Historical Events on 18th April

Events 1 - 200 of 202

310 - St Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
387 - Bishop Ambrosius of Milan baptizes Augustinus
1025 - Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.
1506 - The cornerstone of the current St. Peter's Basilica is laid.
1518 - Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.
1521 - Diet of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Martin Luther
1552 - Mauritius of Saksen occupies Linz
1663 - Osman declares war on Austria
1666 - Peace of Kleef: Netherlands & bishop Von Galen of Munster
1676 - Sudbury, Massachussetts, attacked by Indians
1738 - Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") founded in Madrid.
1775 - Paul Revere & William Dawes ride from Charleston to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!"
1783 - Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day since it began.
1797 - France & Austria sign ceasefire
1809 - First run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket, England
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1834 - Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia
1835 - William Lamb (Lord Melbourne) forms British government
1838 - Wilkes' expedition to South Pole sails
1848 - American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.
1853 - 1st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
1856 - Russian Chancellor Count Nesselrode resigns
1861 - Battle of Harpers Ferry, Virginia, part of the Maryland Campaign (US Civil War)
1861 - Colonel Robert E. Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (US Civil War)
1862 - Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St Philip & New Orlean's, LA
1864 - Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition)
Union General William Tecumseh ShermanUnion General William Tecumseh Sherman 1865 - Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina
1868 - San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed
1869 - 1st international cricket match, held in SF, wins by Californian
1874 - David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey
1876 - Daniel O'Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min
1879 - Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins
1880 - An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
1881 - Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, England
1881 - Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.
1890 - NY Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Clinton
1899 - John McGraw, at 36, managerial debut as Oriole manager
Queen of the United Kingdom VictoriaQueen of the United Kingdom Victoria 1899 - The St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria.
1902 - Denmark is first country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals
1904 - L'Humanité, under Jean Jaurès begins publishing
1906 - Calvinist Reformed Union in Neth Church forms in Utrecht
Arnold Genthe's famous photograph, looking toward the fire on Sacramento StreetArnold Genthe's famous photograph, looking toward the fire on Sacramento Street

1906 - San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 while destroying 75% of the city
1906 - The Los Angeles Times story on the Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement.
1907 - Augustus Thomas' "Witching Hour" premieres in NYC
1907 - Fairmont Hotel opens
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Tommy BurnsBoxer and World Heavyweight Champion Tommy Burns 1908 - Tommy Burns KOs Jewy Smith in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1912 - The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.
1912 - Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline
1915 - French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
1916 - US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop
1918 - Cleveland center fielder Tris Speaker turns an unassisted double play
1921 - Junior Achievement incorporated in Colorado Spring
1921 - Philip James Barry's "Punch for Judy" premieres in NYC
1922 - Netherlands soccer team defeats Denmark 2-0
1923 - 74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium
1923 - Poland annexes Central Lithuania
1924 - 1st crossword puzzle book published (Simon & Schuster)
1925 - World's Fair opens in Chicago
1926 - Rhein Stadium opens in Dusseldorf Germany
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shekChinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek 1927 - Chiang Kai-shek forms anti-government in China
1929 - Palace for People's industry in Amsterdam devastated by fire
1930 - Attempted raid on the armoury of police and auxiliary forces in Chittagong in Bengal province, British India by armed pro-independence revolutionaries led by Surya Sen popularly known as Master-da.
1934 - 1st "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Fort Worth, Tx)
1934 - Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament
1935 - Gen Sarazen's double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters
1935 - Netherlands election (Musserts NSB wins 8% of vote)
1936 - Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from San Francisco to Honolulu
1938 - Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland
1939 - Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey
1939 - Hubert Pierlot forms Belgian government
Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von RibbentropForeign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop 1942 - "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts
1942 - James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities
1942 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3
1944 - 48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4
1944 - Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC
1945 - 1 armed outfielder, St L Brown Pete Gray, 1st game he goes 1 for 4
1945 - Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)
1945 - Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propoganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
1945 - Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia are established.
