Historical Events on 3rd April

  • 419 [Etalius] ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1043 Edward the Confessor crowned king of England
  • 1077 The first Parliament of Friuli is created.
  • 1312 2nd council of Vienna, Knights Templars supressed
  • 1376 Battle of Navarrete (Najera), English beat French
  • 1559 Spain & France sign 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambr√©sis
  • 1582 French van Valois honored as duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen
  • 1645 English Long Parliament passes the Self-Denying Ordinance, limiting regional armies, significant step toward New Model Army
  • 1657 English Lord Protector Cromwell refuses crown
  • 1679 Edmund Halley meets Johannes Hevelius in Danzig
  • 1721 Robert Walpole becomes Britain's 1st Lord of the Treasury - effective Prime Minister, although that term was never officially used (indeed, it was considered an insult) until much later.
  • 1764 Austrian Archduke Jozef crowned himself Holy Roman Emperor Josef II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 George Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1783 Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce
  • 1790 Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard) created
  • 1834 The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
  • 1848 Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1856 Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos
  • 1860 Pony Express began between St Joseph Mo & Sacramento Calif
  • 1864 Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
  • 1865 Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1865 Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond & Petersberg, Virginia
  • 1868 A Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever - a 50-foot tidal wave
  • 1882 Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 American outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford at home in St Joseph

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1889 Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Va
  • 1893 1st NSW v Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
  • 1908 Frank Gotch wins world heavyweight wrestling championship in 2 hrs
  • 1910 Highest mountain in North America, Alaska's Mt McKinley claimed to have been 1st climbed by 4 local men
  • 1911 Harry James Smith's "Mrs Bumsted-Leigh" premieres in NYC
  • 1913 British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Lenin arrives in Petrograd from Switzerland [NS=April 16]

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1918 US House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
  • 1919 Austria expels all Habsburgers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Joseph Stalin appointed General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party by Vladimir Lenin

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1923 2 "Black Sox" sue White Sox (unsuccessfully) for back salary
  • 1925 Great Britain goes back to gold standard
  • 1925 Netherlands & Belgium sign accord of Westerschelde
  • 1926 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 7th Symphony in C

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 2nd flight of a liquid-fueled rocket by Robert Goddard

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1926 Italy establishes corp of force in order to break powerful unions
  • 1927 Interstate Commerce Comm transfers Ohio to Eastern time zone
  • 1929 Persia agrees to Litvinov Pact
  • 1929 RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.
  • 1930 Ras Tafari becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • 1930 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Boston Bruins in 2 games

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

1930 2nd Academy Awards: "The Broadway Melody", Warner Baxter & Mary Pickford win

Actress Mary Pickford
Actress
Mary Pickford
  • 1933 1st airplane flight over Mt Everest
  • 1933 Then longest North American hockey game requires a 1:44:46 overtime as Maple Leaf Ken Doraty scores to beat Canadiens 1-0
  • 1935 Yasuo Ikenada runs world record marathon (2:26:44)
  • 1936 Al Carr KOs Lew Massey on 1 punch, :07 of 1st round
  • 1936 Shortest boxing bout with gloves lasts only 10 seconds
  • 1941 Churchill warns Stalin of German invasion
  • 1941 Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
  • 1941 Walton's overture "Scapino" premieres in Chicago
  • 1943 Jan Dieters (leader of illegal CPN) arrested
  • 1944 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • 1944 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • 1945 Hengelo freed from Nazi control by Canadian army
  • 1945 Nazis begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald
  • 1945 US 1st army conquers Hofgeismar
  • 1946 Netherlands-German postal relations resume
  • 1947 "Barefoot Boy with Cheek" opens at Martin Beck NYC for 108 performances
  • 1948 1st US figure skating championships held

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 US President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1948 US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1948 US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1949 KQW-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KCBS
  • 1949 North Atlantic Treaty signed by US, Britain, France & Canada
  • 1949 WLWS (now WCMH) TV channel 4 in Columbus, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1951 Christopher Fry's "Sleep of Prisoners" premieres in Oxford
  • 1952 Dutch Queen Juliana speaks to US Congress
  • 1954 "Me & Juliet" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 358 performances
  • 1954 Don Perry climbs a 20' rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)
  • 1955 Balt Orioles pull their 1st triple play (3-6-2 vs KC Athletics)
  • 1955 Fire in cinema in Sclessin, Belgium, kills 39
  • 1955 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Oklahoma City Golf Open
  • 1955 Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1956 "Silk Stockings" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 461 performances
  • 1956 Bulgarian vice premier Traitsjo Kostov rehabilitated
  • 1956 German war criminals Hinrichsen/Ruhl/Siebens/Viebahn freed
  • 1956 Hudsonville-Standale Tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Samuel Beckett's "Endgame" premieres in London

