Historical Events on 16th April

  • 1178 BC A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War.
  • 73 Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt.
  • 556 Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1071 Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy.
  • 1346 The Serbian Empire is proclaimed in Skopje at an Easter assembly and Stephen Uroš IV Dušan crowned Emperor over much of the Balkans.
  • 1395 Azzo X d'Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops.
  • 1509 French army under Louis XII enters Alps

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1521 Martin Luther arrives at the Diet of Worms assembly

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1582 Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina.
  • 1632 Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed supreme military commander of the Holy Roman Empire

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1705 Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College, Cambridge

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1746 Jacobite Rising 1745: Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army.
  • 1780 The University of Münster in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.
  • 1787 1st American comedy, "The Contrast," made its debut in NYC

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1789 George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

BattleBattle of Interest

1799 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1818 Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
  • 1849 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "Le prophète" premieres in Paris
  • 1853 The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1854 Franz Liszt's "Mazeppa" premieres

Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt
Composer/Pianist
Franz Liszt
  • 1854 San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
  • 1854 Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die
  • 1858 The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up.
  • 1861 US president Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
  • 1862 American Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
  • 1865 Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)
  • 1866 Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
  • 1866 Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes
  • 1868 Louisiana voters approve new constitution
  • 1869 Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
  • 1870 Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
  • 1871 German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1874 Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1881 In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.
  • 1883 Paul Kruger chosen as president of Transvaal
  • 1888 Drentse & Friese peat cutters go on strike
  • 1900 US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
  • 1908 Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell, Utah)
  • 1912 Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to fly across English Channel
  • 1912 Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)
  • 1913 The Bulgarians and the Turks agree to an armistice that will be accepted by the other nations involved

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1917 [OS Apr 3] Lenin arrives back from exile in Russia at Finland Station, Petrograd to join the Russian Revolution

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1917 [OS Apr 4] Lenin issues his radical April Theses calling for Soviets to take power during Russian Revolution
  • 1918 The British House of Commons passes a new Military Service Bill, taking men up to 55 years old and extending to Ireland
  • 1921 Liberal Freedom League forms in The Hague

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1922 Annie Oakley sets women's record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row

Sharp Shooter Annie Oakley
Sharp Shooter
Annie Oakley
  • 1922 German-Russian treaty signed in Italy, Soviet Union recognized
  • 1924 1st radio-transmission of wireless: Mattheus Passion
  • 1924 Child labor laws strengthened in Holland
  • 1925 During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.
  • 1926 Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections "Lolly Willowes" & "Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner
  • 1929 Cleve Indian Earl Averill, becomes 1st AL to hit a HR on 1st at bat
  • 1929 NY Yankees become 1st team to wear uniform numbers
  • 1935 1st radio broadcast of "Fibber McGee & Molly"

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1935 Babe Ruth's 1st NL game, for Boston Braves, included a HR

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1938 Great Britain recognizes Italian annexation of Abyssinia

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1939 Stalin requests British, French & Russian anti-nazi pact

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1939 Stanley Cup: Boston Bruins beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 1
  • 1940 1st televised baseball game, WGN-TV, (White Sox vs Cubs exhibition)
  • 1940 Cleve Indian Bob Feller hurls an opening day no-hitter vs Chic, 1-0
  • 1940 Heitor Villa-Lobos' opera "Izaht" premieres in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1941 Little Theater at Adelphi Strand closes
  • 1942 Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
  • 1943 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem, Netherlands (85 killed)
  • 1943 Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.
  • 1945 German troops in Groningen surrender
  • 1945 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1945 US troops land on He Shima, Okinawa
  • 1945 Colditz Castle, the high-security prisoner of war camp in Germany, is liberated by American troops.
  • 1946 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, NM; 8 km alt
  • 1946 NSB mayor of Rotterdam, Netherlands, FE Muller sentence to 100 years in jail
  • 1947 -17] Explosions & fire on French ship Grandcamp
  • 1947 Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (NYC)
  • 1947 Massive explosion & fire kills 522 in Texas City, Tx
  • 1948 Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris
  • 1949 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs sweep Detroit Red Wings in 4 games (2nd year in a row)
  • 1951 British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75
  • 1952 "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 15 performances