1946 - "Call Me Mister" opens at National Theater NYC for 734 performances
1946 - Jackie Robinson debuts as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals
1946 - League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts)
1946 - Rome/Auerbach/Horwitt's musical "Call Me Mister" premieres in NYC
Baseball Player Jackie RobinsonBaseball Player Jackie Robinson 1946 - US recognizes Tito's Yugoslavia government
1948 - International Court of Justice opens at Hague Netherlands
1949 - Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth
1950 - 1st opening night-game, Cards beat Pirates, 4-2
1950 - Polish Catholic church & government sign accord over relations
1950 - Sam Jethroe is 1st black to play for Boston Braves
1950 - Yankees win 15-10 after trailing Red Sox 9-0 in 6th
1951 - "Make a Wish" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 102 performances
1951 - Dutch Antilles government of Da Costa Gomez forms
1951 - France, West Germany & Benelux form European Steel & Coal Community
1953 - "Pal Joey" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 542 performances
1954 - Colonel Nasser seizes power & becomes PM of Egypt
1954 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
1955 - "Ankles Aweigh" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 176 perfs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise SuggsGolfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs 1955 - 1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed
1955 - 1st Bandoeng Conference - Afro-Asian conference opens
1956 - Egypt & Israel agree to a cease fire
1958 - Government troops reconquer Padang, Middle-Sumatra Indonesia
1958 - NL single-game record of 78,682, Giants lose to Dogers 6-5, in LA
1958 - A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound is to be released from an insane asylum.
1959 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 1
1961 - CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule.
1962 - 16th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 3
1963 - Dr James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant
1963 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 1
1964 - "Cafe Crown" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 3 performances
Poet Ezra PoundPoet Ezra Pound 1964 - "Foxy" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 72 performances
1964 - Artisans strike in Belgium ends
1964 - Sandy Koufax is 1st to strike out the side on 9 pitches
1964 - Van Joe Orton's "Entertaining Mr Sloane"
1966 - Bill Russell became 1st black coach in NBA history (Boston Celtics)
1968 - 178,000 employees of US Bell Telephone System go on strike
1968 - 1st ABA basketball championship began
1968 - Dutch Department of Amnesty International forms
1968 - London Bridge is sold to US oil company (to be erected in Arizona)
1968 - Mart Crowley's "Boys in the Band" premieres in NYC
1968 - Peter Luke's "Hadrian VII" premieres in London
1968 - San Francisco's Old Hall of Justice demolished
1968 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
Basketball Player Bill RussellBasketball Player Bill Russell 1969 - Melina Mercouri establishes Greek Aid Fund
1971 - Gavaskar makes 220 in 2nd inning v WI after 124 in 1st
1971 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Raleigh Golf Classic
1972 - "Lost in the Stars" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 39 performances
1972 - The Widgery Report on 'Bloody Sunday' in Northern Ireland is published, causing outrage among the people of Derry who call it the "Widgery Whitewash"
1973 - US Government ends Mandatory Oil Import Program, established in 1959 by President Eisenhower
1974 - Red Brigade kidnaps Italian attorney general Mario Sossi
1975 - John Lennon releases "Stand by Me"
1976 - 30th Tony Awards: Travesties & Chorus Line win
1976 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Karsten- Ping Golf Open
1977 - "Side by Side" by Stephen Sondheim opens at Music Box NYC for 390 perfs
1977 - 6th Boston Women's Marathon won by Miki Gorman of California in 2:48:33
Musician and Beatle John LennonMusician and Beatle John Lennon 1977 - 81st Boston Marathon: Jerome Drayton of Canada 1st man in 2:14:46 and Miki Gorman of United States 1st woman in 2:48:33
1977 - Alex Haley, author of "Roots", awarded Pulitzer Prize
1977 - Eddie Murray hits his 1st HR
1977 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Cristofer for "Shadow Box"
1978 - Senate votes to turn Panama Canal over to Panama on Dec 31, 1999
1979 - "Real People" premieres on NBC TV
1979 - Major Haddad declares South-Lebanon independent
1980 - Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK
1981 - Pawtucket & Rochester start a 33-inning baseball game
1982 - Atlanta Braves win record 11th straight opening game (beat Astros)
1982 - Canada Constitution Act replaces British North America Act