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 "Say, Darling" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 332 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Fidel Castro's rebels attacked Havana

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1960 Earthquake at Havre, Belgium
  • 1961 "Happiest Girl in the World" opens at Martin Beck NYC for 97 performances
  • 1961 Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia is sold to J Schleifer Properties
  • 1962 Jockey Eddie Arcaro retires after 31 years (24,092 races)
  • 1962 Lt General Marshall S Carter, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1964 Beatles hold top 6 spots on Sydney Australia record charts
  • 1964 US & Panama agree to resume diplomatic relations
  • 1965 1st atomic powered spacecraft (snap) launched
  • 1966 Soviet Luna 10 completes its first orbit of the Moon
  • 1966 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Venice Ladies Golf Open
  • 1966 Tom Seaver signs with the Mets for a reported $50,000 bonus
  • 1967 WNYE TV channel 25 in Brooklyn, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 113 East Europeans attending World Amateur hockey championships in Vienna, ask for political asylum
  • 1968 N Vietnam agrees to meet US reps to set up preliminary peace talks
  • 1968 "Planet of the Apes" United States wide premiere
  • 1969 Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start to "Vietnamize" the war effort.
  • 1970 Miriam Hargrave of England passes her drivers test on 40th attempt
  • 1970 As part of a new 'get tough' policy in Northern Ireland, Ian Freeland of the British Army, warned that those throwing petrol bombs could be shot dead
  • 1971 125th Grand National: John Cook aboard Specify wins
  • 1971 16th Eurovision Song Contest: Severine for Monaco wins singing "Un banc, un arbre, une rue" in Dublin
  • 1973 The first portable cell phone call is made in New York City, United States.
  • 1974 148 tornadoes are reported over an area covering a dozen states
  • 1974 Gold hits record $197 an ounce in Paris
  • 1974 The Super Outbreak : tornadoes in the east, south & midwest United States killed approximately 315 people, with nearly 5,500 injured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend it

Chess Champion Bobby Fischer
Chess Champion
Bobby Fischer
  • 1975 James Rupers kills his family to inherit
  • 1976 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1976 Philadelphia Flyers win record tying 20th straight NHL home game
  • 1976 130th Grand National: John Burke aboard Rag Trade wins
  • 1976 21st Eurovision Song Contest: Brotherhood of Man for United Kingdom wins singing "Save Your Kisses for Me" in The Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 6th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Kathy Whitworth

LPGA Golfer Kathy Whitworth
LPGA Golfer
Kathy Whitworth
  • 1977 Boston Bruin Jean Ratelle scores his 1,000th NHL point

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Egyptian Pres Anwar Sadat's 1st meeting with US President Jimmy Carter

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1977 Netherlands/Belgium/Luxembourg adopt summer time

