0 vs Toronto Blue Jays 6-0); Yanks score 3 in top of 9th to win 5-2
  • 1993 "3 Men on a Horse" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 40 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Tom Stoppard's "Arcadia" premieres in London

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Playwright
Tom Stoppard
  • 1994 Presidential guard at Kigali, Rwanda, chops 1,200 church members to death
  • 1994 Target date for Israeli complete withdrawal, doesn't occur
  • 1994 United Arab Emirates' 1st official ODI, losing to India
  • 1995 Yankees beat the Mets 2-0
  • 1996 En route to NHL record 62 victories Detroit Red Wings win #61
  • 1996 Ottawa Senators eliminate Stanley Cup Champs NJ Devils from playoff
  • 1997 "American Daughter" opens at Cort Theater NYC for 88 performances
  • 1997 48th time opposing pitchers hit HRS, Carlos Perez (Mon)/Darren Holmes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 61st Masters Golf Tournament: Tiger Woods at 21 (270 18 under par)

Golfer Tiger Woods
Golfer
Tiger Woods
  • 1997 Hartford Whalers last NHL game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 NHL Pitts Penguin Mario Lemieux's last NHL regular game

NHL Legend and Owner Mario Lemieux
NHL Legend and Owner
Mario Lemieux
  • 1997 Travis Fryman homers off R Hernandez in both games of double header 1st time since 1961 that 2 doubleheaders are played in the same city Giants vs Mets & Oakland A's vs Yankees in NY
  • 2002 Pedro Carmona, interim president of Venezuela, resigns one day after taking office.
  • 2003 67th Masters Golf Tournament: Mike Weir wins, shooting a 281
  • 2003 49th British Academy Television Awards: "Alistair McGowan's Big Impression" Best Comedy, "Spooks" Best Drama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2004 Barry Bonds hits his 661st career home run, passing Willie Mays on the all-time list

MLB Legend Barry Bonds
MLB Legend
Barry Bonds
  • 2006 Powerful tornadoes rip through Iowa City, Iowa.
  • 2008 72nd Masters Golf Tournament: Trevor Immelman wins, shooting a 280
  • 2012 North Korean long range rocket testing ends in failure after the rocket broke up after launch
  • 2013 8 people are killed after a bomb explodes on a bus in Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 2013 20 civilians are killed by the government bombing of Saraqib, Idlib
  • 2014 Kenyan Wilson Kipsang wins the London Marathon
  • 2014 78th Masters Golf Tournament: Bubba Watson wins, shooting a 280