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1953 British royal yacht Britannia launched by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1953 Jackie Pung wins LPGA Palm Springs Golf Open
  • 1953 Phillie's Connie Ryan gets 6 hits in a game
  • 1953 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
  • 1953 WAND TV channel 17 in Decatur, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 KVAL TV channel 13 in Eugene, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3
  • 1956 1st solar powered radios go on sale
  • 1957 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 French government of Gaillard falls due to Tunisia crisis
  • 1958 5th National Film Awards (India): "Do Aankhen Barah Haath" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1959 "Party with Comden & Green" opens at John Golden NYC for 44 performances
  • 1959 Datu Abdul Rozak inaugurated as premier of Malaysia federation
  • 1959 NY Yankees unveil their 1st message scoreboard
  • 1959 Phils' Dave Philley gets a major league record 9th straight pinch hit
  • 1961 15th Tony Awards: Becket & Bye Bye Birdie win

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1961 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • 1961 Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 2
  • 1962 Brazil nationalizes US businesses

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1962 Walter Cronkite begins anchoring CBS Evening News

Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite
  • 1964 9 men sentenced 25-30 years for Britain's 1963 "Great Train Robbery"
  • 1965 Test flight of heavy Saturn S-1C-rocket
  • 1966 Rhodesian PM Ian Smith breaks diplomatic relations with Britain
  • 1967 "Walking Happy" closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC after 161 performances
  • 1967 Yankees beat Boston 7-6 in 18 innings
  • 1970 70 die in a snow crush (France)
  • 1970 Protestant Unionist Ian Paisley wins seat formerly held by Terence O'Neill in the Stormont (North Ireland Parliament
  • 1972 "That's Entertainment" closes at Edison Theater NYC after 4 performances
  • 1972 1st Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Jane Blalock
  • 1972 Two giant pandas arrive in US from China
  • 1972 Apollo 16 launched; 5th manned lunar landing (Decartes Highlands)
  • 1972 Chicago Cub Burt Hooton no-hits Phillies, 1-0
  • 1972 Two British soldiers are shot dead by the Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) in separate incidents in Derry
  • 1974 "Words & Music" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 127 performances
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1977 Alex Haley finds his Roots in Juffure, Gambia

Writer Alex Haley
Writer
Alex Haley
  • 1978 "History of the American Film" closes at ANTA NYC after 21 performances
  • 1978 Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic
  • 1978 St Louis Card Bob Forsch no-hits Phillies, 5-0
  • 1978 NBC's premiere of miniseries "Holocaust"
  • 1979 15th Mayor's Trophy Game, Yanks & Mets tie 1-1
  • 1979 83rd Boston Marathon: Bill Rodgers of United States 1st man in 2:09:27 and Joan Benoit of United States 1st woman in 2:35:15
  • 1979 Failed Palestinian attack on Zaventem Airport, Belgium
  • 1979 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sam Shepard for "Buried child"

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1980 Arthur Ashe retires from professional tennis

Tennis Player Arthur Ashe
Tennis Player
Arthur Ashe
  • 1980 Delhi beat Bombay by 240 runs to win Ranji Trophy final
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 "Copperfield" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 13 performances
  • 1982 Queen Elizabeth proclaims Canada's new constitution
  • 1983 Steve Garvey sets NL record by playing in 1,118 consecutive games
  • 1984 88th Boston Marathon: Geoff Smith of Great Britain 1st man in 2:10:34 and Lorraine Moller of New Zealand 1st woman in 2:29:28
  • 1984 Oakland A Dave Kingman hits 3 HRs including a grand slam
  • 1984 Pulitzer prize awarded to Mary Oliver for "American Primitive"
  • 1985 "Grind" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 79 performances
  • 1985 Caps 1-Isles 2-Patrick Div Semifinals-Isle win series 3-2
  • 1986 To dispel rumors he's dead, Moammar Gadhafi appears on TV
  • 1986 West Indies complete 5-0 demolition of England
  • 1987 August Wilson's "Fences" wins 1987 Pulitzer Prize for drama
  • 1987 FCC imposes a broader definition of indecency over airwaves
  • 1987 Howard Stern & Infinity Broadcasting are warned by FCC

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1987 Michael Jordan becomes the second NBA player in history to score 3000 points in a season