1982 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA CPC Women's Golf International
1982 - Zimbabwean capital Salisbury renamed Harare
LPGA Golfer Kathy WhitworthLPGA Golfer Kathy Whitworth 1983 - 12th Boston Women's Marathon won by Joan Benoit Samuelson in 2:22:43
1983 - 87th Boston Marathon: Greg Meyer of United States 1st man in 2:09:00 and Joan Benoit of United States 1st woman in 2:22:43
1983 - A lone suicide bomber kills 63, at US Embassy in Lebanon
1983 - KMO-AM in Tacoma Wash changes call letters to KAMT (now KKMO)
1983 - Pulitzer Prize awarded to Alice Walker for "The Color Purple"
1983 - Rangers 3-Isles 1-Patrick Div Finals-Series tied at 2-2
1984 - Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB
1984 - Joan Benoit runs world record female marathon (2:22:43)
1985 - Flyers 3-Isles 0-Patrick Div Finals-Flyers hold 1-0 lead
1986 - Robert M Gates becomes deputy director of CIA
1986 - Titan rocket explodes seconds after liftoff from Vandenberg AFB
1987 - An unconscious skydiver is rescued by another diver in mid-air
Novelist Alice WalkerNovelist Alice Walker 1987 - Bob Land wins his 6th straight Kenduskeag Stream Canoe Race
1987 - Mike Schmidt hits 500th home run (vs Robinson-Pirates)
1987 - Pat Knauff, France sets 1-leg downhill ski speed record (115.012 mph)
1988 - 17th Boston Women's Marathon won by Rosa Mota of Portugal in 2:24:30
1988 - 92nd Boston Marathon: Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya 1st man in 2:08:43 and Rosa Mota of Portugal 1st woman in 2:24:30
1988 - Barbra Streisand records "Warm All Over"
1990 - Bankruptcy court forces Frank Lorenzo to give up Eastern Airlines
1990 - Birmingham Fire issued an original franchise in WLAF
1990 - Supreme Court rules states could make it a crime to possess or look at child pornography, even in one's home
1991 - US Census Bureau said it failed to count up to 63 million in 1990 census
1991 - Congress ends railroad worker 1 day strike
NBA Point Guard John StocktonNBA Point Guard John Stockton 1991 - John Stockton breaks his own NBA season assist record at 1,136
1992 - Start of South Africa's 1st Test Cricket since 1970 (v WI Bridgetown)
1993 - "Ain't Broadway Grand" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 25 perfs
1993 - 54th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Tom Wargo
1993 - David Lee Roth arrested in NYC for purchasing marijuana for $10
1993 - Trish Johnson wins LPGA Atlanta Women's Golf Championship
1994 - "Beauty & the Beast" opens at Palace Theater NYC
1994 - 23rd Boston Women's Marathon won by Uta Pippig of Germany in 2:21:45
1994 - 98th Boston Marathon: Cosmas Ndeti of Kenya 1st man in 2:07:15 and Uta Pippig of Germany 1st woman in 2:21:45
1994 - Arsenio Hall announces he will end his show in May 1994
1994 - Brian Lara scores 375 for WI vs England to beat Sobers' record
1994 - Cricketer Brian Lara hits 375 runs on 1 day (world record)
1994 - Former President Nixon suffered a stroke & dies 4 days later
Van Halen Rocker David Lee RothVan Halen Rocker David Lee Roth 1994 - Lebanon drops relations with Iran
1994 - STS-59 (Endeavour) lands [approx]
1995 - Houston Post folds after 116 years
1995 - Quarterback Joe Montana announces his retirement from football
1996 - "Funny Thing Happened" opens at St James Theater NYC for 715 perfs
1996 - In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces accidentally shell the UN compound at Quana.
1998 - 1998 NFL Draft: Peyton Manning from University of Tennessee first pick by Indianapolis Colts
1998 - 51st British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "The Full Monty" Best Film, Baz Luhrmann Best Director
1999 - Wayne Gretzky plays his last game in the NHL, as his New York Rangers lose 2-1 to the Pittsburgh Penguins
2004 - 50th British Academy Television Awards: "Little Britain" Best Comedy, "Buried" Best Drama
Ice Hockey Great Wayne GretzkyIce Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky 2005 - 109th Boston Marathon: Hailu Negussie of Ethiopia 1st man in 2:11:44 and Catherine Ndereba of Kenya 1st woman in 2:25:12
2007 - The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision.
2010 - 45th Academy of Country Music Awards: Carrie Underwood, Brad Paisley, and Miranda Lambert win
2011 - 115th Boston Marathon: Geoffrey Mutai of Kenya 1st man in 2:03:02 (course record) and Caroline Kilel of Kenya 1st woman in 2:22:36
2012 - The Casoria Contemporary Art Museum in Naples begins burning artworks after cultural institution budget cuts
2013 - 27 people are killed and 65 are injured in a cafe bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
2013 - Two earth-like planets are discovered orbiting the star Kepler-62
2013 - "Iron Man 3", directed by Shane Black, starring Robert Downey Jr. and Gwyneth Paltrow, premieres in London

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