Historical Events on 13th April

Events 1 - 200 of 207

  • 837 Best view of Halley's Comet in 2000 years
  • 989 Battle at Abydos: Byzantine emperor Basilius II beats Bardas Phocas
  • 1055 Bishop Gebhard van Eichstattt named Pope Victor II
  • 1111 Pope Paschalis II crowns Roman catholics-German king Hendrik II
  • 1180 Republic day of Gelnhausen
  • 1204 Crusaders occupy Constantinople
  • 1241 Battle at Theiss: Mongols beat Hungarian King Béla IV
  • 1250 The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France is captured.
  • 1256 The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.
  • 1346 Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy
  • 1367 Battle at Nájera Spain: Castile & England beat Aragon & France
  • 1517 Osmaanse army occupies Cairo
  • 1556 Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope
  • 1598 Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots
  • 1640 English Short Parliament forms (- May 5)
  • 1668 John Dryden (36) becomes 1st English poet laureate
  • 1741 Dutch people protest bad quality of bread
  • 1741 Royal Military Academy forms at Woolwich

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1742 George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" performed for the 1st time at New Music Hall in Dublin

  • 1759 French beat European Allies in Battle of Bergen
  • 1796 1st elephant arrives in US from India

Victory-in-battleVictory in Battle

1796 Battle at Millesimo Italy: Napoleon beats Austrians

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1808 William Henry Lane ("Juda") perfects tap dance
  • 1829 The Roman Catholic Relief Act passed by the British Parliament; it was the culmination of the process of Catholic Emancipation throughout the UK.
  • 1834 HMS Beagle anchors at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia
  • 1842 Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
  • 1849 Hungarian Republic proclaimed
  • 1860 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento Calif
  • 1861 After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)
  • 1863 Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital
  • 1865 Battle of Raleigh, NC
  • 1865 Sherman's march through Georgia begins
  • 1868 Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor commits suicide

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1869 Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • 1870 Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC
  • 1873 Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)
  • 1882 Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia
  • 1883 US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism
  • 1895 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Solitary Cyclist" (BG)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1896 John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres at the Tremont Theatre in Boston,

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1902 J C Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1904 Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Hereros chase away German army
  • 1904 US Congress authorizes Lewis & Clark Expo $1 gold coin
  • 1904 A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men
  • 1906 Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama
  • 1908 Groundbreaking on Philadelphia's Shibe Park (home of A's & Phillies)
  • 1909 In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • 1911 Polo Grounds grandstand & left field bleachers go up in flames
  • 1911 The US House of Representatives votes to institute direct elections of senators to Congress, a step towards direct democracy
  • 1912 Royal Flying Corps forms (later RAF)
  • 1914 1st Federal League Game: Balt Terrapins beat Buffalo 3-2
  • 1918 Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital
  • 1919 The Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
  • 1920 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • 1921 Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
  • 1923 Army wins 1st college three-weapon fencing championships
  • 1924 Greek plebiscite for a republic
  • 1925 Virginia Theater (ANTA, Guild) opens at 245 W 52nd St NYC

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1926 At 41, Walter Johnson pitches his 7th opening day shutout

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • 1926 Cyclists without bicycle-tax-stamp rounded up in Amsterdam
  • 1927 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Boston Bruins, in 2 games & 2 ties
  • 1928 1st trans atlantic flight Europe-US (Fitzmaurice-von Hunefeld-Köhl)
  • 1932 Kozakken Boys soccer team forms in Werkendam forms
  • 1933 1st flight over Mount Everest (Lord Clydesdale)
  • 1933 Stanley Cup: NY Rangers beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3 games to 1
  • 1934 4.7 million US families report receiving welfare payments
  • 1934 US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act
  • 1936 Metaxas proclaims himself dictator of Greece
  • 1938 Clifford Goldsmith' "What a Life" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 W Saroyan's "My Heart's in the Highlands" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 In India the Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.
  • 1940 2nd battle of Narvik; 8 German destroyers destroyed
  • 1940 Cornelious Warmerdam became 1st man to pole vault 15 ft
  • 1940 Stanley Cup: NY Rangers beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 2
  • 1941 Heavy German assault on Tobruk
  • 1941 Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • 1943 Catholic University Nijegen closes

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1943 FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 Nazis discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn
  • 1944 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • 1944 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games
  • 1944 Transport nr 71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 The diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established.
  • 1945 Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen Neth from Nazis
  • 1945 Red Army occupies Vienna
  • 1945 US Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa
  • 1946 Belgian premier Acker proclaims wage & price freeze over
  • 1946 Eddie Klepp, a white pitcher signed by defending Negro League champ Cleveland Buckeyes, is barred from field in Birmingham Alabama
  • 1948 75 scientists ambushed on way to Mount Scopus
  • 1949 3rd NBA Championship: Minn Lakers beat Wash Capitols, 4 games to 2
  • 1953 1st game of Milwaukee Braves, they beat Cin Reds 2-0
  • 1954 Balt Orioles 1st game, loses to Tigers in Detroit 3-0