Basketball Superstar Michael Jordan
Basketball Superstar
Michael Jordan
  • 1987 Peter Taylor's "Summons to Memphis" wins Pulitzer Prize for fiction
  • 1987 Pulitzer prize awarded to August Wilson for "Fences"
  • 1987 British Conservative MP Harvey Proctor appears at Bow Street Magistrates' Court in London charged with gross indecency.
  • 1989 1st Seniors Golf Tradition: Don Bies wins
  • 1989 Berendrechtsluis opens in Antwerp, biggest flood lock in world
  • 1989 Costa Rica beats US 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1989 Pat Bradley wins LPGA AI Star/Centinela Hospital Golf Classic

LPGA Golfer Pat Bradley
LPGA Golfer
Pat Bradley
  • 1989 Zeleka Metaferia wins 3rd World Cup marathon (2:10:28)
  • 1990 "Piano Lesson" opens at Walter Kerr Theater NYC for 320 performances
  • 1990 94th Boston Marathon: Gelindo Bordin of Italy 1st man in 2:08:19 and Rosa Mota of Portugal 1st woman in 2:25:24
  • 1990 Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $260 per week
  • 1990 Supreme Court rejects appeal from retarded man, Dalton Prejean, condemned to death for murdering a Louisiana state trooper in 1977
  • 1991 M Leander & E Seago's musical "Matador" premieres in London
  • 1991 St Louis Blues becomes 8th NHL team in Play-off to come back from a 3-1 deficit as they beat the Detroit Red Wings 3-2 in game 7
  • 1992 "Metro" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 13 performances
  • 1992 1st concrete is poured at new ballpark at Gateway (Jacobs Field)
  • 1992 Afghan president Najibullah resigns
  • 1992 NY Rangers win team record 50th game
  • 1992 The Katina P runs aground off of Maputo, Mozambique. 60,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1993 Jury reaches guilty verdict in Federal case against police officer who beat Rodney King, but the verdict is not read until April 17th

Victim of Police Violence Rodney King
Victim of Police Violence
Rodney King
  • 1994 Circus performers Marissa Young (24) & Matt Richardson (21) wed

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1995 56th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Ray Floyd wins

Golfer and Four-Time Major Championship Winner Ray Floyd
Golfer and Four-Time Major Championship Winner
Ray Floyd
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Minneapolis/St Paul on WRQC 100.3 FM
  • 2001 105th Boston Marathon: Lee Bong-Ju of South Korea 1st man in 2:09:43 and Catherine Ndereba of Kenya 1st woman in 2:23:53
  • 2003 The Treaty of Accession is signed in Athens admitting 10 new member states to the European Union.
  • 2004 The super liner Queen Mary 2 embarks on her first Transatlantic crossing, linking the golden age of ocean travel to the modern age of ocean travel.
  • 2007 Virginia Tech massacre: The deadliest mass shooting in modern American history. The gunman, Seung-Hui Cho, kills 32 people and injures 23 others before committing suicide.

Music-awardsMusic Awards

2007 41st CMT Music Awards: Carrie Underwood & Kenny Chesney wins

  • 2007 "Spider-Man 3" directed by Sam Raimi and starring Toby Maguire and Kristen Dunst premieres at the Tokyo Film Festival
  • 2007 111th Boston Marathon: Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot of Kenya 1st man in 2:14:13 and Lidiya Grigoryeva of Russia 1st woman in 2:29:18

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2008 Start of Papal Journey of Pope Benedict XVI to the United States

265th Pope  Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI
  • 2012 At least 55 people are killed in the Syrian uprising despite UN presence to oversee ceasefire
  • 2012 For the first time since 1977 no Pulitzer Prize is awarded for fiction
  • 2012 116th Boston Marathon: Wesley Korir of Kenya 1st man in 2:12:40 and Sharon Cherop of Kenya 1st woman in 2:31:50
  • 2013 37 people are killed by a 7.8 magnitude earthquake in Khash country, Iran
  • 2013 16 people are killed after a gold mine collapses in Kyekyewere, Ghana
  • 2014 Real Madrid defeat Barcelona to win its 19th Copa del Rey trophy
  • 2014 South Korean ferry MV Sewol sinks on route Incheon to Jeju, 304 drown, mostly students. National controversy erupts over rescue efforts and actions of crew and owner.