Historical Events on 19th April

Events 1 - 200 of 254

  • 607 Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth
  • 1012 Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London.
  • 1451 Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne
  • 1524 Pope Clemens VII fires Neth inquisitor-general French Van de Holly
  • 1529 2nd Parliament of Spiers bans Lutheranism
  • 1539 Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt
  • 1552 Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel
  • 1591 Chartres surrenders to king Henri IV in France
  • 1619 Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam
  • 1713 Emperor Karel VI ends Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1770 Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1/3 part of Suriname

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1770 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1774 CW Glucks opera "Iphigenia in Aulis" premieres in Paris
  • 1775 Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
  • 1775 American Revolution begins - Lexington Common, shot "heard round the world"
  • 1775 New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1782 John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1810 Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
  • 1825 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
  • 1836 Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1837 Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
  • 1839 Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • 1852 California Historical Society forms
  • 1853 Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • 1861 Baltimore riots-4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
  • 1861 Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
  • 1863 Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • 1874 Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
  • 1877 Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
  • 1890 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in Brussels
  • 1892 Charles Duryea takes 1st American-made auto out for a spin (Mass)
  • 1894 Jules Massenet's opera "Werther" premieres in NYC
  • 1896 Herzl's "The Jewish State" is published
  • 1897 1st Boston Marathon won by John J. McDermott in 2:55:10. Becomes the world's oldest annual marathon.
  • 1898 2nd Boston Marathon won by Ron McDonald of Mass in 2:42:00
  • 1899 3rd Boston Marathon won by Lawrence Brignolia of Mass in 2:54:38
  • 1900 4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4
  • 1900 Highest scoring opening game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10
  • 1901 5th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:29:23.6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence.

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1902 6th Boston Marathon won by Sam Mellor of NY in 2:43:12
  • 1904 8th Boston Marathon won by Michael Spring of NY in 2:38:04.4
  • 1904 Much of Toronto destroyed by fire
  • 1905 9th Boston Marathon won by Fred Lorz of NY in 2:38:25.4
  • 1906 10th Boston Marathon won by Tim Ford of Mass in 2:45:45
  • 1906 Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
  • 1906 SF Earthquake ends killing 452
  • 1907 11th Boston Marathon won by Tom Longboat of Canada in 2:24:24
  • 1909 13th Boston Marathon won by Henri Renaud of NH in 2:53:36.8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1909 A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence
  • 1910 14th Boston Marathon won by Fred Cameron of Canada in 2:28:52.4
  • 1910 Halley's comet seen by naked eye 1st time this trip (Curacao)
  • 1911 15th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:21:39.6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 George Bernard Shaw's "Fanny's First Play" premieres in London

  • 1912 16th Boston Marathon won by Mike Ryan of NY in 2:21:18.2
  • 1913 17th Boston Marathon won by Fritz Carlson of Minn in 2:25:14.8
  • 1915 19th Boston Marathon won by Edouard Fabre of Canada in 2:31:41.2
  • 1916 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
  • 1916 20th Boston Marathon won by Arthur Roth of Mass in 2:27:16.4
  • 1916 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • 1916 Alderman Kelly reads the 'Castle Order' to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent "trouble"
  • 1917 21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy of NY in 2:28:37.2
  • 1919 23rd Boston Marathon won by Carl Linder of Mass in 2:29:13.4
  • 1919 French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
  • 1919 Leslie Irvin of US makes 1st parachute jump & free fall
  • 1919 Opera "Monsieur Beaucaire" is produced (London)
  • 1920 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31
  • 1921 25th Boston Marathon won by Frank Zuna of NJ in 2:18:57.6
  • 1921 Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
  • 1922 26th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:18:10
  • 1923 27th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:23:37.4
  • 1923 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
  • 1924 "National Barn Dance" premieres on WLS Chicago
  • 1924 28th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:29:40.2
  • 1926 30th Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:25:40.4
  • 1927 "Vagabond King" opens in London
  • 1927 31st Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:40:22.2
  • 1928 32nd Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:37:07.8
  • 1928 Japanese troops occupies Sjantung-schiereiland
  • 1928 Yanks are out of 1st place for 1st time since May 1926
  • 1928 The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
  • 1929 33rd Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:33:08.6
  • 1930 34th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:34:48.2
  • 1932 36th Boston Marathon won by Paul de Bruyn of Germany in 2:33:36.4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Bonnie Parker is captured in a failed hardware store burglary, and subsequently jailed. A grand jury fails to indict her, however, and she is released a few months later