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1954 Milwaukee Braves' Hank Aaron's 1st game

Baseball Player Hank Aaron
Baseball Player
Hank Aaron

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1954 Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist

Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1955 20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)
  • 1956 KETA TV channel 13 in Oklahoma City, OK (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 "Shinbone Alley" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 49 performances
  • 1957 11th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, 4 games to 3
  • 1957 11th Tony Awards: Long Days Journey into the Night & My Fair Lady win
  • 1957 Due to lack of funds, Saturday mail delivery in US is temporarily halted
  • 1958 12th Tony Awards: Sunrise at Campobello & Music Man win
  • 1958 Van Cliburn is the first American to win the Chaikovsky Compettion in Moscow.
  • 1959 USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit
  • 1959 Vanguard SLV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • 1959 Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics from voting for communists
  • 1960 France becomes 4th nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara
  • 1960 Transit 1B, 1st navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit
  • 1961 "Carnival!" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 719 performances
  • 1961 UN General Assembly condemns South-Africa's apartheid

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1962 Stan Musial scores his 1,869th run, a new NL record

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • 1962 US steel industry forced to give up price increases

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1963 Pete Rose triples for his 1st major league base hit

MLB Player and Manager Pete Rose
MLB Player and Manager
Pete Rose
  • 1963 Pirate's Bob Friend balks 4 times in a game
  • 1964 36th Academy Awards - "Tom Jones", Best Film, Sidney Poitier & Patricia Neal win Best Actor/Actress
  • 1964 Ian Smith becomes Prime Minister of Rhodesia
  • 1964 New Zealand Colin Bosher shears a record 565 sheep in 1 work day
  • 1965 Beatles record "Help"
  • 1965 1st US Senate black page, Lawrence W Bradford Jr, 16, appointed by NY Sen Jacob Javits
  • 1965 7th Grammy Awards: The Girl From Ipanema, The Beatles wins
  • 1966 Pan Am places $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s
  • 1969 33rd Masters Golf Tournament: George Archer wins, shooting a 281
  • 1969 Closure of the Brisbane tramway network.
  • 1970 34th Masters Golf Tournament: Billy Casper wins, shooting a 279
  • 1970 Greek composer Mikis Theordorakis freed
  • 1970 Apollo 13 announces "Houston, we've got a problem!" as Beech-built oxygen tank explodes en route to Moon
  • 1970 Oakland uses gold-colored bases during the club's home opener: Rules Committee subsequently bans this innovation

Music-awardsMusic Awards

1970 5th Academy of Country Music Awards: Merle Haggard and Tammy Wynette win

Country Music Singer and Songwriter Merle Haggard
Country Music Singer and Songwriter
Merle Haggard
Country singer Tammy Wynette
Country singer
Tammy Wynette
  • 1972 1st baseball players' strike ends after 13 days
  • 1975 39th Masters Golf Tournament: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 276
  • 1975 Chad military coup by General Odingar
  • 1975 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
  • 1975 Penguins 5-Isles 4-Quarterfinals-Penguins hold 1-0 lead
  • 1976 $2 bill re-introduced as US currency
  • 1976 1st NBA playoff game for Cleve Cavliers, they lose 100-95 to Wash
  • 1976 US Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes
  • 1978 Jackson slugs a 3-run HR in the 1st inning, & the field is showered
  • 1978 NY Yanks defeat White Sox 4-2 in home opener on Reggie Candy Bar Day
  • 1979 Christian Turks occupy St Jansbasiliek
  • 1979 Longest doubles ping-pong match ends after 101 hours
  • 1979 Yusuf Lule becomes premier of Uganda
  • 1980 Musical "Grease" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 3,388 performances
  • 1980 "Reggae" closes at Biltmore Theater NYC after 21 performances

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1980 44th Masters Golf Tournament: Seve Ballesteros wins, shooting a 275

Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner Seve Ballesteros
Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner
Seve Ballesteros
  • 1980 Amy Alcott wins LPGA American Defender/WRAL Golf Classic
  • 1980 US boycotts Summer Olympics in Moscow
  • 1981 Pulitzer prize awarded to Beth Henley for "Crimes of the Heart"
  • 1981 Wash Post Janet Cooke wins Pulitzer Prize (later admits story a hoax)
  • 1982 Penguins 3-Isles 4 (OT)-Preliminary-Isles win series (3-2)
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 Undefeated middleweight boxer Tony Ayala gets 35 years on sex assault
  • 1984 11th Space Shuttle Mission (41C)-Challenger 5-returns to Earth
  • 1984 India beat Pak by 58 runs to win 1st Asia Cricket Cup in Sharjah
  • 1984 Pete Rose becomes 1st NL to get get 4,000 hits in a career
  • 1985 "TASS" denounced US boycott of Moscow Olympics
  • 1985 Space Shuttle Atlantis ferried to Kennedy Space Center via Ellington AFB, Texas
  • 1985 Caps 1-Isles 2-Patrick Div Semifinals- Caps hold 2-1 lead
  • 1985 Katrin Dörre wins 1st female World Cup marathon (2:33:30)
  • 1985 Ramiz Alia succeeds Enver Hoxha as party leader of Albania
  • 1986 50th Masters Golf Tournament: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 279
  • 1986 Boston Celtics end season with a 40-1 home win record

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1986 Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Kyocera Inamori Golf Classic

LPGA Golfer Patty Sheehan
LPGA Golfer
Patty Sheehan

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1986 Pope John Paul II met Rome's Chief Rabbi Elio Toaff at Rome synagogue

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1986 Spanish Grand Prix decided by 0.014 of a second
  • 1987 1st 3 SD Padres hit HRs off SF starter Roger Mason
  • 1987 Portugal signs agreement to return Macau to China (in 1999)
  • 1988 Italian government of De Mita forms
  • 1989 "Welcome to the Club" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • 1990 4th largest NBA crowd (45,458) see Orlando play at Minneapolis
  • 1990 Final episode of Pat Sajak's late night TV show on CBS
  • 1990 NY Rangers beat NY Islanders 6-5, Rangers win preliminary, 4-1
  • 1991 BPAA US Open by Pete Weber
  • 1992 "2 Trains Running" opens at Walter Kerr Theater NYC for 160 performances
  • 1992 5.5 earthquake hits Netherlands
  • 1992 American Airlines reduce its 1st-class fares 20%-50%
  • 1992 Crystal Pepsi begins test marketing in Providence, Denver & Dallas
  • 1992 Great Chicago Flood - Chicago's underground tunnels flood
  • 1992 Lou Carnesecca retires as coach of St John's basketball team
  • 1992 Longest 2 undefeated baseball teams to meet (NY Yanks 5-0 vs Toronto Blue Jays 6-0); Yanks score 3 in top of 9th to win 5-2
  • 1993 "3 Men on a Horse" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 40 performances

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1993 Tom Stoppard's "Arcadia" premieres in London

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Playwright
Tom Stoppard
  • 1994 President guard at Kigali Rwanda, chops 1,200 church members to death
  • 1994 Target date for Israeli complete withdrawal, doesn't occur
  • 1994 United Arab Emirates' 1st official ODI, losing to India
  • 1995 Yankees beat the Mets 2-0
  • 1996 En route to NHL record 62 victories Detroit Red Wings win #61
  • 1996 Ottawa Senators eliminate Stanley Cup Champs NJ Devils from playoff
  • 1997 "American Daughter" opens at Cort Theater NYC for 88 performances
  • 1997 48th time opposing pitchers hit HRS, Carlos Perez (Mon)/Darren Holmes

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1997 61st Masters Golf Tournament: Tiger Woods at 21 (270 18 under par)

Golfer Tiger Woods
Golfer
Tiger Woods
  • 1997 Hartford Whalers last NHL game

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1997 NHL Pitts Penguin Mario Lemieux's last NHL regular game

NHL Legend and Owner Mario Lemieux
NHL Legend and Owner
Mario Lemieux
  • 1997 Travis Fryman homers off R Hernandez in both games of double header 1st time since 1961 that 2 doubleheaders are played in the same city Giants vs Mets & Oakland A's vs Yankees in NY
  • 2002 Pedro Carmona, interim president of Venezuela, resigns one day after taking office.
  • 2003 67th Masters Golf Tournament: Mike Weir wins, shooting a 281
  • 2003 49th British Academy Television Awards: "Alistair McGowan's Big Impression" Best Comedy, "Spooks" Best Drama

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2004 Barry Bonds hits his 661st career home run, passing Willie Mays on the all-time list

MLB Legend Barry Bonds
MLB Legend
Barry Bonds
  • 2006 Powerful tornadoes rip through Iowa City, Iowa.
  • 2008 72nd Masters Golf Tournament: Trevor Immelman wins, shooting a 280
  • 2012 North Korean long range rocket testing ends in failure after the rocket broke up after launch