Historical Events on 20th April

Events 1 - 200 of 218

295 - 8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
850 - Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne
1139 - 2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
1505 - Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg
1551 - John Dudley becomes Earl Marshal of England
1611 - First known performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth at the Globe Theatre, London recorded by Simon Forman
1650 - Dutch East India Company (VOC) management sets new guidelines
1653 - Cromwell routes English parliament to house
1657 - Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet
1689 - The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.
1702 - Comet C/1702 H1 approaches within 0.0437 AUs of Earth
1715 - Nicholas Rowe's "Tragedy of Lady Jane Grey" premieres in London
1736 - French mathematician Pierre Louis Maupertuis begins his expedition to Lapland to measure a degree of latitude and prove the shape of the earth, he is joined by fellow scientists Anders Celsius, Charles Etienne Louis Camus, Alexis Claude Clairaut, and Pierre-Charles Le Monnier
Composer George Friedrich HandelComposer George Friedrich Handel 1759 - George Frederic Handel is buried in Westminster Abbey, London
1770 - Captain Cook arrives in New South Wales
1777 - New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
1792 - France declares war on Austria, Prussia & Sardinia
1799 - Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar
1809 - Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
1810 - The Governors of Caracas declares the national sovereignty from Spain.
1828 - René Caillié is first non-Muslim to enter Timbouctou.
1836 - Territory of Wisconsin created
1841 - 1st detective story (Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue") published
1861 - Battle of Norfolk, VA
1862 - The first pasteurization test completed by Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.
Bacteriologist Louis PasteurBacteriologist Louis Pasteur 1865 - Chicago's Crosby Opera House opens
1871 - 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
1872 - SF Bar Association organized
1879 - 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
1884 - Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
1888 - 246 reported killed by hail in Moradabad, India
1894 - 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase
1896 - 1st public film showing in US John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres in NYC
1898 - US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens
1902 - Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride
1903 - 7th Boston Marathon won by John Lorden of Mass in 2:41:29.8
1904 - George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres in London
1904 - Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1908 - 12th Boston Marathon won by Tom Morrissey of NY in 2:25:43.2
1908 - Opening day of competition of the New South Wales Rugby League.
1910 - Cleve Indians Addie Joss 2nd no-hitter, beats Chicago, 1-0
1910 - Halley's Comet passes 29th recorded perihelion at 87.9 million km
1912 - Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat NY Highlanders 7-6 in 11
1912 - Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens, Tigers beat Cleve Indians 6-5
1914 - 18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2
1914 - 33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo
1914 - US President W Wilson, having dispatched more naval ships to Mexico, asks a joint session of Congress to approve armed force if necessary; Congress approves
1915 - The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed
1916 - German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
1916 - Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) in Chicago opens, Cubs beat Cin Reds 7-6
Pilot The Red BaronPilot The Red Baron 1918 - Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.
1919 - Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
1919 - King Nicholas of Montenegro abdicates under duress
1920 - 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium
1920 - Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
1920 - Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio
1920 - Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
1920 - Phillies mgr Gravvy Cravath puts himself in as pinch hitter, his 3- run homer beats NY Giants 3-0
1925 - 29th Boston Marathon won by Charles Mellor of Ill in 2:33:00.6
1926 - 1st check sent by radio facsimile transmission across Atlantic
1931 - 35th Boston Marathon won by Jim Henigan of Mass in 2:46:45.8
1931 - British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday
1934 - Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police
1935 - "Your Hit Parade" begins broadcasting (becomes #1 quickly)
1936 - 40th Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of RI in 2:33:40.8
1936 - Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine
Baseball Player Ted WilliamsBaseball Player Ted Williams 1939 - Ted Williams' 1st hit (off of Yankee Red Ruffing) a double
1940 - 1st electron microscope demonstrated (RCA), Philadelphia, Pa
1941 - 100 German bombers attack Athens
1941 - Dodgers start to wear liners in their caps
1942 - German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
1943 - Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg
1944 - Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
1944 - NFL legalizes coaching from bench
1945 - Cleveland Browns organization formed by Arthur "Mickey" McBride
1945 - German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer
1945 - Soviet artillery begins shelling Berlin
1945 - US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
1945 - US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
1946 - 1st baseball broadcast in Chicago, Cards vs Cubs
1946 - 50th Boston Marathon won by Stylianos Kyriakides of Greece in 2:29:27
1947 - Frederik IX becomes king of Denmark
1948 - NYC hikes subway fare from 5 cents to 10 cents
1948 - Walter P Reuther UAW pres shot & wounded at his home in Detroit
1949 - Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 1st race, in Albany, California
1950 - Balt's Memorial Stadium opens - Orioles of International League
1951 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
1951 - Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators
1951 - 4th Cannes Film Festival: "Miss Julie" directed by Alf Sjoberg and "Miracle in Milan" directed by Vittorio De Sica jointly awarded the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
1953 - 57th Boston Marathon won by Keizo Yamada of Japan in 2:18:51
1954 - "Golden Apple" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 125 performances
1955 - "Saint of Bleecker St" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 perfs
1957 - 61st Boston Marathon won by John J Kelley of Conn in 2:20:05
1957 - Yankee Bill Skowron becomes 3rd player to hit a ball out of Fenway
1958 - Buses replace Key System trains at 3 AM
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise SuggsGolfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs 1958 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
1958 - Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins 4 games to 2 for Stanley Cup
1958 - Morocco demands departure of Spanish troops
1959 - 63rd Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:22:42
1960 - "From A to Z" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 21 performances
1961 - American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight
1962 - NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 63,250 m
1962 - New Orleans Citizens Co gives free 1-way ride to blacks to move North
1962 - OAS-leader ex-general Salan arrested in Algiers
1963 - "Sophie" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 8 performances
1963 - -30] All Africa Conferences of Churches opens in Kampala Uganda
1963 - 10th National Film Awards (India): "Dada Thakur" wins the Golden Lotus
1964 - 68th Boston Marathon won by Aurele Vandendriessche of Belgium in 2:19:59
1964 - 86% of black students boycott Cleveland schools
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil ArmstrongAstronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong 1965 - People's Republic China offers North Vietnam military aid
1966 - WDCA TV channel 20 in Washington, D.C. (IND) begins broadcasting
1967 - French author Régis Debray caught in Bolivia
1967 - NY Met Tom Seaver's 1st victory, beats Cubs, 6-1
1967 - US Surveyor 3 lands on Moon
1967 - US planes bomb Haiphong for 1st time during Vietnam War
1967 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1967 - A Globe Air Bristol Britannia turboprop crashes at Nicosia, Cyprus, killing 126.
1968 - S Afr Boeing 707 crashes at Windhoek, 122 killed
1968 - English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial "Rivers of Blood" speech.
1968 - Pierre Trudeau sworn in as Canada's 15th Prime Minister
1969 - 23rd Tony Awards: Great White Hope & 1776 win
LPGA Golfer Kathy WhitworthLPGA Golfer Kathy Whitworth 1969 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open
1969 - Bombs planted by Loyalists members of the Ulster Volunteer Force and the Ulster Protestant Volunteers explode at Silent Valley reservoir in County Down and at an electricity pylon at Kilmore, County Armagh
1970 - 74th Boston Marathon: Ron Hill of Great Britain 1st man in 2:10:30 and Sara Mae Berman of United States 1st woman in 3:05:07
1970 - Bruno Kreisky becomes 1st socialist chancellor of Austria
1970 - Ron Hill's 2:10:30 at Boston, sets new US marathon record
1971 - Barbra Streisand records "We've Only Just Begun"
1971 - US Supreme Court upholds use of busing to achieve racial desegregation
1972 - Apollo 16's Young & Duke land on Moon with Boeing Lunar Rover #2
1972 - Kallicharran scores his 2nd Test century in his 2nd Test Cricket
1973 - Mass murderer Ed Kemper attempted to dispose of his mother's vocal chords in a domestic waste disposal unit.
Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra StreisandSinger-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand 1973 - Canadian ANIK A2 becomes 1st commercial satellite in orbit
1974 - Paul McCartney & Wings release single "Band on the Run"
1974 - 'The Troubles', a period of conflict in Northern Ireland involving republican and loyalist paramilitaries, the British security forces, and civil rights groups. claims its 1000th victim
1975 - 29th Tony Awards: Equus & Wiz win
1975 - 4th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Sandra Palmer
1975 - Penguins 1-Isles 3-Quarterfinals-Penguins hold 3-1 lead
1976 - George Harrison sings lumberjack song with Monty Python
1977 - Supreme Court rules "Live Free or Die" may be covered on NH licenses
1977 - "Annie Hall", directed by Woody Allen and starring Woody Allen and Diane Keaton, is released (Best Picture 1978)
1980 - Cubans begin to arrive in US from Mariel boatlift
1980 - Donna White wins LPGA Florida "Lady Citrus" Golf Tournament
Actor, Screenwriter & Director Woody AllenActor, Screenwriter & Director Woody Allen 1980 - Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria as hundreds of Berber political activists are arrested.