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
  • 1933 37th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:31:01.6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 FDR announces US will leave gold standard

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, "Stand Up & Cheer"

Actress and Diplomat Shirley Temple
Actress and Diplomat
Shirley Temple
  • 1935 39th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:32:07.4
  • 1936 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Palestine
  • 1936 First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine.
  • 1937 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20
  • 1938 42nd Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:35:34.8
  • 1938 Phil Emmett Mueller & Dodger Ernie Koy both homer in their 1st at bat
  • 1939 43rd Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of RI in 2:28:51.8
  • 1939 Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late)
  • 1940 "Lake Shore Ltd" derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls NY
  • 1940 44th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:28.6
  • 1940 Dutch prime minister De Geer declares state of siege
  • 1941 45th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:30:38
  • 1941 Bertolt Brecht's play "Mother Courage and her Childeren" premieres in Zurich
  • 1941 Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
  • 1941 Milk rationed in Holland
  • 1942 46th Boston Marathon won by Joe Smith of Mass in 2:26:51.2
  • 1943 47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:25.8
  • 1943 SS-lt-gen Jurgen Stoop leads destruction of ghetto of Warsaw
  • 1943 Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.
  • 1944 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • 1944 1944 NFL Draft: Angelo Bertelli from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • 1945 49th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:30:40.2
  • 1945 Rodgers & Hammerstein musical "Carousel" opens on Broadway
  • 1945 US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
  • 1945 US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
  • 1945 The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established.
  • 1946 Yankees switch from 3rd base to 1st base dug out
  • 1947 51st Boston Marathon won by Yun Bok Soh of Korea in 2:25:39
  • 1947 AAU record for a 25-foot rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds
  • 1947 French ship explodes in Texas City harbor, kills about 522
  • 1947 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 2
  • 1947 Suh Yun Buck wins world record marathon (2:25:39)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 After scoring 45 goals during the regular season, Maurice Richard is named MVP.

Ice Hockey Player Maurice Richard
Ice Hockey Player
Maurice Richard
  • 1948 52nd Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:02
  • 1948 ABC-TV network begins

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1948 Chiang Kai-shek elected President of Nationalist China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1949 53rd Boston Marathon won by Gosta Leandersson of Sweden in 2:31:50.8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Yankees dedicate a plaque for Babe Ruth

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1950 54th Boston Marathon won by Kee Yong Ham of Korea in 2:32:39
  • 1951 "Tree Grows in Brooklyn" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 267 performances
  • 1951 55th Boston Marathon won by Shigeki Tanaka of Japan in 2:27:45

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Gen Douglas MacArthur ends his military career

WW2 General Douglas MacArthur
WW2 General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1952 56th Boston Marathon won by Doroteo Flores of Guatemala in 2:31:53
  • 1953 Louise Suggs wins LPGA San Diego Golf Open
  • 1953 WAFB TV channel 9 in Baton Rouge, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 58th Boston Marathon won by Veikko Karvonen of Finland in 2:20:39
  • 1954 7-time winner of Boston Marathon, 65-year-old Clarence Demar, runs his last race at Boston finishing 78th
  • 1955 59th Boston Marathon won by Hideo Hamamura of Japan in 2:18:22
  • 1955 The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.
  • 1956 1st ML baseball game in NJ, Dodgers beat Phils in Roosevelt Stadium
  • 1956 60th Boston Marathon won by Antti Viskari of Finland in 2:14:14
  • 1958 62nd Boston Marathon won by Franjo Mihalic of Yugoslavia in 2:25:54
  • 1959 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
  • 1959 Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails
  • 1960 64th Boston Marathon won by Paavo Kotila of Finland in 2:20:54
  • 1960 Baseball uniforms begin displaying players' names on their backs
  • 1960 Comiskey Park's famed "exploding" scoreboard begins operating
  • 1961 65th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:39
  • 1962 66th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:48
  • 1962 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 46,900m
  • 1963 "Hot Spot" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 43 performances
  • 1963 67th Boston Marathon won by Aurele Vandendriessche of Belgium in 2:18:58
  • 1964 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Invitational
  • 1964 Rightist coup in Laos, Suvanna Phuma remains premier
  • 1964 Roger Sessions' opera "Montezuma" premieres in West Berlin
  • 1965 1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in NYC) begins operating
  • 1965 69th Boston Marathon won by Morio Shigematsu of Japan in 2:16:33
  • 1965 T.A.M.I. Show premieres in London
  • 1965 At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun's glare, this causes the grass to die
  • 1966 In 1st regular season game at Anaheim Stadium, Angels lose 3-1 to Chic
  • 1966 70th Boston Marathon: Kenji Kimihara of Japan 1st man in 2:17:11 and Bobbi Gibb of United States 1st woman in 3:21:40
  • 1966 Roberta Bignay becomes 1st woman to run in the Boston Marathon

