Historical Events on 21st April

  • 753 BC Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional date).

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

43 BC Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Antony fails to capture Mutina and Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly after.

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
  • 953 Otto I the Great gives Utrecht fishing rights
  • 1420 Treaty of Saint Maartens Dike
  • 1453 Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople
  • 1521 Battle at Villalar: Emperor Charles I beats Communards
  • 1526 Battle at Panipat: Mogol Emperor Babur beats Sultan Ibrahim Lodi - rise of the Mughal Empire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1536 Thomas Cromwell begins to plot Anne Boleyn's downfall while feigning illness

Lawyer and Statesman Thomas Cromwell
Lawyer and Statesman
Thomas Cromwell
Queen Anne Boleyn
Queen
Anne Boleyn
  • 1572 France & England sign anti-Spanish military covenant
  • 1600 1st date in James Clavell's novel Shogun (OS)
  • 1649 Maryland Toleration Act passed, allowing all freedom of worship
  • 1654 England & Sweden sign trade agreement
  • 1689 William III & Mary Stuart proclaimed King & Queen of England
  • 1739 Spain & Naples-Austria sign peace accord

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 Catherine II of Russia confers on the nobility the "Charter to the Nobility", increasing further the power of the landed oligarchs

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 John Adams sworn in as 1st US VP (9 days before Washington)

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1792 Brazilian revolutionary Tiradentes, is hanged, drawn and quartered in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1794 NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publically owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1796 Napoleon and the French defeat the Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1818 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna
  • 1836 Battle of San Jacinto, Texas wins independence from Mexico
  • 1855 1st train crosses Miss River's 1st bridge, Rock Is Ill-Davenport Ia
  • 1857 Alexander Douglas patents the bustle
  • 1862 Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Co
  • 1862 Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne" premieres in Boston
  • 1863 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden, near Baghdad. Makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during 12 days spent there

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1878 First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • 1878 NY installs 1st firehouse pole
  • 1878 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili
  • 1878 Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
  • 1884 Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
  • 1892 Black longshoremen strike for higher wages in St Louis, Mo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man" premieres in London

  • 1898 Phillies' pitcher Bill Duggleby hits a grand slam on 1st at bat
  • 1898 Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain as of this date.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Ty Cobb makes his pro debut for Augusta (South Atlantic League)

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • 1905 The elective assembly of Crete proclaims union with Greece
  • 1908 Frederick A Cook claims to reach North Pole (He didn't)
  • 1910 Cleve Naps play 1st game at League Park, lose to Det Tigers 5-0
  • 1913 German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
  • 1914 US marines occupy Vera Cruz, a major Mexican port; they will stay for 6 months
  • 1916 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, lands on the coast from a German submarine; he attempts to get German aid for an uprising against the British
  • 1916 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement is discovered at McKenna's Fort and is arrested by the Royal Irish Constabulary
  • 1916 The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork Harbour

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1920 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • 1921 Ottawa Senators beat Vanc Millionaires 3 games to 2 for Stanley Cup [or 4/4]
  • 1922 The first Aggie Muster is held as a remembrance for fellow Aggies who had died in the previous year.
  • 1925 Chuvash Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Chuvash ASSR
  • 1925 No baseball games played in NL due to Charles Ebbets' funeral
  • 1925 Noel Coward's "Fallen Angels" premieres in London
  • 1930 Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322
  • 1930 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Moskva Golid" premieres in Moscow
  • 1934 Moe Berg, Senators catcher, plays AL record 117th cons errorless game
  • 1935 King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties
  • 1940 1st $64 Question, "Take It or Leave It," on CBS Radio
  • 1940 Netherlands beats Belgium 4-2 in soccer
  • 1941 Greece surrenders to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 NFL Chic Cardinals & Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3)
  • 1945 Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
  • 1945 He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die
  • 1945 Ivor Novello's "Perchance to Dream" premieres in London
  • 1945 Russian army arrives at outskirts of Berlin
  • 1945 US 7th Army reaches Nuremberg
  • 1946 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • 1948 2nd NBA Championship: Balt Bullets beat Phila Warriors, 4 games to 2
  • 1951 5th NBA Championship: Rochester Royals beat NY Knicks, 4 games to 3
  • 1951 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 1
  • 1952 BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)
  • 1952 Secretaryies' Day (now Administrative Professionals' Day) is first celebrated.
  • 1954 Gregori Malenkov becomes premier of USSR
  • 1954 USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
  • 1955 Brooklyn Dodgers win, then record 10th straight game to begin a season
  • 1955 J Lawrence & R E Lee's "Inherit the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Elvis Presley's 1st hit record, "Heartbreak Hotel", becomes #1