1981 - 10th Boston Women's Marathon won by Allison Roe of NZ in 2:26:46
1981 - 85th Boston Marathon: Toshihiko Seko of Japan 1st man in 2:09:26 and Allison Roe of New Zealand 1st woman in 2:26:46
1981 - Final performance of TV show "Soap" airs
1981 - Rocker Papa John Phillips arrested for drug possession
1982 - Atlanta Braves become 1st team to win 1st 12 games of the season
1982 - The Provisional Irish Republican Army explode bombs in Belfast, Derry, Armagh, Ballymena, Bessbrook and Magherafelt; 2 civilians are killed and 12 injured
1983 - President Reagan signs a $165B bail out for Social Security
1983 - Rangers 2-Isles 7-Patrick Div Finals-Isles hold 3-2 lead
1983 - Soyuz T-8 launched; mission aborted when capsule fails to dock
US President & Actor Ronald ReaganUS President & Actor Ronald Reagan 1983 - Soyuz T-8 is launched (lands 2 days later)
1984 - Russian offensive in Panshirvallei Afghanistan
1985 - Carlos Lopes runs world record marathon (2:07:12)
1985 - Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mark Williams
1985 - Karyn Marshall of NYC lifted 303 lbs in a clean & jerk lift
1985 - ATF raid on The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas.
1986 - "Jerry's Girls" closes at St James Theater NYC after 139 performances
1986 - Michael Jordan sets NBA playoff record with 63 points in a game
1986 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1986 - Vladimir Horowitz performs in his Russian homeland
1987 - 16th Boston Women's Marathon won by Rosa Mota of Portugal in 2:25:21
1987 - 91st Boston Marathon: Toshihiko Seko of Japan 1st man in 2:11:50 and Rosa Mota of Portugal 1st woman in 2:25:21
Basketball Superstar Michael JordanBasketball Superstar Michael Jordan 1987 - Sri Lanka: Tamils shoot 122 Singalezen dead
1987 - US deports Karl Linnas to USSR, charged with Nazi war crimes
1988 - Balt Orioles set worst record to start a season 0-14 (will go 0-21)
1988 - NJ Devils 1st playoff hat trick-Eric Broten
1988 - US accuses Renamo of killing 100,000 Mozambiquians
1988 - Yanks HR 9,999 (D Winfield) 10,000 (C Washington) 10,001 (J Clarke)
1990 - Pete Rose pleads guilty to hiding $300,000 in income
1990 - 8 2/3 inning perfect game pitched by Brian Holman of Oakland A's is spoiled by a home run hit by Ken Philips
1991 - "Les Miserables" opens at Odense Teater, Odense
1991 - 1st non stop flight Schiphol-Flamingo airport Bonaire
1991 - Mark Lenzi is 1st diver to score 100 pts on a dive (101.85)
1991 - Raghib "Rocket" Ismael signs with Toronto Argonauts for $26.2 million
1992 - 100th episode of "Murphy Brown" airs
MLB Player and Manager Pete RoseMLB Player and Manager Pete Rose 1992 - 21st Boston Women's Marathon won by Olga Markova of Russia in 2:23:43
1992 - 96th Boston Marathon: Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya 1st man in 2:08:14 and Olga Markova of Russia 1st woman in 2:23:43
1992 - All star concert in memory of Freddie Mercury held at Wembley Stadium, London
1992 - Expo '92 opens in Seville Spain
1992 - Joan Lunden, breaks her left shoulder after being thrown from a horse
1992 - Madonna signs $60-million deal with Time Warner
1993 - Uranus passes Neptune (once every 171 years)
1994 - Danny Harold Rolling sentenced to death in Florida for killing 5
1994 - Serbian army bombs hospital in Goradze Bosnia, 47 killed
1994 - Sohail & Inzamam make world record ODI partnership of 263
1994 - Space shuttle STS-59 (Endeavour 6), lands
1996 - Chicago Bulls win record 72 games in a season
Pop Star MadonnaPop Star Madonna 1996 - 1996 NFL Draft: Keyshawn Johnson from USC first pick by New York Jets
1997 - "Gin Game" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 144 performances
1997 - "Present Laughter" closes at Walter Kerr Theater NYC
1997 - 1st baseball game in Hawaii, Cards beat Padres in doubleheader
1997 - 27th Easter Seal Telethon raises $47,392,682
1997 - 58th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Hale Irwin
1997 - Cubs beat NY Mets ending NL worst opening, lost 14 straight games
1997 - Karrie Webb wins LPGA Susan G Komen International
1997 - Nick Price wins golf MCI Classic
1997 - PGA Seniors Championship
1997 - Mark McGwire is 4th to HR on Detroit Tiger left field roof (others are Frank Howard, Harmon Killibrew, & Cecil Fielder)

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