Historical Events on 20th April

Events 1 - 200 of 213

  • 295 8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 850 Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne
  • 1139 2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1505 Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg
  • 1551 John Dudley becomes Earl Marshal of England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1611 First known performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth at the Globe Theatre, London recorded by Simon Forman

  • 1650 Dutch East India Company (VOC) management sets new guidelines
  • 1653 Cromwell routes English parliament to house
  • 1657 Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet
  • 1689 The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.
  • 1702 Comet C/1702 H1 approaches within 0.0437 AUs of Earth
  • 1715 Nicholas Rowe's play "The Tragedy of Lady Jane Grey" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1736 French mathematician Pierre Louis Maupertuis begins his expedition to Lapland to measure a degree of latitude and prove the shape of the earth, he is joined by fellow scientists Anders Celsius, Charles Etienne Louis Camus, Alexis Claude Clairaut, and Pierre-Charles Le Monnier

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Astronomer
Anders Celsius

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1759 George Frideric Handel is buried in Westminster Abbey, London

  • 1770 Captain Cook arrives in New South Wales
  • 1777 New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • 1785 Thomas Warton appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • 1792 France declares war on Austria, Prussia & Sardinia
  • 1799 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1809 Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1810 The Governors of Caracas declares the national sovereignty from Spain.
  • 1828 Frenchman René Caillié is the first non-Muslim to enter Timbuktu, returns to win 10,000 franc prize from Société de Géographie
  • 1836 Territory of Wisconsin created
  • 1841 1st detective story (Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue") published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 The first pasteurization test is completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Bacteriologist
Louis Pasteur
  • 1865 Chicago's Crosby Opera House opens
  • 1871 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
  • 1872 SF Bar Association organized
  • 1879 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
  • 1884 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
  • 1888 246 reported killed by hail in Moradabad, India
  • 1894 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase

Film release premierFilm Premier

1896 1st public film showing in US John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres in NYC

  • 1898 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens
  • 1902 Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride
  • 1903 7th Boston Marathon won by John Lorden of Mass in 2:41:29.8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres in London

  • 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis
  • 1908 12th Boston Marathon won by Tom Morrissey of NY in 2:25:43.2
  • 1908 Opening day of competition of the New South Wales Rugby League.
  • 1910 Cleve Indians Addie Joss 2nd no-hitter, beats Chicago, 1-0
  • 1910 Halley's Comet passes 29th recorded perihelion at 87.9 million km
  • 1912 Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat NY Highlanders 7-6 in 11
  • 1912 Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens, Tigers beat Cleve Indians 6-5
  • 1914 18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2
  • 1914 33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo
  • 1914 US President W Wilson, having dispatched more naval ships to Mexico, asks a joint session of Congress to approve armed force if necessary; Congress approves
  • 1915 The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed
  • 1916 German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
  • 1916 Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) in Chicago opens, Cubs beat Cincinnati Reds 7-6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1919 Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
  • 1919 King Nicholas of Montenegro abdicates under duress
  • 1920 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium
  • 1920 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
  • 1920 Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio
  • 1920 Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
  • 1920 Phillies mgr Gravvy Cravath puts himself in as pinch hitter, his 3- run homer beats NY Giants 3-0
  • 1925 29th Boston Marathon won by Charles Mellor of Ill in 2:33:00.6
  • 1926 1st check sent by radio facsimile transmission across Atlantic
  • 1931 35th Boston Marathon won by Jim Henigan of Mass in 2:46:45.8
  • 1931 British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday
  • 1934 Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police
  • 1935 "Your Hit Parade" begins broadcasting (becomes #1 quickly)
  • 1936 40th Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of RI in 2:33:40.8
  • 1936 Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Ted Williams' 1st hit (off of Yankee Red Ruffing) a double

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • 1940 1st electron microscope demonstrated (RCA), Philadelphia, Pa
  • 1941 100 German bombers attack Athens
  • 1941 Dodgers start to wear liners in their caps
  • 1942 German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
  • 1943 Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg
  • 1944 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • 1944 NFL legalizes coaching from bench
  • 1945 Cleveland Browns organization formed by Arthur "Mickey" McBride
  • 1945 German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer
  • 1945 Soviet artillery begins shelling Berlin
  • 1945 US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
  • 1945 US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
  • 1946 1st baseball broadcast in Chicago, Cards vs Cubs
  • 1946 50th Boston Marathon won by Stylianos Kyriakides of Greece in 2:29:27
  • 1947 Frederik IX becomes king of Denmark
  • 1948 NYC hikes subway fare from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • 1948 Walter P Reuther UAW pres shot & wounded at his home in Detroit
  • 1949 Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 1st race, in Albany, California
  • 1950 Balt's Memorial Stadium opens - Orioles of International League
  • 1951 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1951 Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators
  • 1951 4th Cannes Film Festival: "Miss Julie" directed by Alf Sjoberg and "Miracle in Milan" directed by Vittorio De Sica jointly awarded the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • 1953 57th Boston Marathon won by Keizo Yamada of Japan in 2:18:51
  • 1954 "Golden Apple" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 125 performances
  • 1955 "Saint of Bleecker St" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances
  • 1957 61st Boston Marathon won by John J Kelley of Conn in 2:20:05
  • 1957 Yankee Bill Skowron becomes 3rd player to hit a ball out of Fenway
  • 1958 Buses replace Key System trains at 3 AM
  • 1958 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • 1958 Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins 4 games to 2 for Stanley Cup
  • 1958 Morocco demands departure of Spanish troops
  • 1959 63rd Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:22:42
  • 1960 "From A to Z" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 21 performances
  • 1961 American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 63,250 m