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

1978 50th Academy Awards: "Annie Hall", Richard Dreyfuss & Diane Keaton win

Actress Diane Keaton
Actress
Diane Keaton
  • 1978 European market & China signs trade agreement
  • 1978 Larry King moves his radio show from Miami to Washington, D.C.
  • 1979 Belgium's Martens government forms
  • 1979 Jane M Byrne (D), elected 1st woman mayor of Chicago, Illinois
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 Arnie Boldt of Saskatchewan jumped 6' 8.25," with 1 leg
  • 1981 Race riots in London's Brixton area
  • 1982 Buffalo Sabre Gil Perrault scores his 1,000th NHL point
  • 1982 UN Security Council demanded Argentina withdraw from Falkland Islands
  • 1982 136th Grand National: Mr. Dick Saunders aboard Grittar wins
  • 1983 12th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Amy Alcott
  • 1983 2nd NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: USC beats Louisiana Tech 69-67
  • 1984 Bombay beat Delhi on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy
  • 1984 Guinea suspends constitution after coup
  • 1984 Soyuz T-11 carries 3 cosmonauts (1 Indian-Rakesh Sharma) to Salyut 7
  • 1985 French government adopts equal electoral system
  • 1985 Players' Association agrees to expand LCS from 5 to 7 games
  • 1985 Vic Elliot pockets 15,780 pool balls in 24 hours in London
  • 1986 Maureen O'Boyle (future host of "A Current Affair") is raped
  • 1986 US national debt hits $2,000,000,000,000
  • 1987 Bill Elliott sets NASCAR qualify record of 212.809 mph at Talladega
  • 1987 Cubs trade Dennis Eckersley to A's for 3 minor leaguers
  • 1987 Duchess of Windsor's jewels auctioned for ¬£31,380,197
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1988 17th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Amy Alcott
  • 1988 7th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Louisiana Tec beat Auburn 56-54

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Mario Lemieux wins NHL scoring title, stopping Gretzky's 7 year streak

NHL Legend and Owner Mario Lemieux
NHL Legend and Owner
Mario Lemieux
  • 1988 NJ Devils beat Blackhawks, 4-3 in OT to join playoffs for 1st time
  • 1988 Somalia & Ethiopia sign accord about Ogaden desert
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1989 "Sunrise" a Gannett newspaper begins publishing for Bronx
  • 1989 51st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Mich beats Seton Hall 80-79 (OT)
  • 1989 Mets win 11th consecutive home opener 8-4 over St Louis at Shea Stad
  • 1991 "Penn & Teller - Refrigerator Tour" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC
  • 1991 Bo Jackson signs 1-year contract with Chicago White Sox
  • 1991 Thomas Bos skates world record 3 km (3:65.16)
  • 1991 UN Security Council adopts Gulf War truce resolution
  • 1992 1st exhibition game at Camden Field - Orioles beat NY Mets
  • 1994 13th NCAA Women Basketball Championship: NC beats Louisiana Tech 60-59
  • 1994 1st roster of Silver Bullets (all-female pro baseball team) announced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 6th Seniors Golf Tradition: Ray Floyd

Golfer and Four-Time Major Championship Winner Ray Floyd
Golfer and Four-Time Major Championship Winner
Ray Floyd
  • 1995 57th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA Bruins beats Arkansas 89-78

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Howard Stern gets in trouble for disparaging remarks about Selena

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern
  • 1996 South Australia grab exciting draw vs W A to win Sheffield Shield
  • 1996 St Francis Fighting Saints scores college baseball run record 71-1
  • 1997 "Dream-Johnny Mercer Musical" opens at Royale NYC for 109 performance
  • 1997 Thalit massacre begins in Algeria; all but 1 of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.
  • 2000 62nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Michigan State beats Florida 89-76
  • 2004 Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.
  • 2004 157th Grand National: Graham Lee aboard Amberleigh House wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2006 Steve Yzerman scores his final NHL goal (#692) against the Calgary Flames

NHL Legend Steve Yzerman
NHL Legend
Steve Yzerman
  • 2006 68th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Florida beats UCLA 73-57
  • 2007 Conventional train world speed record: a French TGV train on the LGV Est high speed line sets an official new world speed record.
  • 2007 26th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Rutgers 59-46
  • 2009 Australia formally adopts the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
  • 2012 Spanish unemployment reaches record high, youth unemployment stands at 50%
  • 2012 Moscow fire kills 17 migrant workers

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2012 US President Barack Obama officially secures Democratic presidential nomination

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2012 31st NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Baylor beats Notre Dame 80-61
  • 2013 46 people are killed and 100 are injured by a court-house suicide bombing in Farah, Afghanistan
  • 2013 50 people are killed by flooding across Argentina
  • 2013 24 people are killed after a bus plunges off a cliff in Papa New Guinea
  • 2014 Marie Louise Coleiro Preca is elected President of Malta
  • 2016 Joseph Medicine Crow, Native American chief and historian, dies at 102
  • 2016 Panama Papers published - 11.5 million confidential documents from offshore law firm Mossack Fonseca, world largest data leak
  • 2016 ICC World Twenty20 won by the West Indies, beating at England by 4 wickets with 2 balls to spare at Eden Gardens in Kolkata