Film release premierFilm Premier

1967 "Casino Royale" James Bond comedy film starring David Niven and Peter Sellers premieres. Based on the Ian Fleming novel.

Actor and Comedian Peter Sellers
Actor and Comedian
Peter Sellers
  • 1967 71st Boston Marathon: Dave McKenzie of New Zealand 1st man in 2:15:45 and Bobbi Gibb of United States 1st woman in 3:27:17
  • 1967 Beatles sign a contract to stay together for 10 years (they don't)
  • 1967 Yugoslav author Mihaljo Mihaljov sentenced 4½ years
  • 1968 72nd Boston Marathon: Amby Burfoot of Conn 1st man in 2:22:17 and Bobbi Gibb of United States 1st woman in 3:30:00
  • 1968 Belgian construction workers strike
  • 1968 NL owners approve expansion for 2 new teams
  • 1969 Serious rioting in the Bogside area of Derry following clashes between Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association marchers and Loyalists and members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary
  • 1970 "Look to the Lilies" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 25 performances
  • 1970 24th Tony Awards: Borstal Boy & Applause win
  • 1970 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational
  • 1971 75th Boston Marathon: Alvaro Mejia of Colombia 1st man in 2:18:45 and Sara Mae Berman of United States 1st woman in 3:08:30
  • 1971 Charles Manson sentenced to life (Sharon Tate murder)
  • 1971 Sierra Leone becomes a republic (National Day)
  • 1971 USSR Salyut 1 launched; 1st manned lab in orbit
  • 1972 "Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" opens at Playhouse NYC for 1,065 performances
  • 1972 Bangladesh becomes a member of British Commonwealth
  • 1972 Hungary revises its constitution to declare itself a socialist state
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 British Prime Ministe rEdward Heath confirms that a plan to conduct an arrest operation, in the event of a riot during the march on 30 January 1972, was known to British government Ministers in advance

Music releaseMusic Recording

1973 Barbra Streisand records "Between Yesterday & Tomorrow"

Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • 1973 Steinbrenner replaces Mike Burke with Gabe Paul as Yankee president
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1974 Oriole Al Bumbry hits an inside-the-park HR against NY Yankees
  • 1975 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • 1976 80th Boston Marathon: Jack Fultz of United States 1st man in 2:20:19 and Kim Merritt of United States 1st woman in 2:47:10
  • 1978 Yitzhak Navron elected 5th president of Israel
  • 1979 FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WFAT (Brooklyn New York)
  • 1979 Following a 6-3 loss to the Orioles, Yanks Goose Gossage & Cliff
  • 1979 Johnson brawl, Gossage sustains a sprained ligament in his left thumb
  • 1980 25th Eurovision Song Contest: Johnny Logan for Ireland wins singing "What's Another Year" in The Hague
  • 1981 Beth Daniel wins LPGA Florida Lady Citrus Golf
  • 1981 Oakland A's runs record to 11-0
  • 1981 William Finn's musical "March of Falsettos" premieres in NYC
  • 1982 86th Boston Marathon: Alberto Salazar of United States 1st man in 2:08:51 and Charlotte Teske of West Germany 1st woman in 2:29:33
  • 1982 Guinon Bluford announced as 1st African American NASA astronaut