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 1962 New Orleans Citizens Co gives free 1-way ride to blacks to move North
  • 1962 OAS-leader ex-general Salan arrested in Algiers
  • 1963 "Sophie" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 8 performances
  • 1963 -30] All Africa Conferences of Churches opens in Kampala Uganda
  • 1963 10th National Film Awards (India): "Dada Thakur" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1964 68th Boston Marathon won by Aurele Vandendriessche of Belgium in 2:19:59
  • 1964 86% of black students boycott Cleveland schools
  • 1965 People's Republic China offers North Vietnam military aid
  • 1966 WDCA TV channel 20 in Washington, D.C. (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 French author Régis Debray caught in Bolivia
  • 1967 NY Met Tom Seaver's 1st victory, beats Cubs, 6-1
  • 1967 US Surveyor 3 lands on Moon
  • 1967 US planes bomb Haiphong for 1st time during Vietnam War
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1967 A Globe Air Bristol Britannia turboprop crashes at Nicosia, Cyprus, killing 126.
  • 1968 South African Airways Boeing 707 crashes at Windhoek, 122 killed
  • 1968 English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial "Rivers of Blood" speech.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Pierre Trudeau sworn in as Canada's 15th Prime Minister

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 1969 23rd Tony Awards: Great White Hope & 1776 win
  • 1969 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open
  • 1969 Bombs planted by Loyalists members of the Ulster Volunteer Force and the Ulster Protestant Volunteers explode at Silent Valley reservoir in County Down and at an electricity pylon at Kilmore, County Armagh
  • 1970 74th Boston Marathon: Ron Hill of Great Britain 1st man in 2:10:30 and Sara Mae Berman of United States 1st woman in 3:05:07
  • 1970 Bruno Kreisky becomes 1st socialist chancellor of Austria
  • 1970 Ron Hill's 2:10:30 at Boston, sets new US marathon record

Music releaseMusic Recording

1971 Barbra Streisand records "We've Only Just Begun"

Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • 1971 US Supreme Court upholds use of busing to achieve racial desegregation
  • 1972 Apollo 16's Young & Duke land on Moon with Boeing Lunar Rover #2
  • 1972 Kallicharran scores his 2nd Test century in his 2nd Test Cricket
  • 1973 Mass murderer Ed Kemper attempted to dispose of his mother's vocal chords in a domestic waste disposal unit.
  • 1973 Canadian ANIK A2 becomes 1st commercial satellite in orbit
  • 1974 Paul McCartney & Wings release single "Band on the Run"
  • 1974 'The Troubles', the Northern Ireland conflict between republican and loyalist paramilitaries, British security forces, and civil rights groups, claims its 1000th victim
  • 1975 29th Tony Awards: Equus & Wiz win
  • 1975 4th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Sandra Palmer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 George Harrison sings lumberjack song with Monty Python

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
Singer-Songwriter
George Harrison
  • 1977 Supreme Court rules "Live Free or Die" may be covered on NH licenses

Film release premierFilm Release

1977 "Annie Hall", directed by Woody Allen and starring Woody Allen and Diane Keaton, is released (Best Picture 1978)

Actor, Screenwriter & Director Woody Allen
Actor, Screenwriter & Director
Woody Allen
Actress Diane Keaton
Actress
Diane Keaton
  • 1980 Cubans begin to arrive in US from Mariel boatlift
  • 1980 Donna White wins LPGA Florida "Lady Citrus" Golf Tournament
  • 1980 Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria as hundreds of Berber political activists are arrested.
  • 1981 85th Boston Marathon: Toshihiko Seko of Japan 1st man in 2:09:26 and Allison Roe of New Zealand 1st woman in 2:26:46
  • 1981 Final performance of TV show "Soap" airs
  • 1981 Rocker Papa John Phillips arrested for drug possession
  • 1982 Atlanta Braves become 1st team to win 1st 12 games of the season
  • 1982 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explode bombs in Belfast, Derry, Armagh, Ballymena, Bessbrook and Magherafelt; 2 civilians are killed and 12 injured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 President Reagan signs a $165B bail out for Social Security