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • 1957 Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • 1957 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fidei Donum
  • 1959 1211-kg great white shark becomes largest fish ever caught on a rod
  • 1959 Alf Dean using a rod & reel hooks a 2,664lb, 16' 10" white shark
  • 1960 Brasilia becomes capital of Brazil
  • 1960 Founding of the Orthodox Bahá'í Faith in Washington, D.C.
  • 1961 Dirk Stikker chosen as secretary general of NATO
  • 1961 French army revolts in Algeria
  • 1961 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,000 m
  • 1962 Century 21 Exposition opens in Seattle, Washington
  • 1962 9th National Film Awards (India): "Bhagini Nivedita" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1963 Beatles meet Rolling Stones for 1st time
  • 1963 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Sunshine Women's Golf Open
  • 1963 The Universal House of Justice of the Bahá'í Faith is elected for the first time.
  • 1964 Pirates & Cubs combine for 9 HRs, Pirates win 8-5
  • 1965 New York World's Fair reopens for 2nd & final season
  • 1966 Emperor Haile Selassie (Ethiopia) visits Kingston Jamaica
  • 1967 Dodgers 1st rain out in Los Angeles (after 737 consecutive games)
  • 1967 Evangelical Broadcasting begins in Netherlands
  • 1967 Military coup in Greece, Konstantinos Kollias becomes premier
  • 1967 Svetlana Alliluyeva, Josef Stalin's daughter defects to the US in NYC
  • 1968 22nd Tony Awards: Rosencranz & Guilderstern & Hallelujah Baby! win
  • 1968 Carol Mann wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open
  • 1969 73rd Boston Marathon: Yoshiaki Unetani of Japan 1st man in 2:13:49 and Sara Mae Berman of United States 1st woman in 3:22:46
  • 1969 The Ministry of Defence in London announces that British troops would be used in Northern Ireland to guard key public installations following a series of bombings
  • 1970 Reds clout 7 HRs by 6 batters, Braves counter with 3 HRs, 6 for one team & 9 different batters for two teams, all tie or set records
  • 1970 The Principality of Hutt River (previously Hutt River Province) secedes from Australia - it remains unrecognised by Australia or other nations
  • 1970 The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI) is formed; it attempts to appeal to Catholics and Protestant to unite in support of moderate policies
  • 1971 Original Codex Reguis (with Edda-liederen) returns to Iceland
  • 1972 John Young & Charles Duke explores Moon (Apollo 16)
  • 1972 Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 4 (Copernicus) launched
  • 1974 28th Tony Awards: River Niger & Raisin win
  • 1974 3rd Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Jo Ann Prentice
  • 1975 79th Boston Marathon: Bill Rodgers of United States 1st man in 2:09:55 and Liane Winter of West Germany 1st woman in 2:42:24 (world record for female)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years

Vietnamese Politican Nguyen Van Thieu
Vietnamese Politican
Nguyen Van Thieu
  • 1976 Swine Flu vaccine, for non-epidemic, enters testing
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Billy Martin pulls Yankee line-up out of a hat, beats Blue Jays 8-6
  • 1977 C Strouse & M Charnins musical "Annie" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 2377 performances
  • 1977 Zia ur-Rahman appointed president of Bangladesh
  • 1979 "Carmelina" closes at St James Theater NYC after 17 performances
  • 1980 84th Boston Marathon: Bill Rodgers of United States 1st man in 2:12:11 and Jacqueline Gareau of Canada 1st woman in 2:34:28; Rosie Ruiz disqualified as women's champion for not running the entire course
  • 1980 Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WWWW Detroit Mich
  • 1981 US furnish $1 billion in arms to Saudi-Arabia
  • 1982 Atlanta Braves win their 13th straight game
  • 1982 Dr Michael E Bakey performs 1st successful heart implant
  • 1982 Dutch Queen Beatrice addresses US Congress
  • 1983 1 pound coin introduced in United Kingdom
  • 1984 "Nightline" reverts back from 1 hour to ½ hour
  • 1984 After 37 weeks "Thriller" is knocked off as top album by "Footloose"
  • 1984 Centers for Disease Cont says virus discovered in France causes AIDS
  • 1984 Franz Weber of Austria skis downhill at a record 209.8 kph
  • 1984 Montreal Expo David Palmer no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0 in a perfect 5 inn game
  • 1985 Bomb attacks in NATO/AEG-Telefunken building in Brussels
  • 1985 Ingrid Kristiansen wins London Marathon in a record 2:21:06
  • 1985 Patty Sheehan wins LPGA J&B Scotch Pro-Am Golf Tournament
  • 1986 90th Boston Marathon: Rob de Castella of Australia 1st man in 2:07:51 and Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway 1st woman in 2:24:55
  • 1986 Bob Hering sets Formula One power boat record (165.338 mph, Ariz)
  • 1986 Geraldo Rivera opens Al Capone's vault on TV & finds nothing
  • 1987 Brewers lose, ending AL season-opening winning streak at 13 games
  • 1987 Dow Jones Average soared 664.7; 2nd biggest one-day gain in history
  • 1987 Milwaukee Brewers lose after 13th straight victory to start season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Richard Hadlee makes highest Test Cricket score of 151* (v Sri Lanka)