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1983 Soyuz T-8 launched; mission aborted when capsule fails to dock
  • 1983 Soyuz T-8 is launched (lands 2 days later)
  • 1984 Russian offensive in Panshirvallei Afghanistan
  • 1985 Carlos Lopes runs world record marathon (2:07:12)
  • 1985 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mark Williams
  • 1985 Karyn Marshall of NYC lifted 303 lbs in a clean & jerk lift
  • 1985 ATF raid on The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas.
  • 1986 "Jerry's Girls" closes at St James Theater NYC after 139 performances

Sports record brokenNBA Record

1986 Michael Jordan sets NBA playoff record with 63 points in a game

Basketball Superstar Michael Jordan
Basketball Superstar
Michael Jordan
  • 1986 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 Vladimir Horowitz performs in his Russian homeland
  • 1987 91st Boston Marathon: Toshihiko Seko of Japan 1st man in 2:11:50 and Rosa Mota of Portugal 1st woman in 2:25:21
  • 1987 Sri Lanka: Tamils shoot 122 Singalezen dead
  • 1987 US deports Karl Linnas to USSR, charged with Nazi war crimes
  • 1988 Balt Orioles set worst record to start a season 0-14 (will go 0-21)
  • 1988 NJ Devils 1st playoff hat trick-Eric Broten
  • 1988 US accuses Renamo of killing 100,000 Mozambiquians
  • 1988 Yanks HR 9,999 (D Winfield) 10,000 (C Washington) 10,001 (J Clarke)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Pete Rose pleads guilty to hiding $300,000 in income

MLB Player and Manager Pete Rose
MLB Player and Manager
Pete Rose
  • 1990 8 2/3 inning perfect game pitched by Brian Holman of Oakland A's is spoiled by a home run hit by Ken Philips
  • 1991 "Les Miserables" opens at Odense Teater, Odense
  • 1991 1st non stop flight Schiphol-Flamingo airport Bonaire
  • 1991 Mark Lenzi is 1st diver to score 100 pts on a dive (101.85)
  • 1991 Raghib "Rocket" Ismael signs with Toronto Argonauts for $26.2 million
  • 1992 100th episode of "Murphy Brown" airs
  • 1992 96th Boston Marathon: Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya 1st man in 2:08:14 and Olga Markova of Russia 1st woman in 2:23:43
  • 1992 All star concert in memory of Freddie Mercury held at Wembley Stadium, London
  • 1992 Expo '92 opens in Seville Spain
  • 1992 Joan Lunden, breaks her left shoulder after being thrown from a horse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Madonna signs $60-million deal with Time Warner

Pop Star Madonna
Pop Star
Madonna
  • 1993 Uranus passes Neptune (once every 171 years)
  • 1994 Danny Harold Rolling sentenced to death in Florida for killing 5
  • 1994 Serbian army bombs hospital in Goradze Bosnia, 47 killed
  • 1994 Sohail & Inzamam make world record ODI partnership of 263
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-59 (Endeavour 6), lands
  • 1996 Chicago Bulls win record 72 games in a season
  • 1996 1996 NFL Draft: Keyshawn Johnson from USC first pick by New York Jets
  • 1997 "Gin Game" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 144 performances
  • 1997 "Present Laughter" closes at Walter Kerr Theater NYC
  • 1997 1st baseball game in Hawaii, Cards beat Padres in doubleheader
  • 1997 27th Easter Seal Telethon raises $47,392,682
  • 1997 58th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Hale Irwin
  • 1997 Cubs beat NY Mets ending NL worst opening, lost 14 straight games
  • 1997 Karrie Webb wins LPGA Susan G Komen International

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1997 Nick Price wins golf MCI Classic

Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner Nick Price
Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner
Nick Price
  • 1997 PGA Seniors Championship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 Mark McGwire is 4th to HR on Detroit Tiger left field roof (others are Frank Howard, Harmon Killibrew, & Cecil Fielder)

MLB First Baseman Mark McGwire
MLB First Baseman
Mark McGwire
  • 1998 TAME Boeing 727-200 chartered by Air France crashes into Cerro El Cable mountain after takeoff from Bogotá, Colombia, killing 53.
  • 1998 German terrorist group Red Army Faction announces their dissolution after 28 years.
  • 1998 102nd Boston Marathon: Moses Tanui of Kenya 1st man in 2:07:34 and Fatuma Roba of Ethiopia 1st woman in 2:23:21
  • 1999 Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School, Colorado
  • 2002 2002 NFL Draft: David Carr from Fresno State first pick by Houston Texans