Cricketer Richard Hadlee
Cricketer
Richard Hadlee
  • 1987 Tamil bomb attack in Colombo Sri Lanka, 115 killed
  • 1988 1st four-day games in County Cricket Championship commence

Music releaseMusic Recording

1988 Barbra Streisand records "You'll Never Know"

Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • 1989 George W Bush & Edward W Rose become CEO of Texas Rangers
  • 1989 Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing's Tiananmen Square cheering students demanding greater political freedom
  • 1990 "Cartoon All Stars to Rescue" shown on all 4 TV networks
  • 1990 National League umpire is arrested for stealing baseball cards
  • 1990 Reds win running their record to 9-0, best start in club history

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 52nd PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Jack Nicklaus

  • 1991 Jakov Tolstikov wins 4th World Cup marathon (2:09:17)
  • 1991 Rosa Mota wins 4th World Cup female marathon (2:26:14)
  • 1991 Greatest extra-inning comeback, Pitts scores 6 in bottom of 11th erasing 5 run Cub lead, Pirates also trailed 7-2 in bottom of 9th
  • 1991 French underwater archaeologist Franck Goddio discovers the San Diego, Dutch galleon sunk in 1600 off Fortune Island in the Philippines
  • 1991 1991 NFL Draft: Russell Maryland from University of Miami first pick by Dallas Cowboys
  • 1992 "High Rollers" opens at Helen Hayes theater on Broadway
  • 1992 Mobil Oil tug with 12,000 gallons of oil run aground in Arthur Kill (a tidal strait separating Staten Island, New York City from mainland New Jersey, USA)
  • 1992 Robert Alton Harris is put to death in the California Gas Chamber for 3 murders.
  • 1993 "Wilder, Wilder, Wilder" opens at Circle in Sq NYC for 30 performances
  • 1993 Brazil votes against a monarchy
  • 1994 "Picnic" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 45 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Eddie Murray sets record for switch hit HRS in a games (11 times)

MLB First Baseman Eddie Murray
MLB First Baseman
Eddie Murray
  • 1994 Serbian army bombs distress clinic in Goradze Bosnia, 28 killed
  • 1994 The first discoveries of extrasolar planets are announced by astronomer Alexander Wolszczan.
  • 1995 Boston Celtics final game at Boston Gardens, NY Knicks win 98-92
  • 1995 FBI arrested Timothy McVeigh & charge him with Oklahoma City bombing
  • 1996 "Delicate Balance" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC
  • 1996 57th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Hale Irwin
  • 1996 Barb Mucha wins LPGA Chick-fil-A Charity Golf Championship
  • 1996 Chicago Bulls win NBA record 72 games (72-8)
  • 1996 Matabeleland beat Mashonaland Country Dist to win Logan Cup
  • 1996 Wayne James scores 99 & 99 & ct 11 stp 2 in Logan Cup Final
  • 1997 101st Boston Marathon: Lameck Aguta of Kenya 1st man in 2:10:34 and Fatuma Roba of Ethiopia 1st woman in 2:26:23
  • 1997 Ashes of Timothy Leary & Gene Roddenberry launched into orbit
  • 2001 2001 NFL Draft: Michael Vick from Virginia Tech first pick by Atlanta Falcons
  • 2002 48th British Academy Television Awards: "The Sketch Show" Best Comedy, "Cold Feet" Best Drama
  • 2003 107th Boston Marathon: Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot of Kenya 1st man in 2:10:11 and Svetlana Zakharova of Russia 1st woman in 2:25:19

Music awardsMusic Awards

2004 38th CMT Flameworthy Video Music Awards: Toby Keith, Shania Twain & Kenny Chesney win

Singer Shania Twain
Singer
Shania Twain
  • 2008 The United States Air Force retires the F-117 Nighthawk.
  • 2008 112th Boston Marathon: Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot of Kenya 1st man in 2:07:45 and Dire Tune of Ethiopia 1st woman in 2:25:25

Film release premierFilm Premier

2010 "Shrek Forever After" directed by Mike Mitchell with voices by Mike Myers, Cameron Diaz and Eddie Murphy premieres at the Tribeca Film Festival

  • 2012 Two trains in Sloterdijk, Netherlands, injure 117 people in a head on collision
  • 2012 Chicago White Sox pitcher, Philip Humber, pitches the 21st MLB perfect game against the Seattle Mariners
  • 2013 185 people are killed in a conflict between Islamic extremists and the Nigerian military
  • 2013 Horacio Cartes is elected President of Paraguay
  • 2013 Sebastian Vettel wins the 2013 Formula One Bahrain Grand Prix
  • 2013 Tsegaye Kebede and Priscah Jeptoo win the 2013 London Marathon
  • 2014 118th Boston Marathon: Meb Keflezighi of United States 1st man in 2:08:37 and Rita Jeptoo of Kenya 1st woman in 2:18:57

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 US President Barack Obama begins a 4 day visit to the UK with and Michelle Obama

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
US First Lady Michelle Obama
US First Lady
Michelle Obama